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third Y axis
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
def make_patch_spines_invisible(ax):
ax.set_frame_on(True)
ax.patch.set_visible(False)
for sp in ax.spines.values():
sp.set_visible(False)
fig, host = plt.subplots()
fig.subplots_adjust(right=0.75)
par1 = host.twinx()
par2 = host.twinx()
par3 = host.twinx()
# Offset the right spine of par2. The ticks and label have already been
# placed on the right by twinx above.
par2.spines["right"].set_position(("axes", 1.2))
par3.spines["right"].set_position(("axes", 1.35))
# Having been created by twinx, par2 has its frame off, so the line of its
# detached spine is invisible. First, activate the frame but make the patch
# and spines invisible.
#make_patch_spines_invisible(par2)
make_patch_spines_invisible(par3)
# Second, show the right spine.
par2.spines["right"].set_visible(True)
par3.spines["right"].set_visible(True)
p1, = host.plot([0, 1, 2], [0, 1, 2], "b-", label="Density")
p2, = par1.plot([0, 1, 2], [0, 3, 2], "r-", label="Temperature")
p3, = par2.plot([0, 1, 2], [50, 30, 15], "g-", label="Velocity")
p4, = par3.plot([0, 1, 2], [12, 18, 20], "y-", label="Voltage")
host.set_xlim(0, 2)
host.set_ylim(0, 2)
par1.set_ylim(0, 4)
par2.set_ylim(1, 65)
host.set_xlabel("Distance")
host.set_ylabel("Density")
par1.set_ylabel("Temperature")
par2.set_ylabel("Velocity")
par3.set_ylabel("Voltage")
host.yaxis.label.set_color(p1.get_color())
par1.yaxis.label.set_color(p2.get_color())
par2.yaxis.label.set_color(p3.get_color())
par3.yaxis.label.set_color(p4.get_color())
tkw = dict(size=4, width=1.5)
host.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p1.get_color(), **tkw)
par1.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p2.get_color(), **tkw)
par2.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p3.get_color(), **tkw)
par3.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p4.get_color(), **tkw)
host.tick_params(axis='x', **tkw)
lines = [p1, p2, p3 , p4]
host.legend(lines, [l.get_label() for l in lines])
plt.show()
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