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@Anubisss
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How to compile statically linked OpenVPN client for ARMv5

How to compile statically linked OpenVPN client for ARMv5

You need to install ARMv5 gcc cross compiler: apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi

You have to define a directory (via --prefix) where all of your binaries will be installed (copied). In the guide I use the following: /home/user/vpn_compile

OpenSSL

  1. Download the source: wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz
  2. Extract it and change the working directory: tar -xvf openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz && cd openssl-1.0.2j
  3. Configure it: ./Configure gcc -static -no-shared --prefix=/home/user/vpn_compile --cross-compile-prefix=arm-linux-gnueabi-
  4. Compile: make
  5. Install: make install

LZO

  1. Download the source: wget http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo/download/lzo-2.09.tar.gz
  2. Extract it and change the working directory: tar -xvf lzo-2.09.tar.gz && cd lzo-2.09
  3. Configure it: ./configure --prefix=/home/user/vpn_compile --enable-static --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi --disable-debug
  4. Compile: make
  5. Install: make install

OpenVPN

  1. Download the source: wget https://swupdate.openvpn.org/community/releases/openvpn-2.3.12.tar.gz
  2. Extract it and change the working directory: tar -xvf openvpn-2.3.12.tar.gz && cd openvpn-2.3.12
  3. Configure it: ./configure --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi --prefix=/home/user/vpn_compile --disable-server --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug --disable-plugins OPENSSL_SSL_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl" OPENSSL_SSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lcrypto" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -llzo2"
  4. Compile: make LIBS="-all-static"
  5. Install: make install

Your OpenVPN client is here: /home/user/vpn_compile/sbin/openvpn

Make sure this is what you need:

$ file /home/user/vpn_compile/sbin/openvpn
/home/user/vpn_compile/sbin/openvpn: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, EABI5 version 1 (SYSV), statically linked, for GNU/Linux 3.2.0, BuildID[sha1]=e6fd2008c129fef90ed9826e3ffb9d53e83eb42c, not stripped

Versions

Build system:

$ uname -rm
4.4.0-45-generic x86_64
$ cat /etc/lsb-release 
DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
DISTRIB_RELEASE=16.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=xenial
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS"
$ arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc --version
arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc (Ubuntu/Linaro 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.1) 5.4.0 20160609

Target system:

$ uname -rm
3.2.34 armv5tejl
$ openvpn --version
OpenVPN 2.3.12 arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi [SSL (OpenSSL)] [LZO] [EPOLL] [MH] [IPv6] built on Oct 27 2016
library versions: OpenSSL 1.0.2j  26 Sep 2016, LZO 2.09
Originally developed by James Yonan
Copyright (C) 2002-2010 OpenVPN Technologies, Inc. <sales@openvpn.net>
Compile time defines: enable_crypto=yes enable_crypto_ofb_cfb=yes enable_debug=no enable_def_auth=yes enable_dlopen=unknown enable_dlopen_self=unknown enable_dlopen_self_static=unknown enable_fast_install=needless enable_fragment=yes enable_http_proxy=yes enable_iproute2=no enable_libtool_lock=yes enable_lzo=yes enable_lzo_stub=no enable_management=yes enable_multi=yes enable_multihome=yes enable_pam_dlopen=no enable_pedantic=no enable_pf=yes enable_pkcs11=no enable_plugin_auth_pam=no enable_plugin_down_root=no enable_plugins=no enable_port_share=yes enable_selinux=no enable_server=no enable_shared=no enable_shared_with_static_runtimes=no enable_small=no enable_socks=yes enable_ssl=yes enable_static=yes enable_strict=no enable_strict_options=no enable_systemd=no enable_win32_dll=yes enable_x509_alt_username=no with_crypto_library=openssl with_gnu_ld=yes with_mem_check=no with_plugindir='$(libdir)/openvpn/plugins' with_sysroot=no
@BenoitDuffez
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BenoitDuffez commented Jul 1, 2017

Step OpenVPN, end of step 3: missing slash:

LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compilelib -llzo2"

vs

LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -llzo2"

Otherwise thanks a lot for all of this. I'd still need to figure out how to build for linux 2.6 though, my target device has a very old kernel.

@adrianhans
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adrianhans commented Jul 6, 2017

if experiencing any error related to "unable to find openssl lib" (e.g. configure: error: openssl check failed), you may want to try replacing
OPENSSL_SSL_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl" OPENSSL_SSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lcrypto" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compilelib -llzo2"

with

OPENSSL_SSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl -lcrypto -llzo2"

since the order of "-lssl -lcrypto -llzo2" matters. It works for me.

@Anubisss
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Anubisss commented Sep 19, 2017

@BenoitDuffez Thanks i fixed it.

@mzpqnxow
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mzpqnxow commented Apr 14, 2018

I just want to point out here to save others time.. some time between OpenVPN 2.3 and OpenVPN 2.4.5 the names of the variables related to OpenSSL changed from OPENSSL_SSL_CFLAGS to OPENSSL_CFLAGS as well as OPENSSL_SSL_LIBS to OPENSSL_LIBS. I was banging my head against a wall until I finally just did a diff of the ./configure --help output of the 2 versions :>

Building for a Ubiquity EdgeRouter, my final configure command for OpenVPN 2.4.5 (latest stable) ended up like this (note I added LZ4 and a few other things just to match the stock Ubiquity shipped OpenVPN:

~/openvpn-2.4.5$ ./configure --disable-plugins --target=mips-32-linux-musl --host=mips-32-linux-musl --prefix=/home/user/vpn_compile --disable-server --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug OPENSSL_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl" OPENSSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lcrypto" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZ4_CFLAGS='-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include' LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -llzo2" LZ4_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -llz4" LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl -lcrypto -llzo2 -llz4" IFCONFIG=/sbin/ifconfig ROUTE=/sbin/route NETSTAT=/bin/netstat IPROUTE=/sbin/ip --enable-x509-alt-username --enable-fast-install --enable-iproute2

@hanneshoettinger
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hanneshoettinger commented Jul 1, 2020

I am building 2.4.9 (2.3.12 works with the given description, thanks for that!!):
./configure --target=arm-linux-gnueabihf --host=arm-linux-gnueabihf --prefix=/home/user/vpn_compile --disable-server --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug --disable-plugins OPENSSL_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl" OPENSSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lcrypto" OPENSSL_CRYPTO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/user/vpn_compile/include" LZO_LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -llzo2" LIBS="-L/home/user/vpn_compile/lib -lssl -lcrypto -llzo2"

However, resulting in:

/home/user/vpn_compile/lib/libssl.a(statem_clnt.o): In function `tls_construct_client_hello':
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x1a2): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_sk_num'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x1be): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_sk_value'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x332): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x39a): undefined reference to `ERR_add_error_data'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x458): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_sk_num'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x470): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_sk_value'
/home/user/vpn_compile/lib/libssl.a(statem_clnt.o): In function `tls_construct_cke_gost':
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x660): undefined reference to `X509_get0_pubkey'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x666): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_CTX_new'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x67e): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_malloc'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x68a): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_encrypt_init'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x696): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x6be): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_CTX_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x6ce): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_clear_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x6d4): undefined reference to `EVP_MD_CTX_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x724): undefined reference to `EVP_MD_CTX_new'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x72e): undefined reference to `OBJ_nid2sn'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x732): undefined reference to `EVP_get_digestbyname'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x73a): undefined reference to `EVP_DigestInit'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x784): undefined reference to `EVP_DigestUpdate'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x794): undefined reference to `EVP_DigestUpdate'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x7a6): undefined reference to `EVP_DigestFinal_ex'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x7b0): undefined reference to `EVP_MD_CTX_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x7c8): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_CTX_ctrl'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x7ec): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_encrypt'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0x856): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_CTX_free'
/home/user/vpn_compile/lib/libssl.a(statem_clnt.o): In function `tls_construct_cke_psk_preamble':
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xa48): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_memdup'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xa5a): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_strdup'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xa80): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xa98): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xaf0): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_cleanse'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xaf8): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_cleanse'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xb06): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_clear_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xb14): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_clear_free'
/home/user/vpn_compile/lib/libssl.a(statem_clnt.o): In function `tls_construct_client_key_exchange':
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xc68): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_clear_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xc7c): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_clear_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xcaa): undefined reference to `X509_get0_pubkey'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xcb0): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_get0_RSA'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xcc6): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_malloc'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xce8): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xd4a): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_get0_DH'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xd6a): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_free'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xda0): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_CTX_new'
statem_clnt.c:(.text+0xda8): undefined reference to `EVP_PKEY_encrypt_init'
.
.
.

Any idea what's wrong?
openssl 1.1.1f

@Anubisss
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Anubisss commented Jul 2, 2020

@hanneshoettinger I have no idea to be honest. I'm not working on/with this anymore.
From the error message it looks like you have to link (-l) some lib (or the proper version?) to able to compile (link) the openSSL.

@trendymail
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trendymail commented Sep 25, 2020

Hello!

Long story short: this page/tutorial and your replies saved my life... ^^

@Anubisss: many many thanks for your hard work. It's simply awesome!

Below, a quick digest (tested twice) to build OpenVPN 2.4.9 (server & client) with lzo and lz4 for ARM using Debian 9.

Debian

apt-get install build-essential gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi ca-certificates

mkdir /home/source /home/openvpn

LZO

cd /home/source
wget https://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo/download/lzo-2.10.tar.gz
tar xvzf lzo-2.10.tar.gz

cd lzo-2.10
./configure --prefix=/home/openvpn --enable-static --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi

make && make install

LZ4

cd /home/source
wget https://github.com/lz4/lz4/archive/v1.9.2.tar.gz
tar xvzf v1.9.2.tar.gz

cd lz4-1.9.2
make && PREFIX=/home/openvpn make install

Openssl

cd /home/source
wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.1h.tar.gz
tar xvzf openssl-1.1.1h.tar.gz

cd openssl-1.1.1h
./Configure gcc -static -no-shared --prefix=/home/openvpn --cross-compile-prefix=arm-linux-gnueabi-

make && make install

OpenVPN

cd /home/source
wget https://swupdate.openvpn.org/community/releases/openvpn-2.4.9.tar.gz
tar xvzf openvpn-2.4.9.tar.gz

cd openvpn-2.4.9
./configure --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi --prefix=/home/openvpn --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug --disable-plugins OPENSSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" OPENSSL_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -lssl -lcrypto" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" LZO_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -llzo2" LZ4_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" LZ4_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -llz4" IFCONFIG=/sbin/ifconfig ROUTE=/sbin/route NETSTAT=/bin/netstat IPROUTE=/sbin/ip --enable-iproute2

make LIBS="-all-static" && make install

Final

cd /home/openvpn/sbin/

openvpn (static) binary is here!

@Anubisss
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Anubisss commented Sep 26, 2020

@trendymail Great work, thank you!

@ksaurabh02
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ksaurabh02 commented Sep 28, 2020

@trendymail

Hello!

Long story short: this page/tutorial and your replies saved my life... ^^

@Anubisss: many many thanks for your hard work. It's simply awesome!

Below, a quick digest (tested twice) to build OpenVPN 2.4.9 (server & client) with lzo and lz4 for ARM using Debian 9.

Debian

apt-get install build-essential gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi ca-certificates

mkdir /home/source /home/openvpn

LZO

cd /home/source
wget https://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo/download/lzo-2.10.tar.gz
tar xvzf lzo-2.10.tar.gz

cd lzo-2.10
./configure --prefix=/home/openvpn --enable-static --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi

make && make install

LZ4

cd /home/source
wget https://github.com/lz4/lz4/archive/v1.9.2.tar.gz
tar xvzf v1.9.2.tar.gz

cd lz4-1.9.2
make && PREFIX=/home/openvpn make install

Openssl

cd /home/source
wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.1h.tar.gz
tar xvzf openssl-1.1.1h.tar.gz

cd openssl-1.1.1h
./Configure gcc -static -no-shared --prefix=/home/openvpn --cross-compile-prefix=arm-linux-gnueabi-

make && make install

OpenVPN

cd /home/source
wget https://swupdate.openvpn.org/community/releases/openvpn-2.4.9.tar.gz
tar xvzf openvpn-2.4.9.tar.gz

cd openvpn-2.4.9
./configure --target=arm-linux-gnueabi --host=arm-linux-gnueabi --prefix=/home/openvpn --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug --disable-plugins OPENSSL_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" OPENSSL_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -lssl -lcrypto" LZO_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" LZO_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -llzo2" LZ4_CFLAGS="-I/home/openvpn/include" LZ4_LIBS="-L/home/openvpn/lib -llz4" IFCONFIG=/sbin/ifconfig ROUTE=/sbin/route NETSTAT=/bin/netstat IPROUTE=/sbin/ip --enable-iproute2

make LIBS="-all-static" && make install

Final

cd /home/openvpn/sbin/

openvpn (static) binary is here!

I am getting configure: error: openssl check failed.
I fixed it, for future reference. Do Check config.log, there would be different errors. See how you can fix them

@zoobab
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zoobab commented Jan 19, 2022

If I follow those instructions to build statically for x86_64 (remove the right -target args), I end up with a non-static build:

zoobab@vic /home/zoobab/sbin [16]$ ldd openvpn
        linux-vdso.so.1 (0x00007fffcad4f000)
        libnsl.so.1 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libnsl.so.1 (0x00007f631610f000)
        libresolv.so.2 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libresolv.so.2 (0x00007f6315ef8000)
        liblz4.so.1 => not found
        libc.so.6 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6 (0x00007f6315b4d000)
        /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x00007f6316327000)

I have all the .a libs at the right place though...

@zoobab
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zoobab commented Jan 19, 2022

I did a cleanup, it works, sorry for the noise:

zoobab@vic /home/zoobab/sbin [34]$ ldd openvpn
        not a dynamic executable

@pepeteg
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pepeteg commented Apr 27, 2022

Hi!!

I have follow the steps but I have a dynamic library dependency for lz4:

otool -L openvpn
openvpn:
/usr/lib/libresolv.9.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 1.0.0)
/usr/local/lib/liblz4.1.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 1.9.2)
/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib (compatibility version 1.0.0, current version 1311.100.3)

I am working in macOS.

I have checked the libraries and I have the static lz4 library:

ls -l liblz4*
-rwxr-xr-x 1 pepeteg staff 156987 25 abr 23:37 liblz4.1.9.2.dylib
lrwxr-xr-x 1 pepeteg staff 18 25 abr 23:37 liblz4.1.dylib -> liblz4.1.9.2.dylib
-rw-r--r-- 1 pepeteg staff 151800 25 abr 23:37 liblz4.a
lrwxr-xr-x 1 pepeteg staff 18 25 abr 23:37 liblz4.dylib -> liblz4.1.9.2.dylib

Please, could you tell me how you solved it?.

Thanks in advance.

Best regards

@thomasa88
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thomasa88 commented May 12, 2022

Not related to above comment, but this is how I managed to compile OpenVPN 2.5.5 for the Synology DS212j (a bit old).

Synology toolchains:
https://sourceforge.net/projects/dsgpl/files/Tool%20Chain
For DS212j:
https://deac-ams.dl.sourceforge.net/project/dsgpl/Tool%20Chain/DSM%206.2.4%20Tool%20Chains/Marvell%2088F628x%20Linux%202.6.32/6281-gcc464_glibc215_88f6281-GPL.txz

Synology 6.2.4, DS212j build

export TOOLCHAIN=$HOME/src/openvpn-synology/arm-marvell-linux-gnueabi
# find arm-marvell-linux-gnueabi/ -name '*crt1*'
export SYSROOT=$TOOLCHAIN/arm-marvell-linux-gnueabi/libc
# Not all tools are contained inside the sysroot, so cannot use that "gcc" etc
#export PATH=$SYSROOT/bin:$PATH
export PATH=$TOOLCHAIN/bin:$PATH
export PREFIX=$HOME/src/openvpn-synology/prefix
export HOST=arm-marvell-linux-gnueabi

openssl-1.1.1n:
./Configure gcc --cross-compile-prefix=${HOST}- -static -no-shared --prefix=$PREFIX --sysroot=$SYSROOT
make -j8
make install


lzo-2.10: # Needed if we want lzo compression
./configure --host $HOST CC=$TOOLCHAIN/bin/${HOST}-gcc --enable-static --prefix=$PREFIX LDFLAGS="--sysroot=$SYSROOT" CFLAGS="--sysroot=$SYSROOT"
make -j8
make install


openvpn-2.5.5:
# lz4 compression compat files kicks in automatically.
./configure --host=$HOST CC=$TOOLCHAIN/bin/${HOST}-gcc --prefix=$PREFIX --enable-static --disable-shared --disable-debug --disable-plugins --disable-unit-tests LDFLAGS="--sysroot=$SYSROOT -L$PREFIX/lib" CFLAGS="--sysroot=$SYSROOT" CPPFLAGS="-I$PREFIX/include" 

# Fails on "no module named docutils", but succeeds if run again..
make -j8 LIBS="-all-static"

make install

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