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Bayesian Survival analysis with PyMC3
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@jacoblevine
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First of all, thank you @AustinRochford for a wonderful demo.

Like others, I also had trouble reproducing the result for the first hazard regression (i.e. not the time-varying coefficient model, which I found to be reproducible). I was able to get similar results with a different model specification that is perhaps more typical for Bayesian regression:

with pm.Model() as model:
    lambda0 = pm.Gamma('lambda0', 0.01, 0.01, shape=n_intervals)

    tau = pm.Gamma('tau', 10., 10.)
    mu_beta = pm.Normal('mu_beta', 0., 10 ** -2)
    beta = pm.Normal('beta', mu_beta, tau)
    
    lambda_ = pm.Deterministic('lambda_', T.outer(T.exp(beta * df.metastized), lambda0))
    mu = pm.Deterministic('mu', exposure * lambda_)
    
    obs = pm.Poisson('obs', mu, observed=death)

The gamma prior on tau produces a distribution for beta that looks reasonable for a regression model (i.e. centered on zero with a fair amount of density between -2 and 2).

Since beta is generated by a Gaussian random walk with fixed tau=1 in the time-varying model, this can explain why someone running this demo could have a problem with the first but not second example. Incidentally, a gamma distribution with parameters (a=10, b=10) as in the code written above produces a distribution for tau with a mean of 1.

Of course, what I can't explain is why the model specification as it appears in the notebook worked in the first place. Anyway, hope this helps anyone else struggling with it.

And FWIW I'm using Python 3.6.1 on Mac OS X, pymc3 3.1, Theano 0.9.0, numpy 1.12.1

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