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Color image histogram in OpenCV
void drawHistogram(cv::Mat src, cv::Mat& histImage)
{
using namespace cv;
using namespace std;
/// Separate the image in 3 places ( B, G and R )
vector<Mat> bgr_planes;
split( src, bgr_planes );
/// Establish the number of bins
int histSize = 256;
/// Set the ranges ( for B,G,R) )
float range[] = { 0, 256 } ;
const float* histRange = { range };
bool uniform = true; bool accumulate = false;
Mat b_hist, g_hist, r_hist;
/// Compute the histograms:
calcHist( &bgr_planes[0], 1, 0, Mat(), b_hist, 1, &histSize, &histRange, uniform, accumulate );
calcHist( &bgr_planes[1], 1, 0, Mat(), g_hist, 1, &histSize, &histRange, uniform, accumulate );
calcHist( &bgr_planes[2], 1, 0, Mat(), r_hist, 1, &histSize, &histRange, uniform, accumulate );
// Draw the histograms for B, G and R
int hist_w = 512; int hist_h = 200;
int bin_w = cvRound( (double) hist_w/histSize );
histImage.create( hist_h, hist_w, CV_8UC4);
histImage = Scalar::all(0);
/// Normalize the result to [ 0, histImage.rows ]
normalize(b_hist, b_hist, 0, histImage.rows, NORM_MINMAX, -1, Mat() );
normalize(g_hist, g_hist, 0, histImage.rows, NORM_MINMAX, -1, Mat() );
normalize(r_hist, r_hist, 0, histImage.rows, NORM_MINMAX, -1, Mat() );
/// Draw for each channel
for( int i = 1; i < histSize; i++ )
{
line( histImage, Point( bin_w*(i-1), hist_h - cvRound(b_hist.at<float>(i-1)) ) ,
Point( bin_w*(i), hist_h - cvRound(b_hist.at<float>(i)) ),
Scalar( 255, 0, 0, 255), 2, CV_AA, 0 );
line( histImage, Point( bin_w*(i-1), hist_h - cvRound(g_hist.at<float>(i-1)) ) ,
Point( bin_w*(i), hist_h - cvRound(g_hist.at<float>(i)) ),
Scalar( 0, 255, 0, 255), 2, CV_AA, 0 );
line( histImage, Point( bin_w*(i-1), hist_h - cvRound(r_hist.at<float>(i-1)) ) ,
Point( bin_w*(i), hist_h - cvRound(r_hist.at<float>(i)) ),
Scalar( 0, 0, 255, 255), 2, CV_AA, 0 );
}
}
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