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JavaScript Canvas textured raycaster, used @ cacodaemon.de.
/*
* Simple JavaScript game manager.
*
* By Guido Krömer <mail@cacodaemon.de> 2013
*
*/
function GameManager () {
var canvas = null;
var ctx = null;
var delta = 0;
var lastTimeStamp = null;
var idCounter = 0;
var freePos = -1;
var gameObjects = new Array();
var tmpFps = 0;
var lastSecond = -1;
this.width = 0;
this.height = 0;
this.init = function (canvas) {
lastTimeStamp = new Date().getTime();
canvas = canvas;
ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
this.width = canvas.width;
this.height = canvas.height;
window.requestAnimFrame = (function(){
return window.requestAnimationFrame || window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame || window.mozRequestAnimationFrame || window.oRequestAnimationFrame || window.msRequestAnimationFrame || function (callback) {
window.setTimeout(callback, 1000 / 120);
};
})();
(function animloop(){
requestAnimFrame(animloop);
timerStart();
update();
draw();
timerEnd();
})();
}
this.addGameObject = function(gameObject) {
gameObject.init(this);
if (freePos != -1) {
gameObjects[this.freePos] = gameObject;
freePos = -1;
}
else {
gameObjects.push(gameObject);
}
};
this.addGameObjects = function(gameObjects) {
for (var i = gameObjects.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
this.addGameObject(gameObjects[i]);
}
};
this.removeGameObject = function(gameObject) {
for (var i = gameObjects.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (gameObjects[i] == gameObject) {
gameObjects.splice(i, 1);
freePos = i;
return;
}
}
};
this.forEachGameObject = function(callBack) {
for (var i = gameObjects.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
callBack(gameObject[i]);
}
};
this.getCtx = function() {
return ctx;
}
var update = function() {
for (var i = gameObjects.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
gameObjects[i].update(delta);
}
};
var draw = function() {
for (var i = gameObjects.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
gameObjects[i].draw(ctx);
}
};
var timerStart = function() {
var date = new Date();
delta = date.getTime() - this.lastTimeStamp;
delta *= 0.01;
var seconds = new Date().getSeconds();
};
var timerEnd = function() {
this.lastTimeStamp = new Date().getTime();
};
}
/*
* Abstract game object class.
*
* By Guido Krömer <mail@cacodaemon.de> 2013
*
*/
function GameObject () {
this.gameManager = null;
this.init = function (gameManager) {
this.gameManager = gameManager;
};
this.update = function (delta) { };
this.draw = function (ctx) { };
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>Textured Raycaster Demo from cacodaemon.de</title>
<style type="text/css">
* {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
image-rendering:optimizeSpeed; /* Legal fallback */
image-rendering:-moz-crisp-edges; /* Firefox */
image-rendering:-o-crisp-edges; /* Opera */
image-rendering:-webkit-optimize-contrast; /* Chrome (and eventually Safari) */
image-rendering:crisp-edges; /* CSS3 Proposed */
image-rendering: optimize-contrast; /* Possible future browsers. */
-ms-interpolation-mode:bicubic; /* IE8+ */
-ms-interpolation-mode: nearest-neighbor;
}
#GameCanvas {
transform-origin: 0% 0%;
-ms-transform-origin: 0% 0%;
-webkit-transform-origin: 0% 0%;
-o-transform-origin: 0% 0%;
-moz-transform-origin: 0% 0%;
transform: scale(3, 3);
-ms-transform: scale(3, 3);
-webkit-transform: scale(3, 3);
-o-transform: scale(3, 3);
-moz-transform: scale(3, 3);
}
</style>
<script type="text/javascript" src="GameManager.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="GameObject.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="Keyboard.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="Raycaster.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<canvas id="GameCanvas" />
</body>
<script>
var scale = 3
var gameCanvas = document.getElementById("GameCanvas");
gameCanvas.width = window.innerWidth / scale;
gameCanvas.height = window.innerHeight / scale;
var gameManager = new GameManager();
gameManager.init(gameCanvas);
gameManager.addGameObject(new Raycaster());
</script>
</html>
/*
* Simple JavaScipt keyboard helper.
* Based upon http://nokarma.org/2011/02/27/javascript-game-development-keyboard-input/index.html
*
*/
var Key = {
pressed: [],
LEFT: 37,
UP: 38,
RIGHT: 39,
DOWN: 40,
ENTER: 13,
SPACE: 32,
PAGE_UP: 33,
PAGE_DOWN: 34,
W: 87,
A: 65,
S: 83,
D: 68,
isDown: function(keyCode) {
return this.pressed[keyCode];
},
reset: function(keyCode) {
this.pressed[keyCode] = false;
},
onKeydown: function(event) {
this.pressed[event.keyCode] = true;
},
onKeyup: function(event) {
delete this.pressed[event.keyCode];
}
};
window.addEventListener('keyup', function(event) {
Key.onKeyup(event);
}, false);
window.addEventListener('keydown', function(event) {
Key.onKeydown(event);
}, false);
/*
* Simple JavaScript Canvas raycaster (Textured).
*
* By Guido Krömer <mail@cacodaemon.de>
*
*/
function Vector2() {
this.x;
this.y;
};
var TILE = 64;
function Player(x, y, raycaster) {
this.x = x;
this.y = y;
this.angle = Math.PI / 3;
this.moveableForward = true;
this.moveableBackward = true;
this.raycaster = raycaster;
this.update = function(delta) {
if (Key.isDown(Key.UP) && this.moveableForward) {
this.x += Math.cos(this.angle) * (TILE / 2) * delta;
this.y += Math.sin(this.angle) * (TILE / 2) * delta;
}
if (Key.isDown(Key.DOWN) && this.moveableBackward) {
this.x -= Math.cos(this.angle) * (TILE / 2) * delta;
this.y -= Math.sin(this.angle) * (TILE / 2) * delta;
}
if (Key.isDown(Key.LEFT)) {
this.angle -= 0.05;
}
if (Key.isDown(Key.RIGHT)) {
this.angle += 0.05;
}
if (this.angle < 0) {
this.angle += Math.PI * 2;
}
this.angle %= Math.PI * 2;
}
};
Player.prototype = new Vector2();
function Raycaster() {
this.map = null;
var COLORS = ['', 'rgb(255, 0, 0)', 'rgb(0, 255, 0)', 'rgb(0, 0, 255)', 'rgb(255, 255, 0)', 'rgb(0, 255, 255)', 'rgb(255, 0, 255)', 'rgb(255, 255, 255)'];
var INFINITY = 1 / 0;
var SCR_W = 0;
var SCR_H = 0;
var SCR_W_HALF = 0;
var SCR_H_HALF = 0;
var WALL_H_FACTOR = 90;
var WALL_H = 0;
var RAY_ANGLE = 0;
var PI_TWO = Math.PI * 2;
var PI_HALF = Math.PI / 2;
var VOF = 60 * (Math.PI / 180);
var VOF_HALF = VOF / 2;
var TILE_QUATER = TILE / 2;
this.preciseDistance = true
this.depthShading = true
this.player = new Player(TILE * 4.5, TILE * 2, this);
var textures = new Array();
this.init = function (gameManager) {
this.gameManager = gameManager;
SCR_W_HALF = (SCR_W = this.gameManager.width) / 2;
SCR_H_HALF = (SCR_H = this.gameManager.height) / 2;
RAY_ANGLE = VOF / SCR_W;
WALL_H = SCR_H * WALL_H_FACTOR;
this.loadMap();
this.loadTextures();
var ctx = gameManager.getCtx();
ctx.webkitImageSmoothingEnabled = false;
ctx.mozImageSmoothingEnabled = false;
ctx.operaImageSmoothingEnabled = false;
}
this.draw = function(ctx) {
this.drawBackgound(ctx);
var lineElement = {
y: 0,
x: 0,
texture: null,
north: false,
dist: 0,
part: 0
};
var i = 0;
for (var rayAngle = -VOF_HALF; rayAngle < VOF_HALF; rayAngle += RAY_ANGLE) {
var dx = this.player.x + Math.cos(this.player.angle + rayAngle) * 100;
var dy = this.player.y + Math.sin(this.player.angle + rayAngle) * 100;
this.getLine(this.player.x, this.player.y, dx, dy, lineElement);
var vX = this.player.x - lineElement.x;
var vY = this.player.y - lineElement.y;
lineElement.dist = Math.sqrt(vX * vX + vY * vY) * Math.cos(rayAngle);
var wallFactor = (SCR_H_HALF / lineElement.dist * TILE_QUATER) * 2
var texture = lineElement.texture;
if (texture)
ctx.drawImage(texture, Math.floor(lineElement.part * (texture.width / TILE)), 0, 1, texture.height, i, SCR_H_HALF - wallFactor, 1, wallFactor * 2)
ctx.globalAlpha = lineElement.dist / 1000 * (lineElement.north ? 1 : 1.5);
ctx.fillStyle = "black";
ctx.beginPath();
ctx.moveTo(i, SCR_H_HALF - wallFactor);
ctx.lineTo(i, SCR_H_HALF + wallFactor);
ctx.closePath();
ctx.stroke();
ctx.globalAlpha = 1;
if (i == SCR_W_HALF) {
this.player.moveableForward = lineElement.dist > 10;
}
i++;
}
this.drawMap(ctx);
}
this.drawBackgound = function(ctx) {
var grd = ctx.createLinearGradient(0,SCR_H_HALF,0,0);
grd.addColorStop(0,"black");
grd.addColorStop(1,"grey");
ctx.fillStyle = grd;
ctx.fillRect(0, 0, SCR_W, SCR_H_HALF);
grd = ctx.createLinearGradient(0,SCR_H_HALF,0,SCR_H);
grd.addColorStop(0,"black");
grd.addColorStop(1,"grey");
ctx.fillStyle = grd;
ctx.fillRect(0, SCR_H_HALF, SCR_W, SCR_H);
}
this.getLine = function(x1, y1, x2, y2, lineElement) {
var dx = Math.abs(x2 - x1);
var dy = Math.abs(y2 - y1);
var sx = (x1 < x2) ? 1 : -1;
var sy = (y1 < y2) ? 1 : -1;
var err = dx - dy;
var e2;
var perviousTileX = 0;
var perviousTileY = 0;
while (!((x1 == x2) && (y1 == y2))) {
e2 = err << 1;
if (e2 > -dy) {
err -= dy;
x1 += sx;
}
else if (e2 < dx) {
err += dx;
y1 += sy;
}
var mapX = Math.floor(x1 / TILE);
var mapY = Math.floor(y1 / TILE);
if (this.map[mapY][mapX]) {
lineElement.y = y1;
lineElement.x = x1;
lineElement.texture = textures[this.map[mapY][mapX]];
lineElement.north = perviousTileX == mapX;
lineElement.part = lineElement.north ? x1 - (mapX * TILE) : y1 - (mapY * TILE)
return;
}
perviousTileX = mapX;
perviousTileY = mapY;
}
}
this.update = function(delta) {
this.player.update(delta);
}
this.loadMap = function() {
this.map = [
[ 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 4, 0, 0, 0, 4, 5, 6, 5, 6, 5, 6, 5, 6],
[ 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4],
[ 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 4, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 7, 8, 0, 6],
[ 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 7, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0,10, 0,10, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 7, 8, 0, 6],
[ 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 7, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0,10, 0,10, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 7, 8, 0, 6],
[ 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 6],
[ 5, 0, 0,11,11,11,11,11,11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0,11, 0, 0, 0, 0,11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 6],
[ 5, 0, 0,11,11,11,11,11,11, 0, 0, 0, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 0, 5],
[ 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 6],
[ 5, 7, 8, 9, 8, 7, 7, 8, 9, 8, 7, 8, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 8, 7]
];
}
this.loadTextures = function() {
var maxTexture = 0;
for (var y = 0; y < this.map.length; y++) {
for (var x = 0; x < this.map[y].length; x++) {
maxTexture = Math.max(maxTexture, this.map[y][x]);
}
}
for (var i = 0; i <= maxTexture; i++) {
var texture = new Image();
texture.src = 'Textures/' + i + '.png';
textures.push(texture)
}
}
this.drawMap = function (ctx) {
ctx.fillStyle = 'BLACK'
ctx.fillRect(0, 0, this.map[0].length * 2, this.map.length * 2);
for (var y = 0; y < this.map.length; y++) {
for (var x = 0; x < this.map[y].length; x++) {
if (!this.map[y][x]) {
continue;
}
ctx.fillStyle = COLORS[this.map[y][x]];
ctx.fillRect(x*2, y*2, 2, 2);
}
}
ctx.fillStyle = 'WHITE'
ctx.fillRect((this.player.x / TILE) * 2, (this.player.y / TILE) * 2, 4 ,4)
}
};
Raycaster.prototype = new GameObject();
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