Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@ClashTheBunny ClashTheBunny/README.md forked from mbostock/.block
Last active Aug 26, 2015

Embed
What would you like to do?
Stacked-to-Grouped Bars

Switch between stacked and grouped layouts using sequenced transitions! Animations preserve object constancy and allow the user to follow the data across views. Animation design by Heer and Robertson. Colors and data generation inspired by Byron and Wattenberg.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
body {
font-family: "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
margin: auto;
position: relative;
width: 960px;
}
text {
font: 10px sans-serif;
}
.axis path,
.axis line {
fill: none;
stroke: #000;
shape-rendering: crispEdges;
}
form {
position: absolute;
right: 10px;
top: 10px;
}
</style>
<form>
<label><input type="radio" name="mode" value="grouped"> Grouped</label>
<label><input type="radio" name="mode" value="stacked" checked> Stacked</label>
</form>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/d3/3.5.5/d3.min.js"></script>
<script>
var n = 6, // number of layers
m = 5, // number of samples per layer
stack = d3.layout.stack(),
layers = stack(d3.range(n).map(function() { return bumpLayer(m, .1); })),
yGroupMax = d3.max(layers, function(layer) { return d3.max(layer, function(d) { return d.y; }); }),
yStackMax = d3.max(layers, function(layer) { return d3.max(layer, function(d) { return d.y0 + d.y; }); });
var margin = {top: 40, right: 10, bottom: 20, left: 10},
width = 960 - margin.left - margin.right,
height = 500 - margin.top - margin.bottom;
var x = d3.scale.ordinal()
.domain(d3.range(m))
.rangeRoundBands([0, width], .08);
var y = d3.scale.linear()
.domain([0, yStackMax])
.range([height, 0]);
var color = d3.scale.linear()
.domain([0, n - 1])
.range(["#aad", "#556"]);
var xAxis = d3.svg.axis()
.scale(x)
.tickSize(0)
.tickPadding(6)
.orient("bottom");
var svg = d3.select("body").append("svg")
.attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
.attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
.append("g")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");
var layer = svg.selectAll(".layer")
.data(layers)
.enter().append("g")
.attr("class", "layer")
.style("fill", function(d, i) { return color(i); });
var rect = layer.selectAll("rect")
.data(function(d) { return d; })
.enter().append("rect")
.attr("x", function(d) { return x(d.x); })
.attr("y", height)
.attr("width", x.rangeBand())
.attr("height", 0);
rect.transition()
.delay(function(d, i) { return i * 10; })
.attr("y", function(d) { return y(d.y0 + d.y); })
.attr("height", function(d) { return y(d.y0) - y(d.y0 + d.y); });
svg.append("g")
.attr("class", "x axis")
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
.call(xAxis);
d3.selectAll("input").on("change", change);
var timeout = setTimeout(function() {
d3.select("input[value=\"grouped\"]").property("checked", true).each(change);
}, 2000);
function change() {
clearTimeout(timeout);
if (this.value === "grouped") transitionGrouped();
else transitionStacked();
}
function transitionGrouped() {
y.domain([0, yGroupMax]);
rect.transition()
.duration(500)
.delay(function(d, i) { return i * 10; })
.attr("x", function(d, i, j) { return x(d.x) + x.rangeBand() / n * j; })
.attr("width", x.rangeBand() / n)
.transition()
.attr("y", function(d) { return y(d.y); })
.attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(d.y); });
}
function transitionStacked() {
y.domain([0, yStackMax]);
rect.transition()
.duration(500)
.delay(function(d, i) { return i * 10; })
.attr("y", function(d) { return y(d.y0 + d.y); })
.attr("height", function(d) { return y(d.y0) - y(d.y0 + d.y); })
.transition()
.attr("x", function(d) { return x(d.x); })
.attr("width", x.rangeBand());
}
// Inspired by Lee Byron's test data generator.
function bumpLayer(n, o) {
function bump(a) {
var x = 1 / (.1 + Math.random()),
y = 2 * Math.random() - .5,
z = 10 / (.1 + Math.random());
for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
var w = (i / n - y) * z;
a[i] += x * Math.exp(-w * w);
}
}
var a = [], i;
for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) a[i] = o + o * Math.random();
for (i = 0; i < 5; ++i) bump(a);
return a.map(function(d, i) { return {x: i, y: Math.max(0, d)}; });
}
</script>
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.