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@DerekSelander DerekSelander/dsresign
Last active Jun 21, 2019

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Resign iOS .app directories, expects app dir, provisioning profile, [optional] new name for iOS app
#!/bin/bash
# MIT License
#
# Copyright (c) 2018 Derek Selander (@LOLgrep)
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
# SOFTWARE.
set -e
DS_USAGE="""[Usage]: $(/usr/bin/basename $0) /path/to/Application.app /path/to/provisioning/profile [NewAppName]
Resigns the iOS Application and attempts to install it on iOS device that's plugged in over USB
"""
RED='\033[0;31m'
CYAN='\033[0;36m'
GREEN='\033[0;32m'
NC='\033[0m' # No Color
# Make sure the arguments are good
if [ "$#" -lt 2 ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "$DS_USAGE"
exit 1
fi
if [ "$#" -gt 3 ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "$DS_USAGE"
exit 1
fi
# Does this look like a valid .app directory?
if [ ! -d "$1" ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}\"$1\" ${RED}Needs to be an .app directory, exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
if [ ! -d "$1/_CodeSignature" ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}$(/usr/bin/basename "$1") doesn't seem to be an iOS app? exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
if [ ! -e "$1/Info.plist" ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}$(/usr/bin/basename "$1") doesn't seem to be an iOS app? exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
# Make sure the provisioning profile looks good
if [ ! -e "$2" ]; then
/bin/echo "${CYAN}\"$2\" ${RED}needs to be a provisioning profile (usually containing the extension .mobileprovisioning), exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
# Provisioning profiles seem to begin with 0x3082, check for that at beginning of $2
if [[ $(/usr/bin/xxd -l 2 "$2" | cut -d" " -f2) != "3082" ]]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}\"${2}\" ${RED}doesn't really look like a provisioning profile, exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
# Make sure mobdevim is installed
if [ ! $(/usr/bin/which mobdevim) ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}Couldn't find the mobdevim command in PATH\nInstall mobdevim command from ${CYAN}https://github.com/DerekSelander/mobdevim\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
# aaaaaaaaalllllllllll the declarations
DEVICE_UDID=$(mobdevim -f | /usr/bin/grep UDID | /usr/bin/cut -d$'\t' -f2)
APP_BASENAME=$(/usr/bin/basename "$1")
TMP_START_DIR=/tmp/DSResigner
TMP_ENT="${TMP_START_DIR}/ds_entitlements.xml"
APP_FILE="${TMP_START_DIR}/${APP_BASENAME}"
PP_PATH="$2"
CERTIFCATE_PATH="${TMP_START_DIR}/signing_identity.cer.PEM"
EXTRACTED_ENT="${TMP_START_DIR}/extracted_ent"
ENT_DICT="${TMP_START_DIR}/ent_dict"
CS_IDENTITIES=$(/usr/bin/security find-identity -p codesigning -v | /usr/bin/cut -d "\"" -f2 | /usr/bin/sed -e '$ d' )
IDENT_ARRAY=""
while read -r line; do
IDENT_ARRAY+=("$line")
done < <(/bin/echo "$CS_IDENTITIES")
###################################################################
# Let's get this party started!
###################################################################
/usr/bin/printf "
${CYAN}Select the signing identity you want to use to sign ${NC}${GREEN}${APP_BASENAME}${NC}:
$(/bin/echo "$CS_IDENTITIES" | /usr/bin/nl)
[ENTER NUMERIC VALUE] : "
read input_value
if [ \( -z $input_value \) -o \( $input_value -eq $input_value 2>/dev/null \) ]; then
if [ \( $input_value -ge ${#IDENT_ARRAY[@]} \) -o \( $input_value -lt 1 \) ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}Input needs to be between 1 and $((${#IDENT_ARRAY[@]} - 1)), exiting...${NC}\n"
exit 1
fi
else
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}Provide a numeric value, exiting...${NC}\n"
exit 1
fi
SIGNATURE="${IDENT_ARRAY[${input_value}]}"
# Cleanup the starting directory
/bin/rm -rf "$TMP_START_DIR"
/bin/mkdir "$TMP_START_DIR"
/bin/cp -R "$1" "$APP_FILE"
# Check if the signing identity is found in the provisioning profile
/usr/bin/security cms -D -i "$PP_PATH" > "$EXTRACTED_ENT"
/usr/bin/security find-certificate -c "$SIGNATURE" -p > "$CERTIFCATE_PATH"
PUBLIC_CERT=$(/usr/bin/openssl x509 -in "$CERTIFCATE_PATH" -inform PEM -outform DER | /usr/bin/base64)
if ! /usr/bin/grep -q "$PUBLIC_CERT" "$EXTRACTED_ENT" ; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}Can't find identity ${CYAN}${SIGNATURE}${RED} in ${CYAN}$(/usr/bin/basename "$PP_PATH")${RED}, exiting...${NC}\n"
exit 1
fi
# Check if the provisioning profile given has expired
EXPIRATION_DATE=$(/usr/bin/xpath "$EXTRACTED_ENT" '//*[text() = "ExpirationDate"]/following-sibling::date/text()' 2>/dev/null )
if [ $(/bin/date +"%s") -gt $(/bin/date -jf "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ" "$EXPIRATION_DATE" +"%s") ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}Provisioning profile has expired! Exiting...${NC}\n"
exit 1
fi
# Pull out APP ID and if AD_HOC, make sure it's AD_HOC or iOS UDID is in PP if not AD_HC
APP_IDENTIFIER=$(/usr/bin/xpath "$EXTRACTED_ENT" '//*[text() = "application-identifier"]/following-sibling::string[1]/text()' 2>/dev/null | cut -d. -f 2-80 )
echo "app id is : $APP_IDENTIFIER"
IS_AD_HOC=$(/usr/bin/xpath "$EXTRACTED_ENT" '//*[text() = "ProvisionsAllDevices"]/following-sibling::*[1]' 2>/dev/null || : | /usr/bin/grep -i true)
if [ -z IS_AD_HOC ]; then
/bin/echo "Looks like \"$(/usr/bin/basename "$2")\" is an Ad-Hoc provisioning profile, you'll need to go to settings to allow ${APP_BASENAME} to run"
elif ! $(/usr/bin/grep -q "$DEVICE_UDID" "$EXTRACTED_ENT") ; then
/usr/bin/printf "${RED}It looks like the provisioning profile ${CYAN}$(/usr/bin/basename "$2") ${RED}doesn't contain the UDID (${CYAN}${DEVICE_UDID}${RED}) for the iOS device that's currently plugged into your computer, exiting...\n${NC}"
exit 1
fi
#########################################################
# Ok, looking good from here on out, lets sign this thing
#########################################################
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}Signing ${GREEN}\"$APP_BASENAME\"${CYAN} with identity: ${GREEN}\"$SIGNATURE\"${NC}\n"
# Extract the entitlements from PP_PATH and place them in TMP_ENT
/bin/echo '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">' > "$TMP_ENT"
/usr/bin/xpath "$EXTRACTED_ENT" '//*[text() = "Entitlements"]/following-sibling::dict' 2>/dev/null | grep -v -e '^$' | sed -e $'s/\t<\/dict>/<\/dict>/g' | sed -e $'s/\t\t/\t/g' | sed -e "s| /|/|g" > "$ENT_DICT"
/bin/cat "$ENT_DICT" >> "$TMP_ENT"
/bin/echo "</plist>" >> "$TMP_ENT"
# Copy provisioning profile, replace application identifier in Info.plist
/bin/cp -f "$PP_PATH" "$APP_FILE/embedded.mobileprovision"
/usr/bin/plutil -replace CFBundleIdentifier -string "$APP_IDENTIFIER" "$APP_FILE/Info.plist"
if [ ! -z "$3" ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "\n${CYAN}Resigning app to have bundle display name: ${GREEN}$3${NC}\n"
/usr/bin/plutil -replace CFBundleDisplayName -string "$3" "$APP_FILE/Info.plist"
fi
if [ -d "$APP_FILE/PlugIns" ]; then
/usr/bin/printf "******************************************\nRemoving plugins in ${APP_BASENAME}/PlugIns\n******************************************\n"
/usr/bin/printf "This is due to the fact that PlugIns contain embedded applications each with their own provisioning profile and identity... I am too lazy for dealing with that :]\n\n"
/bin/rm -rf "$APP_FILE/PlugIns"
fi
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}Signing executables in ${GREEN}${APP_BASENAME}/Frameworks/*${NC}\n"
# Sign the Frameworks first, then the main executable
/usr/bin/codesign --deep -f -s "$SIGNATURE" "$APP_FILE/Frameworks/"* 2>&1 | /usr/bin/grep --line-buffered -oh "Frameworks/.*:" | /usr/bin/nl
# Sign main executable, but this time with the entitlements
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}Signing main executable: ${GREEN}${APP_BASENAME}${NC}\n"
/usr/bin/xattr -cr "$APP_FILE"
/usr/bin/codesign --deep -f -s "$SIGNATURE" --entitlements "$TMP_ENT" "$APP_FILE" 2>/dev/null
# And now try and install this thing!
/usr/bin/printf "${CYAN}Attempting to install to iOS device ${GREEN}${DEVICE_UDID}${CYAN}...\n${NC}"
mobdevim -i "$APP_FILE"
@DerekSelander

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commented Jun 14, 2019

BTW, if you have trouble installing. Use the mobdevim command on a different Terminal window to look for the installd daemon to see what errors it's saying...

i.e.
mobdevim -c | grep installd

Oftentimes, I'll have the wrong Platform (found in the Info.plist) or have a watch extension (that I was too lazy to make the logic for)

@ouraigua

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commented Jun 21, 2019

Thanks for the script.
I can resign and debug the Wordpress app. Being curious i tried the same procedure on an App Store app extracted from an IPA, and it failed to start.
Does the methods described in Advanced Debugging book work for these apps?

@DerekSelander

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commented Jun 21, 2019

@ouraigua When getting an IPA from the App Store, Apple encrypts it with a key derived from your Apple ID. You can see this by examining the Mach-O load commands (which are discussed in several chapters in the book). You can see if an app is encrypted by typing otool -l /path/to/executable | grep -i crypt

You'll need to decrypt an App using a jailbroken device (and using tools like bfdecrypt). If you are unable to obtain these, the best you can do is try using Xcode's Archive option to examine an IPA which is unencrypted.

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commented Jun 21, 2019

Thanks for the prompt reply. I appreciate.
I prefer to get my hands dirty rather than using a tool. I do have a jailbroken device. When you say decrypt, do you mean remote LLDB the app so as to dump encrypted part of the executable then insert it back. I've done this before so I should be ok.
Thanks again

@DerekSelander

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commented Jun 21, 2019

Yes, using LLDB is one way to do it. Just remember you need to know only do it for the main executable, but also for everything in ./Frameworks, ./PlugIns, etc

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