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Reference files to expose a QEMU guest memory
make distclean
./configure
make subdir-x86_64-softmmu
HXCOMM Use DEFHEADING() to define headings in both help text and texi
HXCOMM Text between STEXI and ETEXI are copied to texi version and
HXCOMM discarded from C version
HXCOMM DEF(command, args, callback, arg_string, help) is used to construct
HXCOMM monitor commands
HXCOMM HXCOMM can be used for comments, discarded from both texi and C
STEXI
@table @option
ETEXI
{
.name = "help|?",
.args_type = "name:S?",
.params = "[cmd]",
.help = "show the help",
.cmd = do_help_cmd,
},
STEXI
@item help or ? [@var{cmd}]
@findex help
Show the help for all commands or just for command @var{cmd}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "commit",
.args_type = "device:B",
.params = "device|all",
.help = "commit changes to the disk images (if -snapshot is used) or backing files",
.cmd = hmp_commit,
},
STEXI
@item commit
@findex commit
Commit changes to the disk images (if -snapshot is used) or backing files.
If the backing file is smaller than the snapshot, then the backing file will be
resized to be the same size as the snapshot. If the snapshot is smaller than
the backing file, the backing file will not be truncated. If you want the
backing file to match the size of the smaller snapshot, you can safely truncate
it yourself once the commit operation successfully completes.
ETEXI
{
.name = "q|quit",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "quit the emulator",
.cmd = hmp_quit,
},
STEXI
@item q or quit
@findex quit
Quit the emulator.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_resize",
.args_type = "device:B,size:o",
.params = "device size",
.help = "resize a block image",
.cmd = hmp_block_resize,
},
STEXI
@item block_resize
@findex block_resize
Resize a block image while a guest is running. Usually requires guest
action to see the updated size. Resize to a lower size is supported,
but should be used with extreme caution. Note that this command only
resizes image files, it can not resize block devices like LVM volumes.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_stream",
.args_type = "device:B,speed:o?,base:s?",
.params = "device [speed [base]]",
.help = "copy data from a backing file into a block device",
.cmd = hmp_block_stream,
},
STEXI
@item block_stream
@findex block_stream
Copy data from a backing file into a block device.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_job_set_speed",
.args_type = "device:B,speed:o",
.params = "device speed",
.help = "set maximum speed for a background block operation",
.cmd = hmp_block_job_set_speed,
},
STEXI
@item block_job_set_speed
@findex block_job_set_speed
Set maximum speed for a background block operation.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_job_cancel",
.args_type = "force:-f,device:B",
.params = "[-f] device",
.help = "stop an active background block operation (use -f"
"\n\t\t\t if the operation is currently paused)",
.cmd = hmp_block_job_cancel,
},
STEXI
@item block_job_cancel
@findex block_job_cancel
Stop an active background block operation (streaming, mirroring).
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_job_complete",
.args_type = "device:B",
.params = "device",
.help = "stop an active background block operation",
.cmd = hmp_block_job_complete,
},
STEXI
@item block_job_complete
@findex block_job_complete
Manually trigger completion of an active background block operation.
For mirroring, this will switch the device to the destination path.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_job_pause",
.args_type = "device:B",
.params = "device",
.help = "pause an active background block operation",
.cmd = hmp_block_job_pause,
},
STEXI
@item block_job_pause
@findex block_job_pause
Pause an active block streaming operation.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_job_resume",
.args_type = "device:B",
.params = "device",
.help = "resume a paused background block operation",
.cmd = hmp_block_job_resume,
},
STEXI
@item block_job_resume
@findex block_job_resume
Resume a paused block streaming operation.
ETEXI
{
.name = "eject",
.args_type = "force:-f,device:B",
.params = "[-f] device",
.help = "eject a removable medium (use -f to force it)",
.cmd = hmp_eject,
},
STEXI
@item eject [-f] @var{device}
@findex eject
Eject a removable medium (use -f to force it).
ETEXI
{
.name = "drive_del",
.args_type = "id:B",
.params = "device",
.help = "remove host block device",
.cmd = hmp_drive_del,
},
STEXI
@item drive_del @var{device}
@findex drive_del
Remove host block device. The result is that guest generated IO is no longer
submitted against the host device underlying the disk. Once a drive has
been deleted, the QEMU Block layer returns -EIO which results in IO
errors in the guest for applications that are reading/writing to the device.
These errors are always reported to the guest, regardless of the drive's error
actions (drive options rerror, werror).
ETEXI
{
.name = "change",
.args_type = "device:B,target:F,arg:s?,read-only-mode:s?",
.params = "device filename [format [read-only-mode]]",
.help = "change a removable medium, optional format",
.cmd = hmp_change,
},
STEXI
@item change @var{device} @var{setting}
@findex change
Change the configuration of a device.
@table @option
@item change @var{diskdevice} @var{filename} [@var{format} [@var{read-only-mode}]]
Change the medium for a removable disk device to point to @var{filename}. eg
@example
(qemu) change ide1-cd0 /path/to/some.iso
@end example
@var{format} is optional.
@var{read-only-mode} may be used to change the read-only status of the device.
It accepts the following values:
@table @var
@item retain
Retains the current status; this is the default.
@item read-only
Makes the device read-only.
@item read-write
Makes the device writable.
@end table
@item change vnc @var{display},@var{options}
Change the configuration of the VNC server. The valid syntax for @var{display}
and @var{options} are described at @ref{sec_invocation}. eg
@example
(qemu) change vnc localhost:1
@end example
@item change vnc password [@var{password}]
Change the password associated with the VNC server. If the new password is not
supplied, the monitor will prompt for it to be entered. VNC passwords are only
significant up to 8 letters. eg
@example
(qemu) change vnc password
Password: ********
@end example
@end table
ETEXI
{
.name = "screendump",
.args_type = "filename:F",
.params = "filename",
.help = "save screen into PPM image 'filename'",
.cmd = hmp_screendump,
},
STEXI
@item screendump @var{filename}
@findex screendump
Save screen into PPM image @var{filename}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "logfile",
.args_type = "filename:F",
.params = "filename",
.help = "output logs to 'filename'",
.cmd = hmp_logfile,
},
STEXI
@item logfile @var{filename}
@findex logfile
Output logs to @var{filename}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "trace-event",
.args_type = "name:s,option:b,vcpu:i?",
.params = "name on|off [vcpu]",
.help = "changes status of a specific trace event "
"(vcpu: vCPU to set, default is all)",
.cmd = hmp_trace_event,
.command_completion = trace_event_completion,
},
STEXI
@item trace-event
@findex trace-event
changes status of a trace event
ETEXI
#if defined(CONFIG_TRACE_SIMPLE)
{
.name = "trace-file",
.args_type = "op:s?,arg:F?",
.params = "on|off|flush|set [arg]",
.help = "open, close, or flush trace file, or set a new file name",
.cmd = hmp_trace_file,
},
STEXI
@item trace-file on|off|flush
@findex trace-file
Open, close, or flush the trace file. If no argument is given, the status of the trace file is displayed.
ETEXI
#endif
{
.name = "log",
.args_type = "items:s",
.params = "item1[,...]",
.help = "activate logging of the specified items",
.cmd = hmp_log,
},
STEXI
@item log @var{item1}[,...]
@findex log
Activate logging of the specified items.
ETEXI
{
.name = "savevm",
.args_type = "name:s?",
.params = "[tag|id]",
.help = "save a VM snapshot. If no tag or id are provided, a new snapshot is created",
.cmd = hmp_savevm,
},
STEXI
@item savevm [@var{tag}|@var{id}]
@findex savevm
Create a snapshot of the whole virtual machine. If @var{tag} is
provided, it is used as human readable identifier. If there is already
a snapshot with the same tag or ID, it is replaced. More info at
@ref{vm_snapshots}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "loadvm",
.args_type = "name:s",
.params = "tag|id",
.help = "restore a VM snapshot from its tag or id",
.cmd = hmp_loadvm,
.command_completion = loadvm_completion,
},
STEXI
@item loadvm @var{tag}|@var{id}
@findex loadvm
Set the whole virtual machine to the snapshot identified by the tag
@var{tag} or the unique snapshot ID @var{id}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "delvm",
.args_type = "name:s",
.params = "tag|id",
.help = "delete a VM snapshot from its tag or id",
.cmd = hmp_delvm,
.command_completion = delvm_completion,
},
STEXI
@item delvm @var{tag}|@var{id}
@findex delvm
Delete the snapshot identified by @var{tag} or @var{id}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "singlestep",
.args_type = "option:s?",
.params = "[on|off]",
.help = "run emulation in singlestep mode or switch to normal mode",
.cmd = hmp_singlestep,
},
STEXI
@item singlestep [off]
@findex singlestep
Run the emulation in single step mode.
If called with option off, the emulation returns to normal mode.
ETEXI
{
.name = "stop",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "stop emulation",
.cmd = hmp_stop,
},
STEXI
@item stop
@findex stop
Stop emulation.
ETEXI
{
.name = "c|cont",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "resume emulation",
.cmd = hmp_cont,
},
STEXI
@item c or cont
@findex cont
Resume emulation.
ETEXI
{
.name = "system_wakeup",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "wakeup guest from suspend",
.cmd = hmp_system_wakeup,
},
STEXI
@item system_wakeup
@findex system_wakeup
Wakeup guest from suspend.
ETEXI
{
.name = "gdbserver",
.args_type = "device:s?",
.params = "[device]",
.help = "start gdbserver on given device (default 'tcp::1234'), stop with 'none'",
.cmd = hmp_gdbserver,
},
STEXI
@item gdbserver [@var{port}]
@findex gdbserver
Start gdbserver session (default @var{port}=1234)
ETEXI
{
.name = "x",
.args_type = "fmt:/,addr:l",
.params = "/fmt addr",
.help = "virtual memory dump starting at 'addr'",
.cmd = hmp_memory_dump,
},
STEXI
@item x/fmt @var{addr}
@findex x
Virtual memory dump starting at @var{addr}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "xp",
.args_type = "fmt:/,addr:l",
.params = "/fmt addr",
.help = "physical memory dump starting at 'addr'",
.cmd = hmp_physical_memory_dump,
},
STEXI
@item xp /@var{fmt} @var{addr}
@findex xp
Physical memory dump starting at @var{addr}.
@var{fmt} is a format which tells the command how to format the
data. Its syntax is: @option{/@{count@}@{format@}@{size@}}
@table @var
@item count
is the number of items to be dumped.
@item format
can be x (hex), d (signed decimal), u (unsigned decimal), o (octal),
c (char) or i (asm instruction).
@item size
can be b (8 bits), h (16 bits), w (32 bits) or g (64 bits). On x86,
@code{h} or @code{w} can be specified with the @code{i} format to
respectively select 16 or 32 bit code instruction size.
@end table
Examples:
@itemize
@item
Dump 10 instructions at the current instruction pointer:
@example
(qemu) x/10i $eip
0x90107063: ret
0x90107064: sti
0x90107065: lea 0x0(%esi,1),%esi
0x90107069: lea 0x0(%edi,1),%edi
0x90107070: ret
0x90107071: jmp 0x90107080
0x90107073: nop
0x90107074: nop
0x90107075: nop
0x90107076: nop
@end example
@item
Dump 80 16 bit values at the start of the video memory.
@smallexample
(qemu) xp/80hx 0xb8000
0x000b8000: 0x0b50 0x0b6c 0x0b65 0x0b78 0x0b38 0x0b36 0x0b2f 0x0b42
0x000b8010: 0x0b6f 0x0b63 0x0b68 0x0b73 0x0b20 0x0b56 0x0b47 0x0b41
0x000b8020: 0x0b42 0x0b69 0x0b6f 0x0b73 0x0b20 0x0b63 0x0b75 0x0b72
0x000b8030: 0x0b72 0x0b65 0x0b6e 0x0b74 0x0b2d 0x0b63 0x0b76 0x0b73
0x000b8040: 0x0b20 0x0b30 0x0b35 0x0b20 0x0b4e 0x0b6f 0x0b76 0x0b20
0x000b8050: 0x0b32 0x0b30 0x0b30 0x0b33 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720
0x000b8060: 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720
0x000b8070: 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720
0x000b8080: 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720
0x000b8090: 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720 0x0720
@end smallexample
@end itemize
ETEXI
{
.name = "gpa2hva",
.args_type = "addr:l",
.params = "addr",
.help = "print the host virtual address corresponding to a guest physical address",
.cmd = hmp_gpa2hva,
},
STEXI
@item gpa2hva @var{addr}
@findex gpa2hva
Print the host virtual address at which the guest's physical address @var{addr}
is mapped.
ETEXI
#ifdef CONFIG_LINUX
{
.name = "gpa2hpa",
.args_type = "addr:l",
.params = "addr",
.help = "print the host physical address corresponding to a guest physical address",
.cmd = hmp_gpa2hpa,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item gpa2hpa @var{addr}
@findex gpa2hpa
Print the host physical address at which the guest's physical address @var{addr}
is mapped.
ETEXI
{
.name = "p|print",
.args_type = "fmt:/,val:l",
.params = "/fmt expr",
.help = "print expression value (use $reg for CPU register access)",
.cmd = do_print,
},
STEXI
@item p or print/@var{fmt} @var{expr}
@findex print
Print expression value. Only the @var{format} part of @var{fmt} is
used.
ETEXI
{
.name = "i",
.args_type = "fmt:/,addr:i,index:i.",
.params = "/fmt addr",
.help = "I/O port read",
.cmd = hmp_ioport_read,
},
STEXI
@item i/@var{fmt} @var{addr} [.@var{index}]
@findex i
Read I/O port.
ETEXI
{
.name = "o",
.args_type = "fmt:/,addr:i,val:i",
.params = "/fmt addr value",
.help = "I/O port write",
.cmd = hmp_ioport_write,
},
STEXI
@item o/@var{fmt} @var{addr} @var{val}
@findex o
Write to I/O port.
ETEXI
{
.name = "sendkey",
.args_type = "keys:s,hold-time:i?",
.params = "keys [hold_ms]",
.help = "send keys to the VM (e.g. 'sendkey ctrl-alt-f1', default hold time=100 ms)",
.cmd = hmp_sendkey,
.command_completion = sendkey_completion,
},
STEXI
@item sendkey @var{keys}
@findex sendkey
Send @var{keys} to the guest. @var{keys} could be the name of the
key or the raw value in hexadecimal format. Use @code{-} to press
several keys simultaneously. Example:
@example
sendkey ctrl-alt-f1
@end example
This command is useful to send keys that your graphical user interface
intercepts at low level, such as @code{ctrl-alt-f1} in X Window.
ETEXI
{
.name = "system_reset",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "reset the system",
.cmd = hmp_system_reset,
},
STEXI
@item system_reset
@findex system_reset
Reset the system.
ETEXI
{
.name = "system_powerdown",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "send system power down event",
.cmd = hmp_system_powerdown,
},
STEXI
@item system_powerdown
@findex system_powerdown
Power down the system (if supported).
ETEXI
{
.name = "sum",
.args_type = "start:i,size:i",
.params = "addr size",
.help = "compute the checksum of a memory region",
.cmd = hmp_sum,
},
STEXI
@item sum @var{addr} @var{size}
@findex sum
Compute the checksum of a memory region.
ETEXI
{
.name = "usb_add",
.args_type = "devname:s",
.params = "device",
.help = "add USB device (e.g. 'host:bus.addr' or 'host:vendor_id:product_id')",
.cmd = hmp_usb_add,
},
STEXI
@item usb_add @var{devname}
@findex usb_add
Add the USB device @var{devname}. This command is deprecated, please
use @code{device_add} instead. For details of available devices see
@ref{usb_devices}
ETEXI
{
.name = "usb_del",
.args_type = "devname:s",
.params = "device",
.help = "remove USB device 'bus.addr'",
.cmd = hmp_usb_del,
},
STEXI
@item usb_del @var{devname}
@findex usb_del
Remove the USB device @var{devname} from the QEMU virtual USB
hub. @var{devname} has the syntax @code{bus.addr}. Use the monitor
command @code{info usb} to see the devices you can remove. This
command is deprecated, please use @code{device_del} instead.
ETEXI
{
.name = "device_add",
.args_type = "device:O",
.params = "driver[,prop=value][,...]",
.help = "add device, like -device on the command line",
.cmd = hmp_device_add,
.command_completion = device_add_completion,
},
STEXI
@item device_add @var{config}
@findex device_add
Add device.
ETEXI
{
.name = "device_del",
.args_type = "id:s",
.params = "device",
.help = "remove device",
.cmd = hmp_device_del,
.command_completion = device_del_completion,
},
STEXI
@item device_del @var{id}
@findex device_del
Remove device @var{id}. @var{id} may be a short ID
or a QOM object path.
ETEXI
{
.name = "cpu",
.args_type = "index:i",
.params = "index",
.help = "set the default CPU",
.cmd = hmp_cpu,
},
STEXI
@item cpu @var{index}
@findex cpu
Set the default CPU.
ETEXI
{
.name = "mouse_move",
.args_type = "dx_str:s,dy_str:s,dz_str:s?",
.params = "dx dy [dz]",
.help = "send mouse move events",
.cmd = hmp_mouse_move,
},
STEXI
@item mouse_move @var{dx} @var{dy} [@var{dz}]
@findex mouse_move
Move the active mouse to the specified coordinates @var{dx} @var{dy}
with optional scroll axis @var{dz}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "mouse_button",
.args_type = "button_state:i",
.params = "state",
.help = "change mouse button state (1=L, 2=M, 4=R)",
.cmd = hmp_mouse_button,
},
STEXI
@item mouse_button @var{val}
@findex mouse_button
Change the active mouse button state @var{val} (1=L, 2=M, 4=R).
ETEXI
{
.name = "mouse_set",
.args_type = "index:i",
.params = "index",
.help = "set which mouse device receives events",
.cmd = hmp_mouse_set,
},
STEXI
@item mouse_set @var{index}
@findex mouse_set
Set which mouse device receives events at given @var{index}, index
can be obtained with
@example
info mice
@end example
ETEXI
{
.name = "wavcapture",
.args_type = "path:F,freq:i?,bits:i?,nchannels:i?",
.params = "path [frequency [bits [channels]]]",
.help = "capture audio to a wave file (default frequency=44100 bits=16 channels=2)",
.cmd = hmp_wavcapture,
},
STEXI
@item wavcapture @var{filename} [@var{frequency} [@var{bits} [@var{channels}]]]
@findex wavcapture
Capture audio into @var{filename}. Using sample rate @var{frequency}
bits per sample @var{bits} and number of channels @var{channels}.
Defaults:
@itemize @minus
@item Sample rate = 44100 Hz - CD quality
@item Bits = 16
@item Number of channels = 2 - Stereo
@end itemize
ETEXI
{
.name = "stopcapture",
.args_type = "n:i",
.params = "capture index",
.help = "stop capture",
.cmd = hmp_stopcapture,
},
STEXI
@item stopcapture @var{index}
@findex stopcapture
Stop capture with a given @var{index}, index can be obtained with
@example
info capture
@end example
ETEXI
{
.name = "memsave",
.args_type = "val:l,size:i,filename:s",
.params = "addr size file",
.help = "save to disk virtual memory dump starting at 'addr' of size 'size'",
.cmd = hmp_memsave,
},
STEXI
@item memsave @var{addr} @var{size} @var{file}
@findex memsave
save to disk virtual memory dump starting at @var{addr} of size @var{size}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "pmemsave",
.args_type = "val:l,size:i,filename:s",
.params = "addr size file",
.help = "save to disk physical memory dump starting at 'addr' of size 'size'",
.cmd = hmp_pmemsave,
},
STEXI
@item pmemsave @var{addr} @var{size} @var{file}
@findex pmemsave
save to disk physical memory dump starting at @var{addr} of size @var{size}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "pmemaccess",
.args_type = "path:s",
.params = "path",
.help = "mount guest physical memory image at 'path'",
.cmd = hmp_physical_memory_access,
},
STEXI
@item pmemaccess @var{path}
@findex pmemaccess
mount guest physical memory image at @var{path}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "boot_set",
.args_type = "bootdevice:s",
.params = "bootdevice",
.help = "define new values for the boot device list",
.cmd = hmp_boot_set,
},
STEXI
@item boot_set @var{bootdevicelist}
@findex boot_set
Define new values for the boot device list. Those values will override
the values specified on the command line through the @code{-boot} option.
The values that can be specified here depend on the machine type, but are
the same that can be specified in the @code{-boot} command line option.
ETEXI
{
.name = "nmi",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "inject an NMI",
.cmd = hmp_nmi,
},
STEXI
@item nmi @var{cpu}
@findex nmi
Inject an NMI on the default CPU (x86/s390) or all CPUs (ppc64).
ETEXI
{
.name = "ringbuf_write",
.args_type = "device:s,data:s",
.params = "device data",
.help = "Write to a ring buffer character device",
.cmd = hmp_ringbuf_write,
.command_completion = ringbuf_write_completion,
},
STEXI
@item ringbuf_write @var{device} @var{data}
@findex ringbuf_write
Write @var{data} to ring buffer character device @var{device}.
@var{data} must be a UTF-8 string.
ETEXI
{
.name = "ringbuf_read",
.args_type = "device:s,size:i",
.params = "device size",
.help = "Read from a ring buffer character device",
.cmd = hmp_ringbuf_read,
.command_completion = ringbuf_write_completion,
},
STEXI
@item ringbuf_read @var{device}
@findex ringbuf_read
Read and print up to @var{size} bytes from ring buffer character
device @var{device}.
Certain non-printable characters are printed \uXXXX, where XXXX is the
character code in hexadecimal. Character \ is printed \\.
Bug: can screw up when the buffer contains invalid UTF-8 sequences,
NUL characters, after the ring buffer lost data, and when reading
stops because the size limit is reached.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate",
.args_type = "detach:-d,blk:-b,inc:-i,uri:s",
.params = "[-d] [-b] [-i] uri",
.help = "migrate to URI (using -d to not wait for completion)"
"\n\t\t\t -b for migration without shared storage with"
" full copy of disk\n\t\t\t -i for migration without "
"shared storage with incremental copy of disk "
"(base image shared between src and destination)",
.cmd = hmp_migrate,
},
STEXI
@item migrate [-d] [-b] [-i] @var{uri}
@findex migrate
Migrate to @var{uri} (using -d to not wait for completion).
-b for migration with full copy of disk
-i for migration with incremental copy of disk (base image is shared)
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_cancel",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "cancel the current VM migration",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_cancel,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_cancel
@findex migrate_cancel
Cancel the current VM migration.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_continue",
.args_type = "state:s",
.params = "state",
.help = "Continue migration from the given paused state",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_continue,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_continue @var{state}
@findex migrate_continue
Continue migration from the paused state @var{state}
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_incoming",
.args_type = "uri:s",
.params = "uri",
.help = "Continue an incoming migration from an -incoming defer",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_incoming,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_incoming @var{uri}
@findex migrate_incoming
Continue an incoming migration using the @var{uri} (that has the same syntax
as the -incoming option).
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_set_cache_size",
.args_type = "value:o",
.params = "value",
.help = "set cache size (in bytes) for XBZRLE migrations,"
"the cache size will be rounded down to the nearest "
"power of 2.\n"
"The cache size affects the number of cache misses."
"In case of a high cache miss ratio you need to increase"
" the cache size",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_set_cache_size,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_set_cache_size @var{value}
@findex migrate_set_cache_size
Set cache size to @var{value} (in bytes) for xbzrle migrations.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_set_speed",
.args_type = "value:o",
.params = "value",
.help = "set maximum speed (in bytes) for migrations. "
"Defaults to MB if no size suffix is specified, ie. B/K/M/G/T",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_set_speed,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_set_speed @var{value}
@findex migrate_set_speed
Set maximum speed to @var{value} (in bytes) for migrations.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_set_downtime",
.args_type = "value:T",
.params = "value",
.help = "set maximum tolerated downtime (in seconds) for migrations",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_set_downtime,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_set_downtime @var{second}
@findex migrate_set_downtime
Set maximum tolerated downtime (in seconds) for migration.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_set_capability",
.args_type = "capability:s,state:b",
.params = "capability state",
.help = "Enable/Disable the usage of a capability for migration",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_set_capability,
.command_completion = migrate_set_capability_completion,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_set_capability @var{capability} @var{state}
@findex migrate_set_capability
Enable/Disable the usage of a capability @var{capability} for migration.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_set_parameter",
.args_type = "parameter:s,value:s",
.params = "parameter value",
.help = "Set the parameter for migration",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_set_parameter,
.command_completion = migrate_set_parameter_completion,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_set_parameter @var{parameter} @var{value}
@findex migrate_set_parameter
Set the parameter @var{parameter} for migration.
ETEXI
{
.name = "migrate_start_postcopy",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "Followup to a migration command to switch the migration"
" to postcopy mode. The postcopy-ram capability must "
"be set before the original migration command.",
.cmd = hmp_migrate_start_postcopy,
},
STEXI
@item migrate_start_postcopy
@findex migrate_start_postcopy
Switch in-progress migration to postcopy mode. Ignored after the end of
migration (or once already in postcopy).
ETEXI
{
.name = "x_colo_lost_heartbeat",
.args_type = "",
.params = "",
.help = "Tell COLO that heartbeat is lost,\n\t\t\t"
"a failover or takeover is needed.",
.cmd = hmp_x_colo_lost_heartbeat,
},
STEXI
@item x_colo_lost_heartbeat
@findex x_colo_lost_heartbeat
Tell COLO that heartbeat is lost, a failover or takeover is needed.
ETEXI
{
.name = "client_migrate_info",
.args_type = "protocol:s,hostname:s,port:i?,tls-port:i?,cert-subject:s?",
.params = "protocol hostname port tls-port cert-subject",
.help = "set migration information for remote display",
.cmd = hmp_client_migrate_info,
},
STEXI
@item client_migrate_info @var{protocol} @var{hostname} @var{port} @var{tls-port} @var{cert-subject}
@findex client_migrate_info
Set migration information for remote display. This makes the server
ask the client to automatically reconnect using the new parameters
once migration finished successfully. Only implemented for SPICE.
ETEXI
{
.name = "dump-guest-memory",
.args_type = "paging:-p,detach:-d,zlib:-z,lzo:-l,snappy:-s,filename:F,begin:i?,length:i?",
.params = "[-p] [-d] [-z|-l|-s] filename [begin length]",
.help = "dump guest memory into file 'filename'.\n\t\t\t"
"-p: do paging to get guest's memory mapping.\n\t\t\t"
"-d: return immediately (do not wait for completion).\n\t\t\t"
"-z: dump in kdump-compressed format, with zlib compression.\n\t\t\t"
"-l: dump in kdump-compressed format, with lzo compression.\n\t\t\t"
"-s: dump in kdump-compressed format, with snappy compression.\n\t\t\t"
"begin: the starting physical address.\n\t\t\t"
"length: the memory size, in bytes.",
.cmd = hmp_dump_guest_memory,
},
STEXI
@item dump-guest-memory [-p] @var{filename} @var{begin} @var{length}
@item dump-guest-memory [-z|-l|-s] @var{filename}
@findex dump-guest-memory
Dump guest memory to @var{protocol}. The file can be processed with crash or
gdb. Without -z|-l|-s, the dump format is ELF.
-p: do paging to get guest's memory mapping.
-z: dump in kdump-compressed format, with zlib compression.
-l: dump in kdump-compressed format, with lzo compression.
-s: dump in kdump-compressed format, with snappy compression.
filename: dump file name.
begin: the starting physical address. It's optional, and should be
specified together with length.
length: the memory size, in bytes. It's optional, and should be specified
together with begin.
ETEXI
#if defined(TARGET_S390X)
{
.name = "dump-skeys",
.args_type = "filename:F",
.params = "",
.help = "Save guest storage keys into file 'filename'.\n",
.cmd = hmp_dump_skeys,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item dump-skeys @var{filename}
@findex dump-skeys
Save guest storage keys to a file.
ETEXI
#if defined(TARGET_S390X)
{
.name = "migration_mode",
.args_type = "mode:i",
.params = "mode",
.help = "Enables or disables migration mode\n",
.cmd = hmp_migrationmode,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item migration_mode @var{mode}
@findex migration_mode
Enables or disables migration mode.
ETEXI
{
.name = "snapshot_blkdev",
.args_type = "reuse:-n,device:B,snapshot-file:s?,format:s?",
.params = "[-n] device [new-image-file] [format]",
.help = "initiates a live snapshot\n\t\t\t"
"of device. If a new image file is specified, the\n\t\t\t"
"new image file will become the new root image.\n\t\t\t"
"If format is specified, the snapshot file will\n\t\t\t"
"be created in that format.\n\t\t\t"
"The default format is qcow2. The -n flag requests QEMU\n\t\t\t"
"to reuse the image found in new-image-file, instead of\n\t\t\t"
"recreating it from scratch.",
.cmd = hmp_snapshot_blkdev,
},
STEXI
@item snapshot_blkdev
@findex snapshot_blkdev
Snapshot device, using snapshot file as target if provided
ETEXI
{
.name = "snapshot_blkdev_internal",
.args_type = "device:B,name:s",
.params = "device name",
.help = "take an internal snapshot of device.\n\t\t\t"
"The format of the image used by device must\n\t\t\t"
"support it, such as qcow2.\n\t\t\t",
.cmd = hmp_snapshot_blkdev_internal,
},
STEXI
@item snapshot_blkdev_internal
@findex snapshot_blkdev_internal
Take an internal snapshot on device if it support
ETEXI
{
.name = "snapshot_delete_blkdev_internal",
.args_type = "device:B,name:s,id:s?",
.params = "device name [id]",
.help = "delete an internal snapshot of device.\n\t\t\t"
"If id is specified, qemu will try delete\n\t\t\t"
"the snapshot matching both id and name.\n\t\t\t"
"The format of the image used by device must\n\t\t\t"
"support it, such as qcow2.\n\t\t\t",
.cmd = hmp_snapshot_delete_blkdev_internal,
},
STEXI
@item snapshot_delete_blkdev_internal
@findex snapshot_delete_blkdev_internal
Delete an internal snapshot on device if it support
ETEXI
{
.name = "drive_mirror",
.args_type = "reuse:-n,full:-f,device:B,target:s,format:s?",
.params = "[-n] [-f] device target [format]",
.help = "initiates live storage\n\t\t\t"
"migration for a device. The device's contents are\n\t\t\t"
"copied to the new image file, including data that\n\t\t\t"
"is written after the command is started.\n\t\t\t"
"The -n flag requests QEMU to reuse the image found\n\t\t\t"
"in new-image-file, instead of recreating it from scratch.\n\t\t\t"
"The -f flag requests QEMU to copy the whole disk,\n\t\t\t"
"so that the result does not need a backing file.\n\t\t\t",
.cmd = hmp_drive_mirror,
},
STEXI
@item drive_mirror
@findex drive_mirror
Start mirroring a block device's writes to a new destination,
using the specified target.
ETEXI
{
.name = "drive_backup",
.args_type = "reuse:-n,full:-f,compress:-c,device:B,target:s,format:s?",
.params = "[-n] [-f] [-c] device target [format]",
.help = "initiates a point-in-time\n\t\t\t"
"copy for a device. The device's contents are\n\t\t\t"
"copied to the new image file, excluding data that\n\t\t\t"
"is written after the command is started.\n\t\t\t"
"The -n flag requests QEMU to reuse the image found\n\t\t\t"
"in new-image-file, instead of recreating it from scratch.\n\t\t\t"
"The -f flag requests QEMU to copy the whole disk,\n\t\t\t"
"so that the result does not need a backing file.\n\t\t\t"
"The -c flag requests QEMU to compress backup data\n\t\t\t"
"(if the target format supports it).\n\t\t\t",
.cmd = hmp_drive_backup,
},
STEXI
@item drive_backup
@findex drive_backup
Start a point-in-time copy of a block device to a specificed target.
ETEXI
{
.name = "drive_add",
.args_type = "node:-n,pci_addr:s,opts:s",
.params = "[-n] [[<domain>:]<bus>:]<slot>\n"
"[file=file][,if=type][,bus=n]\n"
"[,unit=m][,media=d][,index=i]\n"
"[,cyls=c,heads=h,secs=s[,trans=t]]\n"
"[,snapshot=on|off][,cache=on|off]\n"
"[,readonly=on|off][,copy-on-read=on|off]",
.help = "add drive to PCI storage controller",
.cmd = hmp_drive_add,
},
STEXI
@item drive_add
@findex drive_add
Add drive to PCI storage controller.
ETEXI
{
.name = "pcie_aer_inject_error",
.args_type = "advisory_non_fatal:-a,correctable:-c,"
"id:s,error_status:s,"
"header0:i?,header1:i?,header2:i?,header3:i?,"
"prefix0:i?,prefix1:i?,prefix2:i?,prefix3:i?",
.params = "[-a] [-c] id "
"<error_status> [<tlp header> [<tlp header prefix>]]",
.help = "inject pcie aer error\n\t\t\t"
" -a for advisory non fatal error\n\t\t\t"
" -c for correctable error\n\t\t\t"
"<id> = qdev device id\n\t\t\t"
"<error_status> = error string or 32bit\n\t\t\t"
"<tlb header> = 32bit x 4\n\t\t\t"
"<tlb header prefix> = 32bit x 4",
.cmd = hmp_pcie_aer_inject_error,
},
STEXI
@item pcie_aer_inject_error
@findex pcie_aer_inject_error
Inject PCIe AER error
ETEXI
{
.name = "host_net_add",
.args_type = "device:s,opts:s?",
.params = "tap|user|socket|vde|netmap|bridge|vhost-user|dump [options]",
.help = "add host VLAN client (deprecated, use netdev_add instead)",
.cmd = hmp_host_net_add,
.command_completion = host_net_add_completion,
},
STEXI
@item host_net_add
@findex host_net_add
Add host VLAN client. Deprecated, please use @code{netdev_add} instead.
ETEXI
{
.name = "host_net_remove",
.args_type = "vlan_id:i,device:s",
.params = "vlan_id name",
.help = "remove host VLAN client (deprecated, use netdev_del instead)",
.cmd = hmp_host_net_remove,
.command_completion = host_net_remove_completion,
},
STEXI
@item host_net_remove
@findex host_net_remove
Remove host VLAN client. Deprecated, please use @code{netdev_del} instead.
ETEXI
{
.name = "netdev_add",
.args_type = "netdev:O",
.params = "[user|tap|socket|vde|bridge|hubport|netmap|vhost-user],id=str[,prop=value][,...]",
.help = "add host network device",
.cmd = hmp_netdev_add,
.command_completion = netdev_add_completion,
},
STEXI
@item netdev_add
@findex netdev_add
Add host network device.
ETEXI
{
.name = "netdev_del",
.args_type = "id:s",
.params = "id",
.help = "remove host network device",
.cmd = hmp_netdev_del,
.command_completion = netdev_del_completion,
},
STEXI
@item netdev_del
@findex netdev_del
Remove host network device.
ETEXI
{
.name = "object_add",
.args_type = "object:O",
.params = "[qom-type=]type,id=str[,prop=value][,...]",
.help = "create QOM object",
.cmd = hmp_object_add,
.command_completion = object_add_completion,
},
STEXI
@item object_add
@findex object_add
Create QOM object.
ETEXI
{
.name = "object_del",
.args_type = "id:s",
.params = "id",
.help = "destroy QOM object",
.cmd = hmp_object_del,
.command_completion = object_del_completion,
},
STEXI
@item object_del
@findex object_del
Destroy QOM object.
ETEXI
#ifdef CONFIG_SLIRP
{
.name = "hostfwd_add",
.args_type = "arg1:s,arg2:s?,arg3:s?",
.params = "[vlan_id name] [tcp|udp]:[hostaddr]:hostport-[guestaddr]:guestport",
.help = "redirect TCP or UDP connections from host to guest (requires -net user)",
.cmd = hmp_hostfwd_add,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item hostfwd_add
@findex hostfwd_add
Redirect TCP or UDP connections from host to guest (requires -net user).
ETEXI
#ifdef CONFIG_SLIRP
{
.name = "hostfwd_remove",
.args_type = "arg1:s,arg2:s?,arg3:s?",
.params = "[vlan_id name] [tcp|udp]:[hostaddr]:hostport",
.help = "remove host-to-guest TCP or UDP redirection",
.cmd = hmp_hostfwd_remove,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item hostfwd_remove
@findex hostfwd_remove
Remove host-to-guest TCP or UDP redirection.
ETEXI
{
.name = "balloon",
.args_type = "value:M",
.params = "target",
.help = "request VM to change its memory allocation (in MB)",
.cmd = hmp_balloon,
},
STEXI
@item balloon @var{value}
@findex balloon
Request VM to change its memory allocation to @var{value} (in MB).
ETEXI
{
.name = "set_link",
.args_type = "name:s,up:b",
.params = "name on|off",
.help = "change the link status of a network adapter",
.cmd = hmp_set_link,
.command_completion = set_link_completion,
},
STEXI
@item set_link @var{name} [on|off]
@findex set_link
Switch link @var{name} on (i.e. up) or off (i.e. down).
ETEXI
{
.name = "watchdog_action",
.args_type = "action:s",
.params = "[reset|shutdown|poweroff|pause|debug|none]",
.help = "change watchdog action",
.cmd = hmp_watchdog_action,
.command_completion = watchdog_action_completion,
},
STEXI
@item watchdog_action
@findex watchdog_action
Change watchdog action.
ETEXI
{
.name = "acl_show",
.args_type = "aclname:s",
.params = "aclname",
.help = "list rules in the access control list",
.cmd = hmp_acl_show,
},
STEXI
@item acl_show @var{aclname}
@findex acl_show
List all the matching rules in the access control list, and the default
policy. There are currently two named access control lists,
@var{vnc.x509dname} and @var{vnc.username} matching on the x509 client
certificate distinguished name, and SASL username respectively.
ETEXI
{
.name = "acl_policy",
.args_type = "aclname:s,policy:s",
.params = "aclname allow|deny",
.help = "set default access control list policy",
.cmd = hmp_acl_policy,
},
STEXI
@item acl_policy @var{aclname} @code{allow|deny}
@findex acl_policy
Set the default access control list policy, used in the event that
none of the explicit rules match. The default policy at startup is
always @code{deny}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "acl_add",
.args_type = "aclname:s,match:s,policy:s,index:i?",
.params = "aclname match allow|deny [index]",
.help = "add a match rule to the access control list",
.cmd = hmp_acl_add,
},
STEXI
@item acl_add @var{aclname} @var{match} @code{allow|deny} [@var{index}]
@findex acl_add
Add a match rule to the access control list, allowing or denying access.
The match will normally be an exact username or x509 distinguished name,
but can optionally include wildcard globs. eg @code{*@@EXAMPLE.COM} to
allow all users in the @code{EXAMPLE.COM} kerberos realm. The match will
normally be appended to the end of the ACL, but can be inserted
earlier in the list if the optional @var{index} parameter is supplied.
ETEXI
{
.name = "acl_remove",
.args_type = "aclname:s,match:s",
.params = "aclname match",
.help = "remove a match rule from the access control list",
.cmd = hmp_acl_remove,
},
STEXI
@item acl_remove @var{aclname} @var{match}
@findex acl_remove
Remove the specified match rule from the access control list.
ETEXI
{
.name = "acl_reset",
.args_type = "aclname:s",
.params = "aclname",
.help = "reset the access control list",
.cmd = hmp_acl_reset,
},
STEXI
@item acl_reset @var{aclname}
@findex acl_reset
Remove all matches from the access control list, and set the default
policy back to @code{deny}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "nbd_server_start",
.args_type = "all:-a,writable:-w,uri:s",
.params = "nbd_server_start [-a] [-w] host:port",
.help = "serve block devices on the given host and port",
.cmd = hmp_nbd_server_start,
},
STEXI
@item nbd_server_start @var{host}:@var{port}
@findex nbd_server_start
Start an NBD server on the given host and/or port. If the @option{-a}
option is included, all of the virtual machine's block devices that
have an inserted media on them are automatically exported; in this case,
the @option{-w} option makes the devices writable too.
ETEXI
{
.name = "nbd_server_add",
.args_type = "writable:-w,device:B",
.params = "nbd_server_add [-w] device",
.help = "export a block device via NBD",
.cmd = hmp_nbd_server_add,
},
STEXI
@item nbd_server_add @var{device}
@findex nbd_server_add
Export a block device through QEMU's NBD server, which must be started
beforehand with @command{nbd_server_start}. The @option{-w} option makes the
exported device writable too.
ETEXI
{
.name = "nbd_server_stop",
.args_type = "",
.params = "nbd_server_stop",
.help = "stop serving block devices using the NBD protocol",
.cmd = hmp_nbd_server_stop,
},
STEXI
@item nbd_server_stop
@findex nbd_server_stop
Stop the QEMU embedded NBD server.
ETEXI
#if defined(TARGET_I386)
{
.name = "mce",
.args_type = "broadcast:-b,cpu_index:i,bank:i,status:l,mcg_status:l,addr:l,misc:l",
.params = "[-b] cpu bank status mcgstatus addr misc",
.help = "inject a MCE on the given CPU [and broadcast to other CPUs with -b option]",
.cmd = hmp_mce,
},
#endif
STEXI
@item mce @var{cpu} @var{bank} @var{status} @var{mcgstatus} @var{addr} @var{misc}
@findex mce (x86)
Inject an MCE on the given CPU (x86 only).
ETEXI
{
.name = "getfd",
.args_type = "fdname:s",
.params = "getfd name",
.help = "receive a file descriptor via SCM rights and assign it a name",
.cmd = hmp_getfd,
},
STEXI
@item getfd @var{fdname}
@findex getfd
If a file descriptor is passed alongside this command using the SCM_RIGHTS
mechanism on unix sockets, it is stored using the name @var{fdname} for
later use by other monitor commands.
ETEXI
{
.name = "closefd",
.args_type = "fdname:s",
.params = "closefd name",
.help = "close a file descriptor previously passed via SCM rights",
.cmd = hmp_closefd,
},
STEXI
@item closefd @var{fdname}
@findex closefd
Close the file descriptor previously assigned to @var{fdname} using the
@code{getfd} command. This is only needed if the file descriptor was never
used by another monitor command.
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_passwd",
.args_type = "device:B,password:s",
.params = "block_passwd device password",
.help = "set the password of encrypted block devices",
.cmd = hmp_block_passwd,
},
STEXI
@item block_passwd @var{device} @var{password}
@findex block_passwd
Set the encrypted device @var{device} password to @var{password}
This command is now obsolete and will always return an error since 2.10
ETEXI
{
.name = "block_set_io_throttle",
.args_type = "device:B,bps:l,bps_rd:l,bps_wr:l,iops:l,iops_rd:l,iops_wr:l",
.params = "device bps bps_rd bps_wr iops iops_rd iops_wr",
.help = "change I/O throttle limits for a block drive",
.cmd = hmp_block_set_io_throttle,
},
STEXI
@item block_set_io_throttle @var{device} @var{bps} @var{bps_rd} @var{bps_wr} @var{iops} @var{iops_rd} @var{iops_wr}
@findex block_set_io_throttle
Change I/O throttle limits for a block drive to @var{bps} @var{bps_rd} @var{bps_wr} @var{iops} @var{iops_rd} @var{iops_wr}
ETEXI
{
.name = "set_password",
.args_type = "protocol:s,password:s,connected:s?",
.params = "protocol password action-if-connected",
.help = "set spice/vnc password",
.cmd = hmp_set_password,
},
STEXI
@item set_password [ vnc | spice ] password [ action-if-connected ]
@findex set_password
Change spice/vnc password. Use zero to make the password stay valid
forever. @var{action-if-connected} specifies what should happen in
case a connection is established: @var{fail} makes the password change
fail. @var{disconnect} changes the password and disconnects the
client. @var{keep} changes the password and keeps the connection up.
@var{keep} is the default.
ETEXI
{
.name = "expire_password",
.args_type = "protocol:s,time:s",
.params = "protocol time",
.help = "set spice/vnc password expire-time",
.cmd = hmp_expire_password,
},
STEXI
@item expire_password [ vnc | spice ] expire-time
@findex expire_password
Specify when a password for spice/vnc becomes
invalid. @var{expire-time} accepts:
@table @var
@item now
Invalidate password instantly.
@item never
Password stays valid forever.
@item +nsec
Password stays valid for @var{nsec} seconds starting now.
@item nsec
Password is invalidated at the given time. @var{nsec} are the seconds
passed since 1970, i.e. unix epoch.
@end table
ETEXI
{
.name = "chardev-add",
.args_type = "args:s",
.params = "args",
.help = "add chardev",
.cmd = hmp_chardev_add,
.command_completion = chardev_add_completion,
},
STEXI
@item chardev-add args
@findex chardev-add
chardev-add accepts the same parameters as the -chardev command line switch.
ETEXI
{
.name = "chardev-change",
.args_type = "id:s,args:s",
.params = "id args",
.help = "change chardev",
.cmd = hmp_chardev_change,
},
STEXI
@item chardev-change args
@findex chardev-change
chardev-change accepts existing chardev @var{id} and then the same arguments
as the -chardev command line switch (except for "id").
ETEXI
{
.name = "chardev-remove",
.args_type = "id:s",
.params = "id",
.help = "remove chardev",
.cmd = hmp_chardev_remove,
.command_completion = chardev_remove_completion,
},
STEXI
@item chardev-remove id
@findex chardev-remove
Removes the chardev @var{id}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "chardev-send-break",
.args_type = "id:s",
.params = "id",
.help = "send a break on chardev",
.cmd = hmp_chardev_send_break,
.command_completion = chardev_remove_completion,
},
STEXI
@item chardev-send-break id
@findex chardev-send-break
Send a break on the chardev @var{id}.
ETEXI
{
.name = "qemu-io",
.args_type = "device:B,command:s",
.params = "[device] \"[command]\"",
.help = "run a qemu-io command on a block device",
.cmd = hmp_qemu_io,
},
STEXI
@item qemu-io @var{device} @var{command}
@findex qemu-io
Executes a qemu-io command on the given block device.
ETEXI
{
.name = "cpu-add",
.args_type = "id:i",
.params = "id",
.help = "add cpu",
.cmd = hmp_cpu_add,
},
STEXI
@item cpu-add @var{id}
@findex cpu-add
Add CPU with id @var{id}
ETEXI
{
.name = "qom-list",
.args_type = "path:s?",
.params = "path",
.help = "list QOM properties",
.cmd = hmp_qom_list,
},
STEXI
@item qom-list [@var{path}]
Print QOM properties of object at location @var{path}
ETEXI
{
.name = "qom-set",
.args_type = "path:s,property:s,value:s",
.params = "path property value",
.help = "set QOM property",
.cmd = hmp_qom_set,
},
STEXI
@item qom-set @var{path} @var{property} @var{value}
Set QOM property @var{property} of object at location @var{path} to value @var{value}
ETEXI
{
.name = "info",
.args_type = "item:s?",
.params = "[subcommand]",
.help = "show various information about the system state",
.cmd = hmp_info_help,
.sub_table = info_cmds,
},
STEXI
@end table
ETEXI
# -*- Mode: makefile -*-
BUILD_DIR?=$(CURDIR)/..
include ../config-host.mak
include config-target.mak
include config-devices.mak
include $(SRC_PATH)/rules.mak
$(call set-vpath, $(SRC_PATH):$(BUILD_DIR))
ifdef CONFIG_LINUX
QEMU_CFLAGS += -I../linux-headers
endif
QEMU_CFLAGS += -I.. -I$(SRC_PATH)/target/$(TARGET_BASE_ARCH) -DNEED_CPU_H
QEMU_CFLAGS+=-I$(SRC_PATH)/include
ifdef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
# user emulator name
QEMU_PROG=qemu-$(TARGET_NAME)
QEMU_PROG_BUILD = $(QEMU_PROG)
else
# system emulator name
QEMU_PROG=qemu-system-$(TARGET_NAME)$(EXESUF)
ifneq (,$(findstring -mwindows,$(SDL_LIBS)))
# Terminate program name with a 'w' because the linker builds a windows executable.
QEMU_PROGW=qemu-system-$(TARGET_NAME)w$(EXESUF)
$(QEMU_PROG): $(QEMU_PROGW)
$(call quiet-command,$(OBJCOPY) --subsystem console $(QEMU_PROGW) $(QEMU_PROG),"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$(QEMU_PROG)")
QEMU_PROG_BUILD = $(QEMU_PROGW)
else
QEMU_PROG_BUILD = $(QEMU_PROG)
endif
endif
PROGS=$(QEMU_PROG) $(QEMU_PROGW)
STPFILES=
config-target.h: config-target.h-timestamp
config-target.h-timestamp: config-target.mak
ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_SYSTEMTAP
stap: $(QEMU_PROG).stp-installed $(QEMU_PROG).stp $(QEMU_PROG)-simpletrace.stp
ifdef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
TARGET_TYPE=user
else
TARGET_TYPE=system
endif
tracetool-y = $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/tracetool.py
tracetool-y += $(shell find $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/tracetool -name "*.py")
$(QEMU_PROG).stp-installed: $(BUILD_DIR)/trace-events-all $(tracetool-y)
$(call quiet-command,$(TRACETOOL) \
--group=all \
--format=stap \
--backends=$(TRACE_BACKENDS) \
--binary=$(bindir)/$(QEMU_PROG) \
--target-name=$(TARGET_NAME) \
--target-type=$(TARGET_TYPE) \
$< > $@,"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$(QEMU_PROG).stp-installed")
$(QEMU_PROG).stp: $(BUILD_DIR)/trace-events-all $(tracetool-y)
$(call quiet-command,$(TRACETOOL) \
--group=all \
--format=stap \
--backends=$(TRACE_BACKENDS) \
--binary=$(realpath .)/$(QEMU_PROG) \
--target-name=$(TARGET_NAME) \
--target-type=$(TARGET_TYPE) \
$< > $@,"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$(QEMU_PROG).stp")
$(QEMU_PROG)-simpletrace.stp: $(BUILD_DIR)/trace-events-all $(tracetool-y)
$(call quiet-command,$(TRACETOOL) \
--group=all \
--format=simpletrace-stap \
--backends=$(TRACE_BACKENDS) \
--probe-prefix=qemu.$(TARGET_TYPE).$(TARGET_NAME) \
$< > $@,"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$(QEMU_PROG)-simpletrace.stp")
else
stap:
endif
.PHONY: stap
all: $(PROGS) stap
# Dummy command so that make thinks it has done something
@true
#########################################################
# cpu emulator library
obj-y += exec.o
obj-y += accel/
obj-$(CONFIG_TCG) += tcg/tcg.o tcg/tcg-op.o tcg/optimize.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TCG) += tcg/tcg-common.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_INTERPRETER) += tcg/tci.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_INTERPRETER) += disas/tci.o
obj-y += fpu/softfloat.o
obj-y += target/$(TARGET_BASE_ARCH)/
obj-y += disas.o
obj-$(call notempty,$(TARGET_XML_FILES)) += gdbstub-xml.o
#########################################################
# Linux user emulator target
ifdef CONFIG_LINUX_USER
QEMU_CFLAGS+=-I$(SRC_PATH)/linux-user/$(TARGET_ABI_DIR) \
-I$(SRC_PATH)/linux-user/host/$(ARCH) \
-I$(SRC_PATH)/linux-user
obj-y += linux-user/
obj-y += gdbstub.o thunk.o
endif #CONFIG_LINUX_USER
#########################################################
# BSD user emulator target
ifdef CONFIG_BSD_USER
QEMU_CFLAGS+=-I$(SRC_PATH)/bsd-user -I$(SRC_PATH)/bsd-user/$(TARGET_ABI_DIR) \
-I$(SRC_PATH)/bsd-user/$(HOST_VARIANT_DIR)
obj-y += bsd-user/
obj-y += gdbstub.o
endif #CONFIG_BSD_USER
#########################################################
# System emulator target
ifdef CONFIG_SOFTMMU
obj-y += arch_init.o cpus.o monitor.o gdbstub.o balloon.o ioport.o numa.o memory-access.o
obj-y += qtest.o
obj-y += hw/
obj-y += memory.o
obj-y += memory_mapping.o
obj-y += dump.o
obj-y += migration/ram.o
LIBS := $(libs_softmmu) $(LIBS)
# Hardware support
ifeq ($(TARGET_NAME), sparc64)
obj-y += hw/sparc64/
else
obj-y += hw/$(TARGET_BASE_ARCH)/
endif
GENERATED_FILES += hmp-commands.h hmp-commands-info.h
endif # CONFIG_SOFTMMU
# Workaround for http://gcc.gnu.org/PR55489, see configure.
%/translate.o: QEMU_CFLAGS += $(TRANSLATE_OPT_CFLAGS)
dummy := $(call unnest-vars,,obj-y)
all-obj-y := $(obj-y)
target-obj-y :=
block-obj-y :=
common-obj-y :=
chardev-obj-y :=
include $(SRC_PATH)/Makefile.objs
dummy := $(call unnest-vars,,target-obj-y)
target-obj-y-save := $(target-obj-y)
dummy := $(call unnest-vars,.., \
block-obj-y \
block-obj-m \
chardev-obj-y \
crypto-obj-y \
crypto-aes-obj-y \
qom-obj-y \
io-obj-y \
common-obj-y \
common-obj-m)
target-obj-y := $(target-obj-y-save)
all-obj-y += $(common-obj-y)
all-obj-y += $(target-obj-y)
all-obj-y += $(qom-obj-y)
all-obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += $(block-obj-y) $(chardev-obj-y)
all-obj-$(CONFIG_USER_ONLY) += $(crypto-aes-obj-y)
all-obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += $(crypto-obj-y)
all-obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += $(io-obj-y)
$(QEMU_PROG_BUILD): config-devices.mak
COMMON_LDADDS = ../libqemuutil.a
# build either PROG or PROGW
$(QEMU_PROG_BUILD): $(all-obj-y) $(COMMON_LDADDS)
$(call LINK, $(filter-out %.mak, $^))
ifdef CONFIG_DARWIN
$(call quiet-command,Rez -append $(SRC_PATH)/pc-bios/qemu.rsrc -o $@,"REZ","$(TARGET_DIR)$@")
$(call quiet-command,SetFile -a C $@,"SETFILE","$(TARGET_DIR)$@")
endif
gdbstub-xml.c: $(TARGET_XML_FILES) $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/feature_to_c.sh
$(call quiet-command,rm -f $@ && $(SHELL) $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/feature_to_c.sh $@ $(TARGET_XML_FILES),"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$@")
hmp-commands.h: $(SRC_PATH)/hmp-commands.hx $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/hxtool
$(call quiet-command,sh $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/hxtool -h < $< > $@,"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$@")
hmp-commands-info.h: $(SRC_PATH)/hmp-commands-info.hx $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/hxtool
$(call quiet-command,sh $(SRC_PATH)/scripts/hxtool -h < $< > $@,"GEN","$(TARGET_DIR)$@")
clean: clean-target
rm -f *.a *~ $(PROGS)
rm -f $(shell find . -name '*.[od]')
rm -f hmp-commands.h gdbstub-xml.c
ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_SYSTEMTAP
rm -f *.stp
endif
install: all
ifneq ($(PROGS),)
$(call install-prog,$(PROGS),$(DESTDIR)$(bindir))
endif
ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_SYSTEMTAP
$(INSTALL_DIR) "$(DESTDIR)$(qemu_datadir)/../systemtap/tapset"
$(INSTALL_DATA) $(QEMU_PROG).stp-installed "$(DESTDIR)$(qemu_datadir)/../systemtap/tapset/$(QEMU_PROG).stp"
$(INSTALL_DATA) $(QEMU_PROG)-simpletrace.stp "$(DESTDIR)$(qemu_datadir)/../systemtap/tapset/$(QEMU_PROG)-simpletrace.stp"
endif
GENERATED_FILES += config-target.h
Makefile: $(GENERATED_FILES)
/*
* Acess guest physical memory via a domain socket.
*
* Copyright (C) 2011 Sandia National Laboratories
* Author: Bryan D. Payne (bdpayne@acm.org)
*/
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include "memory-access.h"
//#include "cpu-all.h"
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "exec/cpu-common.h"
//#include "config.h"
struct request{
uint8_t type; // 0 quit, 1 read, 2 write, ... rest reserved
uint64_t address; // address to read from OR write to
uint64_t length; // number of bytes to read OR write
};
static uint64_t
connection_read_memory (uint64_t user_paddr, void *buf, uint64_t user_len)
{
hwaddr paddr = (hwaddr) user_paddr;
hwaddr len = (hwaddr) user_len;
void *guestmem = cpu_physical_memory_map(paddr, &len, 0);
if (!guestmem){
return 0;
}
memcpy(buf, guestmem, len);
cpu_physical_memory_unmap(guestmem, len, 0, len);
return len;
}
static uint64_t
connection_write_memory (uint64_t user_paddr, void *buf, uint64_t user_len)
{
hwaddr paddr = (hwaddr) user_paddr;
hwaddr len = (hwaddr) user_len;
void *guestmem = cpu_physical_memory_map(paddr, &len, 1);
if (!guestmem){
return 0;
}
memcpy(guestmem, buf, len);
cpu_physical_memory_unmap(guestmem, len, 0, len);
return len;
}
static void
send_success_ack (int connection_fd)
{
uint8_t success = 1;
int nbytes = write(connection_fd, &success, 1);
if (1 != nbytes){
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: failed to send success ack\n");
}
}
static void
send_fail_ack (int connection_fd)
{
uint8_t fail = 0;
int nbytes = write(connection_fd, &fail, 1);
if (1 != nbytes){
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: failed to send fail ack\n");
}
}
static void
connection_handler (int connection_fd)
{
int nbytes;
struct request req;
while (1){
// client request should match the struct request format
nbytes = read(connection_fd, &req, sizeof(struct request));
if (nbytes != sizeof(struct request)){
// error
continue;
}
else if (req.type == 0){
// request to quit, goodbye
break;
}
else if (req.type == 1){
// request to read
char *buf = malloc(req.length + 1);
nbytes = connection_read_memory(req.address, buf, req.length);
if (nbytes != req.length){
// read failure, return failure message
buf[req.length] = 0; // set last byte to 0 for failure
nbytes = write(connection_fd, buf, req.length + 1);
}
else{
// read success, return bytes
buf[req.length] = 1; // set last byte to 1 for success
nbytes = write(connection_fd, buf, req.length + 1);
}
free(buf);
}
else if (req.type == 2){
// request to write
void *write_buf = malloc(req.length);
nbytes = read(connection_fd, write_buf, req.length);
if (nbytes != req.length){
// failed reading the message to write
send_fail_ack(connection_fd);
}
else{
// do the write
nbytes = connection_write_memory(req.address, write_buf, req.length);
if (nbytes == req.length){
send_success_ack(connection_fd);
}
else{
send_fail_ack(connection_fd);
}
}
free(write_buf);
}
else{
// unknown command
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: ignoring unknown command (%d)\n", req.type);
char *buf = malloc(1);
buf[0] = 0;
nbytes = write(connection_fd, buf, 1);
free(buf);
}
}
close(connection_fd);
}
static void *
connection_handler_gate (void *fd)
{
connection_handler(*(int *)fd);
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: Connection done (%d)\n", *(int *)fd);
free(fd);
return NULL;
}
static void *
memory_access_thread (void *path)
{
struct sockaddr_un address;
int socket_fd, connection_fd, *tmp_fd;
pthread_t thread;
socklen_t address_length;
socket_fd = socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if (socket_fd < 0){
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: socket failed\n");
goto error_exit;
}
unlink(path);
address.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
address_length = sizeof(address.sun_family) + sprintf(address.sun_path, "%s", (char *) path);
if (bind(socket_fd, (struct sockaddr *) &address, address_length) != 0){
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: bind failed\n");
goto error_exit;
}
if (listen(socket_fd, 0) != 0){
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: listen failed\n");
goto error_exit;
}
while (true) {
connection_fd = accept(socket_fd, (struct sockaddr *) &address, &address_length);
printf("QemuMemoryAccess: Connction accepted on %d.\n", connection_fd);
tmp_fd = (int *) calloc(1, sizeof(int));
*tmp_fd = connection_fd;
pthread_create(&thread, NULL, connection_handler_gate, tmp_fd);
}
close(socket_fd);
unlink(path);
error_exit:
return NULL;
}
int
memory_access_start (const char *path)
{
pthread_t thread;
sigset_t set, oldset;
int ret;
// create a copy of path that we can safely use
char *pathcopy = malloc(strlen(path) + 1);
memcpy(pathcopy, path, strlen(path) + 1);
// start the thread
sigfillset(&set);
pthread_sigmask(SIG_SETMASK, &set, &oldset);
ret = pthread_create(&thread, NULL, memory_access_thread, pathcopy);
pthread_sigmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oldset, NULL);
return ret;
}
/*
* QEMU monitor
*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2004 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include <dirent.h>
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "cpu.h"
#include "hw/hw.h"
#include "monitor/qdev.h"
#include "hw/usb.h"
#include "hw/i386/pc.h"
#include "hw/pci/pci.h"
#include "sysemu/watchdog.h"
#include "hw/loader.h"
#include "exec/gdbstub.h"
#include "net/net.h"
#include "net/slirp.h"
#include "chardev/char-fe.h"
#include "ui/qemu-spice.h"
#include "sysemu/numa.h"
#include "monitor/monitor.h"
#include "qemu/config-file.h"
#include "qemu/readline.h"
#include "ui/console.h"
#include "ui/input.h"
#include "sysemu/blockdev.h"
#include "sysemu/block-backend.h"
#include "audio/audio.h"
#include "disas/disas.h"
#include "sysemu/balloon.h"
#include "qemu/timer.h"
#include "sysemu/hw_accel.h"
#include "qemu/acl.h"
#include "sysemu/tpm.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qerror.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/types.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/qjson.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/json-streamer.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/json-parser.h"
#include "qom/object_interfaces.h"
#include "trace-root.h"
#include "trace/control.h"
#include "monitor/hmp-target.h"
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_SIMPLE
#include "trace/simple.h"
#endif
#include "exec/memory.h"
#include "exec/exec-all.h"
#include "qemu/log.h"
#include "qmp-commands.h"
#include "hmp.h"
#include "qemu/thread.h"
#include "block/qapi.h"
#include "qapi/qmp-event.h"
#include "qapi-event.h"
#include "qmp-introspect.h"
#include "sysemu/qtest.h"
#include "sysemu/cpus.h"
#include "qemu/cutils.h"
#include "qapi/qmp/dispatch.h"
#if defined(TARGET_S390X)
#include "hw/s390x/storage-keys.h"
#include "hw/s390x/storage-attributes.h"
#endif
/* expose guest memory */
#include "memory-access.h"
/*
* Supported types:
*
* 'F' filename
* 'B' block device name
* 's' string (accept optional quote)
* 'S' it just appends the rest of the string (accept optional quote)
* 'O' option string of the form NAME=VALUE,...
* parsed according to QemuOptsList given by its name
* Example: 'device:O' uses qemu_device_opts.
* Restriction: only lists with empty desc are supported
* TODO lift the restriction
* 'i' 32 bit integer
* 'l' target long (32 or 64 bit)
* 'M' Non-negative target long (32 or 64 bit), in user mode the
* value is multiplied by 2^20 (think Mebibyte)
* 'o' octets (aka bytes)
* user mode accepts an optional E, e, P, p, T, t, G, g, M, m,
* K, k suffix, which multiplies the value by 2^60 for suffixes E
* and e, 2^50 for suffixes P and p, 2^40 for suffixes T and t,
* 2^30 for suffixes G and g, 2^20 for M and m, 2^10 for K and k
* 'T' double
* user mode accepts an optional ms, us, ns suffix,
* which divides the value by 1e3, 1e6, 1e9, respectively
* '/' optional gdb-like print format (like "/10x")
*
* '?' optional type (for all types, except '/')
* '.' other form of optional type (for 'i' and 'l')
* 'b' boolean
* user mode accepts "on" or "off"
* '-' optional parameter (eg. '-f')
*
*/
typedef struct mon_cmd_t {
const char *name;
const char *args_type;
const char *params;
const char *help;
void (*cmd)(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict);
/* @sub_table is a list of 2nd level of commands. If it does not exist,
* cmd should be used. If it exists, sub_table[?].cmd should be
* used, and cmd of 1st level plays the role of help function.
*/
struct mon_cmd_t *sub_table;
void (*command_completion)(ReadLineState *rs, int nb_args, const char *str);
} mon_cmd_t;
/* file descriptors passed via SCM_RIGHTS */
typedef struct mon_fd_t mon_fd_t;
struct mon_fd_t {
char *name;
int fd;
QLIST_ENTRY(mon_fd_t) next;
};
/* file descriptor associated with a file descriptor set */
typedef struct MonFdsetFd MonFdsetFd;
struct MonFdsetFd {
int fd;
bool removed;
char *opaque;
QLIST_ENTRY(MonFdsetFd) next;
};
/* file descriptor set containing fds passed via SCM_RIGHTS */
typedef struct MonFdset MonFdset;
struct MonFdset {
int64_t id;
QLIST_HEAD(, MonFdsetFd) fds;
QLIST_HEAD(, MonFdsetFd) dup_fds;
QLIST_ENTRY(MonFdset) next;
};
typedef struct {
JSONMessageParser parser;
/*
* When a client connects, we're in capabilities negotiation mode.
* When command qmp_capabilities succeeds, we go into command
* mode.
*/
QmpCommandList *commands;
} MonitorQMP;
/*
* To prevent flooding clients, events can be throttled. The
* throttling is calculated globally, rather than per-Monitor
* instance.
*/
typedef struct MonitorQAPIEventState {
QAPIEvent event; /* Throttling state for this event type and... */
QDict *data; /* ... data, see qapi_event_throttle_equal() */
QEMUTimer *timer; /* Timer for handling delayed events */
QDict *qdict; /* Delayed event (if any) */
} MonitorQAPIEventState;
typedef struct {
int64_t rate; /* Minimum time (in ns) between two events */
} MonitorQAPIEventConf;
struct Monitor {
CharBackend chr;
int reset_seen;
int flags;
int suspend_cnt;
bool skip_flush;
QemuMutex out_lock;
QString *outbuf;
guint out_watch;
/* Read under either BQL or out_lock, written with BQL+out_lock. */
int mux_out;
ReadLineState *rs;
MonitorQMP qmp;
gchar *mon_cpu_path;
BlockCompletionFunc *password_completion_cb;
void *password_opaque;
mon_cmd_t *cmd_table;
QLIST_HEAD(,mon_fd_t) fds;
QLIST_ENTRY(Monitor) entry;
};
/* QMP checker flags */
#define QMP_ACCEPT_UNKNOWNS 1
/* Protects mon_list, monitor_event_state. */
static QemuMutex monitor_lock;
static QLIST_HEAD(mon_list, Monitor) mon_list;
static QLIST_HEAD(mon_fdsets, MonFdset) mon_fdsets;
static int mon_refcount;
static mon_cmd_t mon_cmds[];
static mon_cmd_t info_cmds[];
QmpCommandList qmp_commands, qmp_cap_negotiation_commands;
Monitor *cur_mon;
static QEMUClockType event_clock_type = QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME;
static void monitor_command_cb(void *opaque, const char *cmdline,
void *readline_opaque);
/**
* Is @mon a QMP monitor?
*/
static inline bool monitor_is_qmp(const Monitor *mon)
{
return (mon->flags & MONITOR_USE_CONTROL);
}
/**
* Is the current monitor, if any, a QMP monitor?
*/
bool monitor_cur_is_qmp(void)
{
return cur_mon && monitor_is_qmp(cur_mon);
}
void monitor_read_command(Monitor *mon, int show_prompt)
{
if (!mon->rs)
return;
readline_start(mon->rs, "(qemu) ", 0, monitor_command_cb, NULL);
if (show_prompt)
readline_show_prompt(mon->rs);
}
int monitor_read_password(Monitor *mon, ReadLineFunc *readline_func,
void *opaque)
{
if (mon->rs) {
readline_start(mon->rs, "Password: ", 1, readline_func, opaque);
/* prompt is printed on return from the command handler */
return 0;
} else {
monitor_printf(mon, "terminal does not support password prompting\n");
return -ENOTTY;
}
}
static void monitor_flush_locked(Monitor *mon);
static gboolean monitor_unblocked(GIOChannel *chan, GIOCondition cond,
void *opaque)
{
Monitor *mon = opaque;
qemu_mutex_lock(&mon->out_lock);
mon->out_watch = 0;
monitor_flush_locked(mon);
qemu_mutex_unlock(&mon->out_lock);
return FALSE;
}
/* Called with mon->out_lock held. */
static void monitor_flush_locked(Monitor *mon)
{
int rc;
size_t len;
const char *buf;
if (mon->skip_flush) {
return;
}
buf = qstring_get_str(mon->outbuf);
len = qstring_get_length(mon->outbuf);
if (len && !mon->mux_out) {
rc = qemu_chr_fe_write(&mon->chr, (const uint8_t *) buf, len);
if ((rc < 0 && errno != EAGAIN) || (rc == len)) {
/* all flushed or error */
QDECREF(mon->outbuf);
mon->outbuf = qstring_new();
return;
}
if (rc > 0) {
/* partial write */
QString *tmp = qstring_from_str(buf + rc);
QDECREF(mon->outbuf);
mon->outbuf = tmp;
}
if (mon->out_watch == 0) {
mon->out_watch =
qemu_chr_fe_add_watch(&mon->chr, G_IO_OUT | G_IO_HUP,
monitor_unblocked, mon);
}
}
}
void monitor_flush(Monitor *mon)
{
qemu_mutex_lock(&mon->out_lock);
monitor_flush_locked(mon);
qemu_mutex_unlock(&mon->out_lock);
}
/* flush at every end of line */
static void monitor_puts(Monitor *mon, const char *str)
{
char c;
qemu_mutex_lock(&mon->out_lock);
for(;;) {
c = *str++;
if (c == '\0')
break;
if (c == '\n') {
qstring_append_chr(mon->outbuf, '\r');
}
qstring_append_chr(mon->outbuf, c);
if (c == '\n') {
monitor_flush_locked(mon);
}
}
qemu_mutex_unlock(&mon->out_lock);
}
void monitor_vprintf(Monitor *mon, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
char *buf;
if (!mon)
return;
if (monitor_is_qmp(mon)) {
return;
}
buf = g_strdup_vprintf(fmt, ap);
monitor_puts(mon, buf);
g_free(buf);
}
void monitor_printf(Monitor *mon, const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, fmt);
monitor_vprintf(mon, fmt, ap);
va_end(ap);
}
int monitor_fprintf(FILE *stream, const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, fmt);
monitor_vprintf((Monitor *)stream, fmt, ap);
va_end(ap);
return 0;
}
static void monitor_json_emitter(Monitor *mon, const QObject *data)
{
QString *json;
json = mon->flags & MONITOR_USE_PRETTY ? qobject_to_json_pretty(data) :
qobject_to_json(data);
assert(json != NULL);
qstring_append_chr(json, '\n');
monitor_puts(mon, qstring_get_str(json));
QDECREF(json);
}
static MonitorQAPIEventConf monitor_qapi_event_conf[QAPI_EVENT__MAX] = {
/* Limit guest-triggerable events to 1 per second */
[QAPI_EVENT_RTC_CHANGE] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
[QAPI_EVENT_WATCHDOG] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
[QAPI_EVENT_BALLOON_CHANGE] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
[QAPI_EVENT_QUORUM_REPORT_BAD] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
[QAPI_EVENT_QUORUM_FAILURE] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
[QAPI_EVENT_VSERPORT_CHANGE] = { 1000 * SCALE_MS },
};
GHashTable *monitor_qapi_event_state;
/*
* Emits the event to every monitor instance, @event is only used for trace
* Called with monitor_lock held.
*/
static void monitor_qapi_event_emit(QAPIEvent event, QDict *qdict)
{
Monitor *mon;
trace_monitor_protocol_event_emit(event, qdict);
QLIST_FOREACH(mon, &mon_list, entry) {
if (monitor_is_qmp(mon)
&& mon->qmp.commands != &qmp_cap_negotiation_commands) {
monitor_json_emitter(mon, QOBJECT(qdict));
}
}
}
static void monitor_qapi_event_handler(void *opaque);
/*
* Queue a new event for emission to Monitor instances,
* applying any rate limiting if required.
*/
static void
monitor_qapi_event_queue(QAPIEvent event, QDict *qdict, Error **errp)
{
MonitorQAPIEventConf *evconf;
MonitorQAPIEventState *evstate;
assert(event < QAPI_EVENT__MAX);
evconf = &monitor_qapi_event_conf[event];
trace_monitor_protocol_event_queue(event, qdict, evconf->rate);
qemu_mutex_lock(&monitor_lock);
if (!evconf->rate) {
/* Unthrottled event */
monitor_qapi_event_emit(event, qdict);
} else {
QDict *data = qobject_to_qdict(qdict_get(qdict, "data"));
MonitorQAPIEventState key = { .event = event, .data = data };
evstate = g_hash_table_lookup(monitor_qapi_event_state, &key);
assert(!evstate || timer_pending(evstate->timer));
if (evstate) {
/*
* Timer is pending for (at least) evconf->rate ns after
* last send. Store event for sending when timer fires,
* replacing a prior stored event if any.
*/
QDECREF(evstate->qdict);
evstate->qdict = qdict;
QINCREF(evstate->qdict);
} else {
/*
* Last send was (at least) evconf->rate ns ago.
* Send immediately, and arm the timer to call
* monitor_qapi_event_handler() in evconf->rate ns. Any
* events arriving before then will be delayed until then.
*/
int64_t now = qemu_clock_get_ns(event_clock_type);
monitor_qapi_event_emit(event, qdict);
evstate = g_new(MonitorQAPIEventState, 1);
evstate->event = event;
evstate->data = data;
QINCREF(evstate->data);
evstate->qdict = NULL;
evstate->timer = timer_new_ns(event_clock_type,
monitor_qapi_event_handler,
evstate);
g_hash_table_add(monitor_qapi_event_state, evstate);
timer_mod_ns(evstate->timer, now + evconf->rate);
}
}
qemu_mutex_unlock(&monitor_lock);
}
/*
* This function runs evconf->rate ns after sending a throttled
* event.
* If another event has since been stored, send it.
*/
static void monitor_qapi_event_handler(void *opaque)
{
MonitorQAPIEventState *evstate = opaque;
MonitorQAPIEventConf *evconf = &monitor_qapi_event_conf[evstate->event];
trace_monitor_protocol_event_handler(evstate->event, evstate->qdict);
qemu_mutex_lock(&monitor_lock);
if (evstate->qdict) {
int64_t now = qemu_clock_get_ns(event_clock_type);
monitor_qapi_event_emit(evstate->event, evstate->qdict);
QDECREF(evstate->qdict);
evstate->qdict = NULL;
timer_mod_ns(evstate->timer, now + evconf->rate);
} else {
g_hash_table_remove(monitor_qapi_event_state, evstate);
QDECREF(evstate->data);
timer_free(evstate->timer);
g_free(evstate);
}
qemu_mutex_unlock(&monitor_lock);
}
static unsigned int qapi_event_throttle_hash(const void *key)
{
const MonitorQAPIEventState *evstate = key;
unsigned int hash = evstate->event * 255;
if (evstate->event == QAPI_EVENT_VSERPORT_CHANGE) {
hash += g_str_hash(qdict_get_str(evstate->data, "id"));
}
if (evstate->event == QAPI_EVENT_QUORUM_REPORT_BAD) {
hash += g_str_hash(qdict_get_str(evstate->data, "node-name"));
}
return hash;
}
static gboolean qapi_event_throttle_equal(const void *a, const void *b)
{
const MonitorQAPIEventState *eva = a;
const MonitorQAPIEventState *evb = b;
if (eva->event != evb->event) {
return FALSE;
}
if (eva->event == QAPI_EVENT_VSERPORT_CHANGE) {
return !strcmp(qdict_get_str(eva->data, "id"),
qdict_get_str(evb->data, "id"));
}
if (eva->event == QAPI_EVENT_QUORUM_REPORT_BAD) {
return !strcmp(qdict_get_str(eva->data, "node-name"),
qdict_get_str(evb->data, "node-name"));
}
return TRUE;
}
static void monitor_qapi_event_init(void)
{
if (qtest_enabled()) {
event_clock_type = QEMU_CLOCK_VIRTUAL;
}
monitor_qapi_event_state = g_hash_table_new(qapi_event_throttle_hash,
qapi_event_throttle_equal);
qmp_event_set_func_emit(monitor_qapi_event_queue);
}
static void handle_hmp_command(Monitor *mon, const char *cmdline);
static void monitor_data_init(Monitor *mon)
{
memset(mon, 0, sizeof(Monitor));
qemu_mutex_init(&mon->out_lock);
mon->outbuf = qstring_new();
/* Use *mon_cmds by default. */
mon->cmd_table = mon_cmds;
}
static void monitor_data_destroy(Monitor *mon)
{
g_free(mon->mon_cpu_path);
qemu_chr_fe_deinit(&mon->chr, false);
if (monitor_is_qmp(mon)) {
json_message_parser_destroy(&mon->qmp.parser);
}
g_free(mon->rs);
QDECREF(mon->outbuf);
qemu_mutex_destroy(&mon->out_lock);
}
char *qmp_human_monitor_command(const char *command_line, bool has_cpu_index,
int64_t cpu_index, Error **errp)
{
char *output = NULL;
Monitor *old_mon, hmp;
monitor_data_init(&hmp);
hmp.skip_flush = true;
old_mon = cur_mon;
cur_mon = &hmp;
if (has_cpu_index) {
int ret = monitor_set_cpu(cpu_index);
if (ret < 0) {
cur_mon = old_mon;
error_setg(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "cpu-index",
"a CPU number");
goto out;
}
}
handle_hmp_command(&hmp, command_line);
cur_mon = old_mon;
qemu_mutex_lock(&hmp.out_lock);
if (qstring_get_length(hmp.outbuf) > 0) {
output = g_strdup(qstring_get_str(hmp.outbuf));
} else {
output = g_strdup("");
}
qemu_mutex_unlock(&hmp.out_lock);
out:
monitor_data_destroy(&hmp);
return output;
}
static int compare_cmd(const char *name, const char *list)
{
const char *p, *pstart;
int len;
len = strlen(name);
p = list;
for(;;) {
pstart = p;
p = strchr(p, '|');
if (!p)
p = pstart + strlen(pstart);
if ((p - pstart) == len && !memcmp(pstart, name, len))
return 1;
if (*p == '\0')
break;
p++;
}
return 0;
}
static int get_str(char *buf, int buf_size, const char **pp)
{
const char *p;
char *q;
int c;
q = buf;
p = *pp;
while (qemu_isspace(*p)) {
p++;
}
if (*p == '\0') {
fail:
*q = '\0';
*pp = p;
return -1;
}
if (*p == '\"') {
p++;
while (*p != '\0' && *p != '\"') {
if (*p == '\\') {
p++;
c = *p++;
switch (c) {
case 'n':
c = '\n';
break;
case 'r':
c = '\r';
break;
case '\\':
case '\'':
case '\"':
break;
default:
printf("unsupported escape code: '\\%c'\n", c);
goto fail;
}
if ((q - buf) < buf_size - 1) {
*q++ = c;
}
} else {
if ((q - buf) < buf_size - 1) {
*q++ = *p;
}
p++;
}
}
if (*p != '\"') {
printf("unterminated string\n");
goto fail;
}
p++;
} else {
while (*p != '\0' && !qemu_isspace(*p)) {
if ((q - buf) < buf_size - 1) {
*q++ = *p;
}
p++;
}
}
*q = '\0';
*pp = p;
return 0;
}
#define MAX_ARGS 16
static void free_cmdline_args(char **args, int nb_args)
{
int i;
assert(nb_args <= MAX_ARGS);
for (i = 0; i < nb_args; i++) {
g_free(args[i]);
}
}
/*
* Parse the command line to get valid args.
* @cmdline: command line to be parsed.
* @pnb_args: location to store the number of args, must NOT be NULL.
* @args: location to store the args, which should be freed by caller, must
* NOT be NULL.
*
* Returns 0 on success, negative on failure.
*
* NOTE: this parser is an approximate form of the real command parser. Number
* of args have a limit of MAX_ARGS. If cmdline contains more, it will
* return with failure.
*/
static int parse_cmdline(const char *cmdline,
int *pnb_args, char **args)
{
const char *p;
int nb_args, ret;
char buf[1024];
p = cmdline;
nb_args = 0;
for (;;) {
while (qemu_isspace(*p)) {
p++;
}
if (*p == '\0') {
break;
}
if (nb_args >= MAX_ARGS) {
goto fail;
}
ret = get_str(buf, sizeof(buf), &p);
if (ret < 0) {
goto fail;
}
args[nb_args] = g_strdup(buf);
nb_args++;
}
*pnb_args = nb_args;
return 0;
fail:
free_cmdline_args(args, nb_args);
return -1;
}
static void help_cmd_dump_one(Monitor *mon,
const mon_cmd_t *cmd,
char **prefix_args,
int prefix_args_nb)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < prefix_args_nb; i++) {
monitor_printf(mon, "%s ", prefix_args[i]);
}
monitor_printf(mon, "%s %s -- %s\n", cmd->name, cmd->params, cmd->help);
}
/* @args[@arg_index] is the valid command need to find in @cmds */
static void help_cmd_dump(Monitor *mon, const mon_cmd_t *cmds,
char **args, int nb_args, int arg_index)
{
const mon_cmd_t *cmd;
/* No valid arg need to compare with, dump all in *cmds */
if (arg_index >= nb_args) {
for (cmd = cmds; cmd->name != NULL; cmd++) {
help_cmd_dump_one(mon, cmd, args, arg_index);
}
return;
}
/* Find one entry to dump */
for (cmd = cmds; cmd->name != NULL; cmd++) {
if (compare_cmd(args[arg_index], cmd->name)) {
if (cmd->sub_table) {
/* continue with next arg */
help_cmd_dump(mon, cmd->sub_table,
args, nb_args, arg_index + 1);
} else {
help_cmd_dump_one(mon, cmd, args, arg_index);
}
break;
}
}
}
static void help_cmd(Monitor *mon, const char *name)
{
char *args[MAX_ARGS];
int nb_args = 0;
/* 1. parse user input */
if (name) {
/* special case for log, directly dump and return */
if (!strcmp(name, "log")) {
const QEMULogItem *item;
monitor_printf(mon, "Log items (comma separated):\n");
monitor_printf(mon, "%-10s %s\n", "none", "remove all logs");
for (item = qemu_log_items; item->mask != 0; item++) {
monitor_printf(mon, "%-10s %s\n", item->name, item->help);
}
return;
}
if (parse_cmdline(name, &nb_args, args) < 0) {
return;
}
}
/* 2. dump the contents according to parsed args */
help_cmd_dump(mon, mon->cmd_table, args, nb_args, 0);
free_cmdline_args(args, nb_args);
}
static void do_help_cmd(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
help_cmd(mon, qdict_get_try_str(qdict, "name"));
}
static void hmp_trace_event(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
const char *tp_name = qdict_get_str(qdict, "name");
bool new_state = qdict_get_bool(qdict, "option");
bool has_vcpu = qdict_haskey(qdict, "vcpu");
int vcpu = qdict_get_try_int(qdict, "vcpu", 0);
Error *local_err = NULL;
if (vcpu < 0) {
monitor_printf(mon, "argument vcpu must be positive");
return;
}
qmp_trace_event_set_state(tp_name, new_state, true, true, has_vcpu, vcpu, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report_err(local_err);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_SIMPLE
static void hmp_trace_file(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
const char *op = qdict_get_try_str(qdict, "op");
const char *arg = qdict_get_try_str(qdict, "arg");
if (!op) {
st_print_trace_file_status((FILE *)mon, &monitor_fprintf);
} else if (!strcmp(op, "on")) {
st_set_trace_file_enabled(true);
} else if (!strcmp(op, "off")) {
st_set_trace_file_enabled(false);
} else if (!strcmp(op, "flush")) {
st_flush_trace_buffer();
} else if (!strcmp(op, "set")) {
if (arg) {
st_set_trace_file(arg);
}
} else {
monitor_printf(mon, "unexpected argument \"%s\"\n", op);
help_cmd(mon, "trace-file");
}
}
#endif
static void hmp_info_help(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict)
{
help_cmd(mon, "info");
}
static void query_commands_cb(QmpCommand *cmd, void *opaque)
{
CommandInfoList *info, **list = opaque;
if (!cmd->enabled) {
return;
}
info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
info->value = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->value));
info->value->name = g_strdup(cmd->name);
info->next = *list;
*list = info;
}
CommandInfoList *qmp_query_commands(Error **errp)
{
CommandInfoList *list = NULL;
qmp_for_each_command(cur_mon->qmp.commands, query_commands_cb, &list);
return list;
}
EventInfoList *qmp_query_events(Error **errp)
{
EventInfoList *info, *ev_list = NULL;
QAPIEvent e;
for (e = 0 ; e < QAPI_EVENT__MAX ; e++) {
const char *event_name = QAPIEvent_str(e);
assert(event_name != NULL);
info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
info->value = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->value));
info->value->name = g_strdup(event_name);
info->next = ev_list;
ev_list = info;
}
return ev_list;
}
/*
* Minor hack: generated marshalling suppressed for this command
* ('gen': false in the schema) so we can parse the JSON string
* directly into QObject instead of first parsing it with
* visit_type_SchemaInfoList() into a SchemaInfoList, then marshal it
* to QObject with generated output marshallers, every time. Instead,
* we do it in test-qobject-input-visitor.c, just to make sure
* qapi-introspect.py's output actually conforms to the schema.
*/
static void qmp_query_qmp_schema(QDict *qdict, QObject **ret_data,
Error **errp)
{
*ret_data = qobject_from_json(qmp_schema_json, &error_abort);
}
/*
* We used to define commands in qmp-commands.hx in addition to the
* QAPI schema. This permitted defining some of them only in certain
* configurations. query-commands has always reflected that (good,
* because it lets QMP clients figure out what's actually available),
* while query-qmp-schema never did (not so good). This function is a
* hack to keep the configuration-specific commands defined exactly as
* before, even though qmp-commands.hx is gone.
*
* FIXME Educate the QAPI schema on configuration-specific commands,
* and drop this hack.
*/
static void qmp_unregister_commands_hack(void)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_SPICE
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-spice");
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_REPLICATION
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "xen-set-replication");
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-xen-replication-status");
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "xen-colo-do-checkpoint");
#endif
#ifndef TARGET_I386
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "rtc-reset-reinjection");
#endif
#ifndef TARGET_S390X
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "dump-skeys");
#endif
#ifndef TARGET_ARM
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-gic-capabilities");
#endif
#if !defined(TARGET_S390X) && !defined(TARGET_I386)
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-cpu-model-expansion");
#endif
#if !defined(TARGET_S390X)
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-cpu-model-baseline");
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-cpu-model-comparison");
#endif
#if !defined(TARGET_PPC) && !defined(TARGET_ARM) && !defined(TARGET_I386) \
&& !defined(TARGET_S390X)
qmp_unregister_command(&qmp_commands, "query-cpu-definitions");
#endif