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Apache bot control system, filter out spiders good and bad crawlers/ webspiders when they hit your server hard, like googlebot , bingbot. Block all them for specific places marked in the robots.txt to not visit (yet they do sometimes).
# To relieve servers
##Imagine a robots.txt file like this (Google understands this format):
#User-agent: *
#Disallow: /detailed
#Disallow: /?action=detailed
#Disallow: /*/detailed
#Crawl-delay: 20
##
# to enable these rules , save them to httpd.conf (debian/ubuntu) and include the following 2 lines in each VirtualHost directive
# RewriteEngine On
# RewriteOptions Inherit
# Then this will work in your virtualservers as wel as in the main, except for those you don't set up
# And you want to enforce those policies, you can do this:
# put this below in your httpd.conf file
RewriteEngine On
# Set a general robots.txt file (For all virtual hosts here) to a file apache can access
RewriteRule ^/robots.txt$ /etc/apache2/robots.txt [L]
# a robots.txt file is the now the only file that will be allowed to be downloaded by any bots blocked here below
# Block fake google when it's not coming from their IP range's (A fake googlebot) [F] => Failure
RewriteCond %{HTTP:X-FORWARDED-FOR} !^66\.249\.(6[4-9]|[78][0-9]|9[0-5])\.
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ Googlebot/2\.[01];\ \+http://www\.google\.com/bot\.html\)$ [NC]
RewriteRule .* - [F,L]
# End if match
# IF THE UA STARTS WITH THESE
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(aesop_com_spiderman|alexibot|backweb|bandit|batchftp|bigfoot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(black.?hole|blackwidow|blowfish|botalot|buddy|builtbottough|bullseye) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(cheesebot|cherrypicker|chinaclaw|collector|copier|copyrightcheck) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(cosmos|crescent|curl|custo|da|diibot|disco|dittospyder|dragonfly) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(drip|easydl|ebingbong|ecatch|eirgrabber|emailcollector|emailsiphon) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(emailwolf|erocrawler|exabot|eyenetie|filehound|flashget|flunky) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(frontpage|getright|getweb|go.?zilla|go-ahead-got-it|gotit|grabnet) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(grafula|harvest|hloader|hmview|httplib|httrack|humanlinks|ilsebot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(infonavirobot|infotekies|intelliseek|interget|iria|jennybot|jetcar) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(joc|justview|jyxobot|kenjin|keyword|larbin|leechftp|lexibot|lftp|libweb) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(likse|linkscan|linkwalker|lnspiderguy|lwp|magnet|mag-net|markwatch) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(mata.?hari|memo|microsoft.?url|midown.?tool|miixpc|mirror|missigua) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(mister.?pix|moget|mozilla.?newt|nameprotect|navroad|backdoorbot|nearsite) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(net.?vampire|netants|netcraft|netmechanic|netspider|nextgensearchbot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(attach|nicerspro|nimblecrawler|npbot|octopus|offline.?explorer) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(offline.?navigator|openfind|outfoxbot|pagegrabber|papa|pavuk) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(pcbrowser|php.?version.?tracker|pockey|propowerbot|prowebwalker) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(psbot|pump|queryn|recorder|realdownload|reaper|reget|true_robot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(repomonkey|rma|internetseer|sitesnagger|siphon|slysearch|smartdownload) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(snake|snapbot|snoopy|sogou|spacebison|spankbot|spanner|sqworm|superbot) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(superhttp|surfbot|asterias|suzuran|szukacz|takeout|teleport) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(telesoft|the.?intraformant|thenomad|tighttwatbot|titan|urldispatcher) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(turingos|turnitinbot|urly.?warning|vacuum|vci|voideye|whacker) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(libwww-perl|widow|wisenutbot|wwwoffle|xaldon|xenu|zeus|zyborg|anonymouse) [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(Sogou\ web\ spider) [NC]
# ISSUE 403 / SERVE ERRORDOCUMENT
RewriteRule . - [F,L]
# End if match
# Block real Engines , not respecting robots.txt but allowing correct calls to pass (all detail searches basically)
# It seemst to take about 2 days of 403 to make it respect the robots.txt file, even though this one got downloaded several times
# Google
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ Googlebot/2\.[01];\ \+http://www\.google\.com/bot\.html\)$ [NC,OR]
# Bing
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ bingbot/2\.[01];\ \+http://www\.bing\.com/bingbot\.htm\)$ [NC,OR]
# msnbot
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^msnbot-media/1\.[01]\ \(\+http://search\.msn\.com/msnbot\.htm\)$ [NC,OR]
# Slurp
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ Yahoo!\ Slurp;\ http://help\.yahoo\.com/help/us/ysearch/slurp\)$ [NC]
# block all detail searches, the rest may pass (things like /detailed, /EN/detailed and ?action=detailed
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/detailed|/[A-Z]{2}/detailed/) [OR]
# or with the action=detailed key set
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} action=detailed
# ISSUE 403 / SERVE ERRORDOCUMENT
RewriteRule .* - [F,L]
# End if match
# Defenite blocks
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ MJ12bot/v1\.4\.2;\ http://www\.majestic12\.co\.uk/bot\.php\?\+\)$ [NC,OR]
# Baidus
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ Baiduspider/2\.[01];\ \+http://www\.baidu\.com/search/spider\.html\)$ [NC,OR]
# Deepspider
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ OpenindexDeepSpider/Nutch-1\.[0-9]-dev;\ \+http://www\.openindex\.io/en/webmasters/spider\.html\)$ [NC,OR]
# Known user agent strings defenitely belonging to bad spiders
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^web(zip|emaile|enhancer|fetch|go.?is|auto|bandit|clip|copier|master|reaper|sauger|site.?quester|whack) [NC,OR]
# Yandex (russian google)
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ YandexBot/3\.[01];\ \+http://yandex\.com/bots\)$ [NC,OR]
# Pingdom
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Pingdom\.com_bot_version_1\.4_\(http://www\.pingdom\.com/\) [NC,OR]
# AhrefsBot
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ AhrefsBot/2\.[01];\ \+http://ahrefs\.com/robot/\)$ [NC,OR]
# Block a rogue facebook application ?
#RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^facebookexternalhit/1\.1\ \(\+http://www\.facebook\.com/externalhit_uatext.php\)$ [NC,OR]
#
# Vagabondo
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/4\.[01]\ \(compatible;\ \ Vagabondo/4\.0;\ webcrawler\ at\ wise-guys\ dot\ nl;\ http://webagent\.wise-guys\.nl/;\ http://www\.wise-guys\.nl/\) [NC,OR]
# Ezooms
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/5\.0\ \(compatible;\ Ezooms/1\.[01];\ ezooms\.bot@gmail\.com\)$ [NC,OR]
# Monalisa
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Synthesio\ Crawler\ release\ MonaLisa\ \(contact\ at\ synthesio\ dot\ fr\)$ [NC,OR]
# ANYWHERE IN UA -- GREEDY REGEX
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(craftbot|download|extract|stripper|sucker|ninja|clshttp|webspider|leacher|collector|grabber|webpictures).*$ [NC]
# ISSUE 403 / SERVE ERRORDOCUMENT
RewriteRule . - [F,L]
# End if match
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