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Last active Sep 6, 2016
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Kohonen / SOM with LAB
license: mit
(function() {
'use strict';
var globals = typeof window === 'undefined' ? global : window;
if (typeof globals.require === 'function') return;
var modules = {};
var cache = {};
var aliases = {};
var has = ({}).hasOwnProperty;
var expRe = /^\.\.?(\/|$)/;
var expand = function(root, name) {
var results = [], part;
var parts = (expRe.test(name) ? root + '/' + name : name).split('/');
for (var i = 0, length = parts.length; i < length; i++) {
part = parts[i];
if (part === '..') {
results.pop();
} else if (part !== '.' && part !== '') {
results.push(part);
}
}
return results.join('/');
};
var dirname = function(path) {
return path.split('/').slice(0, -1).join('/');
};
var localRequire = function(path) {
return function expanded(name) {
var absolute = expand(dirname(path), name);
return globals.require(absolute, path);
};
};
var initModule = function(name, definition) {
var hot = null;
hot = hmr && hmr.createHot(name);
var module = {id: name, exports: {}, hot: hot};
cache[name] = module;
definition(module.exports, localRequire(name), module);
return module.exports;
};
var expandAlias = function(name) {
return aliases[name] ? expandAlias(aliases[name]) : name;
};
var _resolve = function(name, dep) {
return expandAlias(expand(dirname(name), dep));
};
var require = function(name, loaderPath) {
if (loaderPath == null) loaderPath = '/';
var path = expandAlias(name);
if (has.call(cache, path)) return cache[path].exports;
if (has.call(modules, path)) return initModule(path, modules[path]);
throw new Error("Cannot find module '" + name + "' from '" + loaderPath + "'");
};
require.alias = function(from, to) {
aliases[to] = from;
};
var extRe = /\.[^.\/]+$/;
var indexRe = /\/index(\.[^\/]+)?$/;
var addExtensions = function(bundle) {
if (extRe.test(bundle)) {
var alias = bundle.replace(extRe, '');
if (!has.call(aliases, alias) || aliases[alias].replace(extRe, '') === alias + '/index') {
aliases[alias] = bundle;
}
}
if (indexRe.test(bundle)) {
var iAlias = bundle.replace(indexRe, '');
if (!has.call(aliases, iAlias)) {
aliases[iAlias] = bundle;
}
}
};
require.register = require.define = function(bundle, fn) {
if (typeof bundle === 'object') {
for (var key in bundle) {
if (has.call(bundle, key)) {
require.register(key, bundle[key]);
}
}
} else {
modules[bundle] = fn;
delete cache[bundle];
addExtensions(bundle);
}
};
require.list = function() {
var list = [];
for (var item in modules) {
if (has.call(modules, item)) {
list.push(item);
}
}
return list;
};
var hmr = globals._hmr && new globals._hmr(_resolve, require, modules, cache);
require._cache = cache;
require.hmr = hmr && hmr.wrap;
require.brunch = true;
globals.require = require;
})();
(function() {
var global = window;
var process;
var __makeRelativeRequire = function(require, mappings, pref) {
var none = {};
var tryReq = function(name, pref) {
var val;
try {
val = require(pref + '/node_modules/' + name);
return val;
} catch (e) {
if (e.toString().indexOf('Cannot find module') === -1) {
throw e;
}
if (pref.indexOf('node_modules') !== -1) {
var s = pref.split('/');
var i = s.lastIndexOf('node_modules');
var newPref = s.slice(0, i).join('/');
return tryReq(name, newPref);
}
}
return none;
};
return function(name) {
if (name in mappings) name = mappings[name];
if (!name) return;
if (name[0] !== '.' && pref) {
var val = tryReq(name, pref);
if (val !== none) return val;
}
return require(name);
}
};
require.register("initialize.js", function(exports, require, module) {
'use strict';
var _kohonen = require('kohonen');
var _kohonen2 = _interopRequireDefault(_kohonen);
function _interopRequireDefault(obj) { return obj && obj.__esModule ? obj : { default: obj }; }
console.clear(); /* brunch watch --server */
var d3 = require('d3');
var data = d3.range(500).map(function () {
return [Math.random(), Math.random(), Math.random()];
});
function color(v) {
return d3.lab(v[0]*115, -100 + 200 * v[1], -100 + 200 * v[2]);
}
function go() {
var grid = 12,
width = 960,
height = 500,
r = height / grid;
// you can use the grid helper to generate a grid with 10x10 hexagons
var k = new _kohonen2.default({ data: data, neurons: _kohonen.hexagonHelper.generateGrid(grid, grid), maxStep: 500 });
var svg = d3.select('#app').append('svg').attr('width', width).attr('height', height);
var neurons = svg.append('g').selectAll('circle').data(k.neurons);
neurons = neurons.merge(neurons.enter().append('circle').attr('r', r / 2 + 1).attr('transform', function (d) {
return 'translate(' + [d.pos[0] * r, d.pos[1] * r] + ')';
}));
neurons.attr('fill', function (d) {
return color(d.v);
}).attr('fill-opacity', 0.1);
svg.data = svg.append('g').selectAll('circle').data(data).enter().append('circle').attr('r', 3.5).attr('stroke', 'white').attr('fill', function (d, i) {
return color(data[i]);
}).attr('transform', function (d, i) {
var a = 2 * Math.PI * Math.random(),
r = Math.random() * Math.random() * height / 2;
return 'translate(' + [height / 2 + Math.cos(a) * r, height / 2 + Math.sin(a) * r] + ')';
});
setTimeout(function () {
k.training();
neurons.data(k.neurons).transition().duration(4000).attr('fill', function (d) {
return color(d.v);
}).attr('fill-opacity', 1);
svg.data.data(k.mapping()).transition().duration(4000).attr('transform', function (d, i) {
d.pos = [d[0] + 0.3 * Math.cos(i * 45) * Math.sqrt(Math.random()), d[1] + 0.3 * Math.sin(i * 45) * Math.sqrt(Math.random())];
return 'translate(' + [d.pos[0] * r, d.pos[1] * r] + ')';
});
}, 1000);
}
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () {
// do your setup here
// console.clear();
console.log('Initialized app');
go();
});
});
require.alias("buffer/index.js", "buffer");
require.alias("process/browser.js", "process");process = require('process');require.register("___globals___", function(exports, require, module) {
});})();require('___globals___');
//# sourceMappingURL=app.js.map
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no" />
<!-- WARNING: for iOS 7, remove the width=device-width and height=device-height attributes. See https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/CB-4323 -->
<meta name="viewport" content="user-scalable=no, initial-scale=1, maximum-scale=1, minimum-scale=1, width=device-width, height=device-height, target-densitydpi=device-dpi" />
<title>Kohonen SOM</title>
<script src="./vendor.js"></script>
<script src="./app.js"></script>
<script>require('initialize');</script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="app"></div>
<p> Made by Philippe Rivière with <a href="https://d3js.org/">d3.js</a> and <a href="https://github.com/seracio/kohonen">seracio/kohonen</a>.
</body>
</html>
var _kohonen = require('kohonen');
var _kohonen2 = _interopRequireDefault(_kohonen);
function _interopRequireDefault(obj) { return obj && obj.__esModule ? obj : { default: obj }; }
console.clear(); /* brunch watch --server */
var d3 = require('d3');
var data = d3.range(500).map(function () {
return [Math.random(), Math.random(), Math.random()];
});
function color(v) {
return d3.lab(v[0]*115, -100 + 200 * v[1], -100 + 200 * v[2]);
}
function go() {
var grid = 12,
width = 960,
height = 500,
r = height / grid;
// you can use the grid helper to generate a grid with 10x10 hexagons
var k = new _kohonen2.default({ data: data, neurons: _kohonen.hexagonHelper.generateGrid(grid, grid), maxStep: 500 });
var svg = d3.select('#app').append('svg').attr('width', width).attr('height', height);
var neurons = svg.append('g').selectAll('circle').data(k.neurons);
neurons = neurons.merge(neurons.enter().append('circle').attr('r', r / 2 + 1).attr('transform', function (d) {
return 'translate(' + [d.pos[0] * r, d.pos[1] * r] + ')';
}));
neurons.attr('fill', function (d) {
return color(d.v);
}).attr('fill-opacity', 0.1);
svg.data = svg.append('g').selectAll('circle').data(data).enter().append('circle').attr('r', 3.5).attr('stroke', 'white').attr('fill', function (d, i) {
return color(data[i]);
}).attr('transform', function (d, i) {
var a = 2 * Math.PI * Math.random(),
r = Math.random() * Math.random() * height / 2;
return 'translate(' + [height / 2 + Math.cos(a) * r, height / 2 + Math.sin(a) * r] + ')';
});
setTimeout(function () {
k.training();
neurons.data(k.neurons).transition().duration(4000).attr('fill', function (d) {
return color(d.v);
}).attr('fill-opacity', 1);
svg.data.data(k.mapping()).transition().duration(4000).attr('transform', function (d, i) {
d.pos = [d[0] + 0.3 * Math.cos(i * 45) * Math.sqrt(Math.random()), d[1] + 0.3 * Math.sin(i * 45) * Math.sqrt(Math.random())];
return 'translate(' + [d.pos[0] * r, d.pos[1] * r] + ')';
});
}, 1000);
}
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () {
// do your setup here
// console.clear();
console.log('Initialized app');
go();
});
This file has been truncated, but you can view the full file.
(function() {
'use strict';
var globals = typeof window === 'undefined' ? global : window;
if (typeof globals.require === 'function') return;
var modules = {};
var cache = {};
var aliases = {};
var has = ({}).hasOwnProperty;
var expRe = /^\.\.?(\/|$)/;
var expand = function(root, name) {
var results = [], part;
var parts = (expRe.test(name) ? root + '/' + name : name).split('/');
for (var i = 0, length = parts.length; i < length; i++) {
part = parts[i];
if (part === '..') {
results.pop();
} else if (part !== '.' && part !== '') {
results.push(part);
}
}
return results.join('/');
};
var dirname = function(path) {
return path.split('/').slice(0, -1).join('/');
};
var localRequire = function(path) {
return function expanded(name) {
var absolute = expand(dirname(path), name);
return globals.require(absolute, path);
};
};
var initModule = function(name, definition) {
var hot = null;
hot = hmr && hmr.createHot(name);
var module = {id: name, exports: {}, hot: hot};
cache[name] = module;
definition(module.exports, localRequire(name), module);
return module.exports;
};
var expandAlias = function(name) {
return aliases[name] ? expandAlias(aliases[name]) : name;
};
var _resolve = function(name, dep) {
return expandAlias(expand(dirname(name), dep));
};
var require = function(name, loaderPath) {
if (loaderPath == null) loaderPath = '/';
var path = expandAlias(name);
if (has.call(cache, path)) return cache[path].exports;
if (has.call(modules, path)) return initModule(path, modules[path]);
throw new Error("Cannot find module '" + name + "' from '" + loaderPath + "'");
};
require.alias = function(from, to) {
aliases[to] = from;
};
var extRe = /\.[^.\/]+$/;
var indexRe = /\/index(\.[^\/]+)?$/;
var addExtensions = function(bundle) {
if (extRe.test(bundle)) {
var alias = bundle.replace(extRe, '');
if (!has.call(aliases, alias) || aliases[alias].replace(extRe, '') === alias + '/index') {
aliases[alias] = bundle;
}
}
if (indexRe.test(bundle)) {
var iAlias = bundle.replace(indexRe, '');
if (!has.call(aliases, iAlias)) {
aliases[iAlias] = bundle;
}
}
};
require.register = require.define = function(bundle, fn) {
if (typeof bundle === 'object') {
for (var key in bundle) {
if (has.call(bundle, key)) {
require.register(key, bundle[key]);
}
}
} else {
modules[bundle] = fn;
delete cache[bundle];
addExtensions(bundle);
}
};
require.list = function() {
var list = [];
for (var item in modules) {
if (has.call(modules, item)) {
list.push(item);
}
}
return list;
};
var hmr = globals._hmr && new globals._hmr(_resolve, require, modules, cache);
require._cache = cache;
require.hmr = hmr && hmr.wrap;
require.brunch = true;
globals.require = require;
})();
(function() {
var global = window;
var process;
var __makeRelativeRequire = function(require, mappings, pref) {
var none = {};
var tryReq = function(name, pref) {
var val;
try {
val = require(pref + '/node_modules/' + name);
return val;
} catch (e) {
if (e.toString().indexOf('Cannot find module') === -1) {
throw e;
}
if (pref.indexOf('node_modules') !== -1) {
var s = pref.split('/');
var i = s.lastIndexOf('node_modules');
var newPref = s.slice(0, i).join('/');
return tryReq(name, newPref);
}
}
return none;
};
return function(name) {
if (name in mappings) name = mappings[name];
if (!name) return;
if (name[0] !== '.' && pref) {
var val = tryReq(name, pref);
if (val !== none) return val;
}
return require(name);
}
};
require.register("base64-js/lib/b64.js", function(exports, require, module) {
require = __makeRelativeRequire(require, {}, "base64-js");
(function() {
'use strict'
exports.toByteArray = toByteArray
exports.fromByteArray = fromByteArray
var lookup = []
var revLookup = []
var Arr = typeof Uint8Array !== 'undefined' ? Uint8Array : Array
function init () {
var code = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/'
for (var i = 0, len = code.length; i < len; ++i) {
lookup[i] = code[i]
revLookup[code.charCodeAt(i)] = i
}
revLookup['-'.charCodeAt(0)] = 62
revLookup['_'.charCodeAt(0)] = 63
}
init()
function toByteArray (b64) {
var i, j, l, tmp, placeHolders, arr
var len = b64.length
if (len % 4 > 0) {
throw new Error('Invalid string. Length must be a multiple of 4')
}
// the number of equal signs (place holders)
// if there are two placeholders, than the two characters before it
// represent one byte
// if there is only one, then the three characters before it represent 2 bytes
// this is just a cheap hack to not do indexOf twice
placeHolders = b64[len - 2] === '=' ? 2 : b64[len - 1] === '=' ? 1 : 0
// base64 is 4/3 + up to two characters of the original data
arr = new Arr(len * 3 / 4 - placeHolders)
// if there are placeholders, only get up to the last complete 4 chars
l = placeHolders > 0 ? len - 4 : len
var L = 0
for (i = 0, j = 0; i < l; i += 4, j += 3) {
tmp = (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i)] << 18) | (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 1)] << 12) | (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 2)] << 6) | revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 3)]
arr[L++] = (tmp >> 16) & 0xFF
arr[L++] = (tmp >> 8) & 0xFF
arr[L++] = tmp & 0xFF
}
if (placeHolders === 2) {
tmp = (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i)] << 2) | (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 1)] >> 4)
arr[L++] = tmp & 0xFF
} else if (placeHolders === 1) {
tmp = (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i)] << 10) | (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 1)] << 4) | (revLookup[b64.charCodeAt(i + 2)] >> 2)
arr[L++] = (tmp >> 8) & 0xFF
arr[L++] = tmp & 0xFF
}
return arr
}
function tripletToBase64 (num) {
return lookup[num >> 18 & 0x3F] + lookup[num >> 12 & 0x3F] + lookup[num >> 6 & 0x3F] + lookup[num & 0x3F]
}
function encodeChunk (uint8, start, end) {
var tmp
var output = []
for (var i = start; i < end; i += 3) {
tmp = (uint8[i] << 16) + (uint8[i + 1] << 8) + (uint8[i + 2])
output.push(tripletToBase64(tmp))
}
return output.join('')
}
function fromByteArray (uint8) {
var tmp
var len = uint8.length
var extraBytes = len % 3 // if we have 1 byte left, pad 2 bytes
var output = ''
var parts = []
var maxChunkLength = 16383 // must be multiple of 3
// go through the array every three bytes, we'll deal with trailing stuff later
for (var i = 0, len2 = len - extraBytes; i < len2; i += maxChunkLength) {
parts.push(encodeChunk(uint8, i, (i + maxChunkLength) > len2 ? len2 : (i + maxChunkLength)))
}
// pad the end with zeros, but make sure to not forget the extra bytes
if (extraBytes === 1) {
tmp = uint8[len - 1]
output += lookup[tmp >> 2]
output += lookup[(tmp << 4) & 0x3F]
output += '=='
} else if (extraBytes === 2) {
tmp = (uint8[len - 2] << 8) + (uint8[len - 1])
output += lookup[tmp >> 10]
output += lookup[(tmp >> 4) & 0x3F]
output += lookup[(tmp << 2) & 0x3F]
output += '='
}
parts.push(output)
return parts.join('')
}
})();
});
require.register("buffer/index.js", function(exports, require, module) {
require = __makeRelativeRequire(require, {}, "buffer");
var _Buffer = require('buffer'); var Buffer = _Buffer && _Buffer.Buffer;
(function() {
/*!
* The buffer module from node.js, for the browser.
*
* @author Feross Aboukhadijeh <feross@feross.org> <http://feross.org>
* @license MIT
*/
/* eslint-disable no-proto */
'use strict'
var base64 = require('base64-js')
var ieee754 = require('ieee754')
var isArray = require('isarray')
exports.Buffer = Buffer
exports.SlowBuffer = SlowBuffer
exports.INSPECT_MAX_BYTES = 50
Buffer.poolSize = 8192 // not used by this implementation
var rootParent = {}
/**
* If `Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT`:
* === true Use Uint8Array implementation (fastest)
* === false Use Object implementation (most compatible, even IE6)
*
* Browsers that support typed arrays are IE 10+, Firefox 4+, Chrome 7+, Safari 5.1+,
* Opera 11.6+, iOS 4.2+.
*
* Due to various browser bugs, sometimes the Object implementation will be used even
* when the browser supports typed arrays.
*
* Note:
*
* - Firefox 4-29 lacks support for adding new properties to `Uint8Array` instances,
* See: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=695438.
*
* - Chrome 9-10 is missing the `TypedArray.prototype.subarray` function.
*
* - IE10 has a broken `TypedArray.prototype.subarray` function which returns arrays of
* incorrect length in some situations.
* We detect these buggy browsers and set `Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT` to `false` so they
* get the Object implementation, which is slower but behaves correctly.
*/
Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT = global.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT !== undefined
? global.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT
: typedArraySupport()
function typedArraySupport () {
try {
var arr = new Uint8Array(1)
arr.foo = function () { return 42 }
return arr.foo() === 42 && // typed array instances can be augmented
typeof arr.subarray === 'function' && // chrome 9-10 lack `subarray`
arr.subarray(1, 1).byteLength === 0 // ie10 has broken `subarray`
} catch (e) {
return false
}
}
function kMaxLength () {
return Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT
? 0x7fffffff
: 0x3fffffff
}
/**
* The Buffer constructor returns instances of `Uint8Array` that have their
* prototype changed to `Buffer.prototype`. Furthermore, `Buffer` is a subclass of
* `Uint8Array`, so the returned instances will have all the node `Buffer` methods
* and the `Uint8Array` methods. Square bracket notation works as expected -- it
* returns a single octet.
*
* The `Uint8Array` prototype remains unmodified.
*/
function Buffer (arg) {
if (!(this instanceof Buffer)) {
// Avoid going through an ArgumentsAdaptorTrampoline in the common case.
if (arguments.length > 1) return new Buffer(arg, arguments[1])
return new Buffer(arg)
}
if (!Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this.length = 0
this.parent = undefined
}
// Common case.
if (typeof arg === 'number') {
return fromNumber(this, arg)
}
// Slightly less common case.
if (typeof arg === 'string') {
return fromString(this, arg, arguments.length > 1 ? arguments[1] : 'utf8')
}
// Unusual.
return fromObject(this, arg)
}
// TODO: Legacy, not needed anymore. Remove in next major version.
Buffer._augment = function (arr) {
arr.__proto__ = Buffer.prototype
return arr
}
function fromNumber (that, length) {
that = allocate(that, length < 0 ? 0 : checked(length) | 0)
if (!Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
that[i] = 0
}
}
return that
}
function fromString (that, string, encoding) {
if (typeof encoding !== 'string' || encoding === '') encoding = 'utf8'
// Assumption: byteLength() return value is always < kMaxLength.
var length = byteLength(string, encoding) | 0
that = allocate(that, length)
that.write(string, encoding)
return that
}
function fromObject (that, object) {
if (Buffer.isBuffer(object)) return fromBuffer(that, object)
if (isArray(object)) return fromArray(that, object)
if (object == null) {
throw new TypeError('must start with number, buffer, array or string')
}
if (typeof ArrayBuffer !== 'undefined') {
if (object.buffer instanceof ArrayBuffer) {
return fromTypedArray(that, object)
}
if (object instanceof ArrayBuffer) {
return fromArrayBuffer(that, object)
}
}
if (object.length) return fromArrayLike(that, object)
return fromJsonObject(that, object)
}
function fromBuffer (that, buffer) {
var length = checked(buffer.length) | 0
that = allocate(that, length)
buffer.copy(that, 0, 0, length)
return that
}
function fromArray (that, array) {
var length = checked(array.length) | 0
that = allocate(that, length)
for (var i = 0; i < length; i += 1) {
that[i] = array[i] & 255
}
return that
}
// Duplicate of fromArray() to keep fromArray() monomorphic.
function fromTypedArray (that, array) {
var length = checked(array.length) | 0
that = allocate(that, length)
// Truncating the elements is probably not what people expect from typed
// arrays with BYTES_PER_ELEMENT > 1 but it's compatible with the behavior
// of the old Buffer constructor.
for (var i = 0; i < length; i += 1) {
that[i] = array[i] & 255
}
return that
}
function fromArrayBuffer (that, array) {
array.byteLength // this throws if `array` is not a valid ArrayBuffer
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
// Return an augmented `Uint8Array` instance, for best performance
that = new Uint8Array(array)
that.__proto__ = Buffer.prototype
} else {
// Fallback: Return an object instance of the Buffer class
that = fromTypedArray(that, new Uint8Array(array))
}
return that
}
function fromArrayLike (that, array) {
var length = checked(array.length) | 0
that = allocate(that, length)
for (var i = 0; i < length; i += 1) {
that[i] = array[i] & 255
}
return that
}
// Deserialize { type: 'Buffer', data: [1,2,3,...] } into a Buffer object.
// Returns a zero-length buffer for inputs that don't conform to the spec.
function fromJsonObject (that, object) {
var array
var length = 0
if (object.type === 'Buffer' && isArray(object.data)) {
array = object.data
length = checked(array.length) | 0
}
that = allocate(that, length)
for (var i = 0; i < length; i += 1) {
that[i] = array[i] & 255
}
return that
}
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
Buffer.prototype.__proto__ = Uint8Array.prototype
Buffer.__proto__ = Uint8Array
} else {
// pre-set for values that may exist in the future
Buffer.prototype.length = undefined
Buffer.prototype.parent = undefined
}
function allocate (that, length) {
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
// Return an augmented `Uint8Array` instance, for best performance
that = new Uint8Array(length)
that.__proto__ = Buffer.prototype
} else {
// Fallback: Return an object instance of the Buffer class
that.length = length
}
var fromPool = length !== 0 && length <= Buffer.poolSize >>> 1
if (fromPool) that.parent = rootParent
return that
}
function checked (length) {
// Note: cannot use `length < kMaxLength` here because that fails when
// length is NaN (which is otherwise coerced to zero.)
if (length >= kMaxLength()) {
throw new RangeError('Attempt to allocate Buffer larger than maximum ' +
'size: 0x' + kMaxLength().toString(16) + ' bytes')
}
return length | 0
}
function SlowBuffer (subject, encoding) {
if (!(this instanceof SlowBuffer)) return new SlowBuffer(subject, encoding)
var buf = new Buffer(subject, encoding)
delete buf.parent
return buf
}
Buffer.isBuffer = function isBuffer (b) {
return !!(b != null && b._isBuffer)
}
Buffer.compare = function compare (a, b) {
if (!Buffer.isBuffer(a) || !Buffer.isBuffer(b)) {
throw new TypeError('Arguments must be Buffers')
}
if (a === b) return 0
var x = a.length
var y = b.length
var i = 0
var len = Math.min(x, y)
while (i < len) {
if (a[i] !== b[i]) break
++i
}
if (i !== len) {
x = a[i]
y = b[i]
}
if (x < y) return -1
if (y < x) return 1
return 0
}
Buffer.isEncoding = function isEncoding (encoding) {
switch (String(encoding).toLowerCase()) {
case 'hex':
case 'utf8':
case 'utf-8':
case 'ascii':
case 'binary':
case 'base64':
case 'raw':
case 'ucs2':
case 'ucs-2':
case 'utf16le':
case 'utf-16le':
return true
default:
return false
}
}
Buffer.concat = function concat (list, length) {
if (!isArray(list)) throw new TypeError('list argument must be an Array of Buffers.')
if (list.length === 0) {
return new Buffer(0)
}
var i
if (length === undefined) {
length = 0
for (i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {
length += list[i].length
}
}
var buf = new Buffer(length)
var pos = 0
for (i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {
var item = list[i]
item.copy(buf, pos)
pos += item.length
}
return buf
}
function byteLength (string, encoding) {
if (typeof string !== 'string') string = '' + string
var len = string.length
if (len === 0) return 0
// Use a for loop to avoid recursion
var loweredCase = false
for (;;) {
switch (encoding) {
case 'ascii':
case 'binary':
// Deprecated
case 'raw':
case 'raws':
return len
case 'utf8':
case 'utf-8':
return utf8ToBytes(string).length
case 'ucs2':
case 'ucs-2':
case 'utf16le':
case 'utf-16le':
return len * 2
case 'hex':
return len >>> 1
case 'base64':
return base64ToBytes(string).length
default:
if (loweredCase) return utf8ToBytes(string).length // assume utf8
encoding = ('' + encoding).toLowerCase()
loweredCase = true
}
}
}
Buffer.byteLength = byteLength
function slowToString (encoding, start, end) {
var loweredCase = false
start = start | 0
end = end === undefined || end === Infinity ? this.length : end | 0
if (!encoding) encoding = 'utf8'
if (start < 0) start = 0
if (end > this.length) end = this.length
if (end <= start) return ''
while (true) {
switch (encoding) {
case 'hex':
return hexSlice(this, start, end)
case 'utf8':
case 'utf-8':
return utf8Slice(this, start, end)
case 'ascii':
return asciiSlice(this, start, end)
case 'binary':
return binarySlice(this, start, end)
case 'base64':
return base64Slice(this, start, end)
case 'ucs2':
case 'ucs-2':
case 'utf16le':
case 'utf-16le':
return utf16leSlice(this, start, end)
default:
if (loweredCase) throw new TypeError('Unknown encoding: ' + encoding)
encoding = (encoding + '').toLowerCase()
loweredCase = true
}
}
}
// The property is used by `Buffer.isBuffer` and `is-buffer` (in Safari 5-7) to detect
// Buffer instances.
Buffer.prototype._isBuffer = true
Buffer.prototype.toString = function toString () {
var length = this.length | 0
if (length === 0) return ''
if (arguments.length === 0) return utf8Slice(this, 0, length)
return slowToString.apply(this, arguments)
}
Buffer.prototype.equals = function equals (b) {
if (!Buffer.isBuffer(b)) throw new TypeError('Argument must be a Buffer')
if (this === b) return true
return Buffer.compare(this, b) === 0
}
Buffer.prototype.inspect = function inspect () {
var str = ''
var max = exports.INSPECT_MAX_BYTES
if (this.length > 0) {
str = this.toString('hex', 0, max).match(/.{2}/g).join(' ')
if (this.length > max) str += ' ... '
}
return '<Buffer ' + str + '>'
}
Buffer.prototype.compare = function compare (b) {
if (!Buffer.isBuffer(b)) throw new TypeError('Argument must be a Buffer')
if (this === b) return 0
return Buffer.compare(this, b)
}
Buffer.prototype.indexOf = function indexOf (val, byteOffset) {
if (byteOffset > 0x7fffffff) byteOffset = 0x7fffffff
else if (byteOffset < -0x80000000) byteOffset = -0x80000000
byteOffset >>= 0
if (this.length === 0) return -1
if (byteOffset >= this.length) return -1
// Negative offsets start from the end of the buffer
if (byteOffset < 0) byteOffset = Math.max(this.length + byteOffset, 0)
if (typeof val === 'string') {
if (val.length === 0) return -1 // special case: looking for empty string always fails
return String.prototype.indexOf.call(this, val, byteOffset)
}
if (Buffer.isBuffer(val)) {
return arrayIndexOf(this, val, byteOffset)
}
if (typeof val === 'number') {
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT && Uint8Array.prototype.indexOf === 'function') {
return Uint8Array.prototype.indexOf.call(this, val, byteOffset)
}
return arrayIndexOf(this, [ val ], byteOffset)
}
function arrayIndexOf (arr, val, byteOffset) {
var foundIndex = -1
for (var i = 0; byteOffset + i < arr.length; i++) {
if (arr[byteOffset + i] === val[foundIndex === -1 ? 0 : i - foundIndex]) {
if (foundIndex === -1) foundIndex = i
if (i - foundIndex + 1 === val.length) return byteOffset + foundIndex
} else {
foundIndex = -1
}
}
return -1
}
throw new TypeError('val must be string, number or Buffer')
}
function hexWrite (buf, string, offset, length) {
offset = Number(offset) || 0
var remaining = buf.length - offset
if (!length) {
length = remaining
} else {
length = Number(length)
if (length > remaining) {
length = remaining
}
}
// must be an even number of digits
var strLen = string.length
if (strLen % 2 !== 0) throw new Error('Invalid hex string')
if (length > strLen / 2) {
length = strLen / 2
}
for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
var parsed = parseInt(string.substr(i * 2, 2), 16)
if (isNaN(parsed)) throw new Error('Invalid hex string')
buf[offset + i] = parsed
}
return i
}
function utf8Write (buf, string, offset, length) {
return blitBuffer(utf8ToBytes(string, buf.length - offset), buf, offset, length)
}
function asciiWrite (buf, string, offset, length) {
return blitBuffer(asciiToBytes(string), buf, offset, length)
}
function binaryWrite (buf, string, offset, length) {
return asciiWrite(buf, string, offset, length)
}
function base64Write (buf, string, offset, length) {
return blitBuffer(base64ToBytes(string), buf, offset, length)
}
function ucs2Write (buf, string, offset, length) {
return blitBuffer(utf16leToBytes(string, buf.length - offset), buf, offset, length)
}
Buffer.prototype.write = function write (string, offset, length, encoding) {
// Buffer#write(string)
if (offset === undefined) {
encoding = 'utf8'
length = this.length
offset = 0
// Buffer#write(string, encoding)
} else if (length === undefined && typeof offset === 'string') {
encoding = offset
length = this.length
offset = 0
// Buffer#write(string, offset[, length][, encoding])
} else if (isFinite(offset)) {
offset = offset | 0
if (isFinite(length)) {
length = length | 0
if (encoding === undefined) encoding = 'utf8'
} else {
encoding = length
length = undefined
}
// legacy write(string, encoding, offset, length) - remove in v0.13
} else {
var swap = encoding
encoding = offset
offset = length | 0
length = swap
}
var remaining = this.length - offset
if (length === undefined || length > remaining) length = remaining
if ((string.length > 0 && (length < 0 || offset < 0)) || offset > this.length) {
throw new RangeError('attempt to write outside buffer bounds')
}
if (!encoding) encoding = 'utf8'
var loweredCase = false
for (;;) {
switch (encoding) {
case 'hex':
return hexWrite(this, string, offset, length)
case 'utf8':
case 'utf-8':
return utf8Write(this, string, offset, length)
case 'ascii':
return asciiWrite(this, string, offset, length)
case 'binary':
return binaryWrite(this, string, offset, length)
case 'base64':
// Warning: maxLength not taken into account in base64Write
return base64Write(this, string, offset, length)
case 'ucs2':
case 'ucs-2':
case 'utf16le':
case 'utf-16le':
return ucs2Write(this, string, offset, length)
default:
if (loweredCase) throw new TypeError('Unknown encoding: ' + encoding)
encoding = ('' + encoding).toLowerCase()
loweredCase = true
}
}
}
Buffer.prototype.toJSON = function toJSON () {
return {
type: 'Buffer',
data: Array.prototype.slice.call(this._arr || this, 0)
}
}
function base64Slice (buf, start, end) {
if (start === 0 && end === buf.length) {
return base64.fromByteArray(buf)
} else {
return base64.fromByteArray(buf.slice(start, end))
}
}
function utf8Slice (buf, start, end) {
end = Math.min(buf.length, end)
var res = []
var i = start
while (i < end) {
var firstByte = buf[i]
var codePoint = null
var bytesPerSequence = (firstByte > 0xEF) ? 4
: (firstByte > 0xDF) ? 3
: (firstByte > 0xBF) ? 2
: 1
if (i + bytesPerSequence <= end) {
var secondByte, thirdByte, fourthByte, tempCodePoint
switch (bytesPerSequence) {
case 1:
if (firstByte < 0x80) {
codePoint = firstByte
}
break
case 2:
secondByte = buf[i + 1]
if ((secondByte & 0xC0) === 0x80) {
tempCodePoint = (firstByte & 0x1F) << 0x6 | (secondByte & 0x3F)
if (tempCodePoint > 0x7F) {
codePoint = tempCodePoint
}
}
break
case 3:
secondByte = buf[i + 1]
thirdByte = buf[i + 2]
if ((secondByte & 0xC0) === 0x80 && (thirdByte & 0xC0) === 0x80) {
tempCodePoint = (firstByte & 0xF) << 0xC | (secondByte & 0x3F) << 0x6 | (thirdByte & 0x3F)
if (tempCodePoint > 0x7FF && (tempCodePoint < 0xD800 || tempCodePoint > 0xDFFF)) {
codePoint = tempCodePoint
}
}
break
case 4:
secondByte = buf[i + 1]
thirdByte = buf[i + 2]
fourthByte = buf[i + 3]
if ((secondByte & 0xC0) === 0x80 && (thirdByte & 0xC0) === 0x80 && (fourthByte & 0xC0) === 0x80) {
tempCodePoint = (firstByte & 0xF) << 0x12 | (secondByte & 0x3F) << 0xC | (thirdByte & 0x3F) << 0x6 | (fourthByte & 0x3F)
if (tempCodePoint > 0xFFFF && tempCodePoint < 0x110000) {
codePoint = tempCodePoint
}
}
}
}
if (codePoint === null) {
// we did not generate a valid codePoint so insert a
// replacement char (U+FFFD) and advance only 1 byte
codePoint = 0xFFFD
bytesPerSequence = 1
} else if (codePoint > 0xFFFF) {
// encode to utf16 (surrogate pair dance)
codePoint -= 0x10000
res.push(codePoint >>> 10 & 0x3FF | 0xD800)
codePoint = 0xDC00 | codePoint & 0x3FF
}
res.push(codePoint)
i += bytesPerSequence
}
return decodeCodePointsArray(res)
}
// Based on http://stackoverflow.com/a/22747272/680742, the browser with
// the lowest limit is Chrome, with 0x10000 args.
// We go 1 magnitude less, for safety
var MAX_ARGUMENTS_LENGTH = 0x1000
function decodeCodePointsArray (codePoints) {
var len = codePoints.length
if (len <= MAX_ARGUMENTS_LENGTH) {
return String.fromCharCode.apply(String, codePoints) // avoid extra slice()
}
// Decode in chunks to avoid "call stack size exceeded".
var res = ''
var i = 0
while (i < len) {
res += String.fromCharCode.apply(
String,
codePoints.slice(i, i += MAX_ARGUMENTS_LENGTH)
)
}
return res
}
function asciiSlice (buf, start, end) {
var ret = ''
end = Math.min(buf.length, end)
for (var i = start; i < end; i++) {
ret += String.fromCharCode(buf[i] & 0x7F)
}
return ret
}
function binarySlice (buf, start, end) {
var ret = ''
end = Math.min(buf.length, end)
for (var i = start; i < end; i++) {
ret += String.fromCharCode(buf[i])
}
return ret
}
function hexSlice (buf, start, end) {
var len = buf.length
if (!start || start < 0) start = 0
if (!end || end < 0 || end > len) end = len
var out = ''
for (var i = start; i < end; i++) {
out += toHex(buf[i])
}
return out
}
function utf16leSlice (buf, start, end) {
var bytes = buf.slice(start, end)
var res = ''
for (var i = 0; i < bytes.length; i += 2) {
res += String.fromCharCode(bytes[i] + bytes[i + 1] * 256)
}
return res
}
Buffer.prototype.slice = function slice (start, end) {
var len = this.length
start = ~~start
end = end === undefined ? len : ~~end
if (start < 0) {
start += len
if (start < 0) start = 0
} else if (start > len) {
start = len
}
if (end < 0) {
end += len
if (end < 0) end = 0
} else if (end > len) {
end = len
}
if (end < start) end = start
var newBuf
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
newBuf = this.subarray(start, end)
newBuf.__proto__ = Buffer.prototype
} else {
var sliceLen = end - start
newBuf = new Buffer(sliceLen, undefined)
for (var i = 0; i < sliceLen; i++) {
newBuf[i] = this[i + start]
}
}
if (newBuf.length) newBuf.parent = this.parent || this
return newBuf
}
/*
* Need to make sure that buffer isn't trying to write out of bounds.
*/
function checkOffset (offset, ext, length) {
if ((offset % 1) !== 0 || offset < 0) throw new RangeError('offset is not uint')
if (offset + ext > length) throw new RangeError('Trying to access beyond buffer length')
}
Buffer.prototype.readUIntLE = function readUIntLE (offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, byteLength, this.length)
var val = this[offset]
var mul = 1
var i = 0
while (++i < byteLength && (mul *= 0x100)) {
val += this[offset + i] * mul
}
return val
}
Buffer.prototype.readUIntBE = function readUIntBE (offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) {
checkOffset(offset, byteLength, this.length)
}
var val = this[offset + --byteLength]
var mul = 1
while (byteLength > 0 && (mul *= 0x100)) {
val += this[offset + --byteLength] * mul
}
return val
}
Buffer.prototype.readUInt8 = function readUInt8 (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 1, this.length)
return this[offset]
}
Buffer.prototype.readUInt16LE = function readUInt16LE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 2, this.length)
return this[offset] | (this[offset + 1] << 8)
}
Buffer.prototype.readUInt16BE = function readUInt16BE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 2, this.length)
return (this[offset] << 8) | this[offset + 1]
}
Buffer.prototype.readUInt32LE = function readUInt32LE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return ((this[offset]) |
(this[offset + 1] << 8) |
(this[offset + 2] << 16)) +
(this[offset + 3] * 0x1000000)
}
Buffer.prototype.readUInt32BE = function readUInt32BE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return (this[offset] * 0x1000000) +
((this[offset + 1] << 16) |
(this[offset + 2] << 8) |
this[offset + 3])
}
Buffer.prototype.readIntLE = function readIntLE (offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, byteLength, this.length)
var val = this[offset]
var mul = 1
var i = 0
while (++i < byteLength && (mul *= 0x100)) {
val += this[offset + i] * mul
}
mul *= 0x80
if (val >= mul) val -= Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength)
return val
}
Buffer.prototype.readIntBE = function readIntBE (offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, byteLength, this.length)
var i = byteLength
var mul = 1
var val = this[offset + --i]
while (i > 0 && (mul *= 0x100)) {
val += this[offset + --i] * mul
}
mul *= 0x80
if (val >= mul) val -= Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength)
return val
}
Buffer.prototype.readInt8 = function readInt8 (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 1, this.length)
if (!(this[offset] & 0x80)) return (this[offset])
return ((0xff - this[offset] + 1) * -1)
}
Buffer.prototype.readInt16LE = function readInt16LE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 2, this.length)
var val = this[offset] | (this[offset + 1] << 8)
return (val & 0x8000) ? val | 0xFFFF0000 : val
}
Buffer.prototype.readInt16BE = function readInt16BE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 2, this.length)
var val = this[offset + 1] | (this[offset] << 8)
return (val & 0x8000) ? val | 0xFFFF0000 : val
}
Buffer.prototype.readInt32LE = function readInt32LE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return (this[offset]) |
(this[offset + 1] << 8) |
(this[offset + 2] << 16) |
(this[offset + 3] << 24)
}
Buffer.prototype.readInt32BE = function readInt32BE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return (this[offset] << 24) |
(this[offset + 1] << 16) |
(this[offset + 2] << 8) |
(this[offset + 3])
}
Buffer.prototype.readFloatLE = function readFloatLE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return ieee754.read(this, offset, true, 23, 4)
}
Buffer.prototype.readFloatBE = function readFloatBE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 4, this.length)
return ieee754.read(this, offset, false, 23, 4)
}
Buffer.prototype.readDoubleLE = function readDoubleLE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 8, this.length)
return ieee754.read(this, offset, true, 52, 8)
}
Buffer.prototype.readDoubleBE = function readDoubleBE (offset, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) checkOffset(offset, 8, this.length)
return ieee754.read(this, offset, false, 52, 8)
}
function checkInt (buf, value, offset, ext, max, min) {
if (!Buffer.isBuffer(buf)) throw new TypeError('buffer must be a Buffer instance')
if (value > max || value < min) throw new RangeError('value is out of bounds')
if (offset + ext > buf.length) throw new RangeError('index out of range')
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUIntLE = function writeUIntLE (value, offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, byteLength, Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength), 0)
var mul = 1
var i = 0
this[offset] = value & 0xFF
while (++i < byteLength && (mul *= 0x100)) {
this[offset + i] = (value / mul) & 0xFF
}
return offset + byteLength
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUIntBE = function writeUIntBE (value, offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
byteLength = byteLength | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, byteLength, Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength), 0)
var i = byteLength - 1
var mul = 1
this[offset + i] = value & 0xFF
while (--i >= 0 && (mul *= 0x100)) {
this[offset + i] = (value / mul) & 0xFF
}
return offset + byteLength
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUInt8 = function writeUInt8 (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 1, 0xff, 0)
if (!Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) value = Math.floor(value)
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
return offset + 1
}
function objectWriteUInt16 (buf, value, offset, littleEndian) {
if (value < 0) value = 0xffff + value + 1
for (var i = 0, j = Math.min(buf.length - offset, 2); i < j; i++) {
buf[offset + i] = (value & (0xff << (8 * (littleEndian ? i : 1 - i)))) >>>
(littleEndian ? i : 1 - i) * 8
}
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUInt16LE = function writeUInt16LE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 2, 0xffff, 0)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 8)
} else {
objectWriteUInt16(this, value, offset, true)
}
return offset + 2
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUInt16BE = function writeUInt16BE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 2, 0xffff, 0)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset + 1] = (value & 0xff)
} else {
objectWriteUInt16(this, value, offset, false)
}
return offset + 2
}
function objectWriteUInt32 (buf, value, offset, littleEndian) {
if (value < 0) value = 0xffffffff + value + 1
for (var i = 0, j = Math.min(buf.length - offset, 4); i < j; i++) {
buf[offset + i] = (value >>> (littleEndian ? i : 3 - i) * 8) & 0xff
}
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUInt32LE = function writeUInt32LE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 4, 0xffffffff, 0)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset + 3] = (value >>> 24)
this[offset + 2] = (value >>> 16)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
} else {
objectWriteUInt32(this, value, offset, true)
}
return offset + 4
}
Buffer.prototype.writeUInt32BE = function writeUInt32BE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 4, 0xffffffff, 0)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value >>> 24)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 16)
this[offset + 2] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset + 3] = (value & 0xff)
} else {
objectWriteUInt32(this, value, offset, false)
}
return offset + 4
}
Buffer.prototype.writeIntLE = function writeIntLE (value, offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) {
var limit = Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength - 1)
checkInt(this, value, offset, byteLength, limit - 1, -limit)
}
var i = 0
var mul = 1
var sub = value < 0 ? 1 : 0
this[offset] = value & 0xFF
while (++i < byteLength && (mul *= 0x100)) {
this[offset + i] = ((value / mul) >> 0) - sub & 0xFF
}
return offset + byteLength
}
Buffer.prototype.writeIntBE = function writeIntBE (value, offset, byteLength, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) {
var limit = Math.pow(2, 8 * byteLength - 1)
checkInt(this, value, offset, byteLength, limit - 1, -limit)
}
var i = byteLength - 1
var mul = 1
var sub = value < 0 ? 1 : 0
this[offset + i] = value & 0xFF
while (--i >= 0 && (mul *= 0x100)) {
this[offset + i] = ((value / mul) >> 0) - sub & 0xFF
}
return offset + byteLength
}
Buffer.prototype.writeInt8 = function writeInt8 (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 1, 0x7f, -0x80)
if (!Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) value = Math.floor(value)
if (value < 0) value = 0xff + value + 1
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
return offset + 1
}
Buffer.prototype.writeInt16LE = function writeInt16LE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 2, 0x7fff, -0x8000)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 8)
} else {
objectWriteUInt16(this, value, offset, true)
}
return offset + 2
}
Buffer.prototype.writeInt16BE = function writeInt16BE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 2, 0x7fff, -0x8000)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset + 1] = (value & 0xff)
} else {
objectWriteUInt16(this, value, offset, false)
}
return offset + 2
}
Buffer.prototype.writeInt32LE = function writeInt32LE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 4, 0x7fffffff, -0x80000000)
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value & 0xff)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset + 2] = (value >>> 16)
this[offset + 3] = (value >>> 24)
} else {
objectWriteUInt32(this, value, offset, true)
}
return offset + 4
}
Buffer.prototype.writeInt32BE = function writeInt32BE (value, offset, noAssert) {
value = +value
offset = offset | 0
if (!noAssert) checkInt(this, value, offset, 4, 0x7fffffff, -0x80000000)
if (value < 0) value = 0xffffffff + value + 1
if (Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
this[offset] = (value >>> 24)
this[offset + 1] = (value >>> 16)
this[offset + 2] = (value >>> 8)
this[offset + 3] = (value & 0xff)
} else {
objectWriteUInt32(this, value, offset, false)
}
return offset + 4
}
function checkIEEE754 (buf, value, offset, ext, max, min) {
if (value > max || value < min) throw new RangeError('value is out of bounds')
if (offset + ext > buf.length) throw new RangeError('index out of range')
if (offset < 0) throw new RangeError('index out of range')
}
function writeFloat (buf, value, offset, littleEndian, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) {
checkIEEE754(buf, value, offset, 4, 3.4028234663852886e+38, -3.4028234663852886e+38)
}
ieee754.write(buf, value, offset, littleEndian, 23, 4)
return offset + 4
}
Buffer.prototype.writeFloatLE = function writeFloatLE (value, offset, noAssert) {
return writeFloat(this, value, offset, true, noAssert)
}
Buffer.prototype.writeFloatBE = function writeFloatBE (value, offset, noAssert) {
return writeFloat(this, value, offset, false, noAssert)
}
function writeDouble (buf, value, offset, littleEndian, noAssert) {
if (!noAssert) {
checkIEEE754(buf, value, offset, 8, 1.7976931348623157E+308, -1.7976931348623157E+308)
}
ieee754.write(buf, value, offset, littleEndian, 52, 8)
return offset + 8
}
Buffer.prototype.writeDoubleLE = function writeDoubleLE (value, offset, noAssert) {
return writeDouble(this, value, offset, true, noAssert)
}
Buffer.prototype.writeDoubleBE = function writeDoubleBE (value, offset, noAssert) {
return writeDouble(this, value, offset, false, noAssert)
}
// copy(targetBuffer, targetStart=0, sourceStart=0, sourceEnd=buffer.length)
Buffer.prototype.copy = function copy (target, targetStart, start, end) {
if (!start) start = 0
if (!end && end !== 0) end = this.length
if (targetStart >= target.length) targetStart = target.length
if (!targetStart) targetStart = 0
if (end > 0 && end < start) end = start
// Copy 0 bytes; we're done
if (end === start) return 0
if (target.length === 0 || this.length === 0) return 0
// Fatal error conditions
if (targetStart < 0) {
throw new RangeError('targetStart out of bounds')
}
if (start < 0 || start >= this.length) throw new RangeError('sourceStart out of bounds')
if (end < 0) throw new RangeError('sourceEnd out of bounds')
// Are we oob?
if (end > this.length) end = this.length
if (target.length - targetStart < end - start) {
end = target.length - targetStart + start
}
var len = end - start
var i
if (this === target && start < targetStart && targetStart < end) {
// descending copy from end
for (i = len - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
target[i + targetStart] = this[i + start]
}
} else if (len < 1000 || !Buffer.TYPED_ARRAY_SUPPORT) {
// ascending copy from start
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
target[i + targetStart] = this[i + start]
}
} else {
Uint8Array.prototype.set.call(
target,
this.subarray(start, start + len),
targetStart
)
}
return len
}
// fill(value, start=0, end=buffer.length)
Buffer.prototype.fill = function fill (value, start, end) {
if (!value) value = 0
if (!start) start = 0
if (!end) end = this.length
if (end < start) throw new RangeError('end < start')
// Fill 0 bytes; we're done
if (end === start) return
if (this.length === 0) return
if (start < 0 || start >= this.length) throw new RangeError('start out of bounds')
if (end < 0 || end > this.length) throw new RangeError('end out of bounds')
var i
if (typeof value === 'number') {
for (i = start; i < end; i++) {
this[i] = value
}
} else {
var bytes = utf8ToBytes(value.toString())
var len = bytes.length
for (i = start; i < end; i++) {
this[i] = bytes[i % len]
}
}
return this
}
// HELPER FUNCTIONS
// ================
var INVALID_BASE64_RE = /[^+\/0-9A-Za-z-_]/g
function base64clean (str) {
// Node strips out invalid characters like \n and \t from the string, base64-js does not
str = stringtrim(str).replace(INVALID_BASE64_RE, '')
// Node converts strings with length < 2 to ''
if (str.length < 2) return ''
// Node allows for non-padded base64 strings (missing trailing ===), base64-js does not
while (str.length % 4 !== 0) {
str = str + '='
}
return str
}
function stringtrim (str) {
if (str.trim) return str.trim()
return str.replace(/^\s+|\s+$/g, '')
}
function toHex (n) {
if (n < 16) return '0' + n.toString(16)
return n.toString(16)
}
function utf8ToBytes (string, units) {
units = units || Infinity
var codePoint
var length = string.length
var leadSurrogate = null
var bytes = []
for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
codePoint = string.charCodeAt(i)
// is surrogate component
if (codePoint > 0xD7FF && codePoint < 0xE000) {
// last char was a lead
if (!leadSurrogate) {
// no lead yet
if (codePoint > 0xDBFF) {
// unexpected trail
if ((units -= 3) > -1) bytes.push(0xEF, 0xBF, 0xBD)
continue
} else if (i + 1 === length) {
// unpaired lead
if ((units -= 3) > -1) bytes.push(0xEF, 0xBF, 0xBD)
continue
}
// valid lead
leadSurrogate = codePoint
continue
}
// 2 leads in a row
if (codePoint < 0xDC00) {
if ((units -= 3) > -1) bytes.push(0xEF, 0xBF, 0xBD)
leadSurrogate = codePoint
continue
}
// valid surrogate pair
codePoint = (leadSurrogate - 0xD800 << 10 | codePoint - 0xDC00) + 0x10000
} else if (leadSurrogate) {
// valid bmp char, but last char was a lead
if ((units -= 3) > -1) bytes.push(0xEF, 0xBF, 0xBD)
}
leadSurrogate = null
// encode utf8
if (codePoint < 0x80) {
if ((units -= 1) < 0) break
bytes.push(codePoint)
} else if (codePoint < 0x800) {
if ((units -= 2) < 0) break
bytes.push(
codePoint >> 0x6 | 0xC0,
codePoint & 0x3F | 0x80
)
} else if (codePoint < 0x10000) {
if ((units -= 3) < 0) break
bytes.push(
codePoint >> 0xC | 0xE0,
codePoint >> 0x6 & 0x3F | 0x80,
codePoint & 0x3F | 0x80
)
} else if (codePoint < 0x110000) {
if ((units -= 4) < 0) break
bytes.push(
codePoint >> 0x12 | 0xF0,
codePoint >> 0xC & 0x3F | 0x80,
codePoint >> 0x6 & 0x3F | 0x80,
codePoint & 0x3F | 0x80
)
} else {
throw new Error('Invalid code point')
}
}
return bytes
}
function asciiToBytes (str) {
var byteArray = []
for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
// Node's code seems to be doing this and not & 0x7F..
byteArray.push(str.charCodeAt(i) & 0xFF)
}
return byteArray
}
function utf16leToBytes (str, units) {
var c, hi, lo
var byteArray = []
for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
if ((units -= 2) < 0) break
c = str.charCodeAt(i)
hi = c >> 8
lo = c % 256
byteArray.push(lo)
byteArray.push(hi)
}
return byteArray
}
function base64ToBytes (str) {
return base64.toByteArray(base64clean(str))
}
function blitBuffer (src, dst, offset, length) {
for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
if ((i + offset >= dst.length) || (i >= src.length)) break
dst[i + offset] = src[i]
}
return i
}
})();
});
require.register("d3/build/d3.js", function(exports, require, module) {
require = __makeRelativeRequire(require, {}, "d3");
(function() {
// https://d3js.org Version 4.2.2. Copyright 2016 Mike Bostock.
(function (global, factory) {
typeof exports === 'object' && typeof module !== 'undefined' ? factory(exports) :
typeof define === 'function' && define.amd ? define(['exports'], factory) :
(factory((global.d3 = global.d3 || {})));
}(this, (function (exports) { 'use strict';
var version = "4.2.2";
function ascending(a, b) {
return a < b ? -1 : a > b ? 1 : a >= b ? 0 : NaN;
}
function bisector(compare) {
if (compare.length === 1) compare = ascendingComparator(compare);
return {
left: function(a, x, lo, hi) {
if (lo == null) lo = 0;
if (hi == null) hi = a.length;
while (lo < hi) {
var mid = lo + hi >>> 1;
if (compare(a[mid], x) < 0) lo = mid + 1;
else hi = mid;
}
return lo;
},
right: function(a, x, lo, hi) {
if (lo == null) lo = 0;
if (hi == null) hi = a.length;
while (lo < hi) {
var mid = lo + hi >>> 1;
if (compare(a[mid], x) > 0) hi = mid;
else lo = mid + 1;
}
return lo;
}
};
}
function ascendingComparator(f) {
return function(d, x) {
return ascending(f(d), x);
};
}
var ascendingBisect = bisector(ascending);
var bisectRight = ascendingBisect.right;
var bisectLeft = ascendingBisect.left;
function descending(a, b) {
return b < a ? -1 : b > a ? 1 : b >= a ? 0 : NaN;
}
function number(x) {
return x === null ? NaN : +x;
}
function variance(array, f) {
var n = array.length,
m = 0,
a,
d,
s = 0,
i = -1,
j = 0;
if (f == null) {
while (++i < n) {
if (!isNaN(a = number(array[i]))) {
d = a - m;
m += d / ++j;
s += d * (a - m);
}
}
}
else {
while (++i < n) {
if (!isNaN(a = number(f(array[i], i, array)))) {
d = a - m;
m += d / ++j;
s += d * (a - m);
}
}
}
if (j > 1) return s / (j - 1);
}
function deviation(array, f) {
var v = variance(array, f);
return v ? Math.sqrt(v) : v;
}
function extent(array, f) {
var i = -1,
n = array.length,
a,
b,
c;
if (f == null) {
while (++i < n) if ((b = array[i]) != null && b >= b) { a = c = b; break; }
while (++i < n) if ((b = array[i]) != null) {
if (a > b) a = b;
if (c < b) c = b;
}
}
else {
while (++i < n) if ((b = f(array[i], i, array)) != null && b >= b) { a = c = b; break; }
while (++i < n) if ((b = f(array[i], i, array)) != null) {
if (a > b) a = b;
if (c < b) c = b;
}
}
return [a, c];
}
var array = Array.prototype;
var slice = array.slice;
var map = array.map;
function constant(x) {
return function() {
return x;
};
}
function identity(x) {
return x;
}
function range(start, stop, step) {
start = +start, stop = +stop, step = (n = arguments.length) < 2 ? (stop = start, start = 0, 1) : n < 3 ? 1 : +step;
var i = -1,
n = Math.max(0, Math.ceil((stop - start) / step)) | 0,
range = new Array(n);
while (++i < n) {
range[i] = start + i * step;
}
return range;
}
var e10 = Math.sqrt(50);
var e5 = Math.sqrt(10);
var e2 = Math.sqrt(2);
function ticks(start, stop, count) {
var step = tickStep(start, stop, count);
return range(
Math.ceil(start / step) * step,
Math.floor(stop / step) * step + step / 2, // inclusive
step
);
}
function tickStep(start, stop, count) {
var step0 = Math.abs(stop - start) / Math.max(0, count),
step1 = Math.pow(10, Math.floor