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Android RSA cipher helper with system generated key. No more static final String key in our class - an approach which is very vulnerable to reverse engineering attack.
import android.os.Build
import android.security.KeyPairGeneratorSpec
import android.security.keystore.KeyGenParameterSpec
import android.security.keystore.KeyProperties
import android.util.Base64
import timber.log.Timber
import java.math.BigInteger
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator
import java.security.KeyStore
import java.security.Security
import java.security.spec.RSAKeyGenParameterSpec
import java.security.spec.RSAKeyGenParameterSpec.F4
import java.util.*
import javax.crypto.Cipher
import javax.security.auth.x500.X500Principal
/**
* String encryption/decryption helper with system generated key.
*
* Results generated by this class are very difficult but not impossible to break. Since Android is
* easy to decompile and attacker knows how the key generation and usage is implemented. It means
* replay attack is still possible so attackers have a reliable chance better than brute force.
*
* Therefore, do not plant any values on this class which maybe used as attack vectors - such as
* unique device identifiers(MAC address, OS version, etc.), nano timestamp, constants not related
* to cipher specifications, etc.
*
* @author Francesco Jo(nimbusob@gmail.com)
* @since 25 - May - 2018
*/
object AndroidRsaCipherHelper {
/** All inputs are must be shorter than 2048 bits(256 bytes) */
private const val KEY_LENGTH_BIT = 2048
// Let's think about this problem in 2043
private const val VALIDITY_YEARS = 25
private const val KEY_PROVIDER_NAME = "AndroidKeyStore"
private const val CIPHER_ALGORITHM =
"${KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_RSA}/" +
"${KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_ECB}/" +
KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_RSA_PKCS1
private lateinit var keyEntry: KeyStore.Entry
// Private only backing field
@Suppress("ObjectPropertyName")
private var _isSupported = false
val isSupported: Boolean
get() = _isSupported
private lateinit var appContext: Context
internal fun init(applicationContext: Context) {
if (isSupported) {
Timber.w("Already initialised - Do not attempt to initialise this twice")
return
}
this.appContext = applicationContext
val alias = "${appContext.packageName}.rsakeypairs"
val keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("AndroidKeyStore").apply({
load(null)
})
val result: Boolean
result = if (keyStore.containsAlias(alias)) {
true
} else {
Timber.v("No keypair for %s, creating a new one", alias)
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT > Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP_MR1 && initAndroidM(alias)) {
true
} else {
initAndroidL(alias)
}
}
this.keyEntry = keyStore.getEntry(alias, null)
_isSupported = result
}
private fun initAndroidM(alias: String): Boolean {
try {
with(KeyPairGenerator.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_RSA, KEY_PROVIDER_NAME), {
val spec = KeyGenParameterSpec.Builder(alias,
KeyProperties.PURPOSE_ENCRYPT or KeyProperties.PURPOSE_DECRYPT)
.setAlgorithmParameterSpec(RSAKeyGenParameterSpec(KEY_LENGTH_BIT, F4))
.setBlockModes(KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC)
.setEncryptionPaddings(KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_RSA_PKCS1)
.setDigests(KeyProperties.DIGEST_SHA512,
KeyProperties.DIGEST_SHA384,
KeyProperties.DIGEST_SHA256)
/*
* Setting true only permit the private key to be used if the user authenticated
* within the last five minutes.
*/
.setUserAuthenticationRequired(false)
.build()
initialize(spec)
generateKeyPair()
})
Timber.i("Random keypair with %s/%s/%s is created.", KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_RSA,
KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC, KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_RSA_PKCS1)
return true
} catch (e: GeneralSecurityException) {
/*
* Nonsense, but some devices manufactured by developing countries have actual problem
* Consider using JCE substitutes like Spongy castle(Bouncy castle for android)
*/
Timber.w(e, "It seems that this device does not support RSA algorithm!!")
return false
}
}
/**
* Tested and verified working on Nexus 5s API Level 21, it is not guaranteed that this logic is valid on
* all Android L devices.
*/
private fun initAndroidL(alias: String): Boolean {
try {
with(KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA", KEY_PROVIDER_NAME), {
val start = Calendar.getInstance(Locale.ENGLISH)
val end = Calendar.getInstance(Locale.ENGLISH).apply { add(Calendar.YEAR, VALIDITY_YEARS) }
val spec = KeyPairGeneratorSpec.Builder(appContext)
.setKeySize(KEY_LENGTH_BIT)
.setAlias(alias)
.setSubject(X500Principal("CN=francescojo.github.com, OU=Android dev, O=Francesco Jo, L=Chiyoda, ST=Tokyo, C=JP"))
.setSerialNumber(BigInteger.ONE)
.setStartDate(start.time)
.setEndDate(end.time)
.build()
initialize(spec)
generateKeyPair()
})
Timber.i("Random RSA algorithm keypair is created.")
return true
} catch (e: GeneralSecurityException) {
Timber.w(e, "It seems that this device does not support encryption!!")
return false
}
}
/**
* Beware that input must be shorter than 256 bytes. The length limit of plainText could be dramatically
* shorter than 256 letters in certain character encoding, such as UTF-8.
*/
fun encrypt(plainText: String): String {
if (!_isSupported) {
return plainText
}
val cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM).apply({
init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, (keyEntry as KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry).certificate.publicKey)
})
val bytes = plainText.toByteArray(Charsets.UTF_8)
val encryptedBytes = cipher.doFinal(bytes)
val base64EncryptedBytes = Base64.encode(encryptedBytes, Base64.DEFAULT)
return String(base64EncryptedBytes)
}
fun decrypt(base64EncryptedCipherText: String): String {
if (!_isSupported) {
return base64EncryptedCipherText
}
val cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM).apply({
init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, (keyEntry as KeyStore.PrivateKeyEntry).privateKey)
})
val base64EncryptedBytes = base64EncryptedCipherText.toByteArray(Charsets.UTF_8)
val encryptedBytes = Base64.decode(base64EncryptedBytes, Base64.DEFAULT)
val decryptedBytes = cipher.doFinal(encryptedBytes)
return String(decryptedBytes)
}
}
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