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Setting up and using Python3, Pip3, Virtualenv (for Python3) and Virtualenvwrapper (for Python3)
First install pip for Python2. Download the get-pip.py file from https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py
$ cd <download location>
$ sudo -H python ./get-pip.py
Installing pip also installs Python3
To run Python3
$ python3
Install pip3 by just executing the same file as in the step above, but this time using Python3
$ sudo -H python3 ./get-pip.py
To install virtualenv via pip
$ sudo -H pip3 install virtualenv
{If you want to use virtualenv as is, read below, else skip to the next pair of braces}
Note that virtualenv installs to the python3 directory. For me it's:
$ /usr/local/share/python3/virtualenv
Create a virtualenvs directory to store all virtual environments
$ mkdir somewhere/virtualenvs
Make a new virtual environment with no packages
$ virtualenv somewhere/virtualenvs/<project-name> --no-site-packages
To use the virtual environment
$ cd somewhere/virtualenvs/<project-name>/bin
$ source activate
You are now using the virtual environment for <project-name>. To stop:
$ deactivate
{Continue installation}
To install virtualenvwrapper
$ sudo -H pip3 install virtualenvwrapper
Use the following command to find the location of Python3 on your system
$ which python3
Add the following lines to ~/.bashrc (or your own shell's initialisation file)
> VIRTUALENVWRAPPER_PYTHON='<Python3 location>'
> source /usr/local/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh
> WORKON_HOME=$HOME/.virtualenvs
Run the following commands
$ mkdir ~/.virtualenvs
$ source ~/.bashrc
All the virtual environments created using virtualenvwrapper will now be stored in ./virtualenvs
To create new Python3 virtual environment
$ mkvirtualenv <project name>
To create new Python2 virtual environment
$ mkvirtualenv --python=python2 <project name>
The virtualenv will automatically activate after creation
Install packages local to the python3 virtualenv (and not global to the system) using
$ pip3 install <package-name>
Install packages local to the python2 virtualenv (and not global to the system) using
$ pip install <package-name>
To exit the virtualenv
$ deactivate
@johndpope

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commented May 1, 2017

@gabrielfern

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commented May 5, 2017

well done, thanks

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jun 5, 2017

@johndpope That's interesting, but i still prefer sticking to virtualenvwrapper, as i like how it allows me to differentiate between a folder and a virtualenv. Also, with virtualenvwrapper, I can continue to work wherever I want to and with whichever v-env I need.

@gamesbook

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commented Jul 8, 2017

$ sudo -H pip install pip3

Collecting pip3
  Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement pip3 (from versions: )
No matching distribution found for pip3

I had to run:

sudo apt install python3-pip
@dancwilliams

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commented Jul 28, 2017

Thanks for capturing this. Helped out a LOT today.

@ichiLamuchy

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commented Aug 17, 2017

Thanks! Though I have error
bash: /usr/local/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh: No such file or directory
bash: /usr/local/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh: No such file or directory
bash: /Users/myName/.bash_profile: line 31: unexpected EOF while looking for matching `''
bash: /Users/myName/.bash_profile: line 37: syntax error: unexpected end of file
when I run source ~/.bash_profile.

I have been trying to set this up for a few days now.. Could anyone know why it can't see virtualenvwrapper.sh ?
I see the both site-package and python3 exist.

@lukaszjanyga

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commented Sep 11, 2017

@ichiLamuchy
You probably installed it to a different location - check under /usr/bin/virtualenvwrapper.sh

@ghocfef

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commented Jan 20, 2018

This duplicates absolutely everything in the limited user home folder, in the virtual environment. Is there a reasonably simple way to limit what gets imported into the virtual environment? I'd also like to be able to install local copies of various applications (such as text editors) instead of using the system-wide ones and having them lose access to, for example, their configuration files.

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jan 22, 2018

@ghocfef well the virtualenv library is basically only for python environments and its packages. There isn't a way to integrate the kind of functionality you're looking for in the current context, as far as i know.

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jan 22, 2018

@ichiLamuchy Are you sure you've installed virtualenvwrapper correctly? If you are then the only way forward is to locate the virtualenvwrapper.sh shell script. Check the location @alvarg93 suggests too. There is a chance you just installed the library elsewhere.

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jan 22, 2018

@gamesbook Yeah I've noticed that pip no longer let's you install pip3. However, using the default apt-repository may not be the best way to download pip3 as the version may be outdated. I've made amendments to the gist to now download the current release of pip3 too.

@azzamsa

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commented Apr 17, 2018

@IamAdiSri You rocks. Thanks lot.

I have some difficulties to understand the proper way to use virtualenv wrapper. Then here you go.

Thanks.

@MYeager1967

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commented Jul 1, 2018

Is it possible to run the GUI python3 program inside an existing virtual environment?

@asugai

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commented Jul 12, 2018

I believe an export may be missing here:

> VIRTUALENVWRAPPER_PYTHON='<Python3 location>'

shouldn't it be

> export VIRTUALENVWRAPPER_PYTHON='<Python3 location>'

according to this section of the install guide: http://virtualenvwrapper.readthedocs.io/en/latest/install.html#python-interpreter-virtualenv-and-path

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jul 22, 2018

@MYeager1967 As far as I know yes, python programs employing graphics libraries (such as Tkinter, and Pygame) will run in the virtual environment.

@IamAdiSri

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commented Jul 22, 2018

@asugai You need export to make the the variable available to any child processes. Since I'm only ever running the virtualenvs in the shell and since every time a new shell instance is created it reloads the configuration, we don't need to add export at the beginning of the command inside the shell's config file.
However, if you were to declare the variable manually every time you opened the shell (which would be inconvenient) then yes you can append export to the beginning of the statement.

Relevant stackoverflow post

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