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Handy script to prepare a bare Digital Ocean droplet for Rails deployed via Capistrano
#! /bin/bash
# this is a useful little script to setup a rails user, with postgresql, and nginx version of Phusion Passenger on a Digital Ocean droplet
# Once run it's ready to recieve a Capistrano deployment.
# The best way to run it is ssh root@my_do_host 'bash -s' <
set -e -x # die on the first error and send stdout to /var/log/syslog
#create a password and save it
PWD=$(cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'a-zA-Z0-9' | fold -w 20 | head -n 1)
mkdir -p passwords
echo "rails,$PWD" >> passwords/users.txt
#create a user called rails and allow them to sudo without a password
useradd -m -U -p $PWD -s /bin/bash rails
usermod -aG sudo rails
chmod u=rw /etc/sudoers.d/90-cloud-init-users
echo "rails ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL" >> /etc/sudoers.d/90-cloud-init-users
chmod u=r /etc/sudoers.d/90-cloud-init-users
#copy the authorized keys you used to create your droplet to the rails account
mkdir /home/rails/.ssh
cp .ssh/authorized_keys /home/rails/.ssh
chown -R rails:rails /home/rails/.ssh
# now start installing stuff
export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive # no prompts please
apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y
apt-get -y -q install build-essential
apt-get -y -q install libreadline6 libreadline6-dev
apt-get -y -q install libnotify-bin
apt-get install -y git-core
apt-get install -y postgresql postgresql-client postgresql-contrib
apt-get install -y libpq-dev
apt-get -y install xsltproc
apt-get -y install unzip
apt-get install -y libxslt1-dev libxml2-dev
apt-get install -y sqlite3
apt-get -y -q install libcurl4-openssl-dev
#you can cut this out if you want to use the rubyracer
curl -sL | bash -
apt-get -y -q install nodejs
#create a postgresql rails user
su postgres -c "cd && createuser rails --superuser"
su rails -c "cd & createdb rails"
#create a db password
DBPWD=$(cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'a-zA-Z0-9' | fold -w 20 | head -n 1)
echo "rails,$DBPWD" >> passwords/db_passwords.txt
#make sure the environment variable for the database password is the first line in .bashrc.
#this is required for Capistrano to deploy properly
sed -i "1iexport RAILS_PASSWORD=$DBPWD" /home/rails/.bashrc
# now put together a string with substrings that contain single and double quotes because we're going to be sending a string to su rails -c
# to set up the rails db password
temp1="alter role rails with password '$DBPWD'"
temp2="cd && psql -c \"$temp1\""
su rails -lc "$temp2"
#passenger phusion
apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys 561F9B9CAC40B2F7
apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates
sh -c 'echo deb xenial main > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/passenger.list'
apt-get update
apt-get install -y nginx-extras passenger
sed -i 's/# include \/etc\/nginx\/passenger.conf/include \/etc\/nginx\/passenger.conf/g' /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
service nginx restart
/usr/bin/passenger-config validate-install
#setup RVM in the rails account
su rails -c 'gpg --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3'
su rails -c '\curl -sSL | bash -s stable --ruby'
#and make sure bundler is in the shared global gems so Capistrano can run it to install your gems
#assuming you've got Capistrano3 rvm gem in your project
su rails -lc 'cd && rvm @global do gem install bundler'
#you might need this. But rails is in the sudoers group and has passwordless sudo rights
echo "Rails user password is $PWD"
#you'll might need this. But if you set
# password: <%= ENV['RAILS_PASSWORD'] %>
# in your database.yml then it'll pick it up from the environment set up in the first line of .bashrc
echo "Rails db password is $DBPWD"
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