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A BASH script to download NASA's picture of the day (http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/astropix.html) automatically saving and setting as wallpaper and saving optional description of image to text.
#!/bin/bash
# Copyright (c) 2011 Josh Schreuder
# http://www.postteenageliving.com
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.
# ********************************
# *** OPTIONS
# ********************************
# Set this to 'yes' to save a description (to ~/description.txt) from APOD page
GET_DESCRIPTION="yes"
# Set this to the directory you want pictures saved
PICTURES_DIR=~/Pictures
# Set this to the directory you want description saved
DESCRIPTION_DIR=~
# ********************************
# *** FUNCTIONS
# ********************************
function get_page {
echo "Downloading page to find image"
wget http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ --quiet -O /tmp/apod.html
grep -m 1 jpg /tmp/apod.html | sed -e 's/<//' -e 's/>//' -e 's/.*=//' -e 's/"//g' -e 's/^/http:\/\/apod.nasa.gov\/apod\//' > /tmp/pic_url
}
function save_description {
if [ ${GET_DESCRIPTION} == "yes" ]; then
echo "Getting description from page"
# Get description
if [ -e $DESCRIPTION_DIR/description.txt ]; then
rm $DESCRIPTION_DIR/description.txt
fi
if [ ! -e /tmp/apod.html ]; then
get_page
fi
echo "Parsing description"
sed -n '/<b> Explanation: <\/b>/,/<p> <center>/p' /tmp/apod.html |
sed -e :a -e 's/<[^>]*>//g;/</N;//ba' |
grep -Ev 'Explanation:' |
tr '\n' ' ' |
sed 's/ /\n\n/g' |
awk 'NF { print $0 "\n" }' |
sed 's/^[ \t]*//' |
sed 's/[ \t]*$//' > $DESCRIPTION_DIR/description.txt
fi
}
function clean_up {
# Clean up
echo "Cleaning up temporary files"
if [ -e "/tmp/pic_url" ]; then
rm /tmp/pic_url
fi
if [ -e "/tmp/apod.html" ]; then
rm /tmp/apod.html
fi
}
# ********************************
# *** MAIN
# ********************************
echo "===================="
echo "== APOD Wallpaper =="
echo "===================="
# Set date
TODAY=$(date +'%Y%m%d')
# If we don't have the image already today
if [ ! -e ~/Pictures/${TODAY}_apod.jpg ]; then
echo "We don't have the picture saved, save it"
get_page
# Got the link to the image
PICURL=`/bin/cat /tmp/pic_url`
echo "Picture URL is: ${PICURL}"
echo "Downloading image"
wget --quiet $PICURL -O $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
echo "Setting image as wallpaper"
gconftool-2 -t string -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
save_description
# Else if we have it already, check if it's the most updated copy
else
get_page
# Got the link to the image
PICURL=`/bin/cat /tmp/pic_url`
echo "Picture URL is: ${PICURL}"
# Get the filesize
SITEFILESIZE=$(wget --spider $PICURL 2>&1 | grep Length | awk '{print $2}')
FILEFILESIZE=$(stat -c %s $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg)
# If the picture has been updated
if [ $SITEFILESIZE != $FILEFILESIZE ]; then
echo "The picture has been updated, getting updated copy"
rm $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
# Got the link to the image
PICURL=`/bin/cat /tmp/pic_url`
echo "Downloading image"
wget --quiet $PICURL -O $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
echo "Setting image as wallpaper"
gconftool-2 -t string -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename $PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
save_description
# If the picture is the same
else
echo "Picture is the same, finishing up"
fi
fi
clean_up
@Jaczel

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commented Aug 23, 2015

The gconftool command needs to be updated to:

gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri file:///$PICTURES_DIR/${TODAY}_apod.jpg
@atenrok

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commented Apr 26, 2017

why do you still use explicit path "~/Pictures" in the code, if you have already defined PICTURES_DIR?

@DhruvKoolRajamani

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commented Jul 8, 2019

If you're interested, I've modified the script as per @atenrok's suggestion and created a script to add it to a cron job that'll update the wallpaper once every day.
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