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Connecting to Redis from Yesod

Connecting to Redis from Yesod

This is a quick run-through of how I connected to Redis from a Yesod site (which used the default scaffolding). There isn't much specific to Redis here, so this information should apply to connecting to any database or service from Yesod.

Background: Basics of Hedis

First, a brief intro of the basics of Hedis:

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}

module Main where

import qualified Database.Redis as R

main :: IO ()
main = do
  -- Establish a connection to Redis (actually creates a connection pool)
  conn <- R.connect R.defaultConnectInfo

  -- Using one of the connections, run commands against Redis.
  result <- R.runRedis conn $ do
               R.set "key" "value"
               R.get "key"
  print (result == Right (Just "value")) -- True

If you're not doing Pub/Sub, that's all there is to using Hedis. For more information, consult the Hedis Haddocks.

Installation

Add hedis to the cabal file, then install using either Stack or Cabal:

build-depends: base
             , yesod
               ...
             , hedis

You saw before that we needed to establish a connection to Redis before issuing commands to it. We'll want to access that connection in our Handlers instead of making a new connection to Redis for each request. To do this, we'll add the connection pool as a field on the App data type, which we can later access in Handlers using getYesod:

-- Foundation.hs
import qualified Database.Redis as R


data App = App
    { appSettings    :: AppSettings
    , appStatic      :: Static
    , appConnPool    :: ConnectionPool
    , appHttpManager :: Manager
    , appLogger      :: Logger
    , appRedisPool   :: R.Connection -- Our addition
    }

When we instantiate our App in the makeFoundation function, we'll need to add a Redis Connection as one of the fields:

-- Application.hs
import qualified Database.Redis as R

makeFoundation :: AppSettings -> IO App
makeFoundation appSettings = do
    ...

	appRedisPool <- R.connect R.defaultConnectInfo

	let mkFoundation appConnPool = App {..} -- RecordWildCards will fill out the appRedisPool field

Now we can access the App in our Handlers using getYesod, and from it the Redis connection pool:

import qualified Database.Redis as R


getHomeR :: Handler Html
getHomeR = do
    app <- getYesod
    let redisPool = appRedisPool app

    liftIO $ R.runRedis redisPool $ do
      _ <- R.set "key" "value"
      R.get "key"

At this point you're using Redis from Yesod. The rest of this guide will just improve on the code shown so far.

Make using Redis from a Handler more convenient:

Our current way of calling into Redis is a little tedious. Similar to functions like runDB, we'll create a function to remove the boilerplate from calling into Redis:

-- I added this to a new module in Handler/Util.hs

handlerRunRedis :: R.Redis a -> Handler a
handlerRunRedis redisAction = do
    redisPool <- appRedisPool <$> getYesod
    liftIO $ R.runRedis redisPool redisAction

Usage:

handlerRunRedis $ do
      _ <- R.set "hello" "hello"
      _ <- R.set "world" "world"
      hello <- R.get "hello"
      world <- R.get "world"
      liftIO $ print (hello,world)

Allow configuring Redis from a config file

If you look at makeFoundation, you can see it takes an AppSettings as a parameter to configure the App it returns. Hedis uses a ConnectInfo record for configuration, so we'll add that as a field to AppSettings:

-- Settings.hs
import qualified Database.Redis as R


data AppSettings = AppSettings
    { appStaticDir              :: String
    -- ^ Directory from which to serve static files.
    , appDatabaseConf           :: PostgresConf
    -- ^ Configuration settings for accessing the database.
    , appRedisConf              :: R.ConnectInfo
    -- ...
    }

The AppSettings record is parsed with a FromJSON instance defined in Settings.hs, so we'll need a way to create a Hedis ConnectInfo from JSON as well. Typically you'd derive an instance, but we'd like to use the default values of ConnectInfo and just override them as necessary.

For this I used the hedis-config package, which provides a newtype wrapper around ConnectInfo called RedisConfig (the newtype wrapper is just used to avoid orphan instances). We'll parse a RedisConfig from JSON and unwrap it into a ConnectInfo:

import qualified Database.Redis.Config as RC


instance FromJSON AppSettings where
    parseJSON = withObject "AppSettings" $ \o -> do
        -- ...
        appRedisConf <- RC.getConnectInfo <$> (o .: "redis")

        return AppSettings {..}

Now we'll add a redis section to our config file:

redis:
    max-connections: 100

Note that we're writing FromJSON instances even though we're parsing a YAML settings file. This is because the yaml package (Data.Yaml) parses the YAML into an aeson Value, which can then be parsed with FromJSON instances. (This just lets us reuse all our existing FromJSON instances for convenience).

Back in our makeFoundation function, we'll just pass the ConnectInfo from the AppSettings when creating our connection pool:

makeFoundation :: AppSettings -> IO App
makeFoundation appSettings = do
  ...
  appRedisPool <- R.connect (appRedisConf appSettings)

To confirm your changes took effect, you can print the configuration before using it:

import Debug.Trace


let redisConf = appRedisConf appSettings
traceShowM $ "Redis Conf is: " ++ show redisConf
appRedisPool <- R.connect redisConf

Conclusion

Connecting to Redis from Yesod is pretty simple—the core of it is:

  1. Add a connection pool field to your App data type
  2. Create the connection pool in makeFoundation
  3. Access the connection pool from Handlers using getYesod

Even if you don't end up using Redis, this pattern applies to connecting to other services as well, so it should be useful regardless. Enjoy using Redis!

Nice introduction to Redis in Yesod @MaxGabriel !

This article will be shared in our next RedisWeekly tomorrow morning :) !

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