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Created February 7, 2021 13:19
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This is the report from a security audit performed on Shield Protocol by MrCrambo.

The audit focused primarily on the security of Ezo smart contracts.

In scope



In total, 1 issue were reported including:

  • 0 high severity issues.

  • 0 medium severity issues.

  • 1 low severity issues.

  • 0 owner privilegies issues.

Security issues

1. Known vulnerabilities of ERC-20 token

Severity: low severity


  1. It is possible to double withdrawal attack. More details here.

  2. Lack of transaction handling mechanism issue. WARNING! This is a very common issue and it already caused millions of dollars losses for lots of token users! More details here.


Add into a function transfer(address _to, ... ) following code:

require( _to != address(this) );


Smart contract contains only low severity issue.

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