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SQLiteOpenHelper for MOE
package android.database.sqlite;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.DatabaseErrorHandler;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory;
import android.util.Log;
/**
* A helper class to manage database creation and version management.
*
* <p>You create a subclass implementing {@link #onCreate}, {@link #onUpgrade} and
* optionally {@link #onOpen}, and this class takes care of opening the database
* if it exists, creating it if it does not, and upgrading it as necessary.
* Transactions are used to make sure the database is always in a sensible state.
*
* <p>This class makes it easy for {@link android.content.ContentProvider}
* implementations to defer opening and upgrading the database until first use,
* to avoid blocking application startup with long-running database upgrades.
*
* <p>For an example, see the NotePadProvider class in the NotePad sample application,
* in the <em>samples/</em> directory of the SDK.</p>
*
* <p class="note"><strong>Note:</strong> this class assumes
* monotonically increasing version numbers for upgrades.</p>
*/
public abstract class SQLiteOpenHelper {
private static final String TAG = SQLiteOpenHelper.class.getSimpleName();
// When true, getReadableDatabase returns a read-only database if it is just being opened.
// The database handle is reopened in read/write mode when getWritableDatabase is called.
// We leave this behavior disabled in production because it is inefficient and breaks
// many applications. For debugging purposes it can be useful to turn on strict
// read-only semantics to catch applications that call getReadableDatabase when they really
// wanted getWritableDatabase.
private static final boolean DEBUG_STRICT_READONLY = false;
private final Context mContext;
private final String mName;
private final CursorFactory mFactory;
private final int mNewVersion;
private SQLiteDatabase mDatabase;
private boolean mIsInitializing;
private boolean mEnableWriteAheadLogging;
private final DatabaseErrorHandler mErrorHandler;
/**
* Create a helper object to create, open, and/or manage a database.
* This method always returns very quickly. The database is not actually
* created or opened until one of {@link #getWritableDatabase} or
* {@link #getReadableDatabase} is called.
*
* @param context to use to open or create the database
* @param name of the database file, or null for an in-memory database
* @param factory to use for creating cursor objects, or null for the default
* @param version number of the database (starting at 1); if the database is older,
* {@link #onUpgrade} will be used to upgrade the database; if the database is
* newer, {@link #onDowngrade} will be used to downgrade the database
*/
public SQLiteOpenHelper(Context context, String name, CursorFactory factory, int version) {
this(context, name, factory, version, null);
}
/**
* Create a helper object to create, open, and/or manage a database.
* The database is not actually created or opened until one of
* {@link #getWritableDatabase} or {@link #getReadableDatabase} is called.
*
* <p>Accepts input param: a concrete instance of {@link DatabaseErrorHandler} to be
* used to handle corruption when sqlite reports database corruption.</p>
*
* @param context to use to open or create the database
* @param name of the database file, or null for an in-memory database
* @param factory to use for creating cursor objects, or null for the default
* @param version number of the database (starting at 1); if the database is older,
* {@link #onUpgrade} will be used to upgrade the database; if the database is
* newer, {@link #onDowngrade} will be used to downgrade the database
* @param errorHandler the {@link DatabaseErrorHandler} to be used when sqlite reports database
* corruption, or null to use the default error handler.
*/
public SQLiteOpenHelper(Context context, String name, CursorFactory factory, int version,
DatabaseErrorHandler errorHandler) {
if (version < 1) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Version must be >= 1, was " + version);
mContext = context;
mName = name;
mFactory = factory;
mNewVersion = version;
mErrorHandler = errorHandler;
}
/**
* Return the name of the SQLite database being opened, as given to
* the constructor.
*/
public String getDatabaseName() {
return mName;
}
/**
* Enables or disables the use of write-ahead logging for the database.
*
* Write-ahead logging cannot be used with read-only databases so the value of
* this flag is ignored if the database is opened read-only.
*
* @param enabled True if write-ahead logging should be enabled, false if it
* should be disabled.
*
* @see SQLiteDatabase#enableWriteAheadLogging()
*/
public void setWriteAheadLoggingEnabled(boolean enabled) {
synchronized (this) {
if (mEnableWriteAheadLogging != enabled) {
if (mDatabase != null && mDatabase.isOpen() && !mDatabase.isReadOnly()) {
if (enabled) {
mDatabase.enableWriteAheadLogging();
} else {
mDatabase.disableWriteAheadLogging();
}
}
mEnableWriteAheadLogging = enabled;
}
}
}
/**
* Create and/or open a database that will be used for reading and writing.
* The first time this is called, the database will be opened and
* {@link #onCreate}, {@link #onUpgrade} and/or {@link #onOpen} will be
* called.
*
* <p>Once opened successfully, the database is cached, so you can
* call this method every time you need to write to the database.
* (Make sure to call {@link #close} when you no longer need the database.)
* Errors such as bad permissions or a full disk may cause this method
* to fail, but future attempts may succeed if the problem is fixed.</p>
*
* <p class="caution">Database upgrade may take a long time, you
* should not call this method from the application main thread, including
* from {@link android.content.ContentProvider#onCreate ContentProvider.onCreate()}.
*
* @throws SQLiteException if the database cannot be opened for writing
* @return a read/write database object valid until {@link #close} is called
*/
public SQLiteDatabase getWritableDatabase() {
synchronized (this) {
return getDatabaseLocked(true);
}
}
/**
* Create and/or open a database. This will be the same object returned by
* {@link #getWritableDatabase} unless some problem, such as a full disk,
* requires the database to be opened read-only. In that case, a read-only
* database object will be returned. If the problem is fixed, a future call
* to {@link #getWritableDatabase} may succeed, in which case the read-only
* database object will be closed and the read/write object will be returned
* in the future.
*
* <p class="caution">Like {@link #getWritableDatabase}, this method may
* take a long time to return, so you should not call it from the
* application main thread, including from
* {@link android.content.ContentProvider#onCreate ContentProvider.onCreate()}.
*
* @throws SQLiteException if the database cannot be opened
* @return a database object valid until {@link #getWritableDatabase}
* or {@link #close} is called.
*/
public SQLiteDatabase getReadableDatabase() {
synchronized (this) {
return getDatabaseLocked(false);
}
}
private SQLiteDatabase getDatabaseLocked(boolean writable) {
if (mDatabase != null) {
if (!mDatabase.isOpen()) {
// Darn! The user closed the database by calling mDatabase.close().
mDatabase = null;
} else if (!writable || !mDatabase.isReadOnly()) {
// The database is already open for business.
return mDatabase;
}
}
if (mIsInitializing) {
throw new IllegalStateException("getDatabase called recursively");
}
SQLiteDatabase db = mDatabase;
try {
mIsInitializing = true;
if (db != null) {
if (writable && db.isReadOnly()) {
db.reopenReadWrite();
}
} else if (mName == null) {
db = SQLiteDatabase.create(null);
} else {
try {
if (DEBUG_STRICT_READONLY && !writable) {
final String path = mContext.getDatabasePath(mName).getPath();
db = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(path, mFactory,
SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY, mErrorHandler);
} else {
// db = mContext.openOrCreateDatabase(mName, mEnableWriteAheadLogging ?
// Context.MODE_ENABLE_WRITE_AHEAD_LOGGING : 0,
// mFactory, mErrorHandler);
final String path = mContext.getDatabasePath(mName).getPath();
db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase( path, mFactory, mErrorHandler );
}
} catch (SQLiteException ex) {
if (writable) {
throw ex;
}
Log.e(TAG, "Couldn't open " + mName
+ " for writing (will try read-only):", ex);
final String path = mContext.getDatabasePath(mName).getPath();
db = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(path, mFactory,
SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY, mErrorHandler);
}
}
onConfigure(db);
final int version = db.getVersion();
if (version != mNewVersion) {
if (db.isReadOnly()) {
throw new SQLiteException("Can't upgrade read-only database from version " +
db.getVersion() + " to " + mNewVersion + ": " + mName);
}
db.beginTransaction();
try {
if (version == 0) {
onCreate(db);
} else {
if (version > mNewVersion) {
onDowngrade(db, version, mNewVersion);
} else {
onUpgrade(db, version, mNewVersion);
}
}
db.setVersion(mNewVersion);
db.setTransactionSuccessful();
} finally {
db.endTransaction();
}
}
onOpen(db);
if (db.isReadOnly()) {
Log.w(TAG, "Opened " + mName + " in read-only mode");
}
mDatabase = db;
return db;
} finally {
mIsInitializing = false;
if (db != null && db != mDatabase) {
db.close();
}
}
}
/**
* Close any open database object.
*/
public synchronized void close() {
if (mIsInitializing) throw new IllegalStateException("Closed during initialization");
if (mDatabase != null && mDatabase.isOpen()) {
mDatabase.close();
mDatabase = null;
}
}
/**
* Called when the database connection is being configured, to enable features
* such as write-ahead logging or foreign key support.
* <p>
* This method is called before {@link #onCreate}, {@link #onUpgrade},
* {@link #onDowngrade}, or {@link #onOpen} are called. It should not modify
* the database except to configure the database connection as required.
* </p><p>
* This method should only call methods that configure the parameters of the
* database connection, such as {@link SQLiteDatabase#enableWriteAheadLogging}
* {@link SQLiteDatabase#setForeignKeyConstraintsEnabled},
* {@link SQLiteDatabase#setLocale}, {@link SQLiteDatabase#setMaximumSize},
* or executing PRAGMA statements.
* </p>
*
* @param db The database.
*/
public void onConfigure(SQLiteDatabase db) {}
/**
* Called when the database is created for the first time. This is where the
* creation of tables and the initial population of the tables should happen.
*
* @param db The database.
*/
public abstract void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db);
/**
* Called when the database needs to be upgraded. The implementation
* should use this method to drop tables, add tables, or do anything else it
* needs to upgrade to the new schema version.
*
* <p>
* The SQLite ALTER TABLE documentation can be found
* <a href="http://sqlite.org/lang_altertable.html">here</a>. If you add new columns
* you can use ALTER TABLE to insert them into a live table. If you rename or remove columns
* you can use ALTER TABLE to rename the old table, then create the new table and then
* populate the new table with the contents of the old table.
* </p><p>
* This method executes within a transaction. If an exception is thrown, all changes
* will automatically be rolled back.
* </p>
*
* @param db The database.
* @param oldVersion The old database version.
* @param newVersion The new database version.
*/
public abstract void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion);
/**
* Called when the database needs to be downgraded. This is strictly similar to
* {@link #onUpgrade} method, but is called whenever current version is newer than requested one.
* However, this method is not abstract, so it is not mandatory for a customer to
* implement it. If not overridden, default implementation will reject downgrade and
* throws SQLiteException
*
* <p>
* This method executes within a transaction. If an exception is thrown, all changes
* will automatically be rolled back.
* </p>
*
* @param db The database.
* @param oldVersion The old database version.
* @param newVersion The new database version.
*/
public void onDowngrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
throw new SQLiteException("Can't downgrade database from version " +
oldVersion + " to " + newVersion);
}
/**
* Called when the database has been opened. The implementation
* should check {@link SQLiteDatabase#isReadOnly} before updating the
* database.
* <p>
* This method is called after the database connection has been configured
* and after the database schema has been created, upgraded or downgraded as necessary.
* If the database connection must be configured in some way before the schema
* is created, upgraded, or downgraded, do it in {@link #onConfigure} instead.
* </p>
*
* @param db The database.
*/
public void onOpen(SQLiteDatabase db) {}
}
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