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@Phaeilo Phaeilo/archvm.sh
Last active Mar 29, 2019

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Archlinux VM automated installation script.
#!/bin/bash
# The MIT License (MIT)
#
# Copyright (c) 2015 Philip Huppert
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
# this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
# the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
# use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of
# the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so,
# subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
# copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
# FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR
# COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
# IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
# CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
DISK="/dev/sda"
PARTITION="${DISK}1"
HOSTNAME="archvm"
PASSWORD="root"
TIMEZONE="Europe/Berlin"
CONSOLE_KEYMAP="de-latin1"
CONSOLE_FONT="lat9w-16"
PACSTRAP="base grub"
VBOX_GUEST_ADDITIONS=0
ETH0_MODE="DHCP" # DHCP/STATIC/OFF
# only for static mode
ETH0_ADDR="192.168.0.200/24"
ETH0_GW="192.168.0.1" # empty -> no gateway for eth0
ETH0_DNS="192.168.0.1" # empty -> no DNS for eth0
ETH1_MODE="OFF"
ETH1_ADDR="192.168.56.15/24"
ETH1_GW=""
ETH1_DNS=""
function announce {
>&2 echo -n "$1"
}
function check_fail {
if [[ $1 -ne 0 ]]; then
>&2 echo "FAIL!"
exit 1
else
>&2 echo "OK!"
fi
}
announce "Checking internet connectivity... "
wget -q --tries=10 --timeout=20 --spider http://google.de
check_fail $?
announce "Creating partition table... "
parted -s "$DISK" mklabel msdos
check_fail $?
announce "Creating partition... "
parted -s -a optimal "$DISK" mkpart primary 0% 100%
check_fail $?
announce "Making partition bootable... "
parted -s "$DISK" set 1 boot on
check_fail $?
announce "Formatting partition with ext4... "
mkfs.ext4 -F "$PARTITION"
check_fail $?
announce "Mounting partition... "
mount "$PARTITION" /mnt
check_fail $?
announce "Installing base system... "
pacstrap /mnt $PACSTRAP
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring fstab... "
genfstab -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
check_fail $?
announce "Setting root password... "
echo "root:$PASSWORD" | arch-chroot /mnt chpasswd
check_fail $?
announce "Setting hostname... "
echo "$HOSTNAME" > /mnt/etc/hostname
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring root's bash... "
cp /mnt/etc/skel/.bash* /mnt/root
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring root's bashrc... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/root/.bashrc
#
# ~/.bashrc
#
# If not running interactively, don't do anything
[[ \$- != *i* ]] && return
# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options
HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth
# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend
# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=10000
# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
alias ll='ls -halF'
alias l='ls -hlF'
alias rm='rm -i'
alias mv='mv -i'
alias cp='cp -i'
alias cd..='cd ..'
alias j='jobs'
PS1='[\u@\h \W]\\$ '
EOF
check_fail $?
announce "Setting timezone... "
ln -sf "/usr/share/zoneinfo/$TIMEZONE" /mnt/etc/localtime
check_fail $?
announce "Enabling locales... "
sed -i 's/^#en_US\.UTF/en_US\.UTF/' /mnt/etc/locale.gen && sed -i 's/^#de_DE\.UTF/de_DE\.UTF/' /mnt/etc/locale.gen
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring locales... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/locale.conf
LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_CTYPE="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="de_DE.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="de_DE.UTF-8"
EOF
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring vconsole... "
echo -en "KEYMAP=$CONSOLE_KEYMAP\nFONT=$CONSOLE_FONT\n" > /mnt/etc/vconsole.conf
check_fail $?
announce "Generating locales... "
arch-chroot /mnt locale-gen
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring interface names... "
ln -sf /dev/null /mnt/etc/udev/rules.d/80-net-setup-link.rules
check_fail $?
if [ "$ETH0_MODE" = "DHCP" ]; then
announce "Configuring eth0 for DHCP... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth0_DHCP.network
[Match]
Name=eth0
[Network]
DHCP=v4
EOF
check_fail $?
fi
if [ "$ETH1_MODE" = "DHCP" ]; then
announce "Configuring eth1 for DHCP... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth1_DHCP.network
[Match]
Name=eth1
[Network]
DHCP=v4
EOF
check_fail $?
fi
if [ "$ETH0_MODE" = "STATIC" ]; then
announce "Configuring eth0 for STATIC... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth0_STATIC.network
[Match]
Name=eth0
[Network]
Address=$ETH0_ADDR
EOF
check_fail $?
if [ -n "$ETH0_GW" ]; then
announce "Configuring gateway for eth0... "
echo "Gateway=$ETH0_GW" >> /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth0_STATIC.network
check_fail $?
fi
if [ -n "$ETH0_DNS" ]; then
announce "Configuring DNS for eth0... "
echo "DNS=$ETH0_DNS" >> /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth0_STATIC.network
check_fail $?
fi
fi
if [ "$ETH1_MODE" = "STATIC" ]; then
announce "Configuring eth1 for STATIC... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth1_STATIC.network
[Match]
Name=eth1
[Network]
Address=$ETH1_ADDR
EOF
check_fail $?
if [ -n "$ETH1_GW" ]; then
announce "Configuring gateway for eth1... "
echo "Gateway=$ETH1_GW" >> /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth1_STATIC.network
check_fail $?
fi
if [ -n "$ETH1_DNS" ]; then
announce "Configuring DNS for eth1... "
echo "DNS=$ETH1_DNS" >> /mnt/etc/systemd/network/eth1_STATIC.network
check_fail $?
fi
fi
announce "Enabling networking... "
arch-chroot /mnt systemctl enable systemd-networkd
check_fail $?
announce "Enabling DNS... "
arch-chroot /mnt systemctl enable systemd-resolved
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring NTP... "
sed -i 's/^#NTP=$/NTP=0.de.pool.ntp.org 1.de.pool.ntp.org 2.de.pool.ntp.org 3.de.pool.ntp.org/' /mnt/etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf
check_fail $?
if [[ $VBOX_GUEST_ADDITIONS -eq 1 ]]; then
announce "Installing virtualbox-guest-utils... "
arch-chroot /mnt pacman --noconfirm -S virtualbox-guest-utils mesa-libgl
check_fail $?
announce "Configuring virtualbox kernel modules... "
echo -en "vboxguest\nvboxsf\nvboxvideo\n" > /mnt/etc/modules-load.d/virtualbox.conf
check_fail $?
announce "Enabling vboxservice... "
arch-chroot /mnt systemctl enable vboxservice
check_fail $?
fi
announce "Writing MBR... "
arch-chroot /mnt grub-install --target=i386-pc --recheck /dev/sda
check_fail $?
announce "Enabling GRUB configuration... "
arch-chroot /mnt grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
check_fail $?
announce "Generating first-boot script... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/firstboot.sh
#!/bin/bash
timedatectl set-ntp true
ln -sf /run/systemd/resolve/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf
systemctl disable firstboot.service
rm -f /etc/systemd/system/firstboot.service
rm -f /firstboot.sh
EOF
check_fail $?
announce "Generating first-boot service... "
cat <<EOF > /mnt/etc/systemd/system/firstboot.service
[Unit]
Description=Configuration script for first boot of system
After=basic.target
[Service]
Type=oneshot
User=root
ExecStart=/bin/bash /firstboot.sh
[Install]
WantedBy=basic.target
EOF
check_fail $?
announce "Enabling first-boot service... "
arch-chroot /mnt systemctl enable firstboot.service
check_fail $?
@pafklapper

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pafklapper commented Sep 20, 2017

I just now noticed that your script is two years old already! You have saved me quite a lot of time :)

One small remark:
arch-chroot /mnt grub-install --target=i386-pc --recheck /dev/sda
should be
arch-chroot /mnt grub-install --target=i386-pc --recheck $DISK

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