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Created Jul 10, 2022
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Ubuntu server preparation

Initial login with ssh root@domain.tld

Get OS info

cat /etc/os-release

Update and upgrade

apt update && apt upgrade

Install software

apt install -y \
 zsh wget curl git zip htop mc mcedit neofetch ncdu tmux apt-transport-https \
 ca-certificates software-properties-common gnupg gnupg-agent lsb-release uidmap

Install simple firewall, if needed (optional)

apt install -y ufw

ufw allow OpenSSH && ufw allow 22 && ufw allow 80 && ufw allow 443 && ufw enable && ufw status verbose

systemctl enable ufw && systemctl start ufw

Tweak system

journalctl --vacuum-size=100M

sudo swapoff -a  

Set hostname

hostname "domain.tld"

hostnamectl set-hostname "domain.tld"

hostnamectl set-hostname "domain.tld" --pretty

nano /etc/hosts

Add user <user>

adduser <user>

usermod -a -G sudo,users,adm,systemd-journal,<user> <user>

mkdir -p /home/<user>/.ssh

Add public key for new user We can get this run on local machine tail ~/.ssh/

echo "ssh-rsa <HASH> name@email.tld" > /home/<user>/.ssh/authorized_keys

Add new user super user access without password

nano /etc/sudoers

and add line <user> ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL right after %sudo ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

Install docker (optional)

wget -nv -O - | sh

usermod -a -G docker <user>



Login after reboot with ssh <user>@domain.tld

Config user

chsh -s $(which zsh)

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL"

git config --global "name@email.tld" && git config --global "Name Surname"

Add aliases for user with nano ~/.zshrc

alias g="git"
alias h='history'
alias j='jobs -l'
alias c='clear'
alias ll="ls -lahF"
alias l.='ls -d .*'
alias ..='cd ..'
alias ...='cd ../../'
alias ....='cd ../../../'
alias .....='cd ../../../../'
alias .1='cd ../'
alias .2='cd ../../'
alias .3='cd ../../../'
alias .4='cd ../../../../'
alias .5='cd ../../../../../'
alias now='date +"%T"'
alias nowtime=now
alias nowdate='date +"%d-%m-%Y"'
alias ports='netstat -tulan'
alias tx="tmux attach || tmux new"
alias tm="tmux attach || tmux new"
alias ii="open"
alias df="df -h"
alias disk=df
alias big-files="sudo du -h -t 250M /"
alias home="cd \$HOME"
alias reload=". ~/.zshrc"
alias upgrade="sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade"
alias osinfo="cat /etc/os-release"
alias reboot="sudo reboot"
alias docker="sudo docker"
alias su="sudo -s"

and . ~/.zshrc after that

Disable password login

sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

and set (uncomment and replace) next parameters

PermitRootLogin no
PasswordAuthentication no
UsePAM no

Save and close the file and call after that

sudo systemctl reload ssh

Update and upgrade

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

sudo reboot
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