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import os
import copy
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
from PIL import Image
from CaffeLoader import loadCaffemodel, ModelParallel
import argparse
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
# Basic options
parser.add_argument("-style_image", help="Style target image", default='examples/inputs/seated-nude.jpg')
parser.add_argument("-style_blend_weights", default=None)
parser.add_argument("-content_image", help="Content target image", default='examples/inputs/tubingen.jpg')
parser.add_argument("-image_size", help="Maximum height / width of generated image", type=int, default=512)
parser.add_argument("-gpu", help="Zero-indexed ID of the GPU to use; for CPU mode set -gpu = c", default=0)
# Optimization options
parser.add_argument("-content_weight", type=float, default=5e0)
parser.add_argument("-style_weight", type=float, default=1e2)
parser.add_argument("-normalize_weights", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-test_weight", type=float, default=1e2)
parser.add_argument("-tv_weight", type=float, default=1e-3)
parser.add_argument("-num_iterations", type=int, default=1000)
parser.add_argument("-init", choices=['random', 'image'], default='random')
parser.add_argument("-init_image", default=None)
parser.add_argument("-optimizer", choices=['lbfgs', 'adam'], default='lbfgs')
parser.add_argument("-learning_rate", type=float, default=1e0)
parser.add_argument("-lbfgs_num_correction", type=int, default=100)
# Output options
parser.add_argument("-print_iter", type=int, default=50)
parser.add_argument("-save_iter", type=int, default=100)
parser.add_argument("-output_image", default='out.png')
# Other options
parser.add_argument("-style_scale", type=float, default=1.0)
parser.add_argument("-original_colors", type=int, choices=[0, 1], default=0)
parser.add_argument("-pooling", choices=['avg', 'max'], default='max')
parser.add_argument("-model_file", type=str, default='models/vgg19-d01eb7cb.pth')
parser.add_argument("-disable_check", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-backend", choices=['nn', 'cudnn', 'mkl', 'mkldnn', 'openmp', 'mkl,cudnn', 'cudnn,mkl'], default='nn')
parser.add_argument("-cudnn_autotune", action='store_true')
parser.add_argument("-seed", type=int, default=-1)
parser.add_argument("-content_layers", help="layers for content", default='relu4_2')
parser.add_argument("-style_layers", help="layers for style", default='relu1_1,relu2_1,relu3_1,relu4_1,relu5_1')
parser.add_argument("-multidevice_strategy", default='4,7,29')
parser.add_argument("-test_layers", help="layers for test", default='')
params = parser.parse_args()
Image.MAX_IMAGE_PIXELS = 1000000000 # Support gigapixel images
def main():
dtype, multidevice, backward_device = setup_gpu()
cnn, layerList = loadCaffemodel(params.model_file, params.pooling, params.gpu, params.disable_check)
content_image = preprocess(params.content_image, params.image_size).type(dtype)
style_image_input = params.style_image.split(',')
style_image_list, ext = [], [".jpg", ".jpeg", ".png", ".tiff"]
for image in style_image_input:
if os.path.isdir(image):
images = (image + "/" + file for file in os.listdir(image)
if os.path.splitext(file)[1].lower() in ext)
style_image_list.extend(images)
else:
style_image_list.append(image)
style_images_caffe = []
for image in style_image_list:
style_size = int(params.image_size * params.style_scale)
img_caffe = preprocess(image, style_size).type(dtype)
style_images_caffe.append(img_caffe)
if params.init_image != None:
image_size = (content_image.size(2), content_image.size(3))
init_image = preprocess(params.init_image, image_size).type(dtype)
# Handle style blending weights for multiple style inputs
style_blend_weights = []
if params.style_blend_weights == None:
# Style blending not specified, so use equal weighting
for i in style_image_list:
style_blend_weights.append(1.0)
for i, blend_weights in enumerate(style_blend_weights):
style_blend_weights[i] = int(style_blend_weights[i])
else:
style_blend_weights = params.style_blend_weights.split(',')
assert len(style_blend_weights) == len(style_image_list), \
"-style_blend_weights and -style_images must have the same number of elements!"
# Normalize the style blending weights so they sum to 1
style_blend_sum = 0
for i, blend_weights in enumerate(style_blend_weights):
style_blend_weights[i] = float(style_blend_weights[i])
style_blend_sum = float(style_blend_sum) + style_blend_weights[i]
for i, blend_weights in enumerate(style_blend_weights):
style_blend_weights[i] = float(style_blend_weights[i]) / float(style_blend_sum)
content_layers = params.content_layers.split(',')
style_layers = params.style_layers.split(',')
test_layers = params.test_layers.split(',')
# Set up the network, inserting style and content loss modules
cnn = copy.deepcopy(cnn)
content_losses, style_losses, tv_losses, test_losses = [], [], [], []
next_content_idx, next_style_idx, next_test_idx = 1, 1, 1
net = nn.Sequential()
c, r = 0, 0
if params.tv_weight > 0:
tv_mod = TVLoss(params.tv_weight).type(dtype)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), tv_mod)
tv_losses.append(tv_mod)
for i, layer in enumerate(list(cnn), 1):
if next_content_idx <= len(content_layers) or next_style_idx <= len(style_layers) or next_test_idx <= len(test_layers):
if isinstance(layer, nn.Conv2d):
net.add_module(str(len(net)), layer)
if layerList['C'][c] in content_layers:
print("Setting up content layer " + str(i) + ": " + str(layerList['C'][c]))
loss_module = ContentLoss(params.content_weight)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), loss_module)
content_losses.append(loss_module)
if layerList['C'][c] in style_layers:
print("Setting up style layer " + str(i) + ": " + str(layerList['C'][c]))
loss_module = StyleLoss(params.style_weight)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), loss_module)
style_losses.append(loss_module)
c+=1
if isinstance(layer, nn.ReLU):
net.add_module(str(len(net)), layer)
if layerList['R'][r] in content_layers:
print("Setting up content layer " + str(i) + ": " + str(layerList['R'][r]))
loss_module = ContentLoss(params.content_weight)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), loss_module)
content_losses.append(loss_module)
next_content_idx += 1
if layerList['R'][r] in style_layers:
print("Setting up style layer " + str(i) + ": " + str(layerList['R'][r]))
loss_module = StyleLoss(params.style_weight)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), loss_module)
style_losses.append(loss_module)
next_style_idx += 1
if layerList['R'][r] in test_layers:
print("Setting up test layer " + str(i) + ": " + str(layerList['R'][r]))
loss_module = TestLoss(params.test_weight)
net.add_module(str(len(net)), loss_module)
test_losses.append(loss_module)
next_test_idx +=1
r+=1
if isinstance(layer, nn.MaxPool2d) or isinstance(layer, nn.AvgPool2d):
net.add_module(str(len(net)), layer)
if multidevice:
net = setup_multi_device(net)
print("Capturing test targets")
for i in test_losses:
i.mode = 'captureC'
net(content_image)
for i in test_losses:
i.mode = 'None'
# Capture content targets
for i in content_losses:
i.mode = 'capture'
print("Capturing content targets")
print_torch(net, multidevice)
net(content_image)
# Capture style targets
for i in content_losses:
i.mode = 'None'
for i, image in enumerate(style_images_caffe):
print("Capturing style target " + str(i+1))
for j in style_losses:
j.mode = 'capture'
j.blend_weight = style_blend_weights[i]
net(style_images_caffe[i])
# Set all loss modules to loss mode
for i in content_losses:
i.mode = 'loss'
for i in style_losses:
i.mode = 'loss'
for i in test_losses:
i.mode = 'loss'
# Maybe normalize content and style weights
if params.normalize_weights:
normalize_weights(content_losses, style_losses)
# Freeze the network in order to prevent
# unnecessary gradient calculations
for param in net.parameters():
param.requires_grad = False
# Initialize the image
if params.seed >= 0:
torch.manual_seed(params.seed)
torch.cuda.manual_seed_all(params.seed)
torch.backends.cudnn.deterministic=True
if params.init == 'random':
B, C, H, W = content_image.size()
img = torch.randn(C, H, W).mul(0.001).unsqueeze(0).type(dtype)
elif params.init == 'image':
if params.init_image != None:
img = init_image.clone()
else:
img = content_image.clone()
img = nn.Parameter(img)
def maybe_print(t, loss):
if params.print_iter > 0 and t % params.print_iter == 0:
print("Iteration " + str(t) + " / "+ str(params.num_iterations))
for i, loss_module in enumerate(content_losses):
print(" Content " + str(i+1) + " loss: " + str(loss_module.loss.item()))
for i, loss_module in enumerate(style_losses):
print(" Style " + str(i+1) + " loss: " + str(loss_module.loss.item()))
for i, loss_module in enumerate(test_losses):
print(" Test " + str(i+1) + " loss: " + str(loss_module.loss.item()))
print(" Total loss: " + str(loss.item()))
def maybe_save(t):
should_save = params.save_iter > 0 and t % params.save_iter == 0
should_save = should_save or t == params.num_iterations
if should_save:
output_filename, file_extension = os.path.splitext(params.output_image)
if t == params.num_iterations:
filename = output_filename + str(file_extension)
else:
filename = str(output_filename) + "_" + str(t) + str(file_extension)
disp = deprocess(img.clone())
# Maybe perform postprocessing for color-independent style transfer
if params.original_colors == 1:
disp = original_colors(deprocess(content_image.clone()), disp)
disp.save(str(filename))
# Function to evaluate loss and gradient. We run the net forward and
# backward to get the gradient, and sum up losses from the loss modules.
# optim.lbfgs internally handles iteration and calls this function many
# times, so we manually count the number of iterations to handle printing
# and saving intermediate results.
num_calls = [0]
def feval():
num_calls[0] += 1
optimizer.zero_grad()
net(img)
loss = 0
for mod in content_losses:
loss += mod.loss.to(backward_device)
for mod in style_losses:
loss += mod.loss.to(backward_device)
if params.tv_weight > 0:
for mod in tv_losses:
loss += mod.loss.to(backward_device)
for mod in test_losses:
loss += mod.loss.to(backward_device)
loss.backward()
maybe_save(num_calls[0])
maybe_print(num_calls[0], loss)
return loss
optimizer, loopVal = setup_optimizer(img)
while num_calls[0] <= loopVal:
optimizer.step(feval)
# Configure the optimizer
def setup_optimizer(img):
if params.optimizer == 'lbfgs':
print("Running optimization with L-BFGS")
optim_state = {
'max_iter': params.num_iterations,
'tolerance_change': -1,
'tolerance_grad': -1,
}
if params.lbfgs_num_correction != 100:
optim_state['history_size'] = params.lbfgs_num_correction
optimizer = optim.LBFGS([img], **optim_state)
loopVal = 1
elif params.optimizer == 'adam':
print("Running optimization with ADAM")
optimizer = optim.Adam([img], lr = params.learning_rate)
loopVal = params.num_iterations - 1
return optimizer, loopVal
def setup_gpu():
def setup_cuda():
if 'cudnn' in params.backend:
torch.backends.cudnn.enabled = True
if params.cudnn_autotune:
torch.backends.cudnn.benchmark = True
else:
torch.backends.cudnn.enabled = False
def setup_cpu():
if 'mkl' in params.backend and 'mkldnn' not in params.backend:
torch.backends.mkl.enabled = True
elif 'mkldnn' in params.backend:
raise ValueError("MKL-DNN is not supported yet.")
elif 'openmp' in params.backend:
torch.backends.openmp.enabled = True
multidevice = False
if "," in str(params.gpu):
devices = params.gpu.split(',')
multidevice = True
if 'c' in str(devices[0]).lower():
backward_device = "cpu"
setup_cuda(), setup_cpu()
else:
backward_device = "cuda:" + devices[0]
setup_cuda()
dtype = torch.FloatTensor
elif "c" not in str(params.gpu).lower():
setup_cuda()
dtype, backward_device = torch.cuda.FloatTensor, "cuda:" + str(params.gpu)
else:
setup_cpu()
dtype, backward_device = torch.FloatTensor, "cpu"
return dtype, multidevice, backward_device
def setup_multi_device(net):
assert len(params.gpu.split(',')) - 1 == len(params.multidevice_strategy.split(',')), \
"The number of -multidevice_strategy layer indices minus 1, must be equal to the number of -gpu devices."
new_net = ModelParallel(net, params.gpu, params.multidevice_strategy)
return new_net
# Preprocess an image before passing it to a model.
# We need to rescale from [0, 1] to [0, 255], convert from RGB to BGR,
# and subtract the mean pixel.
def preprocess(image_name, image_size):
image = Image.open(image_name).convert('RGB')
if type(image_size) is not tuple:
image_size = tuple([int((float(image_size) / max(image.size))*x) for x in (image.height, image.width)])
Loader = transforms.Compose([transforms.Resize(image_size), transforms.ToTensor()])
rgb2bgr = transforms.Compose([transforms.Lambda(lambda x: x[torch.LongTensor([2,1,0])])])
Normalize = transforms.Compose([transforms.Normalize(mean=[103.939, 116.779, 123.68], std=[1,1,1])])
tensor = Normalize(rgb2bgr(Loader(image) * 256)).unsqueeze(0)
return tensor
# Undo the above preprocessing.
def deprocess(output_tensor):
Normalize = transforms.Compose([transforms.Normalize(mean=[-103.939, -116.779, -123.68], std=[1,1,1])])
bgr2rgb = transforms.Compose([transforms.Lambda(lambda x: x[torch.LongTensor([2,1,0])])])
output_tensor = bgr2rgb(Normalize(output_tensor.squeeze(0).cpu())) / 256
output_tensor.clamp_(0, 1)
Image2PIL = transforms.ToPILImage()
image = Image2PIL(output_tensor.cpu())
return image
# Combine the Y channel of the generated image and the UV/CbCr channels of the
# content image to perform color-independent style transfer.
def original_colors(content, generated):
content_channels = list(content.convert('YCbCr').split())
generated_channels = list(generated.convert('YCbCr').split())
content_channels[0] = generated_channels[0]
return Image.merge('YCbCr', content_channels).convert('RGB')
# Print like Lua/Torch7
def print_torch(net, multidevice):
if multidevice:
return
simplelist = ""
for i, layer in enumerate(net, 1):
simplelist = simplelist + "(" + str(i) + ") -> "
print("nn.Sequential ( \n [input -> " + simplelist + "output]")
def strip(x):
return str(x).replace(", ",',').replace("(",'').replace(")",'') + ", "
def n():
return " (" + str(i) + "): " + "nn." + str(l).split("(", 1)[0]
for i, l in enumerate(net, 1):
if "2d" in str(l):
ks, st, pd = strip(l.kernel_size), strip(l.stride), strip(l.padding)
if "Conv2d" in str(l):
ch = str(l.in_channels) + " -> " + str(l.out_channels)
print(n() + "(" + ch + ", " + (ks).replace(",",'x', 1) + st + pd.replace(", ",')'))
elif "Pool2d" in str(l):
st = st.replace(" ",' ') + st.replace(", ",')')
print(n() + "(" + ((ks).replace(",",'x' + ks, 1) + st).replace(", ",','))
else:
print(n())
print(")")
# Divide weights by channel size
def normalize_weights(content_losses, style_losses):
for n, i in enumerate(content_losses):
i.strength = i.strength / max(i.target.size())
for n, i in enumerate(style_losses):
i.strength = i.strength / max(i.target.size())
# Define an nn Module to compute content loss
class ContentLoss(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, strength):
super(ContentLoss, self).__init__()
self.strength = strength
self.crit = nn.MSELoss()
self.mode = 'None'
def forward(self, input):
if self.mode == 'loss':
self.loss = self.crit(input, self.target) * self.strength
elif self.mode == 'capture':
self.target = input.detach()
return input
class GramMatrix(nn.Module):
def forward(self, input):
B, C, H, W = input.size()
x_flat = input.view(C, H * W)
return torch.mm(x_flat, x_flat.t())
# Define an nn Module to compute style loss
class StyleLoss(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, strength):
super(StyleLoss, self).__init__()
self.target = torch.Tensor()
self.strength = strength
self.gram = GramMatrix()
self.crit = nn.MSELoss()
self.mode = 'None'
self.blend_weight = None
def forward(self, input):
self.G = self.gram(input)
self.G = self.G.div(input.nelement())
if self.mode == 'capture':
if self.blend_weight == None:
self.target = self.G.detach()
elif self.target.nelement() == 0:
self.target = self.G.detach().mul(self.blend_weight)
else:
self.target = self.target.add(self.blend_weight, self.G.detach())
elif self.mode == 'loss':
self.loss = self.strength * self.crit(self.G, self.target)
return input
class TVLoss(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, strength):
super(TVLoss, self).__init__()
self.strength = strength
def forward(self, input):
self.x_diff = input[:,:,1:,:] - input[:,:,:-1,:]
self.y_diff = input[:,:,:,1:] - input[:,:,:,:-1]
self.loss = self.strength * (torch.sum(torch.abs(self.x_diff)) + torch.sum(torch.abs(self.y_diff)))
return input
# Define an nn Module to compute loss
class TestLoss(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, strength):
super(TestLoss, self).__init__()
self.strength = strength
self.mode = 'None'
self.target = torch.Tensor()
def forward(self, input):
if self.mode == 'loss':
self.loss = 0
elif self.mode == 'captureC':
self.target = input.detach()
elif self.mode == 'captureS':
if self.target.nelement() == 0:
self.target = input.detach()
else:
self.target = self.target.add(input.detach())
return input
if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
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