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PowerShell function to display a customizable WPF message box / window
Function New-WPFMessageBox {
# For examples for use, see my blog:
# https://smsagent.wordpress.com/2017/08/24/a-customisable-wpf-messagebox-for-powershell/
# CHANGES
# 2017-09-11 - Added some required assemblies in the dynamic parameters to avoid errors when run from the PS console host.
# Define Parameters
[CmdletBinding()]
Param
(
# The popup Content
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True,Position=0)]
[Object]$Content,
# The window title
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=1)]
[string]$Title,
# The buttons to add
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=2)]
[ValidateSet('OK','OK-Cancel','Abort-Retry-Ignore','Yes-No-Cancel','Yes-No','Retry-Cancel','Cancel-TryAgain-Continue','None')]
[array]$ButtonType = 'OK',
# The buttons to add
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=3)]
[array]$CustomButtons,
# Content font size
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=4)]
[int]$ContentFontSize = 14,
# Title font size
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=5)]
[int]$TitleFontSize = 14,
# BorderThickness
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=6)]
[int]$BorderThickness = 0,
# CornerRadius
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=7)]
[int]$CornerRadius = 8,
# ShadowDepth
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=8)]
[int]$ShadowDepth = 3,
# BlurRadius
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=9)]
[int]$BlurRadius = 20,
# WindowHost
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=10)]
[object]$WindowHost,
# Timeout in seconds,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=11)]
[int]$Timeout,
# Code for Window Loaded event,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=12)]
[scriptblock]$OnLoaded,
# Code for Window Closed event,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$false,Position=13)]
[scriptblock]$OnClosed
)
# Dynamically Populated parameters
DynamicParam {
# Add assemblies for use in PS Console
Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Drawing, PresentationCore
# ContentBackground
$ContentBackground = 'ContentBackground'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameterDictionary
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.ContentBackground = "White"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($ContentBackground, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($ContentBackground, $RuntimeParameter)
# FontFamily
$FontFamily = 'FontFamily'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.FontFamily]::Families.Name | Select -Skip 1
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($FontFamily, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($FontFamily, $RuntimeParameter)
$PSBoundParameters.FontFamily = "Segoe UI"
# TitleFontWeight
$TitleFontWeight = 'TitleFontWeight'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Windows.FontWeights] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.TitleFontWeight = "Normal"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($TitleFontWeight, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($TitleFontWeight, $RuntimeParameter)
# ContentFontWeight
$ContentFontWeight = 'ContentFontWeight'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Windows.FontWeights] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.ContentFontWeight = "Normal"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($ContentFontWeight, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($ContentFontWeight, $RuntimeParameter)
# ContentTextForeground
$ContentTextForeground = 'ContentTextForeground'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.ContentTextForeground = "Black"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($ContentTextForeground, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($ContentTextForeground, $RuntimeParameter)
# TitleTextForeground
$TitleTextForeground = 'TitleTextForeground'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.TitleTextForeground = "Black"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($TitleTextForeground, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($TitleTextForeground, $RuntimeParameter)
# BorderBrush
$BorderBrush = 'BorderBrush'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.BorderBrush = "Black"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($BorderBrush, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($BorderBrush, $RuntimeParameter)
# TitleBackground
$TitleBackground = 'TitleBackground'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.TitleBackground = "White"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($TitleBackground, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($TitleBackground, $RuntimeParameter)
# ButtonTextForeground
$ButtonTextForeground = 'ButtonTextForeground'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = [System.Drawing.Brushes] | Get-Member -Static -MemberType Property | Select -ExpandProperty Name
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$PSBoundParameters.ButtonTextForeground = "Black"
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($ButtonTextForeground, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($ButtonTextForeground, $RuntimeParameter)
# Sound
$Sound = 'Sound'
$AttributeCollection = New-Object System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection[System.Attribute]
$ParameterAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ParameterAttribute
$ParameterAttribute.Mandatory = $False
#$ParameterAttribute.Position = 14
$AttributeCollection.Add($ParameterAttribute)
$arrSet = (Get-ChildItem "$env:SystemDrive\Windows\Media" -Filter Windows* | Select -ExpandProperty Name).Replace('.wav','')
$ValidateSetAttribute = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ValidateSetAttribute($arrSet)
$AttributeCollection.Add($ValidateSetAttribute)
$RuntimeParameter = New-Object System.Management.Automation.RuntimeDefinedParameter($Sound, [string], $AttributeCollection)
$RuntimeParameterDictionary.Add($Sound, $RuntimeParameter)
return $RuntimeParameterDictionary
}
Begin {
Add-Type -AssemblyName PresentationFramework
}
Process {
# Define the XAML markup
[XML]$Xaml = @"
<Window
xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
x:Name="Window" Title="" SizeToContent="WidthAndHeight" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen" WindowStyle="None" ResizeMode="NoResize" AllowsTransparency="True" Background="Transparent" Opacity="1">
<Window.Resources>
<Style TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
<Setter Property="Template">
<Setter.Value>
<ControlTemplate TargetType="Button">
<Border>
<Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
<ContentPresenter />
</Grid>
</Border>
</ControlTemplate>
</Setter.Value>
</Setter>
</Style>
</Window.Resources>
<Border x:Name="MainBorder" Margin="10" CornerRadius="$CornerRadius" BorderThickness="$BorderThickness" BorderBrush="$($PSBoundParameters.BorderBrush)" Padding="0" >
<Border.Effect>
<DropShadowEffect x:Name="DSE" Color="Black" Direction="270" BlurRadius="$BlurRadius" ShadowDepth="$ShadowDepth" Opacity="0.6" />
</Border.Effect>
<Border.Triggers>
<EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Window.Loaded">
<BeginStoryboard>
<Storyboard>
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="DSE" Storyboard.TargetProperty="ShadowDepth" From="0" To="$ShadowDepth" Duration="0:0:1" AutoReverse="False" />
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="DSE" Storyboard.TargetProperty="BlurRadius" From="0" To="$BlurRadius" Duration="0:0:1" AutoReverse="False" />
</Storyboard>
</BeginStoryboard>
</EventTrigger>
</Border.Triggers>
<Grid >
<Border Name="Mask" CornerRadius="$CornerRadius" Background="$($PSBoundParameters.ContentBackground)" />
<Grid x:Name="Grid" Background="$($PSBoundParameters.ContentBackground)">
<Grid.OpacityMask>
<VisualBrush Visual="{Binding ElementName=Mask}"/>
</Grid.OpacityMask>
<StackPanel Name="StackPanel" >
<TextBox Name="TitleBar" IsReadOnly="True" IsHitTestVisible="False" Text="$Title" Padding="10" FontFamily="$($PSBoundParameters.FontFamily)" FontSize="$TitleFontSize" Foreground="$($PSBoundParameters.TitleTextForeground)" FontWeight="$($PSBoundParameters.TitleFontWeight)" Background="$($PSBoundParameters.TitleBackground)" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Center" Width="Auto" HorizontalContentAlignment="Center" BorderThickness="0"/>
<DockPanel Name="ContentHost" Margin="0,10,0,10" >
</DockPanel>
<DockPanel Name="ButtonHost" LastChildFill="False" HorizontalAlignment="Center" >
</DockPanel>
</StackPanel>
</Grid>
</Grid>
</Border>
</Window>
"@
[XML]$ButtonXaml = @"
<Button xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" Width="Auto" Height="30" FontFamily="Segui" FontSize="16" Background="Transparent" Foreground="White" BorderThickness="1" Margin="10" Padding="20,0,20,0" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Cursor="Hand"/>
"@
[XML]$ButtonTextXaml = @"
<TextBlock xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" FontFamily="$($PSBoundParameters.FontFamily)" FontSize="16" Background="Transparent" Foreground="$($PSBoundParameters.ButtonTextForeground)" Padding="20,5,20,5" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
"@
[XML]$ContentTextXaml = @"
<TextBlock xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" Text="$Content" Foreground="$($PSBoundParameters.ContentTextForeground)" DockPanel.Dock="Right" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" FontFamily="$($PSBoundParameters.FontFamily)" FontSize="$ContentFontSize" FontWeight="$($PSBoundParameters.ContentFontWeight)" TextWrapping="Wrap" Height="Auto" MaxWidth="500" MinWidth="50" Padding="10"/>
"@
# Load the window from XAML
$Window = [Windows.Markup.XamlReader]::Load((New-Object -TypeName System.Xml.XmlNodeReader -ArgumentList $xaml))
# Custom function to add a button
Function Add-Button {
Param($Content)
$Button = [Windows.Markup.XamlReader]::Load((New-Object -TypeName System.Xml.XmlNodeReader -ArgumentList $ButtonXaml))
$ButtonText = [Windows.Markup.XamlReader]::Load((New-Object -TypeName System.Xml.XmlNodeReader -ArgumentList $ButtonTextXaml))
$ButtonText.Text = "$Content"
$Button.Content = $ButtonText
$Button.Add_MouseEnter({
$This.Content.FontSize = "17"
})
$Button.Add_MouseLeave({
$This.Content.FontSize = "16"
})
$Button.Add_Click({
New-Variable -Name WPFMessageBoxOutput -Value $($This.Content.Text) -Option ReadOnly -Scope Script -Force
$Window.Close()
})
$Window.FindName('ButtonHost').AddChild($Button)
}
# Add buttons
If ($ButtonType -eq "OK")
{
Add-Button -Content "OK"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "OK-Cancel")
{
Add-Button -Content "OK"
Add-Button -Content "Cancel"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "Abort-Retry-Ignore")
{
Add-Button -Content "Abort"
Add-Button -Content "Retry"
Add-Button -Content "Ignore"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "Yes-No-Cancel")
{
Add-Button -Content "Yes"
Add-Button -Content "No"
Add-Button -Content "Cancel"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "Yes-No")
{
Add-Button -Content "Yes"
Add-Button -Content "No"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "Retry-Cancel")
{
Add-Button -Content "Retry"
Add-Button -Content "Cancel"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "Cancel-TryAgain-Continue")
{
Add-Button -Content "Cancel"
Add-Button -Content "TryAgain"
Add-Button -Content "Continue"
}
If ($ButtonType -eq "None" -and $CustomButtons)
{
Foreach ($CustomButton in $CustomButtons)
{
Add-Button -Content "$CustomButton"
}
}
# Remove the title bar if no title is provided
If ($Title -eq "")
{
$TitleBar = $Window.FindName('TitleBar')
$Window.FindName('StackPanel').Children.Remove($TitleBar)
}
# Add the Content
If ($Content -is [String])
{
# Replace double quotes with single to avoid quote issues in strings
If ($Content -match '"')
{
$Content = $Content.Replace('"',"'")
}
# Use a text box for a string value...
$ContentTextBox = [Windows.Markup.XamlReader]::Load((New-Object -TypeName System.Xml.XmlNodeReader -ArgumentList $ContentTextXaml))
$Window.FindName('ContentHost').AddChild($ContentTextBox)
}
Else
{
# ...or add a WPF element as a child
Try
{
$Window.FindName('ContentHost').AddChild($Content)
}
Catch
{
$_
}
}
# Enable window to move when dragged
$Window.FindName('Grid').Add_MouseLeftButtonDown({
$Window.DragMove()
})
# Activate the window on loading
If ($OnLoaded)
{
$Window.Add_Loaded({
$This.Activate()
Invoke-Command $OnLoaded
})
}
Else
{
$Window.Add_Loaded({
$This.Activate()
})
}
# Stop the dispatcher timer if exists
If ($OnClosed)
{
$Window.Add_Closed({
If ($DispatcherTimer)
{
$DispatcherTimer.Stop()
}
Invoke-Command $OnClosed
})
}
Else
{
$Window.Add_Closed({
If ($DispatcherTimer)
{
$DispatcherTimer.Stop()
}
})
}
# If a window host is provided assign it as the owner
If ($WindowHost)
{
$Window.Owner = $WindowHost
$Window.WindowStartupLocation = "CenterOwner"
}
# If a timeout value is provided, use a dispatcher timer to close the window when timeout is reached
If ($Timeout)
{
$Stopwatch = New-object System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch
$TimerCode = {
If ($Stopwatch.Elapsed.TotalSeconds -ge $Timeout)
{
$Stopwatch.Stop()
$Window.Close()
}
}
$DispatcherTimer = New-Object -TypeName System.Windows.Threading.DispatcherTimer
$DispatcherTimer.Interval = [TimeSpan]::FromSeconds(1)
$DispatcherTimer.Add_Tick($TimerCode)
$Stopwatch.Start()
$DispatcherTimer.Start()
}
# Play a sound
If ($($PSBoundParameters.Sound))
{
$SoundFile = "$env:SystemDrive\Windows\Media\$($PSBoundParameters.Sound).wav"
$SoundPlayer = New-Object System.Media.SoundPlayer -ArgumentList $SoundFile
$SoundPlayer.Add_LoadCompleted({
$This.Play()
$This.Dispose()
})
$SoundPlayer.LoadAsync()
}
# Display the window
$null = $window.Dispatcher.InvokeAsync{$window.ShowDialog()}.Wait()
}
}
@iDr-Tech
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iDr-Tech commented Sep 18, 2020

hi thanks for you Script..I need help to make message support align right-to-left languages can u help me..
and also how to make new lines

@mrmattipants
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mrmattipants commented Aug 9, 2021

Could you please help me out... error in powershell ise 5.1

New-WPFMessageBox : The term 'New-WPFMessageBox' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable
program. Check the spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.

I know I'm a bit late here, as I'm sure you've figured your issue out, already.
However, I thought I'd respond anyways, just in case you haven't found your answer and you're still looking for one.
There's also the possibility that someone else might stumble upon this page while looking for the same answer to the same or a similar problem, etc.

With that being said, what you need to do is Import the Script/Function, using the following Command.
Import-Module -Name "C:\Path\To\Script\New-WPFMessageBox.ps1"

I hope this helps someone, out there.
Feel free to reach-out to me, if you have additional Questions.

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