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Created Jun 26, 2018

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The new Apollo Server is 🤯

On the 15th I was at GraphQL Europe and I want take some time to talk about the new release by the awesome apollo team that was announced there with a talk by @peggyRayzis about the new Apollo Server.

You can checkout the slides she used so you can get an idea of the new server https://twitter.com/peggyrayzis/status/1007659293808693249

In this article I'm going to focus on how to get started with it.

How to get started

First step is to create a folder and initialise npm in it so that we can install the apollo server dependency:

https://gist.github.com/5ef8b7a2f0361fe38b9de5a69884dcaa

All that -y does is skip all the questions and give you a shinny new project to start with. Let's now install our dependencies:

https://gist.github.com/370376bbd0f24f2744aed08e6faece79

We need the apollo-server package at version 2 to get all the new shiny features, graphql because, well, we are working with it, and I am installing [random-id](https://www.npmjs.com/package/random-id) to give us an easy way to create random and unique IDs.

Our Data

In this example, I am to use a movies array that we will query and mutate. So our index.js should look something like:

https://gist.github.com/773bd09fe10e94883259c7d3e818ced5

If you've never met me you should know I love horrible movies.

In this code we are import the server and the query language(gql) from apollo-server and then importing random-id.

As for our data we have a list of two movies that have an ID, title and a year. With this we can start defining our types.

The Type Definitions

So, our id will be of type ID, the title of type String and, our year of type Integer. So we can start by adding that after our movies array, and also a root query for all movies that will return an array of movies:

https://gist.github.com/bc3217e9f2b518065a606d7f65aabb2f

Awesome! We already have a small query to work with so now let's start adding the resolvers.

The resolvers

This is where the magic happens. You give an argument to GraphQL and in the resolver you tell it how to resolve that to actual data.

In our case we need to resolve the Query movies to return the array of movies we created at the top so we need something like:

https://gist.github.com/3e98b512989d6a1a4854c56b377aaac8

As you can see the names need to match for graphql to know where to get the resolver from.

All done, we can now start the server 😄

Start the server

For this we need to create a new instance of the ApolloServer and pass it our typeDefs and resolvers. Then we need to listen for the server to start and just for convenience let's also log out the url.

https://gist.github.com/cba2b4e5f959df34dd9498e1727093c2

Now by running node index.js in your terminal you should see this in the browser:

Now when you run the query:

https://gist.github.com/4efcd0412e9bafe6099e3d0967ddbb03

You should get something like:

graphql-playground

Don't forget that your ids will be different as we are using random-id.

Awesome! We got something returned but it's kind of bland, it would be great if we could get a movie by id right?

Let's code that!

Queries with parameters

First, we need to update is our type definitions to add a new one: a query that will receive an ID as a parameter and return a single movie. So our schema will look something like this:

https://gist.github.com/f1fb865c65e21852237a83fdee3e1764

That ! after ID means that it's a required field and that the query will return an error if not present.

With the type definitions updated, let's now create our resolver and in there we can use the find method in JavaScript to get the first item that matches the id we got in the parameters.

https://gist.github.com/57eed0f302be9f48c07a86750d8734f6

Let's take a look at this function and go over the parameters it receives. The first one as we can see is not used and that one is the parent but since this query is a first level query we don't need it and then in the second parameter we get all the arguments the user passed and from that I deconstruct the id so that I can use in the find.

If you restart the server and try movie query with an ID, you have you will see that it returns one result.

This part is done and we can now pass parameters to our query and drill down the information we need.

Mutations

In this last part let's go over creating a mutation that will add a movie to the array.

A mutation in it's essence is the same as a query, what matters is what you do inside the resolver, the difference in name is for us to make more sense of our code.

In our type definitions we need two things. First we need to create a new Type called Mutations and this is where our addMovie Mutation will live.

Then inside this new type we create the add movie mutation that will receive two parameters, the title that is a String and the year that is an Integer and after the movie being created it will return that exact movie.

Returning what you created or deleted is a good practice in GraphQL.

In schema definition language that looks something like:

https://gist.github.com/7ce54bd44b6a1f7bccaf616fbdd47ef4

That's all we need for our type definitions.

For our resolvers we need to think that we are really only modifying an array. That means we can push an new element to it with the two parameters the user passed and a generated id into movies and it will reflect in the movies array.

https://gist.github.com/f294a151bc73965961cbb2fd19a7c06e

As you can see we defined a new movie with what the user gave us and a random id, we then pushed that to the movies array and finally returned what the user created.

If you restart your server server an run a mutation like:

https://gist.github.com/8d0ed3352e5350ef766510c3c48708a9

You should get your newly created movie in the right side and when you run the movies query you will now have 3 movies instead of 2 and that means the mutation worked and you got a functional Apollo Server in about 60 lines of Javascript.

The Code

You can checkout all the code used here: https://glitch.com/edit/#!/apollo-server-2-dope and since glitch is amazing you can even play with it here: https://apollo-server-2-dope.glitch.me/

Have fun with GraphQL and build amazing things ⚡️

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