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RTK Query cache utils. Useful abstractions for creating `provides`/`invalidates` cache data tags against endpoints.
import { FetchBaseQueryError } from '@rtk-incubator/rtk-query/dist';
/**
* Default tags used by the cacher helpers
*/
const defaultTags = ["UNAUTHORIZED", "UNKNOWN_ERROR"] as const;
type DefaultTags = typeof defaultTags[number];
function concatErrorCache<T, ID>(
existingCache: CacheList<T, ID>,
error: FetchBaseQueryError | undefined
): CacheList<T, ID> {
if (error && "status" in error && error.status === 401) {
// unauthorized error
return [...existingCache, "UNAUTHORIZED"];
}
// unknown error
return [...existingCache, "UNKNOWN_ERROR"];
}
/**
* An individual cache item
*/
export type CacheItem<T, ID> = { type: T; id: ID };
/**
* A list of cache items, including a LIST entity cache
*/
export type CacheList<T, ID> = (
| CacheItem<T, "LIST">
| CacheItem<T, ID>
| DefaultTags
)[];
/**
* Inner function returned by `providesList` to be passed to the `provides` property of a query
*/
type InnerProvidesList<T> = <
Results extends { id: unknown }[],
Error extends FetchBaseQueryError
>(
results: Results | undefined,
error: Error | undefined
) => CacheList<T, Results[number]["id"]>;
/**
* HOF to create an entity cache to provide a LIST,
* depending on the results being in a common format.
*
* Will not provide individual items without a result.
*
* @example
* ```ts
* const results = [
* { id: 1, message: 'foo' },
* { id: 2, message: 'bar' }
* ]
* providesList('Todo')(results)
* // [
* // { type: 'Todo', id: 'List'},
* // { type: 'Todo', id: 1 },
* // { type: 'Todo', id: 2 },
* // ]
* ```
*/
export const providesList = <T extends string>(
type: T
): InnerProvidesList<T> => (results, error) => {
// is result available?
if (results) {
// successful query
return [
{ type, id: "LIST" },
...results.map(({ id }) => ({ type, id } as const))
];
}
// Received an error, include an error cache item to the cache list
return concatErrorCache([{ type, id: "LIST" }], error);
};
/**
* HOF to create an entity cache to invalidate a LIST.
*
* Invalidates regardless of result.
*
* @example
* ```ts
* invalidatesList('Todo')()
* // [{ type: 'Todo', id: 'List' }]
* ```
*/
export const invalidatesList = <T extends string>(type: T) => (): readonly [
CacheItem<T, "LIST">
] => [{ type, id: "LIST" }] as const;
type InnerProvidesNestedList<T> = <
Results extends { data: { id: unknown }[] },
Error extends FetchBaseQueryError
>(
results: Results | undefined,
error: Error | undefined
) => CacheList<T, Results["data"][number]["id"]>;
/**
* Similar to `providesList`, but for data located at a nested property,
* e.g. `results.data` in a paginated response.
* The property is hard coded, so re-create a version of this function based
* on a data shape your API returns for best results.
*/
export const providesNestedList = <T extends string>(
type: T
): InnerProvidesNestedList<T> => (results, error) => {
// is result available?
if (results) {
// successful query
return [
{ type, id: "LIST" },
...results.data.map(({ id }) => ({ type, id } as const))
];
}
// Received an error, include an error cache item to the cache list
return concatErrorCache([{ type, id: "LIST" }], error);
};
/**
* HOF to create an entity cache for a single item using the query argument as the ID.
*
* @example
* ```ts
* cacheByIdArg('Todo')({ id: 5, message: 'walk the fish' }, undefined, 5)
* // returns:
* // [{ type: 'Todo', id: 5 }]
* ```
*/
export const cacheByIdArg = <T extends string>(type: T) => <
ID,
Result = undefined,
Error = undefined
>(
result: Result,
error: Error,
id: ID
): readonly [CacheItem<T, ID>] => [{ type, id }] as const;
/**
* HOF to create an entity cache for a single item using the id property from the query argument as the ID.
*
* @example
* ```ts
* cacheByIdArgProperty('Todo')(undefined, { id: 5, message: 'sweep up' })
* // returns:
* // [{ type: 'Todo', id: 5 }]
* ```
*/
export const cacheByIdArgProperty = <T extends string>(type: T) => <
Arg extends { id: unknown },
Result = undefined,
Error = undefined
>(
result: Result,
error: Error,
arg: Arg
): readonly [CacheItem<T, Arg["id"]>] | [] => [{ type, id: arg.id }] as const;
/**
* HOF to invalidate the 'UNAUTHORIZED' type cache item.
*/
export const invalidatesUnauthorized = () => <
Arg = undefined,
Result = undefined,
Error = undefined
>(
result: Result,
error: Error,
arg: Arg
): ["UNAUTHORIZED"] => ["UNAUTHORIZED"];
/**
* HOF to invalidate the 'UNKNOWN_ERROR' type cache item.
*/
export const invalidatesUnknownErrors = () => <
Arg = undefined,
Result = undefined,
Error = undefined
>(
result: Result,
error: Error,
arg: Arg
): ["UNKNOWN_ERROR"] => ["UNKNOWN_ERROR"];
/**
* Utility helpers for common provides/invalidates scenarios
*/
export const cacher = {
defaultTags,
providesList,
invalidatesList,
providesNestedList,
cacheByIdArg,
cacheByIdArgProperty,
invalidatesUnauthorized,
invalidatesUnknownErrors
};
@Shrugsy
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Author

Shrugsy commented Apr 11, 2021

Example usage:

+  import { cacher } from "./rtkQueryCacheUtils";

  export type Todo = {
    id: number;
    userName: string;
    message: string;
  };

  type AtLeast<T, K extends keyof T> = Partial<T> & Pick<T, K>;

  export const todosApi = createApi({
    reducerPath: "todos",
    baseQuery: fetchBaseQuery({
      baseUrl: "/api/"
    }),
+   tagTypes: [...cacher.defaultTags, "Todo"],
-   tagTypes: ["Todo", "UNAUTHORIZED", "UNKNOWN_ERROR"],
    endpoints: (builder) => ({
      login: builder.mutation<unknown, void>({
        query: () => '/login',
+       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesUnauthorized()
-       invalidatesTags: ['UNAUTHORIZED']
      }),
      refetchErroredQueries: builder.mutation<unknown, void>({
        queryFn() {
          return { data: {} };
        },
+       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesUnknownErrors()
-       invalidatesTags: ['UNKNOWN_ERROR']
      }),
      getTodos: builder.query<Todo[], void>({
        query: () => "todos",
+       providesTags: cacher.providesList("Todo")
-        providesTags: (todos) =>
-          todos
-            ? [
-                ...todos.map((todo) => ({ type: "Todo", id: todo.id } as const)),
-                { type: "Todo", id: "LIST" }
-              ]
-              : error && "status" in error && error.status === 401
-            ? [{ type: "Todo", id: "LIST" }, "UNAUTHORIZED"]
-              : [{ type: "Todo", id: "LIST" }, "UNKNOWN_ERROR" }];
      }),
      addTodo: builder.mutation<Todo, Partial<Todo>>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: "todos",
          method: "POST",
          body
        }),
+       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesList("Todo")
-       invalidatesTags: [{ type: "Todo", id: "LIST" }]
      }),
      updateTodo: builder.mutation<Todo, AtLeast<Todo, "id">>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: "todos",
          method: "POST",
          body
        }),
+       invalidatesTags: cacher.cacheByIdArgProperty("Todo")
-       invalidatesTags: (result, error, body) => [{ type: "Todo", id: body.id }]
      }),
      deleteTodo: builder.mutation<Todo[], number>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: `todos/${body}`,
          method: "DELETE"
        }),
+       invalidatesTags: cacher.cacheByIdArg("Todo")
-       invalidatesTags: (result, error, body) => [{ type: "Todo", id: body }]
      })
    })
  });

@troypoulter
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Just stumbled across this and it's absolutely awesome! Very helpful to use with RTK Query 🔥

I am trying to use this for a paginated API where the response is a single object, containing pagination details and then the results available inside of it.

Have been trying to modify this util to work for it but am getting a bit stuck and wanted to reach out for your thoughts! I'm thinking it has to do with it expecting the result to be an Array but am frankly still learning a lot of this and imagine others may have a similar question in the future.

Here is the type I'm using (which is also in the code below):

  export type PaginatedResponse<T> = {
      totalCount: number;
      totalPage: number;
      currentPage: number;
      data: T[];
  }

Here is the error which originates in this section, specfically the providesTags: cacher.providesList("Todo") line:

      getTodos: builder.query<PaginatedResponse<Todo>, Options>({
        query: ({id, page = 0}) => `organisations/${id}/systems?page=${page - 1}&pageSize=10`,
       providesTags: cacher.providesList("Todo")
      }),
Type 'InnerProvidesList<"Todo">' is not assignable to type 'ResultDescription<"UNAUTHORIZED" | "UNKNOWN_ERROR" | "Todo", PaginatedResponse<Todo>, Options, FetchBaseQueryError>'.
  Type 'InnerProvidesList<"Todo">' is not assignable to type 'GetResultDescriptionFn<"UNAUTHORIZED" | "UNKNOWN_ERROR" | "Todo", PaginatedResponse<Todo>, Options, FetchBaseQueryError>'.
    Types of parameters 'results' and 'result' are incompatible.
      Type 'PaginatedResponse<Todo>' is missing the following properties from type '{ id: unknown; }[]': length, pop, push, concat, and 28 more.

Then here is is a modification to your example above to include the PaginatedResponse type:

import { createApi, fetchBaseQuery } from "@reduxjs/toolkit/query/react"
import { cacher } from "./rtkQueryCacheUtils";
 
  export type PaginatedResponse<T> = {
      totalCount: number;
      totalPage: number;
      currentPage: number;
      data: T[];
  }
 
  export type Todo = {
    id: number;
    userName: string;
    message: string;
  };
 
  interface Options {
    id: number
    page: number,
}
 
  type AtLeast<T, K extends keyof T> = Partial<T> & Pick<T, K>;
 
  export const todosApi = createApi({
    reducerPath: "todos",
    baseQuery: fetchBaseQuery({
      baseUrl: "/api/"
    }),
   tagTypes: [...cacher.defaultTags, "Todo"],
    endpoints: (builder) => ({
      login: builder.mutation<unknown, void>({
        query: () => '/login',
       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesUnauthorized()
      }),
      refetchErroredQueries: builder.mutation<unknown, void>({
        queryFn() {
          return { data: {} };
        },
       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesUnknownErrors()
      }),
      getTodos: builder.query<PaginatedResponse<Todo>, Options>({
        query: ({id, page = 0}) => `organisations/${id}/systems?page=${page - 1}&pageSize=10`,
       providesTags: cacher.providesList("Todo")
      }),
      addTodo: builder.mutation<Todo, Partial<Todo>>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: "todos",
          method: "POST",
          body
        }),
       invalidatesTags: cacher.invalidatesList("Todo")
      }),
      updateTodo: builder.mutation<Todo, AtLeast<Todo, "id">>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: "todos",
          method: "POST",
          body
        }),
       invalidatesTags: cacher.cacheByIdArgProperty("Todo")
      }),
      deleteTodo: builder.mutation<Todo[], number>({
        query: (body) => ({
          url: `todos/${body}`,
          method: "DELETE"
        }),
       invalidatesTags: cacher.cacheByIdArg("Todo")
      })
    })
  });

@Shrugsy
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Shrugsy commented Sep 16, 2021

@troypoulter try this out:

type InnerProvidesNestedList<T> = <
  Results extends { data: { id: unknown }[] },
  Error extends FetchBaseQueryError
>(
  results: Results | undefined,
  error: Error | undefined
) => CacheList<T, Results["data"][number]["id"]>;

/**
 * Similar to `providesList`, but for data located at a nested property,
 * e.g. `results.data`.
 * The property is hard coded, so re-create a version of this function based
 * on a data shape your API returns for best results.
 */
export const providesNestedList = <T extends string>(
  type: T
): InnerProvidesNestedList<T> => (results, error) => {
  // is result available?
  if (results) {
    // successful query
    return [
      { type, id: "LIST" },
      ...results.data.map(({ id }) => ({ type, id } as const))
    ];
  }
  // Received an error, include an error cache item to the cache list
  return concatErrorCache([{ type, id: "LIST" }], error);
};

Part of the reason this isn't officially part of the repo is that potentially vastly different response shapes may be used for different users, and it's difficult to get make a more customizable version of this that is still properly type-safe. So the current recommendation is to create your own helpers based on the common shape your API returns. In this case, the above providesNestedList is just a modified version that looks at result.data rather than result.

For your usage, you should be able to do this:

      getTodos: builder.query<PaginatedResponse<Todo>, Options>({
        query: ({id, page = 0}) => `organisations/${id}/systems?page=${page - 1}&pageSize=10`,
       providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("Todo")
      }),

@troypoulter
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This is perfect thank you for such a quick and solid explanation @Shrugsy!

Confirming this works as expected and makes sense on why it isn't included in official repo. Hopefully with these two examples will cover a wide range of use cases and shows how to adapt it as needed!

I realise I used the wrong URL woops hahah and one small suggestion, I saw you updated the gist with this example but did not export providesNestedList at the bottom.

Thank you again for your help, this will make using RTK Query which simpler with these utils!

@Shrugsy
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Shrugsy commented Sep 17, 2021

Thanks @troypoulter, I've updated the export.

p.s., feel free to drop by the #redux channel in the reactiflux discord if you have questions about any other redux related topics, including RTK Query

@troypoulter
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Thanks @Shrugsy! I didn't know that community existed have joined now and will keep in mind for the future many questions hahah 🔥

@akursat
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akursat commented Oct 12, 2021

@Shrugsy why we're invalidating all list? Isn't better to invalidate only affected ids?

@Shrugsy
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Shrugsy commented Oct 12, 2021

@akursat deciding whether to invalidate the 'LIST' tag depends on what the mutation does.

e.g.

  • If you're adding a new item, you would invalidate 'LIST' such that a query that provides a whole list will re-fetch with that new item. In that scenario, it won't have been providing the specific ID before then, because it didn't exist in the list.
  • If you're editing an existing item, invalidating specifically the affected ID is fine, and the query that fetches the list will also re-fetch regardless, since it will be providing that ID already.

@akursat
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akursat commented Oct 12, 2021

I see your point. Thank you for your quick response.

@sorokinvj
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Awesome gist, thanks!

However, did I understand it right, that if you use queryFn on a query, then there is no way to provide cache id and as a result, you can't do optimistic updates for that particular query? @Shrugsy

@Shrugsy
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Shrugsy commented Oct 19, 2021

Hi @sorokinvj,

Whether you use queryFn or query, the cache id is still the same. The argument you call the query with is used in conjunction with the endpoint name to generate the 'cache key'.

e.g. for the below:

endpoints: (build) => ({
  getFoo: build.query<Foo, number>({
    query: (id) => `foo/${id}`,
  }),
  getBar: build.query<Bar, number>({
    queryFn: (id) => ({
      data: id
    }),
  }),
})

The getFoo endpoint uses query in conjunction with the base query, and takes a number as an argument. So if the generated hook is called like useGetFooQuery(5), it will have a cache key of getFoo(5).
The getBar endpoint uses queryFn, and takes a number as an argument. So if the generated hook is called like useGetBarQuery(5), it will have a cache key of getBar(5).

For an optimistic update, you need to provide the name of the endpoint you're updating the cache for, and the argument used that corresponds to the cache entry. So whether using query or queryFn, it works the same.

e.g. within a mutation's onQueryStarted:

api.util.updateQueryData('getFoo', 5, (draft) => { /* updates go here */ });

or

api.util.updateQueryData('getBar', 5, (draft) => { /* updates go here */ });

@troypoulter
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Hey again @Shrugsy, been using this a lot at work and been humming along like a charm - thank you for also adding the tests for it!

I've encountered an issue where on one of my getAll style endpoints where I use cacher.providesNestedList(Tag) - the call will always fail due to a server issue.

This is expected and I thought it would show the error and not load but instead it is in a continual re-fetch loop until you change page/component unsubscribes.

How do you reckon is best to approach this? In our use case, if one of our getAll endpoints fail we don't really want/need to re-fetch if that info is relevant.

But yeah found the behaviour quite strange.

@Shrugsy
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Shrugsy commented Nov 4, 2021

@troypoulter could you try the beta for v1.7.0? https://github.com/reduxjs/redux-toolkit/releases/tag/v1.7.0-beta.0

Under the current design, you can enter an infinite loop if a query argument is a nested object and the query returns an error. A single object level is accounted for, but a nested object will be considered a new argument each time, so the loop is essentially that it sees an error, returns that error out of the hook, sees a new argument, re-tries, and repeat.

In v1.7.0, the serialization for query arguments has been re-written, so a nested object argument will still be considered the same argument if it serializes the same way.

@sorokinvj
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@Shrugsy thanks a lot!

My question was actually "inspired" by the nasty bug I discovered in my code, one of the query params to my surprise turned out to be a number where a expected a string, so the api.util.updateQueryData wasn't updating anything and I thought that's maybe because queryFn instead of query (I don't know why I thought that, but it was after 2 days of unsuccessful tries:). Anyway, now its solved, thanks for detailed clarification!

@troypoulter
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@troypoulter could you try the beta for v1.7.0? https://github.com/reduxjs/redux-toolkit/releases/tag/v1.7.0-beta.0

Under the current design, you can enter an infinite loop if a query argument is a nested object and the query returns an error. A single object level is accounted for, but a nested object will be considered a new argument each time, so the loop is essentially that it sees an error, returns that error out of the hook, sees a new argument, re-tries, and repeat.

In v1.7.0, the serialization for query arguments has been re-written, so a nested object argument will still be considered the same argument if it serializes the same way.

Apologies for the delay, as I upgraded to the beta the backend team fixed the issue so had to fiddle around to replicate it and appears to be behaving as normal.

Thank you for your assistance again @Shrugsy 🔥

@talatkuyuk
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talatkuyuk commented May 6, 2022

I've read the conversation between @troypoulter and @Shrugsy about providesNestedList and InnerProvidesNestedList which is very convenient with REST APIs.

But, in my case, the paginated API responds the data according to the request. I mean:

If I request getUsers, the API responds:

{
      totalCount: number;
      totalPage: number;
      currentPage: number;
      users: User[];    // <--------- here is users, not data !
}

If I request getAuthusers, the API responds:

{
      totalCount: number;
      totalPage: number;
      currentPage: number;
      authusers: Authuser[];    // <--------- here is authusers, not data !
}

If I request getBooks, the API responds:

{
      totalCount: number;
      totalPage: number;
      currentPage: number;
      books: Book[];    // <--------- here is books, not data !
}

and so forth.

In this case I suppose, I have to add another parameter (relevant key string) into providesNestedList in order to read it from response through response[key], because it is not always response.data; which could be response.users, or response.authusers or response.books etc.

// for the getUsers endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("User", "users");

// for the getAuthusers endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("Authuser", "authusers");

// for the getBooks endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("Book", "books");

But I don't know how to pass the parameter key into ** InnerProvidesNestedList** in order to provide type inference for the type Results.

type InnerProvidesNestedList<T> = <
  Results extends { data: { id: unknown }[] },   // <---- it is not always data any more, could be users, authusers, books or could be data in the case of @troypoulter as well !!
  Error extends FetchBaseQueryError
>(
  results: Results | undefined,
  error: Error | undefined
) => CacheList<T, Results["data"][number]["id"]>;  // <---- and here, the key is not always "data" !

If we re-arrange providesNestedList and InnerProvidesNestedList, this two functions could be more generic, and I need this for my case indeed.

@hrafnkellbaldurs
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@talatkuyuk

Possible solution you could use for a dynamic key in a nested list

type InnerProvidesNestedList<T, K extends string> = <
  Results extends { [Key in K]: { id: unknown }[] },
  Error extends FetchBaseQueryError
>(
  results: Results | undefined,
  error: Error | undefined
) => CacheList<T, Results[K][number]['id']>;

/**
 * Similar to `providesList`, but for data located at a nested property,
 * e.g. `results.data` in a paginated response.
 * The property is hard coded, so re-create a version of this function based
 * on a data shape your API returns for best results.
 */
export const providesNestedList =
  <T extends string, K extends string>(type: T, key: K): InnerProvidesNestedList<T, K> =>
  (results, error) => {
    // is result available?
    if (results) {
      // successful query
      return [
        { type, id: 'LIST' },
        ...results[key].map(({ id }) => ({ type, id } as const)),
      ];
    }
    // Received an error, include an error cache item to the cache list
    return concatErrorCache([{ type, id: 'LIST' }], error);
  };
// for the getUsers endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("User", "users");

// for the getAuthusers endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("Authuser", "authusers");

// for the getBooks endpoint
providesTags: cacher.providesNestedList("Book", "books");

@talatkuyuk
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talatkuyuk commented Nov 15, 2022

Thank you @hrafnkellbaldurs, it has worked.

Now, the cacher utility is available for the server responses having the actual records/list in a "dynamic key" rather than hard-coded "data" key.

My recommendation to other developers is to keep the function providesNestedList and the type InnerProvidesNestedList as it is and to add the new function asprovidesNestedDynamicList and the new type as InnerProvidesNestedDynamicList which @hrafnkellbaldurs has provided in order to have flexibility.

Thanks again.

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