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Building a calculator with javascript
<!DOCTYPE html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes">
<title>Calculator Test</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
<link href='https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:600,400,300' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
</head>
<body>
<div id="wrapper">
<div id="calculator">
<!-- Screen and clear key -->
<div class="top">
<span class="clear">C</span>
<div class="screen"></div>
</div>
<div class="keys">
<!-- operators and other keys -->
<span>7</span>
<span>8</span>
<span>9</span>
<span class="operator">+</span>
<span>4</span>
<span>5</span>
<span>6</span>
<span class="operator">-</span>
<span>1</span>
<span>2</span>
<span>3</span>
<span class="operator">÷</span>
<span>0</span>
<span>.</span>
<span class="eval">=</span>
<span class="operator">x</span>
</div>
</div>
<div id="about">
<h1>A calculator web app for your iPhone</h1>
<p>It features <strong>less options</strong> than your current calculator and <strong>doesn't work so well</strong> either.</p>
<p>Simply add this page to your Home Screen. </p>
</div>
</div>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.2.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="script.js"></script>
</body>
</html
// Get all the keys from document
var keys = document.querySelectorAll('#calculator span');
var operators = ['+', '-', 'x', '÷'];
var decimalAdded = false;
// Add onclick event to all the keys and perform operations
for(var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
keys[i].onclick = function(e) {
// Get the input and button values
var input = document.querySelector('.screen');
var inputVal = input.innerHTML;
var btnVal = this.innerHTML;
// Now, just append the key values (btnValue) to the input string and finally use javascript's eval function to get the result
// If clear key is pressed, erase everything
if(btnVal == 'C') {
input.innerHTML = '';
decimalAdded = false;
}
// If eval key is pressed, calculate and display the result
else if(btnVal == '=') {
var equation = inputVal;
var lastChar = equation[equation.length - 1];
// Replace all instances of x and ÷ with * and / respectively. This can be done easily using regex and the 'g' tag which will replace all instances of the matched character/substring
equation = equation.replace(/x/g, '*').replace(/÷/g, '/');
// Final thing left to do is checking the last character of the equation. If it's an operator or a decimal, remove it
if(operators.indexOf(lastChar) > -1 || lastChar == '.')
equation = equation.replace(/.$/, '');
if(equation)
input.innerHTML = eval(equation);
decimalAdded = false;
}
// Basic functionality of the calculator is complete. But there are some problems like
// 1. No two operators should be added consecutively.
// 2. The equation shouldn't start from an operator except minus
// 3. not more than 1 decimal should be there in a number
// We'll fix these issues using some simple checks
// indexOf works only in IE9+
else if(operators.indexOf(btnVal) > -1) {
// Operator is clicked
// Get the last character from the equation
var lastChar = inputVal[inputVal.length - 1];
// Only add operator if input is not empty and there is no operator at the last
if(inputVal != '' && operators.indexOf(lastChar) == -1)
input.innerHTML += btnVal;
// Allow minus if the string is empty
else if(inputVal == '' && btnVal == '-')
input.innerHTML += btnVal;
// Replace the last operator (if exists) with the newly pressed operator
if(operators.indexOf(lastChar) > -1 && inputVal.length > 1) {
// Here, '.' matches any character while $ denotes the end of string, so anything (will be an operator in this case) at the end of string will get replaced by new operator
input.innerHTML = inputVal.replace(/.$/, btnVal);
}
decimalAdded =false;
}
// Now only the decimal problem is left. We can solve it easily using a flag 'decimalAdded' which we'll set once the decimal is added and prevent more decimals to be added once it's set. It will be reset when an operator, eval or clear key is pressed.
else if(btnVal == '.') {
if(!decimalAdded) {
input.innerHTML += btnVal;
decimalAdded = true;
}
}
// if any other key is pressed, just append it
else {
input.innerHTML += btnVal;
}
// prevent page jumps
e.preventDefault();
}
}
/* Basic reset */
* {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
box-sizing: border-box;
/* Better text styling */
font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif;
font-size: 25px;
font-weight: 300;
}
body {
background: #565656;
}
#about h1 {
color: #FFF0F5;
font-size: 1.6rem;
font-weight: 600;
padding-bottom: 25px;
}
#about p {
color: #FFF0F5;
font-size: .8rem;
padding-bottom: 10px;
}
strong {
font-size: .8rem;
font-weight: 600;
}
#wrapper {
width: 750px;
margin: auto;
}
#about {
width: 300px;
margin: 100px 30px;
padding-top: 50px;
display: block;
float: left;
}
#calculator {
width: 305px;
height: auto;
margin: 100px 30px;
padding: 35px 20px 45px;
background: #ddd865;
border-radius: 15px;
display: block;
float: left;
}
/* Numbers Field */
.top span.clear {
float: left;
}
/* Buttons */
.top .screen {
height: 66px;
width: 180px;
overflow: hidden;
float: right;
padding: 0 10px;
/* Typography */
font-size: 30px;
line-height: 58px;
color: #FFF0F5;
text-align: right;
letter-spacing: 2px;
}
/* Clear floats */
.keys, .top {overflow: hidden;}
/* Applying same to the keys */
.keys span, .top span.clear {
float: left;
position: relative;
top: 0;
cursor: pointer;
width: 61px;
height: 61px;
border-radius: 50%;
margin: 0 7px 11px 0;
padding-top: 11px;
color: #c1c1c1;
line-height: 36px;
text-align: center;
/* prevent selection of text inside keys */
user-select: none;
/* Smoothing out hover and active states using css3 transitions */
transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
/* Remove right margins from operator keys */
/* style different type of keys (operators/evaluate/clear) differently */
.keys span.operator {
background: #FFF0F5;
margin-right: 0;
}
.keys span.eval {
background: #f1ff92;
color: #888e5f;
}
.top span.clear {
background: #ff9fa8;
color: white;
}
/* Some hover effects */
.keys span:hover,
.keys span.operator:hover,
.keys span.eval:hover,
.top span.clear:hover {
box-shadow: none;
color: white;
background: #234567;
}
.keys span,
.keys span.operator,
.keys span.eval,
.top span.clear {
box-shadow: inset 0px 3px 3px rgba(255,255,255,0.1),
0px 3px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1),
inset 0px -3px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
}
#calculator {
box-shadow: 0px 10px 15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2),
inset 0px 3px 3px rgba(255,255,255,0.1),
0px 3px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1),
inset 0px -3px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
}
@media screen and (max-width: 480px) {
#about {
display: none;
}
}
/* A nice BG gradient
html {
height: 100%;
background: radial-gradient(circle, #fff 45%, #888);
background-size: cover;
}
*/
@TWilliamsUK

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Owner Author

TWilliamsUK commented Jul 11, 2016

Test

This is a test Gist to see how we go.

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