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Shrink database in chunks - tsql
/*
This script is used to shrink a database file in
increments until it reaches a target free space limit.
Run this script in the database with the file to be shrunk.
1. Set @DBFileName to the name of database file to shrink.
2. Set @TargetFreeMB to the desired file free space in MB after shrink.
3. Set @ShrinkIncrementMB to the increment to shrink file by in MB
4. Run the script
Comments : - This script will help shrink database in chunks.
- Remember : Shriking a database file should be done as a last practice.
- http://www.sqlskills.com/blogs/paul/why-you-should-not-shrink-your-data-files/
- https://www.brentozar.com/archive/2009/08/stop-shrinking-your-database-files-seriously-now/
*/
declare @DBFileName sysname
declare @TargetFreeMB int
declare @ShrinkIncrementMB int
-- Set Name of Database file to shrink
set @DBFileName = 'nameOfDatabaseFileGoesHere' --<--- CHANGE HERE !!
-- Set Desired file free space in MB after shrink
set @TargetFreeMB = 1000 --<--- CHANGE HERE !!
-- Set Increment to shrink file by in MB
set @ShrinkIncrementMB = 500 --<--- CHANGE HERE !!
-- Show Size, Space Used, Unused Space, and Name of all database files
select
[FileSizeMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round(a.size/128.,2)),
[UsedSpaceMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round(fileproperty( a.name,'SpaceUsed')/128.,2)) ,
[UnusedSpaceMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round((a.size-fileproperty( a.name,'SpaceUsed'))/128.,2)) ,
[DBFileName] = a.name
from
sysfiles a
declare @sql varchar(8000)
declare @SizeMB int
declare @UsedMB int
-- Get current file size in MB
select @SizeMB = size/128. from sysfiles where name = @DBFileName
-- Get current space used in MB
select @UsedMB = fileproperty( @DBFileName,'SpaceUsed')/128.
select [StartFileSize] = @SizeMB, [StartUsedSpace] = @UsedMB, [DBFileName] = @DBFileName
-- Loop until file at desired size
while @SizeMB > @UsedMB+@TargetFreeMB+@ShrinkIncrementMB
begin
set @sql =
'dbcc shrinkfile ( '+@DBFileName+', '+
convert(varchar(20),@SizeMB-@ShrinkIncrementMB)+' ) '
print 'Start ' + @sql
print 'at '+convert(varchar(30),getdate(),121)
exec ( @sql )
print 'Done ' + @sql
print 'at '+convert(varchar(30),getdate(),121)
-- Get current file size in MB
select @SizeMB = size/128. from sysfiles where name = @DBFileName
-- Get current space used in MB
select @UsedMB = fileproperty( @DBFileName,'SpaceUsed')/128.
select [FileSize] = @SizeMB, [UsedSpace] = @UsedMB, [DBFileName] = @DBFileName
end
select [EndFileSize] = @SizeMB, [EndUsedSpace] = @UsedMB, [DBFileName] = @DBFileName
-- Show Size, Space Used, Unused Space, and Name of all database files
select
[FileSizeMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round(a.size/128.,2)),
[UsedSpaceMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round(fileproperty( a.name,'SpaceUsed')/128.,2)) ,
[UnusedSpaceMB] =
convert(numeric(10,2),round((a.size-fileproperty( a.name,'SpaceUsed'))/128.,2)) ,
[DBFileName] = a.name
from
sysfiles a
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