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function PartiallyDownload-File([String]$Uri, [String]$OutFile, [Int64]$Start, [Int64]$End = 0, [String]$UserAgent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/74.0.3729.169 Safari/537.36') {
[Net.ServicePointManager]::DefaultConnectionLimit = [Int32]::MaxValue
$Request = [Net.WebRequest]::Create($Uri)
if ($End) {
$Request.AddRange($Start, $End)
}
else {
$Request.AddRange($Start)
}
$Request.UserAgent = $UserAgent
$Request.Proxy = $null
$Response = $Request.GetResponse()
$Stream = $Response.GetResponseStream()
$File = [IO.File]::Create($OutFile)
$Stream.CopyTo($File)
$File.Close()
$Stream.Close()
$Response.Close()
}
function Merge-File([String[]]$Source, [String]$Destination) {
$Source = $Source.Clone()
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $Source.Length; $i++) {
$Source[$i] = '"' + $ExecutionContext.SessionState.Path.GetUnresolvedProviderPathFromPSPath($Source[$i]) + '"'
}
cmd /c copy /b /y ($Source -join '+') $ExecutionContext.SessionState.Path.GetUnresolvedProviderPathFromPSPath($Destination) | Out-Null
}
function MultiThreadDownload-File([String]$Uri, [String]$OutFile, [Int32]$ThreadCount = 4, [Int32]$MinSliceSize = 256KB, [String]$UserAgent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/74.0.3729.169 Safari/537.36') {
[Net.ServicePointManager]::DefaultConnectionLimit = [Int32]::MaxValue
[Int64]$Length = (Invoke-WebRequest $Uri -Method Head -UseBasicParsing -Proxy $null).Headers.'Content-Length'
[String[]]$Part = @()
[Int64[]]$Start = @()
[Int64[]]$End = @()
[Management.Automation.PowerShell[]]$Job = @()
[Object[]]$Handle = @()
if (($MinSliceSize * $ThreadCount) -gt $Length) { $ThreadCount = [Math]::Floor($Length / $MinSliceSize) }
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $ThreadCount; $i++) {
$Start += $End[$i - 1] + [Int64](!!$i)
$End += [Math]::Round($Length / $ThreadCount * ($i + 1))
$Part += $ExecutionContext.SessionState.Path.GetUnresolvedProviderPathFromPSPath([GUID]::NewGuid().ToString('N') + '.bin')
$Job += [PowerShell]::Create().AddScript(${Function:PartiallyDownload-File}).AddParameter('Uri', $Uri).AddParameter('OutFile', $Part[$i]).AddParameter('Start', $Start[$i]).AddParameter('End', $End[$i]).AddParameter('UserAgent', $UserAgent)
$Handle += $Job[$i].BeginInvoke()
}
[Double]$Progress = 0
[Int32]$Interval = 200
[Boolean]$Complete = $false
while (!$Complete) {
Start-Sleep -Milliseconds $Interval
$Complete = $true
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $ThreadCount; $i++) {
if (!$Handle[$i].IsCompleted) {
$Complete = $false
break
}
}
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $ThreadCount; $i++) {
if (!(Test-Path $Part[$i])) { continue }
$Progress = (Get-Item $Part[$i]).Length / ($End[$i] - $Start[$i] + 1) * 100
Write-Progress -Id $i -Activity ('Thread #{0} {1} - {2}' -f $i, $Start[$i], $End[$i]) -Status ('{0} / {1} {2:f2}%' -f (Get-Item $Part[$i]).Length, ($End[$i] - $Start[$i] + 1), $Progress) -PercentComplete $Progress
}
}
for ($i = 0; $i -lt $ThreadCount; $i++) {
Write-Progress -Id $i -Activity ('Thread {0} - {1}' -f $Start[$i], $End[$i]) -Completed
$Job[$i].EndInvoke($Handle[$i])
$Job[$i].Runspace.Close()
$Job[$i].Dispose()
}
Merge-File -Source $Part -Destination $OutFile
foreach ($p in $Part) { Remove-Item $p }
}
# Test
MultiThreadDownload-File -Uri 'https://ffmpeg.zeranoe.com/builds/win64/static/ffmpeg-4.2.2-win64-static.zip' -OutFile 'ffmpeg-4.2.2-win64-static.zip' -ThreadCount 8
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