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Turn a piano MIDI file into a basic 3D animated piano video.
"""
Turn a piano MIDI file into a basic 3D animated piano video.
See the result here:
I am leaving it as a script because it is not tested on enough MIDI files yet.
Zulko 2014
This script is released under a Public Domain (Creative Commons 0) licence.
"""
import os
import numpy as np
import mido
from vapory import *
from moviepy.editor import VideoClip, AudioFileClip
MIDI_NAME = "./selec/lets_fall_in_love.mid"
MP3_NAME = MIDI_NAME[:-3]+"mp3"
VIDEO_NAME = MIDI_NAME[:-3]+"mp4"
os.system('fluidsynth piano.SF2 %s -T raw -F - | lame -r - "%s"'%(
MIDI_NAME, MP3_NAME))
# GET INFO AND EVENTS FROM THE MIDI FILE
midi = mido.MidiFile(MIDI_NAME)
info_track = midi.tracks[0]
piano_track = midi.tracks[1]
tempo = [e.tempo for e in info_track if hasattr(e,'tempo')][0]
seconds_per_beat=1.0*tempo/10**6
seconds_per_tick = seconds_per_beat/midi.ticks_per_beat
events = {note: [] for note in range(0,120)}
t=0
for e in piano_track:
t += seconds_per_tick*e.time
if e.type in ["note_on", "note_off"]:
events[e.note].append((t, e.type, e.velocity))
def get_height(note, t):
""" Returns the height of a given key at the given time. """
slope = lambda t : max(0,min(1,t))
def term(t,event):
event_time, event_type, velocity = event
if event_type == 'note_on':
return -slope(100*(t-event_time))
else:
return +slope(100*(t-event_time))
return max(0,min(1,1+sum([ term(t,e) for e in events[note]])))
# Some dimensions of the piano keys and the black "piano box"
key_w = 0.4
key_h = 1.1*key_w
key_l = 5*key_w
box_bottom = 0.2
light = LightSource([0, 1000, -1000], [1.4,1.4,1.4],'parallel',
'point_at',[0,0,0])
wall = Plane([0,0,1],20, Texture(Pigment('color', [1,1,1])))
ground = Plane( [0,1,0], 0, Texture( Pigment( 'color', [1,1,1]),
Finish( 'phong', 0.1,
'reflection',0.2,
'metallic', 0.3)))
piano_box = Box([-60*key_w, 0,1-key_l-0.1], [60*key_w,box_bottom, 1.01],
Texture( Pigment( 'color', [0,0,0]), Finish('reflection', 0.0)))
camera = Camera("location", [0, 15, -30], "look_at", [0, 0, 0], "angle", 75)
scene = Scene( camera, objects = [ ground, light, piano_box])
# COMPUTE THE COORDINATES AND COLOR OF THE DIFFERENT KEYS
def compute_key_attributes(key):
distance_to_C4 = key-60
octave, note = distance_to_C4//12, distance_to_C4%12
x_coordinate = 14*octave + note + (note>4)
color = 'black' if (note in [1,3,6,8,10]) else 'white'
return (x_coordinate, color)
keys = range(21, 108)
keys_attributes = { k: compute_key_attributes(k) for k in keys}
def make_piano_keys(keys_heights):
keys = []
for key, height in keys_heights.items():
x_c, color = keys_attributes[key]
x_c = x_c*(key_w*1.03)-2
if color=='white':
w, h, l, color = key_w, key_h*(1-0.7*(1-height)), key_l, [1,1,1]
else:
w, h, l, color = (0.47*key_w, key_h*(1.5-0.4*(1-height)),
0.6*key_l, [0,0,0])
keys.append(Box([x_c-w, box_bottom,1-l], [x_c+w,box_bottom+h,1],
Texture( Pigment( 'color', color),
Finish('ambient', 0.2, 'brilliance',0.3))))
return keys
# WE KNOW DEFINE EXACTLY THE FRAME AT TIME t, AND ASSEMBLE THE VIDEO.
def make_frame(t):
keys_heights = {k: get_height(k,t) for k in keys}
newscene = scene.add_objects(make_piano_keys(keys_heights))
newscene.camera = Camera( "location", [0, 10, -25], "look_at", [0, 0, 0],
"angle", 70)
return newscene.render(width=1000, height=100, antialiasing=0.001)
audio = AudioFileClip(MP3_NAME)
clip = VideoClip(make_frame, duration = audio.duration).subclip(.05)
clip.write_videofile(VIDEO_NAME, fps=30, bitrate='8000k', audio=MP3_NAME)
@webdev1hcc

Hi,
I noticed that your code that handles the midi file (lines 29-41) assumes that the midi file is Type 1. On line 32 it appears to assume that the original tempo is maintained throughout the piece. The code also seems to assume their is only one piano track. I modified the code to use on a song that has multiple tempo changes by doing the following:

midi = mido.MidiFile('song.mid')
t = 0
for e in midi.play():
    t += e.time
    if e.type in ["note_on","note_off"]:
        events[e.note].append((t,e.type,e.velocity))

This allows for multiple piano tracks and takes into account the tempo changes that occur for the song that I used. If the code makes sense to you, you might want to give it a try as I believe it makes your wonderful example a little more flexible.
Thanks for all the great tutorials you are putting out regarding moviepy. I am very interested in data-driven computer animation and your posts have been most informative.
Vern

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