Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
A CUDA SHA-256 subroutine using macro expansion
// -*- compile-command: "nvcc -m 32 -arch sm_35 -Xptxas=-v,-abi=no -cubin sha256.cu"; -*-
//
// Copyright 2013 Allan MacKinnon <allanmac@alum.mit.edu>
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
// a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
// permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
// the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
// included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
// EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
// NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS
// BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN
// ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
// CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
// SOFTWARE.
//
#include <cuda.h>
#define WARP_SIZE 32
#define NUM_WARPS_IN_BLOCK 4 // arbitrarily chosen for now
#define NUM_THREADS_IN_BLOCK (NUM_WARPS_IN_BLOCK * WARP_SIZE)
#define LAUNCH_BOUNDS __launch_bounds__(NUM_THREADS_IN_BLOCK,1)
#define DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS __device__ __forceinline__
//
// SQUASH C++ NAME MANGLING SO WE CAN LOAD AT RUNTIME VIA DRIVER API
//
#define KERNEL_QUALIFIERS extern "C" __global__
//
//
//
#define STRINGIFY(x) ""#x
#define COMMA ,
#define EMPTY
//
// BIG-ENDIAN UNSIGNED 32-bit
//
typedef unsigned int beu32;
//
// 64 WORDS + MAGIC
//
#define W64(notLast,last) \
W(0 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x428a2f98) notLast \
W(1 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x71374491) notLast \
W(2 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0xb5c0fbcf) notLast \
W(3 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0xe9b5dba5) notLast \
W(4 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x3956c25b) notLast \
W(5 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x59f111f1) notLast \
W(6 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x923f82a4) notLast \
W(7 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0xab1c5ed5) notLast \
W(8 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0xd807aa98) notLast \
W(9 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x12835b01) notLast \
W(10,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x243185be) notLast \
W(11,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x550c7dc3) notLast \
W(12,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x72be5d74) notLast \
W(13,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x80deb1fe) notLast \
W(14,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0x9bdc06a7) notLast \
W(15,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 , 0xc19bf174) notLast \
W(16,0 ,1 ,9 ,14, 0xe49b69c1) notLast \
W(17,1 ,2 ,10 ,15, 0xefbe4786) notLast \
W(18,2 ,3 ,11 ,16, 0x0fc19dc6) notLast \
W(19,3 ,4 ,12 ,17, 0x240ca1cc) notLast \
W(20,4 ,5 ,13 ,18, 0x2de92c6f) notLast \
W(21,5 ,6 ,14 ,19, 0x4a7484aa) notLast \
W(22,6 ,7 ,15 ,20, 0x5cb0a9dc) notLast \
W(23,7 ,8 ,16 ,21, 0x76f988da) notLast \
W(24,8 ,9 ,17 ,22, 0x983e5152) notLast \
W(25,9 ,10 ,18 ,23, 0xa831c66d) notLast \
W(26,10 ,11 ,19 ,24, 0xb00327c8) notLast \
W(27,11 ,12 ,20 ,25, 0xbf597fc7) notLast \
W(28,12 ,13 ,21 ,26, 0xc6e00bf3) notLast \
W(29,13 ,14 ,22 ,27, 0xd5a79147) notLast \
W(30,14 ,15 ,23 ,28, 0x06ca6351) notLast \
W(31,15 ,16 ,24 ,29, 0x14292967) notLast \
W(32,16 ,17 ,25 ,30, 0x27b70a85) notLast \
W(33,17 ,18 ,26 ,31, 0x2e1b2138) notLast \
W(34,18 ,19 ,27 ,32, 0x4d2c6dfc) notLast \
W(35,19 ,20 ,28 ,33, 0x53380d13) notLast \
W(36,20 ,21 ,29 ,34, 0x650a7354) notLast \
W(37,21 ,22 ,30 ,35, 0x766a0abb) notLast \
W(38,22 ,23 ,31 ,36, 0x81c2c92e) notLast \
W(39,23 ,24 ,32 ,37, 0x92722c85) notLast \
W(40,24 ,25 ,33 ,38, 0xa2bfe8a1) notLast \
W(41,25 ,26 ,34 ,39, 0xa81a664b) notLast \
W(42,26 ,27 ,35 ,40, 0xc24b8b70) notLast \
W(43,27 ,28 ,36 ,41, 0xc76c51a3) notLast \
W(44,28 ,29 ,37 ,42, 0xd192e819) notLast \
W(45,29 ,30 ,38 ,43, 0xd6990624) notLast \
W(46,30 ,31 ,39 ,44, 0xf40e3585) notLast \
W(47,31 ,32 ,40 ,45, 0x106aa070) notLast \
W(48,32 ,33 ,41 ,46, 0x19a4c116) notLast \
W(49,33 ,34 ,42 ,47, 0x1e376c08) notLast \
W(50,34 ,35 ,43 ,48, 0x2748774c) notLast \
W(51,35 ,36 ,44 ,49, 0x34b0bcb5) notLast \
W(52,36 ,37 ,45 ,50, 0x391c0cb3) notLast \
W(53,37 ,38 ,46 ,51, 0x4ed8aa4a) notLast \
W(54,38 ,39 ,47 ,52, 0x5b9cca4f) notLast \
W(55,39 ,40 ,48 ,53, 0x682e6ff3) notLast \
W(56,40 ,41 ,49 ,54, 0x748f82ee) notLast \
W(57,41 ,42 ,50 ,55, 0x78a5636f) notLast \
W(58,42 ,43 ,51 ,56, 0x84c87814) notLast \
W(59,43 ,44 ,52 ,57, 0x8cc70208) notLast \
W(60,44 ,45 ,53 ,58, 0x90befffa) notLast \
W(61,45 ,46 ,54 ,59, 0xa4506ceb) notLast \
W(62,46 ,47 ,55 ,60, 0xbef9a3f7) notLast \
W(63,47 ,48 ,56 ,61, 0xc67178f2) last
//
// HASH 8
//
#define H8(notLast,last) \
H(0, a, 0x6a09e667) notLast \
H(1, b, 0xbb67ae85) notLast \
H(2, c, 0x3c6ef372) notLast \
H(3, d, 0xa54ff53a) notLast \
H(4, e, 0x510e527f) notLast \
H(5, f, 0x9b05688c) notLast \
H(6, g, 0x1f83d9ab) notLast \
H(7, h, 0x5be0cd19) last
//
// MIX 8
//
#define M8(notLast,last) \
M(h, g) notLast \
M(g, f) notLast \
M(f, e) notLast \
M(e, d) notLast \
M(d, c) notLast \
M(c, b) notLast \
M(b, a) notLast \
M(a, t) last
//
// CHUNK 16
//
#define C16(notLast,last) \
C(0 ) notLast \
C(1 ) notLast \
C(2 ) notLast \
C(3 ) notLast \
C(4 ) notLast \
C(5 ) notLast \
C(6 ) notLast \
C(7 ) notLast \
C(8 ) notLast \
C(9 ) notLast \
C(10) notLast \
C(11) notLast \
C(12) notLast \
C(13) notLast \
C(14) notLast \
C(15) last
//
// NOT AND
//
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
beu32
notand(beu32 a, const beu32 b)
{
#if __CUDA_ARCH__ >= 100
beu32 d;
asm("not.b32 %1, %1; \n\t"
"and.b32 %0, %1, %2; \n\t"
: "=r"(d), "+r"(a) : "r"(b));
return d;
#else
return ~a & b;
#endif
}
//
// ROTATE RIGHT
//
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
beu32
ror(const beu32 a, const unsigned int n)
{
#if __CUDA_ARCH__ >= 350 // BEWARE THIS CRASHES NVCC/CICC 5.0 -- BUG REPORTED
beu32 d;
asm("shf.r.clamp.b32 %0, %1, %2, %3;" : "=r"(d) : "r"(a), "r"(a), "r"(n));
return d;
#else
return (a >> n) | (a << (32 - n));
#endif
}
//
// SHIFT RIGHT
//
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
beu32
shr(const beu32 a, const unsigned int n)
{
#if __CUDA_ARCH__ >= 999 // 200 -- DISABLED
beu32 d;
asm("vshr.u32.u32.u32.clamp %0, %1, %2;" : "=r"(d) : "r"(a), "r"(n));
return d;
#else
return a >> n;
#endif
}
//
// ADD 3
//
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
beu32
add3(const beu32 a, const beu32 b, const beu32 c)
{
#if __CUDA_ARCH__ >= 999 // 200 -- DISABLED
beu32 d;
asm("vadd.u32.u32.u32.add %0, %1, %2, %3;" : "=r"(d) : "r"(a), "r"(b), "r"(c));
return d;
#else
return a + b + c;
#endif
}
//
// MIX ALPHAS
//
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
void
hmix(beu32* a,
beu32* b,
beu32* c,
beu32* d,
beu32* e,
beu32* f,
beu32* g,
beu32* h,
beu32* t)
{
#undef M
#define M(alpha,mix) *alpha = *mix;
M8(EMPTY,EMPTY);
}
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// SHA-256 CHUNK FUNC
//
#undef C
#define C(i) const beu32 c##i
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) const beu32 hin##i, beu32* hout##i
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
void
sha256_chunk(C16(COMMA,EMPTY),
H8(COMMA,EMPTY))
{
//
// DECLARE 'W' REGISTERS
//
#undef W
#define W(i,m16,m15,m7,m2,magic) beu32 w##i;
W64(EMPTY,EMPTY);
//
// INIT W REGISTERS 0-15 OFF OF CHUNK REGISTERS
//
#undef C
#define C(i) w##i = c##i;
C16(EMPTY,EMPTY);
//
// INIT W REGISTERS 16-63
//
#undef W
#define W(i,m16,m15,m7,m2,magic) \
if (i >= 16) { \
w##i = w##m16 + \
add3(w##m7, \
(ror(w##m15, 7) ^ ror(w##m15,18) ^ shr(w##m15, 3)), \
(ror(w##m2, 17) ^ ror(w##m2, 19) ^ shr(w##m2, 10))); \
}
W64(EMPTY,EMPTY);
//
// INIT H REGISTERS
//
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) beu32 alpha = hin##i;
H8(EMPTY,EMPTY);
//
// MAIN LOOP
//
#undef W
#define W(i,m16,m15,m7,m2,magic) \
{ \
beu32 t = add3(add3(h,w##i,magic), \
(ror(e,6) ^ ror(e,11) ^ ror(e,25)), \
((e & f) ^ notand(e,g))); \
\
d += t; \
\
t = add3(t, \
(ror(a,2) ^ ror(a,13) ^ ror(a,22)), \
((a & (b ^ c)) ^ (b & c))); \
\
hmix(&a,&b,&c,&d,&e,&f,&g,&h,&t); \
}
W64(EMPTY,EMPTY);
//
// ADD H MAGIC TO ALPHAS
//
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) *hout##i = hin##i + alpha;
H8(EMPTY,EMPTY);
}
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CHUNK 0 IS KICKSTARTED WITH CONSTANT HASH INPUTS
//
#undef C
#define C(i) const beu32 c##i
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) beu32* hout##i
DEVICE_FUNCTION_QUALIFIERS
void
sha256_chunk0(C16(COMMA,EMPTY),H8(COMMA,EMPTY))
{
#undef C
#define C(i) c##i
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) magic,hout##i
sha256_chunk(C16(COMMA,EMPTY),H8(COMMA,EMPTY));
}
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// TEST KERNEL
//
#define PXL_SHA256_KERNEL_MAIN
#ifdef PXL_SHA256_KERNEL_MAIN
//
//
//
#undef C
#define C(i) const beu32 c##i
KERNEL_QUALIFIERS
LAUNCH_BOUNDS
void
sha256TestKernel(beu32* const hash, C16(COMMA,EMPTY))
{
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) beu32 hout##i;
H8(EMPTY,EMPTY);
#undef C
#define C(i) c##i
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) &hout##i
sha256_chunk0(C16(COMMA,EMPTY),H8(COMMA,EMPTY));
//
// SAVE H'S FOR NOW JUST SO NVCC DOESN'T OPTIMIZE EVERYTHING AWAY
//
#undef H
#define H(i,alpha,magic) hash[i] = hout##i;
H8(EMPTY,EMPTY);
}
//
//
//
#include <stdio.h>
int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
cudaError_t err;
int device = (argc == 1) ? 0 : atoi(argv[1]);
cudaDeviceProp props;
err = cudaGetDeviceProperties(&props,device);
if (err)
return -1;
printf("%s (%2d)\n",props.name,props.multiProcessorCount);
cudaSetDevice(device);
//
// LAUNCH KERNEL
//
beu32* d_hash;
cudaMalloc(&d_hash,sizeof(beu32)*8);
//
// FROM "FIPS 180-2, Secure Hash Standard, with Change Notice 1"
//
// B.1 SHA-256 Example (One-Block Message)
//
// Let the message, M, be the 24-bit (l = 24) ASCII string "abc ",
// which is equivalent to the following binary string:
//
sha256TestKernel<<<1,1>>>(d_hash,
0x61626380,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000000,
0x00000018);
err = cudaDeviceSynchronize();
if (err) {
printf("Err = %d\n",err);
exit(err);
}
//
//
//
beu32 hash[8];
cudaMemcpy(hash,d_hash,sizeof(beu32)*8,cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost);
printf("gold: %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
0xba7816bf,0x8f01cfea,0x414140de,0x5dae2223,
0xb00361a3,0x96177a9c,0xb410ff61,0xf20015ad);
printf("cuda: %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
hash[0],hash[1],hash[2],hash[3],hash[4],hash[5],hash[6],hash[7]);
//
//
//
cudaFree(d_hash);
cudaDeviceReset();
return 0;
}
//
//
//
#endif
@allanmac
Copy link
Author

allanmac commented Feb 1, 2014

Compiled with:

  nvcc -m 32 -Xptxas=-v,-abi=no             \
    -gencode=arch=compute_11,code=sm_11     \
    -gencode=arch=compute_12,code=sm_12     \
    -gencode=arch=compute_20,code=sm_21     \
    -gencode=arch=compute_30,code=sm_30     \
    -gencode=arch=compute_35,code=sm_35     \
    sha256.cu -o sha256

@allanmac
Copy link
Author

allanmac commented Feb 1, 2014

>sha256 0
Tesla K20c (13)
gold: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad
cuda: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad

>sha256 1
GeForce GT 240 (12)
gold: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad
cuda: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad

>sha256 2
GeForce GTX 680 ( 8)
gold: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad
cuda: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad

>sha256 3
GeForce GT 630 ( 2)
gold: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad
cuda: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad

>sha256 4
GeForce 9400 GT ( 4)
gold: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad
cuda: ba7816bf 8f01cfea 414140de 5dae2223 b00361a3 96177a9c b410ff61 f20015ad

@rleddy
Copy link

rleddy commented Jul 30, 2021

Some good implementations are out there.

This one looks pretty clean: System-Glitch/SHA256#2

I was just going over Sha256 because I am trying out a Merkle Tree in C++. For that, I decided that to implement it with a list of hashes to take the place of tail duplication on the levels with odd number entries. Seems like a good idea that you could tie the root to a shared (Perhaps in some sort of Byzantine style of sharing) hash list.

But, for all the Sha256 implementations, a lot of them are cumbersome or a little out of date. Or I am missing something about some current issues.
How's it going?

This implementation, here, is something that I am looking for. (Will put the same note there - likely.)
https://github.com/noloader/SHA-Intrinsics

So I find this here: https://gist.github.com/allanmac/8745837

Is it good? Are you able to make use of it?

There is plenty of talk about fixing the bottleneck between the CPU and the GPU. But, those GPUs may be outside of most people's price range. It would be better if the GPU had intrinsics and then we could write a Merkle tree implementation in CUDA.

So, what can you tell me about GPU v.s. Intrinsics?

More work is going on: copiou-world

@rafaelfernandesx
Copy link

rafaelfernandesx commented Jun 4, 2022

how do I make it generate the hash of a word other than "abc" passing as char*?

@allanmac
Copy link
Author

allanmac commented Jun 6, 2022

The FIPS doc mentioned above says on page 78 (page that's numbered 73):

SHA-224 Examples
1. SHA-224 Example (One-Block Message)

Let the message, M, be the 24-bit (l = 24) ASCII string "abc ", which is equivalent to the
following binary string:
01100001 01100010 01100011.

The message is padded by appending a "1" bit, followed by 423 "0" bits, and ending with the
hex value 00000000 00000018 (the two 32-bit word representation of the length, 24). Thus,
the final padded message consists of one block (N=1). 

So in order to hash something other than "abc" you would convert your string to ASCII and pad as described above.

That part of the FIPS doc has several examples.

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment