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Created September 25, 2013 05:06
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Bash script to install/setup headless Selenium (uses Xvfb and Chrome)
# Bash script to setup headless Selenium (uses Xvfb and Chrome)
# (Tested on Ubuntu 12.04)
# Add Google Chrome's repo to sources.list
echo "deb stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
# Install Google's public key used for signing packages (e.g. Chrome)
# (Source:
wget -q -O - | sudo apt-key add -
# Update apt sources:
sudo apt-get update
# Install Python, pip, Selenium:
sudo apt-get -y install python python-pip
sudo pip install selenium
sudo apt-get -y install unzip
# Download/Install chromedriver
# (
# For x86:
#wget -c
# For x86-64:
wget -c
# Neither creating symbolic link nor adding dir to $PATH worked for me
# in a Vagrant VM. So, let's blatantly copy the binary:
sudo cp ./chromedriver /usr/bin/
sudo chmod ugo+rx /usr/bin/chromedriver
# Install Google Chrome:
sudo apt-get -y install libxpm4 libxrender1 libgtk2.0-0 libnss3 libgconf-2-4
sudo apt-get -y install google-chrome-stable
# Dependencies to make "headless" chrome/selenium work:
sudo apt-get -y install xvfb gtk2-engines-pixbuf
sudo apt-get -y install xfonts-cyrillic xfonts-100dpi xfonts-75dpi xfonts-base xfonts-scalable
# Optional but nifty: For capturing screenshots of Xvfb display:
sudo apt-get -y install imagemagick x11-apps
# Make sure that Xvfb starts everytime the box/vm is booted:
echo "Starting X virtual framebuffer (Xvfb) in background..."
Xvfb -ac :99 -screen 0 1280x1024x16 &
export DISPLAY=:99
# Optionally, capture screenshots using the command:
#xwd -root -display :99 | convert xwd:- screenshot.png
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