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failed (104: Connection reset by peer) while reading response header from upstream, client:
failed (104: Connection reset by peer) while reading response header from upstream, client:
If you are getting the above error in nginx logs running in from of upstream servers you may consider doing this as it worked for me:
check the ulimit on the machines and ensure it is high enough to handle the load coming in. 'ulimit' on linux, I am told determines the maximum number of open files the kernel can handle.
The way I did that?
modifying limits: for open files:
add or change this line in /etc/systcl.conf
fs.file-max = <limit-number>
set soft & hard limits in this file for various users: /etc/security/limits.conf
<user-name or group-name or *> soft nofile <limit-number>
<user-name or group-name or *> soft nofile <limit-number> hard nofile <limit-number>
Then reload the system settings withou restarting:
sysctl -p
nginx settings :
in nginx.conf add/set:
worker_rlimit_nofile <limit-number>
When setting up upstream servers or not, it is a good idea to keep some connections alive when running on HTTP 1.1. Consider adding this to the upstream block on :
keepalive <some-number>;

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@GwynethLlewelyn GwynethLlewelyn commented Jun 5, 2016

If the same message appears occasionally, but not always — say, 20% of the time, which is annoying enough but not easily reproducible because it doesn't happen all the time... — then there are three further possibilities:

  1. A programming error is segfaulting php-fpm, which in turn means that the connection with nginx will be severed. This will usually leave at least some logs around and/or core dumps, which can be analysed further.
  2. For some reason, PHP is not being able to write a session file (usually: session.save_path = "/var/lib/php/sessions"). This can be bad permissions, bad ownership, bad user/group, or more esoteric/obscure issues like running out of inodes on that directory (or even a full disk!). This will usually not leave many core dumps around and possibly not even anything on the PHP error logs.
  3. Even more tricky to debug: an extension is misbehaving (occasionally hitting some kind of inner limit, or a bug which is not triggered all the time), segfaulting, and bringing the php-fpm process down with it — thus closing the connection with nginx. The usual culprits are APC, memcache/d, etc. (in my case it was the New Relic extension), so the idea here is to turn each extension off until the error disappears.
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