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Created Aug 19, 2017

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JPNG.svg (Transparent PNG with JPEG Compression)
<header class="container">
<div class="logo">
<h1 class="logo__heading">
<img class="logo__image" src="https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/39255/jpng-logo.png" alt="JPNG.svg" />
</h1>
<small class="logo__subtitle"><em>This logo was originally 300kb, but compressed down to 69kb using the tool below.</em></small>
</div>
<p class="text-center"><strong>Combine the transparency of a PNG with the compression of a JPEG.</strong></p>
<p>Based on the idea from <a href="http://peterhrynkow.com/how-to-compress-a-png-like-a-jpeg/">Using SVG to Shrink Your PNGs</a>, but adapted to use data URIs instead of external images. Include on your page as inline SVG, using an <code>&lt;img/&gt;</code> tag, or as a <code>background-image</code>.</p>
<p>This technique is tested & working in all modern browsers, IE9+ and Safari 9+. Run <a href="https://codepen.io/shshaw/pen/IDbqC" target="_blank">the image test</a> yourself to see if it works in required browsers. Inline seems to be the best option for compatibility, in which case you should use external assets so that they can be cached.</p>
<p class="note">Adjust your settings before dragging & dropping a transparent PNG.<br />
If you need to change the settings, make your changes then add the file again. <br />
Photographic PNGs with transparency can be rather large, so processing may take a moment.</p>
<div class="controls">
<div class="control-group">
<label class="control">
<span class="control__label">Image Quality:</span>
<input type="range" name="image-quality" min="0.1" max="1" step="0.1" value="0.6" />
<span class="current-value"></span>
</label>
</div>
<div class="control-group">
<label class="control">
<span class="control__label">Image Matte:</span>
<input type="color" name="matte" value="#FFFFFF" />
<span class="current-value"></span>
</label>
</div>
<div class="control-group">
<div class="control">
<span class="control__label">Mask Type: </span>
<label><input type="radio" name="mask-type" value="jpeg" checked/> JPEG</label>
<label><input type="radio" name="mask-type" value="png" /> PNG</label>
</div>
<label class="control">
<span class="control__label">Mask Quality: </span>
<input type="range" name="mask-quality" min="0.1" max="1" step="0.1" value="0.5" />
<span class="current-value"></span>
</label>
</div>
</div>
<div class="choices">
<div class="file">
Drag & Drop files or
<input type="file" id="upload" multiple="multiple" accept=".jpg,.jpeg,.png,.gif,.svg" />
</div>
<button id="test">Try a test image: <img src="https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/39255/face.png" id="testImage" crossorigin="anonymous" style="width: 2em" /></button>
<button id="clear">Clear Output</button>
</div>
</header>
<div id="output"></div>
<div id="filedrag">Drop images to convert here.</div>

JPNG.svg (Transparent PNG with JPEG Compression)

Combine the transparency of a PNG with the compression of a JPEG. Based on the idea from Using SVG to Shrink Your PNGs, but adapted to use data URIs instead of external images. Include on your page as inline SVG, using an <img src="image.svg"/> tag, or as a background-image.

This techinique is tested & working in all modern browsers, IE9+ and Safari 9+. Run the image test yourself to see if it works in required browsers. Inline seems to be the best option for compatibility, in which case you should use external assets so that they can be cached.

A Pen by Shaw on CodePen.

License.

console.clear();
console.time = console.time || function(){};
console.timeEnd = console.timeEnd || function(){};
(function(){
"use strict";
function each(obj,fn) {
var length = obj.length,
likeArray = ( length === 0 || ( length > 0 && (length - 1) in obj ) ),
i = 0;
if ( likeArray ) {
for ( ; i < length; i++ ) { if ( fn.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] ) === false ) { break; } }
} else {
for (i in obj) { if ( fn.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] ) === false ) { break; } }
}
}
function convertImage(img){
"use strict";
var window = window || {};
window.CP = {
shouldStopExecution: function(){ return false; },
exitedLoop: function(){}
};
console.log(img.options);
var data = img.imageData,
mask = img.mask || img.options.mask,
dataURL = img.options.matte.dataURL || img.dataURL || img.options.dataURL,
width = img.naturalWidth || img.width,
height = img.naturalHeight || img.height,
output = '<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" viewBox="0 0 '+width+' '+height+'" width="'+width+'" height="'+height+'">\n<!-- Made with JPNG.svg http://cdpn.io/LVKEdv -->\n';
// Only output a mask if there is one.
if ( mask ) {
output += '<defs><mask id="a"><image width="'+width+'" height="'+height+'" xlink:href="'+mask.dataURL+'"/></mask></defs>\n';
}
output += '<image width="'+width+'" height="'+height+'"' + ( mask ? ' mask="url(#a)"' : '' ) + ' xlink:href="'+dataURL+'"/></svg>';
// Send message back to the main script
return output; //;//output;
};
function imageDataToAlpha(img,levels) {
var data = img.data,
len = data.length,
alpha = false,
i = 0, gray;
// Limit colors to certain amount of levels
levels = ( levels < 1 && levels > 0 ? levels * 10 : levels ) || false;
for (; i < len; i+= 4) {
if ( !alpha && data[i+3] < 255 ) { alpha = true; }
gray = ( !levels ? data[i+3] : Math.round(data[i+3]/256 * levels) * (256 / levels ) );
data[i] = data[i+1] = data[i+2] = gray; //data[i+3];
data[i+3] = 255;
}
return ( alpha ? img : false );
}
function alphaMask(svggyImage) {
var img = svggyImage.imageData,
canvas = document.createElement("canvas"),
ctx = canvas.getContext("2d"),
width = img.naturalWidth || img.width,
height = img.naturalHeight || img.height,
maskTypeInputChecked = document.querySelector('input[name="mask-type"]:checked'),
maskType = ( maskTypeInputChecked ? maskTypeInputChecked.value : 'png'),
maskQualityInput = document.querySelector('input[name="mask-quality"]'),
maskQuality = ( maskQualityInput ? maskQualityInput.value : 0.3 );
canvas.width = width;
canvas.height = height;
img = imageDataToAlpha(img,( maskType === 'png' && maskQuality < 1 ? maskQuality * 10 : null));
if ( !img ) { return false; }
ctx.putImageData(img,0,0);
return {
imageData: img,
dataURL: canvas.toDataURL('image/'+maskType, parseFloat(maskQuality)),
quality: maskQuality,
type: maskType
};
}
function addMatte(svggyImage,quality){
var img = svggyImage.imageData,
canvas = document.createElement("canvas"),
ctx = canvas.getContext("2d"),
w = img.naturalWidth || img.width,
h = img.naturalHeight || img.height,
color = document.querySelector('input[name="matte"]').value || "#000";
quality = quality || 0.6;
canvas.width = w;
canvas.height = h;
ctx.fillStyle = color;
ctx.fillRect(0,0,w,h);
ctx.drawImage(svggyImage.canvas,0,0);
return {
imageData: ctx.getImageData(0,0,w,h),
dataURL: canvas.toDataURL('image/jpeg', parseFloat(quality))
};
}
// Test Image Conversion
var test = document.getElementById('test');
var testImage = document.getElementById('testImage');
test.onclick = function(){ new SvggyImage(testImage,convert); }
function convert(){
var imageQualityInput = document.querySelector('input[name="image-quality"]'),
imageQuality = ( imageQualityInput ? imageQualityInput.value : 0.6 );
this.options = {
dataURL: this.canvas.toDataURL('image/jpeg', parseFloat(imageQuality)),
matte: addMatte(this,imageQuality),
mask: alphaMask(this)
}
this.process(convertImage,false,showOutput);
};
function loadFiles(e){
var files = (e.target.files || e.dataTransfer.files || uploader.files),
len = files.length,
i = 0;
each(files,function(i,file){
var reader = new FileReader();
new SvggyImage(file,convert);
});
}
// File Uploader
var uploader = document.getElementById('upload');
uploader.onchange = loadFiles;
// Drag & Drop
var fileDrag = document.getElementById('filedrag');
function FileDragReset(e){
e.preventDefault();
fileDrag.className = '';
}
function FileDragDrop(e){
e = e || window.event;
FileDragReset(e);
loadFiles(e);
}
fileDrag.addEventListener("dragleave", FileDragReset);
document.addEventListener("dragenter", function(){ fileDrag.className = 'dragenter'; });
document.addEventListener('dragover',function(e){ e.preventDefault(); /* Essential! */ });
document.addEventListener("drop", FileDragDrop);
}());
////////////////////////////////////////
// OUTPUT
(function(){
// File Output
var outputDiv = document.getElementById('output');
if ( !outputDiv ) {
outputDiv = document.createElement('div');
outputDiv.setAttribute('id','output');
document.body.appendChild('output');
}
// Clear Output
var clear = document.getElementById('clear');
clear.onclick = function(){ output.innerHTML = ""; };
function fileSize(str) {
var bytes = ( typeof str === typeof "" ? encodeURI(str).split(/%..|./).length - 1 : str );
if ( bytes === 0 ) return 0;
var sizes = ['bytes', 'kb', 'mb', 'gb', 'tb'],
i = parseInt(Math.floor(Math.log(bytes) / Math.log(1024))),
size = bytes / Math.pow(1024, i);
return (Math.round(size * 100) / 100) + ' ' + sizes[i];
};
function downloadLink(url,fileName,linkContent) {
var link = document.createElement('a');
link.setAttribute('href',url);
link.setAttribute('target','_blank');
if ( fileName ) {
link.setAttribute('download',fileName);
}
if ( !linkContent ) {
linkContent = document.createElement('img');
linkContent.src = url;
linkContent.setAttribute('alt',fileName);
}
if ( linkContent.nodeName ) {
link.appendChild(linkContent);
} else {
link.innerHTML = linkContent;
}
return link;
}
function showOutput(output) {
var fileName = this.fileName || 'jpng',
blob = new Blob([output], {type: 'image/svg+xml'}),//output,
blobUrl = URL.createObjectURL(blob),
figure = document.createElement('figure'),
figCaption = document.createElement('figcaption');
figure.className = 'output';
figure.appendChild(downloadLink(blobUrl,fileName+'.svg'));
figCaption.className = 'output__details';
figCaption.innerHTML = '<em class="output__size">Output size: ' + fileSize(output.size ? output.size : output) + '</em>';
figCaption.appendChild( downloadLink(blobUrl,fileName+'.svg','<span class="download">Download SVG</span>') );
var showRaw = document.createElement('button'),
raw = document.createElement('div'),
rawVisible = false;
showRaw.className = 'output__show-raw';
showRaw.innerText = "Show SVG Output";
showRaw.addEventListener('click',function(){
rawVisible = !rawVisible;
showRaw.innerText = ( rawVisible ? 'Hide SVG Output' : 'Show SVG Output' );
raw.innerHTML = ( rawVisible ? '<pre contentEditable="true" class="output__raw">' +
output.replace(/</g,'&lt;').replace(/>/g,'&gt;') +
'</pre>' : '' );
});
figCaption.appendChild(showRaw);
figCaption.appendChild( downloadLink(this.options.mask.dataURL,fileName+'_mask.' + this.options.mask.type,'<span class="download">Download Mask</span>') );
figCaption.appendChild( downloadLink(this.options.matte.dataURL,fileName+'_image.jpg','<span class="download">Download Matted Image</span>') );
var removeOutput = document.createElement('button');
removeOutput.className = 'output__remove';
removeOutput.innerText = "Remove";
removeOutput.addEventListener('click',function(){
figure.remove();
});
figCaption.appendChild(removeOutput);
figCaption.appendChild(raw);
figure.appendChild(figCaption);
outputDiv.insertBefore(figure,outputDiv.childNodes[0]);
}
window.showOutput = showOutput;
}());
////////////////////////////////////////
// CONVERT FILE
(function(){
/*
function Options() { return this; }
Options.prototype = {
get: function(key){
return key && key !== 'get' && key !== 'set' ? this[key] : this;
},
set(key,value) {
if ( value === undefined ) {
if ( Array.isArray(key) ) {
value = key[1];
key = key[0];
}
}
this[key] = value;
return this;
}
}
var opt = new Options();
console.log(opt,opt.set('test','true'),opt.get('test'),opt.test,opt.set(['foo','bar']));
function get(key) {
return ( key ? options[key] : options ) || false;
};
function set(key,value) {
console.log(key,value);
if ( value === undefined ) {
value = key[1];
key = key[0];
}
options[key] = value;
return this;
};
/*
var options = this._options = {};
Object.defineProperty(this, 'options', {
writeable: true,
get: get,
set: set
});
options.get = get;
options.set = set;
console.log(this.options);
console.log(this.options = ['test',true],this.options, this.options.test);
console.log(this.options = ['foo','another value'],this.options, this.options.test);
*/
function SvggyImage(file,onready){
this.onready = onready;
if ( file instanceof File ) {
var name = file.name;
this.file = file;
this.fileName = name.slice(0,name.lastIndexOf('.')) || name + "";
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onload = this.onloadFile.bind(this);
reader.readAsDataURL(file);
} else if ( file instanceof Node ) {
this.convertImage(file);
}
console.log('SvvgyImage',this);
return this;
}
var fn = SvggyImage.prototype = {};
fn.onloadFile = function(src){
var img = new Image();
img.onload = this.convertImage.bind(this,img);
img.src = ( src.target ? src.target.result : src );
}
fn.convertImage = function(img){
img = (img.type ? this : img ); // use `this` if `img` is event
if ( !img || img === window ) { return false; }
this.img = img;
this.canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
this.width = this.canvas.width = img.naturalWidth || img.width;
this.height = this.canvas.height = img.naturalHeight || img.height;
var ctx = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
ctx.drawImage(img,0,0);
this.imageData = ctx.getImageData(0,0,this.width,this.height);
if ( this.onready ) {
this.onready.call(this);
this.onready = false;
}
}
fn.getSafeData = function(options){
return {
imageData: this.imageData,
fileName: this.fileName,
width: this.width,
height: this.height,
options: options
};
};
fn.process = function(process,options,callback){
options = options || this.options;
var safeData = this.getSafeData(options);
var processEnd = function(processed){
this.processed = processed;
if ( callback ) { callback.call(this,processed); }
console.timeEnd('conversion');
}.bind(this);
if ( !Modernizr.webworkers || !Modernizr.blobworkers ) {
console.log('No workers or blog support. Larger images may timeout.');
processEnd(process(safeData));
} else {
var imageWorker = cw(process);
imageWorker.data(safeData).then(processEnd,function(e){
console.error(e);
console.timeEnd('conversion');
});
}
}
window.SvggyImage = SvggyImage;
}());
(function(){
/*
function each(obj,fn) {
var length = obj.length,
likeArray = ( length === 0 || ( length > 0 && (length - 1) in obj ) ),
i = 0;
if ( likeArray ) {
for ( ; i < length; i++ ) { if ( fn.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] ) === false ) { break; } }
} else {
for (i in obj) { if ( fn.call( obj[ i ], i, obj[ i ] ) === false ) { break; } }
}
}
function componentToHex(c) {
var hex = parseInt(c).toString(16);
return hex.length == 1 ? "0" + hex : hex;
}
function getColor(r,g,b,a){
a = parseInt(a);
if ( a === undefined || a === 255 ) { return "#" + componentToHex(r) + componentToHex(g) + componentToHex(b); }
if ( a === 0 ) { return false; }
return 'rgba('+r+','+g+','+b+','+(a/255)+')';
}
// Optimized for horizontal lines
function makePathData(x,y,w) { return ('M'+x+' '+y+'h'+w+''); }
function makePath(color,data) { return '<path stroke="'+color+'" d="'+data+'" />\n'; }
function alphasToPaths(colors){
var output = "";
// Loop through each color to build paths
each(colors,function(color,values){
var orig = color;
color = 'rgba(0,0,0,'+(255-color)+')';
if ( color === false ) { return; }
var paths = [];
var curPath;
var w = 1;
// Loops through each color's pixels to optimize paths
each(values,function(){
if ( curPath && this[1] === curPath[1] && this[0] === (curPath[0] + w) ) {
w++;
} else {
if ( curPath ) {
paths.push(makePathData(curPath[0],curPath[1],w));
w = 1;
}
curPath = this;
}
});
paths.push(makePathData(curPath[0],curPath[1],w)); // Finish last path
output += makePath(color,paths.join(''));
});
return output;
}
var getAlphas = function(img) {
var alphas = {},
data = img.data,
len = data.length,
w = img.width,
h = img.height,
x = 0,
y = 0,
i = 0,
alpha;
for (; i < len; i+= 4) {
if ( data[i] < 255 ) {
alpha = data[i];// - (data[i] + data[i+1] + data[i+2])/3;
//alpha = alpha.toFixed(2);
x = (i / 4) % w;
y = Math.floor((i / 4) / w);
alphas[alpha] = alphas[alpha] || [];
alphas[alpha].push([x,y]);
}
}
return alphas;
}
function makeMask(paths,imgData){
var mask = imgData.mask,
img = imgData.imageData;
//return '<defs><mask id="a"><image width="'+img.width+'" height="'+img.height+'" xlink:href="'+mask.dataURL+'"/></mask></defs>';
return '<defs><mask id="a"><rect width="100%" height="100%" fill="white" />' + paths + '</mask></defs>';
}/**/
}());
<script src="https://codepen.io/shshaw/pen/PqvYBB"></script>
<script src="https://codepen.io/shshaw/pen/epmrgO"></script>
@accent: #f05555;
@accent-light: #FF7777;
@gray-dark: #535050;
@gray: #ddd;
@gray-light: #eaeaea;
@gray-lighter: #f0f0f0;
body {
max-width: 100%;
overflow-x: hidden;
overflow-y: auto;
background: @gray-lighter;
padding: 1em;
padding-bottom: 2em;
margin: auto;
font-size: 14px;
line-height: 1.4;
}
.text-center { text-align: center; }
.container { margin: 1em auto; max-width: 40em; }
.container:first-child { margin-top: 0; }
.logo { margin-top: 30px; margin-bottom: 30px; }
.logo__heading {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
position: relative;
&:before,
&:after {
content: '';
display: block;
width: 30%;
padding-bottom: 30%;
height: 0;
border-radius: 50% 50% 0 50%;
background: #FFF;
box-shadow: 0 0 40px #FFFCDA;
opacity: 0.95;
position: absolute;
bottom: 20%;
left: -1%;
top: 0;
margin: auto;
z-index: -2;
animation: spotlight 3s ease-in-out 0s infinite alternate;
transform-origin: 100% 100%;
@keyframes spotlight {
from { transform: rotate(65deg) scale(1.6, 1) rotate(-45deg); }
to { transform: rotate(125deg) scale(1.6, 1) rotate(-45deg); }
}
}
&:after {
left: 46%;
animation-delay: -3.2s;
}
}
.logo__subtitle {
display: block; text-align: center; }
.logo__image { max-width: 120%; height: auto; margin-left: -10%; margin-right: -10%; margin-bottom: -7%; }
.note { background: #ffee77; font-size: 0.8em; text-align: center; padding: 0.5em; }
h1, h2 { display: block; margin: 0 auto 0.5em; }
h2 { font-size: 1.4em; color: @accent; }
h2 svg { height: 21px; width: auto; margin: 0; }
h2 svg path { stroke: currentColor; }
p { margin: 0 auto 1em; }
a {
color: @accent;
transition: color 250ms ease-in-out;
&:hover,
&:focus { color: @accent-light; }
}
img { vertical-align: middle; }
button {
background: #ddd;
border: none;
appearance: none;
cursor: pointer;
}
button, .file {
padding: 0.75em;
}
svg, .choices label, input[type=file] {
display: block;
margin: auto;
text-align: center;
}
label small { display: block; }
svg { max-width: 100%; }
.choices {
background: #eaeaea;
display: flex;
align-items: stretch;
margin: 1em auto;
}
.choices button {
background: transparent;
font-size: 0.8em;
border-left: solid 3px #aaa;
}
.choices > * { flex: 1 1 auto; }
.file { overflow: hidden; flex-basis: 40%; }
#output { margin: auto auto 2em; text-align: center; }
.output {
//display: flex;
width: 100%;
margin: 0;
//justify-content: space-between;
//align-items: stretch;
padding: 1em 0;
border-bottom: solid 3px @gray;
}
.output svg,
.output img {
max-width: 100%;
height: auto;
}
.output > a {
display: block;
outline: solid 1px #aaa;
/* background: #FFF;
background-image: linear-gradient(45deg, #ddd 25%, transparent 25%, transparent 75%, #ddd 75%), linear-gradient(45deg, #ddd 25%, transparent 25%, transparent 75%, #ddd 75%);
background-size: 20px 20px;
background-position: 0 0, 10px 10px;*/
background: #FFF url('data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8,%3Csvg xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3.org%2F2000%2Fsvg%22 height%3D%2220%22 width%3D%2220%22 fill%3D%22%23ddd%22%3E %3Crect width%3D%2210%22 height%3D%2210%22 x%3D%2210%22 %2F%3E%3Crect width%3D%2210%22 height%3D%2210%22 y%3D%2210%22 %2F%3E %3C%2Fsvg%3E');
background-size: 15px 15px;
//width: 50%;
}
.output svg {
width: 100%;
height: auto;
margin: 1em auto;
}
.output__details {
//width: 50%;
//display: flex;
//flex-direction: column;
}
.output__raw {
display: block;
background: #eaeaea;
white-space: pre-wrap;
padding: 0.5em;
font-size: 0.75em;
max-height: 20em;
overflow: auto;
text-align: left;
}
.output__details {
font-size: 0.8em;
}
.output__size { display: block; }
.output__details a,
.output__details button {
display: inline-block;
text-align: center;
margin: 1em 0.25em 0;
padding: 0.25em 0.5em;
border: none;
vertical-align: middle;
background-color: @accent;
color: #FFF;
text-decoration: none;
&:hover,
&:focus {
background-color: lighten(@accent,10%);
}
}
#filedrag { display: none; }
#filedrag.dragenter {
position: fixed;
top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0;
margin: auto;
background: #ff5555;
background: rgba(255,200,200,0.8);
text-align: center;
display: block;
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
z-index: 999;
}
label { cursor: pointer; }
input[type="range"] {
width: 60%;
height: 5px;
margin: 0;
border: none;
//padding: 1px 2px;
border-radius: 2px;
background: darken(@gray,10%);
background-image: linear-gradient(to right, transparent 95%, darken(@gray,30%) 95%);
background-size: 10.25% 100%;
background-position: 4.75% 0;
cursor: grab;
vertical-align: middle;
box-shadow: inset 1px 1px 3px darken(@gray,30%);
outline: none;
-webkit-appearance: none;
-webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);
&:focus:hover {
cursor: grabbing;
}
}
input[type="range"]::-moz-range-track {
border: inherit;
background: transparent;
}
input[type="range"]::-ms-track {
border: inherit;
color: transparent; /* don't drawn vertical reference line */
background: transparent;
}
input[type="range"]::-ms-fill-lower,
input[type="range"]::-ms-fill-upper { background: transparent; }
input[type="range"]::-ms-tooltip { display: none; }
/* thumb */
.slider-thumb(@rules) {
input[type="range"]::-webkit-slider-thumb { @rules(); }
input[type="range"]::-moz-range-thumb { @rules(); }
input[type="range"]::-ms-thumb { @rules(); }
}
.slider-thumb(@rules,@focus) {
.slider-thumb(@rules);
input[type="range"]:focus::-webkit-slider-thumb { @focus(); }
input[type="range"]:focus::-moz-range-thumb { @focus(); }
input[type="range"]:focus::-ms-thumb { @focus(); }
}
.slider-thumb({
-webkit-appearance: none;
margin-top: -1px;
width: 16px;
height: 16px;
border: none;
border-radius: 50%;
background: #FFF;
border: solid 2px @gray-dark;
transition: all 250ms ease-in-out;
},{ transform: scale(1.25); border-width: 3px; });
.control-group {
display: block;
margin-bottom: 0.25em;
}
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