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How to install LAMP on a EC2 Amazon AMI

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Launch the instance and connect with ssh.

Update the server

sudo yum update

Install php and MySQL packages

sudo yum install https mod_ssl mysql mysql-server php php-mysql php-xml

Install phpMyAdmin

Get the RPMforge repo (32-bit, for 64-bit use http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.i386.rpm)

wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.3.6-1.el5.rf.i386.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh rpmforge-release-0.3.6-1.el5.rf.i386.rpm

Install

sudo yum install phpmyadmin

Start MySQL service

cd /etc/rc.d/init.d/
sudo ./mysqld start
sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation //follow instructions

Setup startup scripts for apache and MySQL

cd /etc/rc.d/rc3.d
sudo rm K15httpd
sudo rm K36mysqld
sudo ln -s ../init.d/mysqld S30mysql
sudo ln -s ../init.d/httpd S85httpd

Setup phpMyAdmin

Allow access from external IP's

sudo chmod 0700 /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf
sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf
#  Web application to manage MySQL
#  #
#  Order Deny,Allow
#  Deny from all
  Allow from 127.0.0.1
#
Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /mysqladmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin

Set blowfish_secret to make it work with cookie auth

sudo chmod 0700 /usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
sudo nano /usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php 
...
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'put-a-magic-string-here'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */
...
sudo chmod 0755 /usr/share/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php

Make mod_rewrite (.htaccess) work in subdirectories

cd /etc/httpd/conf
sudo nano httpd.conf

Find <Directory "/var/www/html"> Replace AllowOverride none with AllowOverride all

(optional if apache is running already, restart it)

sudo service httpd restart

Start apache

sudo /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd start

Sources

Thanks Aron. Your guide helped me out a lot earlier this year when I was cutting my teeth on Amazon (and more specifically, set up from scratch).

I've forked your great guide and tacked on some Ruby + Passenger specific instructions.

Amazon AMI LAMP + Phusion Passenger

I followed this gist and then upgraded to PHP5.4, after reinstalling all of the dependancies for mysql, I was not able to access phpmyadmin:

Forbidden

You don't have permission to access /phpmyadmin on this server.

Fixed, I also updated to httpd24 so one of it's defaults is:

AllowOverride none
Require all denied

which is applied to phpmyadmin, so what you have to do is add to phpmyadmin.conf in the Directory tags as so:

Options All
AllowOverride All
Require all granted

OMG. Dude, I totally <3 you. Extremely helpful. Thank you!

Great work! Thank you!

Works fine, Thanks!
btwen, using this do we get updated packages?

I'm getting a request timeout error when trying to visit my public DNS? I associated an IP and visited that, but same result.

Great work! Thanks for making this available. For others like me who went through the setup too quickly to be paying attention the first time, I'll leave 2 notes here: (1) when this is done, you can access the phpmyadmin page at http:///myphpadmin and (2) the login information is the login information you created for mySQL in the mysql_secure_installation step (that is: root and whatever you set up the root password to be).

Perhaps these are dumb newbie observations but when I got to the end, I did have to stop and think about what to do to see if it worked.... Thanks again!

I'm stuck on the Forbidden page to the PHP Myadmin. I've been through the whole process twice, with fresh instances installed on EC2 with apache installed. Security settings are correct... I've been through the whole httpd.conf file and changed any 'Allowoveride none' to 'Allowoveride all'.

The only step I'm unsure of is what to do here:

Allow access from external IP's

sudo chmod 0700 /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf
sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf

Web application to manage MySQL

Order Deny,Allow

Deny from all

Allow from 127.0.0.1
#
Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /mysqladmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin

...
I can open up the phpmyadmin.conf file and it looks the same as shown here already. so I'm not sure what to change??

.... the steps after with the blowfish secret seem fine.

and the steps with the httpd.conf seem fine.

I've tried clearing my cache, restarting appache (a thousand times) and restarted my instance... kinda completely stuck after hours of trying to get access to the phpmyadmin page... but its still forbidden .. any help would be much appreciated.

thanks very much!

Will this section allow users to browse all directories?: Find Replace AllowOverride none with AllowOverride all

I am able to get to my subdirectories by ec2urletc.com/php

I also changed the permissions on the directory and subdirectories (http://stackoverflow.com/questions/11268486/aws-ec2-ftp-html), so maybe this caused the problem as well.

Instead of using PHPmyadmin you guys can SequelPro or other software that SSH into your server and authenticates with your ssh keys instead of using a password. That will be more secure because there's no phpmyadmin entry point which can be brute forced into.

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