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Code from Introduction to Programming in R (9/14)
3 * 8 / 39
pizza <- 10
pizza
View(pizza)
pizza <- 5
pizza ^ 5
c(1, 7, 13, 10)
c(1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10)
c(1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10)
c(1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1)
c(1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1)
c(1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1, 7, 13, 10, 1)
#Ctrl-L clears the console
#Ctrl-U clears the line
c(1, 7, 10) * 4
c(1, 7, 10, 13) * c(1, 2)
c(1, 2, 3, 4) * c(1, 2, 3, 4)
c(1, 2) * c(1, 2, 3, 4)
c(1, 2, 3) * c(10, 20, 30, 40, 50)
?c
power.of.two <- function(x) {x ^ 2}
power.of.two(7)
power.of.two(7)
power.of.two(x = 7)
multiply.us <- function(x, y) {x * y ^ 2}
multiply.us(1, 4)
multiply.us(y = 1, x = 4)
multiply.us(y = 10, x = 4)
source('~/multiply.R')
source('~/multiply.R')
hi <- function(x) {x ^ 2}
rm(hi)
?rm
?rm
rm(pizza)
ls()
rm(list = ls())
rm(list = ls()) #Clears all environment variables (including functions), so be careful!
q()
numbers.between.one.and.ten <- 1:10
# Tab is for auto-complete
numbers.between.one.and.ten
?seq
seq(1, 10)
seq(from = -10, to = 10, by = 0.5)
seq(from = -10, to = 10, by = 0.5)[7]
seq(from = -10, to = 10, by = 0.5)[1:5]
a <- c(1, 2, 3)
b <- c(4, 5, 6)
c(a, b)
?rep
rep(0, 100)
rep(0, 100)
rep(NA, 100)
rep("a", 100)
?NA
?length
length(1:10)
length("abc")
length(c("abc", "def"))
length(1:10)
if(length(1:10) < 5) {
print("small")
}
if(length(1:10) < 5) {
print("small")
} else {}
if(length(1:10) < 5) {
print("small")
} else {
print("large")
}
T
F
?ifelse
a <- 1:10
a
ifelse(a < 5, 5, a)
a < 5
ifelse(a < 5, 99, a)
rep(c(T, F), 5)
ifelse(rep(c(T, F), 5), 99, a)
a
ifelse(rep(c(T, F), 5), c(1, 2), a)
ifelse(rep(c(T, F), 5), c(100, 200), a)
a <- 1:20
for(i in 1:10){print(i)}
#Hitting up/down arrow moves through history
#Hitting up/down arrow moves through history
for(i in 1:10){cat(i)}
# <keyword: if, for, etc.> (<condition/"index in <vector>") {code that will be executed}
function(x, y, z) {x * y * z}
?rgamma
rgamma(10, 0.5, 5)
rpois(100, lambda = 10)
table(rpois(100, lambda = 10))
table(rpois(100, lambda = 10))
table(c(T, F, T, F, T))
table(rnorm(100))
c(50, 58, 62, 47) <= 50
table(c(50, 58, 62, 47) <= 50)
unique(rpois(100, lambda = 10))
?rnorm
hist(rnorm(100))
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100))
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 20)
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100)
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 50)
?title
title("My Plot Title Here")
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100)
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100, main = "My Plot Title Here")
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100, main = "My Plot Title Here", xlab = "Value", ylab = "Frequency")
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100, main = "My Plot Title Here", xlab = "Value", ylab = "Frequency", col = "blue")
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 100, main = "My Plot Title Here", xlab = "Value", ylab = "Frequency", col = "blue", border = "green")
hist(rnorm(1000, sd = 100), breaks = 10, main = "My Plot Title Here", xlab = "Value", ylab = "Frequency", col = "blue", border = "yellow")
x <- rnorm(100)
x <- runif(100, min = -5, max = 5)
y <- 3 * x + 5 + rnorm(100, sd = 0.4)
plot(x, y)
abline(a = 5, b = 3)
x <- runif(100, min = -5, max = 5)
y <- 3 * x + 5 + rnorm(100, sd = 0.4)
plot(x, y)
abline(a = 5, b = 3)
points(x, 4 * x + 7 + rnorm(100, sd = 0.3))
lines(x, y)
lines(1:10, rnorm(10))
plot(1:10, rnorm(10))
b <- rnorm(10)
plot(1:10, b)
lines(1:10, b)
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