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Implementation of getopt() and getopt_long() from musl
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "getopt.h"
char *optarg;
int optind=1, opterr=1, optopt, __optpos, optreset=0;
#define optpos __optpos
static void __getopt_msg(const char *a, const char *b, const char *c, size_t l)
{
FILE *f = stderr;
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WIN32)
flockfile(f);
#endif
fputs(a, f);
fwrite(b, strlen(b), 1, f);
fwrite(c, 1, l, f);
fputc('\n', f);
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WIN32)
funlockfile(f);
#endif
}
int getopt(int argc, char * const argv[], const char *optstring)
{
int i, c, d;
int k, l;
char *optchar;
if (!optind || optreset) {
optreset = 0;
__optpos = 0;
optind = 1;
}
if (optind >= argc || !argv[optind])
return -1;
if (argv[optind][0] != '-') {
if (optstring[0] == '-') {
optarg = argv[optind++];
return 1;
}
return -1;
}
if (!argv[optind][1])
return -1;
if (argv[optind][1] == '-' && !argv[optind][2])
return optind++, -1;
if (!optpos) optpos++;
c = argv[optind][optpos], k = 1;
optchar = argv[optind]+optpos;
optopt = c;
optpos += k;
if (!argv[optind][optpos]) {
optind++;
optpos = 0;
}
if (optstring[0] == '-' || optstring[0] == '+')
optstring++;
i = 0;
d = 0;
do {
d = optstring[i], l = 1;
if (l>0) i+=l; else i++;
} while (l && d != c);
if (d != c) {
if (optstring[0] != ':' && opterr)
__getopt_msg(argv[0], ": unrecognized option: ", optchar, k);
return '?';
}
if (optstring[i] == ':') {
if (optstring[i+1] == ':') optarg = 0;
else if (optind >= argc) {
if (optstring[0] == ':') return ':';
if (opterr) __getopt_msg(argv[0],
": option requires an argument: ",
optchar, k);
return '?';
}
if (optstring[i+1] != ':' || optpos) {
optarg = argv[optind++] + optpos;
optpos = 0;
}
}
return c;
}
static void permute(char *const *argv, int dest, int src)
{
char **av = (char **)argv;
char *tmp = av[src];
int i;
for (i=src; i>dest; i--)
av[i] = av[i-1];
av[dest] = tmp;
}
static int __getopt_long_core(int argc, char *const *argv, const char *optstring, const struct option *longopts, int *idx, int longonly)
{
optarg = 0;
if (longopts && argv[optind][0] == '-' &&
((longonly && argv[optind][1] && argv[optind][1] != '-') ||
(argv[optind][1] == '-' && argv[optind][2])))
{
int colon = optstring[optstring[0]=='+'||optstring[0]=='-']==':';
int i, cnt, match = -1;
char *opt;
for (cnt=i=0; longopts[i].name; i++) {
const char *name = longopts[i].name;
opt = argv[optind]+1;
if (*opt == '-') opt++;
for (; *name && *name == *opt; name++, opt++);
if (*opt && *opt != '=') continue;
match = i;
if (!*name) {
cnt = 1;
break;
}
cnt++;
}
if (cnt==1) {
i = match;
optind++;
optopt = longopts[i].val;
if (*opt == '=') {
if (!longopts[i].has_arg) {
if (colon || !opterr)
return '?';
__getopt_msg(argv[0],
": option does not take an argument: ",
longopts[i].name,
strlen(longopts[i].name));
return '?';
}
optarg = opt+1;
} else if (longopts[i].has_arg == required_argument) {
if (!(optarg = argv[optind])) {
if (colon) return ':';
if (!opterr) return '?';
__getopt_msg(argv[0],
": option requires an argument: ",
longopts[i].name,
strlen(longopts[i].name));
return '?';
}
optind++;
}
if (idx) *idx = i;
if (longopts[i].flag) {
*longopts[i].flag = longopts[i].val;
return 0;
}
return longopts[i].val;
}
if (argv[optind][1] == '-') {
if (!colon && opterr)
__getopt_msg(argv[0], cnt ?
": option is ambiguous: " :
": unrecognized option: ",
argv[optind]+2,
strlen(argv[optind]+2));
optind++;
return '?';
}
}
return getopt(argc, argv, optstring);
}
static int __getopt_long(int argc, char *const *argv, const char *optstring, const struct option *longopts, int *idx, int longonly)
{
int ret, skipped, resumed;
if (!optind || optreset) {
optreset = 0;
__optpos = 0;
optind = 1;
}
if (optind >= argc || !argv[optind]) return -1;
skipped = optind;
if (optstring[0] != '+' && optstring[0] != '-') {
int i;
for (i=optind; ; i++) {
if (i >= argc || !argv[i]) return -1;
if (argv[i][0] == '-' && argv[i][1]) break;
}
optind = i;
}
resumed = optind;
ret = __getopt_long_core(argc, argv, optstring, longopts, idx, longonly);
if (resumed > skipped) {
int i, cnt = optind-resumed;
for (i=0; i<cnt; i++)
permute(argv, skipped, optind-1);
optind = skipped + cnt;
}
return ret;
}
int getopt_long(int argc, char *const *argv, const char *optstring, const struct option *longopts, int *idx)
{
return __getopt_long(argc, argv, optstring, longopts, idx, 0);
}
int getopt_long_only(int argc, char *const *argv, const char *optstring, const struct option *longopts, int *idx)
{
return __getopt_long(argc, argv, optstring, longopts, idx, 1);
}
/*
Copyright 2005-2014 Rich Felker, et al.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#ifndef _GETOPT_H
#define _GETOPT_H
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif
int getopt(int, char * const [], const char *);
extern char *optarg;
extern int optind, opterr, optopt, optreset;
struct option {
const char *name;
int has_arg;
int *flag;
int val;
};
int getopt_long(int, char *const *, const char *, const struct option *, int *);
int getopt_long_only(int, char *const *, const char *, const struct option *, int *);
#define no_argument 0
#define required_argument 1
#define optional_argument 2
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif
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