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InstagramRSS - Follow your favorite public accounts from RSS feeds.
"""PyRSS2Gen - A Python library for generating RSS 2.0 feeds."""
""" Distributed under the BSD license here."""
__name__ = "PyRSS2Gen"
__version__ = (1, 1, 0)
__author__ = "Andrew Dalke <dalke@dalkescientific.com>"
_generator_name = __name__ + "-" + ".".join(map(str, __version__))
import datetime
import sys
if sys.version_info[0] == 3:
# Python 3
basestring = str
from io import StringIO
else:
# Python 2
try:
from cStringIO import StringIO
except ImportError:
# Very old (or memory constrained) systems might
# have left out the compiled C version. Fall back
# to the pure Python one. Haven't seen this sort
# of system since the early 2000s.
from StringIO import StringIO
# Could make this the base class; will need to add 'publish'
class WriteXmlMixin:
def write_xml(self, outfile, encoding = "iso-8859-1"):
from xml.sax import saxutils
handler = saxutils.XMLGenerator(outfile, encoding)
handler.startDocument()
self.publish(handler)
handler.endDocument()
def to_xml(self, encoding = "iso-8859-1"):
f = StringIO()
self.write_xml(f, encoding)
return f.getvalue()
def _element(handler, name, obj, d = {}):
if isinstance(obj, basestring) or obj is None:
# special-case handling to make the API easier
# to use for the common case.
handler.startElement(name, d)
if obj is not None:
handler.characters(obj)
handler.endElement(name)
else:
# It better know how to emit the correct XML.
obj.publish(handler)
def _opt_element(handler, name, obj):
if obj is None:
return
_element(handler, name, obj)
def _format_date(dt):
"""convert a datetime into an RFC 822 formatted date
Input date must be in GMT.
"""
# Looks like:
# Sat, 07 Sep 2002 00:00:01 GMT
# Can't use strftime because that's locale dependent
#
# Isn't there a standard way to do this for Python? The
# rfc822 and email.Utils modules assume a timestamp. The
# following is based on the rfc822 module.
return "%s, %02d %s %04d %02d:%02d:%02d GMT" % (
["Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat", "Sun"][dt.weekday()],
dt.day,
["Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
"Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"][dt.month-1],
dt.year, dt.hour, dt.minute, dt.second)
##
# A couple simple wrapper objects for the fields which
# take a simple value other than a string.
class IntElement:
"""implements the 'publish' API for integers
Takes the tag name and the integer value to publish.
(Could be used for anything which uses str() to be published
to text for XML.)
"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self, name, val):
self.name = name
self.val = val
def publish(self, handler):
handler.startElement(self.name, self.element_attrs)
handler.characters(str(self.val))
handler.endElement(self.name)
class DateElement:
"""implements the 'publish' API for a datetime.datetime
Takes the tag name and the datetime to publish.
Converts the datetime to RFC 2822 timestamp (4-digit year).
"""
def __init__(self, name, dt):
self.name = name
self.dt = dt
def publish(self, handler):
_element(handler, self.name, _format_date(self.dt))
####
class Category:
"""Publish a category element"""
def __init__(self, category, domain = None):
self.category = category
self.domain = domain
def publish(self, handler):
d = {}
if self.domain is not None:
d["domain"] = self.domain
_element(handler, "category", self.category, d)
class Cloud:
"""Publish a cloud"""
def __init__(self, domain, port, path,
registerProcedure, protocol):
self.domain = domain
self.port = port
self.path = path
self.registerProcedure = registerProcedure
self.protocol = protocol
def publish(self, handler):
_element(handler, "cloud", None, {
"domain": self.domain,
"port": str(self.port),
"path": self.path,
"registerProcedure": self.registerProcedure,
"protocol": self.protocol})
class Image:
"""Publish a channel Image"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self, url, title, link,
width = None, height = None, description = None):
self.url = url
self.title = title
self.link = link
self.width = width
self.height = height
self.description = description
def publish(self, handler):
handler.startElement("image", self.element_attrs)
_element(handler, "url", self.url)
_element(handler, "title", self.title)
_element(handler, "link", self.link)
width = self.width
if isinstance(width, int):
width = IntElement("width", width)
_opt_element(handler, "width", width)
height = self.height
if isinstance(height, int):
height = IntElement("height", height)
_opt_element(handler, "height", height)
_opt_element(handler, "description", self.description)
handler.endElement("image")
class Guid:
"""Publish a guid
Defaults to being a permalink, which is the assumption if it's
omitted. Hence strings are always permalinks.
"""
def __init__(self, guid, isPermaLink = 1):
self.guid = guid
self.isPermaLink = isPermaLink
def publish(self, handler):
d = {}
if self.isPermaLink:
d["isPermaLink"] = "true"
else:
d["isPermaLink"] = "false"
_element(handler, "guid", self.guid, d)
class TextInput:
"""Publish a textInput
Apparently this is rarely used.
"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self, title, description, name, link):
self.title = title
self.description = description
self.name = name
self.link = link
def publish(self, handler):
handler.startElement("textInput", self.element_attrs)
_element(handler, "title", self.title)
_element(handler, "description", self.description)
_element(handler, "name", self.name)
_element(handler, "link", self.link)
handler.endElement("textInput")
class Enclosure:
"""Publish an enclosure"""
def __init__(self, url, length, type):
self.url = url
self.length = length
self.type = type
def publish(self, handler):
_element(handler, "enclosure", None,
{"url": self.url,
"length": str(self.length),
"type": self.type,
})
class Source:
"""Publish the item's original source, used by aggregators"""
def __init__(self, name, url):
self.name = name
self.url = url
def publish(self, handler):
_element(handler, "source", self.name, {"url": self.url})
class SkipHours:
"""Publish the skipHours
This takes a list of hours, as integers.
"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self, hours):
self.hours = hours
def publish(self, handler):
if self.hours:
handler.startElement("skipHours", self.element_attrs)
for hour in self.hours:
_element(handler, "hour", str(hour))
handler.endElement("skipHours")
class SkipDays:
"""Publish the skipDays
This takes a list of days as strings.
"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self, days):
self.days = days
def publish(self, handler):
if self.days:
handler.startElement("skipDays", self.element_attrs)
for day in self.days:
_element(handler, "day", day)
handler.endElement("skipDays")
class RSS2(WriteXmlMixin):
"""The main RSS class.
Stores the channel attributes, with the "category" elements under
".categories" and the RSS items under ".items".
"""
rss_attrs = {"version": "2.0"}
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self,
title,
link,
description,
language = None,
copyright = None,
managingEditor = None,
webMaster = None,
pubDate = None, # a datetime, *in* *GMT*
lastBuildDate = None, # a datetime
categories = None, # list of strings or Category
generator = _generator_name,
docs = "http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss",
cloud = None, # a Cloud
ttl = None, # integer number of minutes
image = None, # an Image
rating = None, # a string; I don't know how it's used
textInput = None, # a TextInput
skipHours = None, # a SkipHours with a list of integers
skipDays = None, # a SkipDays with a list of strings
items = None, # list of RSSItems
):
self.title = title
self.link = link
self.description = description
self.language = language
self.copyright = copyright
self.managingEditor = managingEditor
self.webMaster = webMaster
self.pubDate = pubDate
self.lastBuildDate = lastBuildDate
if categories is None:
categories = []
self.categories = categories
self.generator = generator
self.docs = docs
self.cloud = cloud
self.ttl = ttl
self.image = image
self.rating = rating
self.textInput = textInput
self.skipHours = skipHours
self.skipDays = skipDays
if items is None:
items = []
self.items = items
def publish(self, handler):
handler.startElement("rss", self.rss_attrs)
handler.startElement("channel", self.element_attrs)
_element(handler, "title", self.title)
_element(handler, "link", self.link)
_element(handler, "description", self.description)
self.publish_extensions(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "language", self.language)
_opt_element(handler, "copyright", self.copyright)
_opt_element(handler, "managingEditor", self.managingEditor)
_opt_element(handler, "webMaster", self.webMaster)
pubDate = self.pubDate
if isinstance(pubDate, datetime.datetime):
pubDate = DateElement("pubDate", pubDate)
_opt_element(handler, "pubDate", pubDate)
lastBuildDate = self.lastBuildDate
if isinstance(lastBuildDate, datetime.datetime):
lastBuildDate = DateElement("lastBuildDate", lastBuildDate)
_opt_element(handler, "lastBuildDate", lastBuildDate)
for category in self.categories:
if isinstance(category, basestring):
category = Category(category)
category.publish(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "generator", self.generator)
_opt_element(handler, "docs", self.docs)
if self.cloud is not None:
self.cloud.publish(handler)
ttl = self.ttl
if isinstance(self.ttl, int):
ttl = IntElement("ttl", ttl)
_opt_element(handler, "ttl", ttl)
if self.image is not None:
self.image.publish(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "rating", self.rating)
if self.textInput is not None:
self.textInput.publish(handler)
if self.skipHours is not None:
self.skipHours.publish(handler)
if self.skipDays is not None:
self.skipDays.publish(handler)
for item in self.items:
item.publish(handler)
handler.endElement("channel")
handler.endElement("rss")
def publish_extensions(self, handler):
# Derived classes can hook into this to insert
# output after the three required fields.
pass
class RSSItem(WriteXmlMixin):
"""Publish an RSS Item"""
element_attrs = {}
def __init__(self,
title = None, # string
link = None, # url as string
description = None, # string
author = None, # email address as string
categories = None, # list of string or Category
comments = None, # url as string
enclosure = None, # an Enclosure
guid = None, # a unique string
pubDate = None, # a datetime
source = None, # a Source
):
if title is None and description is None:
raise TypeError(
"must define at least one of 'title' or 'description'")
self.title = title
self.link = link
self.description = description
self.author = author
if categories is None:
categories = []
self.categories = categories
self.comments = comments
self.enclosure = enclosure
self.guid = guid
self.pubDate = pubDate
self.source = source
# It sure does get tedious typing these names three times...
def publish(self, handler):
handler.startElement("item", self.element_attrs)
_opt_element(handler, "title", self.title)
_opt_element(handler, "link", self.link)
self.publish_extensions(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "description", self.description)
_opt_element(handler, "author", self.author)
for category in self.categories:
if isinstance(category, basestring):
category = Category(category)
category.publish(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "comments", self.comments)
if self.enclosure is not None:
self.enclosure.publish(handler)
_opt_element(handler, "guid", self.guid)
pubDate = self.pubDate
if isinstance(pubDate, datetime.datetime):
pubDate = DateElement("pubDate", pubDate)
_opt_element(handler, "pubDate", pubDate)
if self.source is not None:
self.source.publish(handler)
handler.endElement("item")
def publish_extensions(self, handler):
# Derived classes can hook into this to insert
# output after the title and link elements
pass
# You can pip install this file for quick dependency updates
requests==2.21.0
PyRSS2Gen==1.1
beautifulsoup4==4.7.1
# short and simple
# Run this script in the same directory as PyRSS2Gen.py
# python setup.py
from distutils.core import setup
setup(name = "PyRSS2Gen",
version = "1.1",
description = "Generate RSS2 using a Python data structure",
author = "Andrew Dalke",
author_email = "dalke@dalkescientific.com",
url = "http://dalkescientific.com/Python/PyRSS2Gen.html",
license = "BSD",
py_modules = ["PyRSS2Gen"])
# Standard library imports
import datetime, json, os, re, sys, time
# pip install these guys
import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
# Download this from source
# (or grab the source in this gist)
import PyRSS2Gen
"""
This script generates an XML document for a public
Instagram account you can subscribe to in a RSS
reader.
This is only for creating the intial feed.
Inspired by Andy Barefoot's Medium post:
https://medium.com/@andybarefoot/adding-instagram-photos-to-my-site-with-angularjs-a3eb2a436746
USAGE:
python subscribe.py username
"""
# Get the username of the person you want an RSS feed for
username = sys.argv[1]
rss = PyRSS2Gen.RSS2(
title="InstagramRSS - " + username,
link="https://instagram.com/" + username,
description="An RSS feed for Instagram written in Python",
lastBuildDate=datetime.datetime.now()
)
# Open the account page
url = 'https://instagram.com/' + username
request = requests.get(url)
# Scrape the page
soup = BeautifulSoup(request.text, 'html.parser')
# Find the <script> tag with window._sharedData
raw = soup.find('script', text=re.compile('window._sharedData')).text
# Remove the HTML elements
cut = raw[21:-1]
# Turn it into JSON
json_data = json.loads(cut)
# The list of uploads on this page
# Go deeper with your JSON, Facebook.
uploads = json_data["entry_data"]["ProfilePage"][0]["graphql"]["user"]["edge_owner_to_timeline_media"]["edges"]
for img in uploads:
if img["node"]["edge_media_to_caption"]["edges"]:
caption = img["node"]["edge_media_to_caption"]["edges"][0]["node"]["text"]
else:
caption = "No caption given"
photo_url = img["node"]["display_url"]
# owner = img["node"]["owner"]["username"]
timestamp = img["node"]["taken_at_timestamp"]
height = str(img["node"]["dimensions"]["height"])
width = str(img["node"]["dimensions"]["width"])
rss.items.append(
PyRSS2Gen.RSSItem(
title=caption[:25],
link="https://instagram.com/p/" + img["node"]["shortcode"],
description=caption + "<br /><img src='" + photo_url +
"' width='" + width + "' height='" + height + "'/>",
guid=PyRSS2Gen.Guid("https://instagram.com/p/" +
img["node"]["shortcode"]),
pubDate=datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp)
)
)
# Write the XML in the current working directory.
rss.write_xml(open(os.path.join(static_path, username + ".xml"), "w"))
import datetime, json, os, re, sys, time
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import requests
"""
This will update the defined XML document with new
items based on date. This is a little hacky right now
so don't be surprised if it breaks.
To prevent losing the base doc, a newfile is created
rather than overwriting the original.
USAGE:
python update.py username
"""
# This is taken directly from PyRSS2Gen to format
# the pubDate tag. It's under a BSD license, so we're cool.
def _format_date(dt):
"""convert a datetime into an RFC 822 formatted date
Input date must be in GMT.
"""
# Looks like:
# Sat, 07 Sep 2002 00:00:01 GMT
# Can't use strftime because that's locale dependent
#
# Isn't there a standard way to do this for Python? The
# rfc822 and email.Utils modules assume a timestamp. The
# following is based on the rfc822 module.
return "%s, %02d %s %04d %02d:%02d:%02d GMT" % (
["Mon", "Tue", "Wed", "Thu", "Fri", "Sat", "Sun"][dt.weekday()],
dt.day,
["Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
"Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"][dt.month-1],
dt.year, dt.hour, dt.minute, dt.second)
def main():
# Get the feed
username = sys.argv[1]
feed = open('your/file/path/' + username + '.xml')
# Init an object for the tree
tree = ET.parse(feed)
root = tree.getroot()
# Find all existing items in the feed
items = root[0].findall("item")
# Hopefully, the first one is the most recent.
# This is the hacky part.
last_update = items[0].find('pubDate')
# turn the date into a timestamp to compare
last_update_timestamp = datetime.datetime.timestamp(datetime.datetime.strptime(last_update.text, "%a, %d %B %Y %H:%M:%S %Z"))
# grab the account
url = 'https://instagram.com/' + username
request = requests.get(url)
# Make some soup
soup = BeautifulSoup(request.text, 'html.parser')
# Find the <script> tag with window._sharedData
raw = soup.find('script', text=re.compile('window._sharedData')).text
cut = raw[21:-1]
json_data = json.loads(cut)
# Seriously, could this be deeper?
# This is all of the uploads.
uploads = json_data["entry_data"]["ProfilePage"][0]["graphql"]["user"]["edge_owner_to_timeline_media"]["edges"]
for img in uploads:
# Set a variable for the date of the photo in the loop
date = img["node"]["taken_at_timestamp"]
# If the photo is newer, create a node and add it to the XML
if date > last_update_timestamp:
if img["node"]["edge_media_to_caption"]["edges"]:
caption = img["node"]["edge_media_to_caption"]["edges"][0]["node"]["text"]
else:
caption = "No caption given"
photo_url = img["node"]["display_url"]
timestamp = img["node"]["taken_at_timestamp"]
height = str(img["node"]["dimensions"]["height"])
width = str(img["node"]["dimensions"]["width"])
# Format the timestamp into a string
pub_date = _format_date(datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp))
new_item = ET.SubElement(root, 'item')
ET.SubElement(new_item, 'title').text = caption[:25]
ET.SubElement(new_item, 'link').text = photo_url
ET.SubElement(new_item, 'description').text = caption + "<br /><img src='" + photo_url + "' width='" + width + "' height='" + height + "'/>"
ET.SubElement(new_item, 'guid').text = "https://instagram.com/p/" + img["node"]["shortcode"]
ET.SubElement(new_item, 'pubDate').text = pub_date
# Write the new item at the 5th index, which _should_ be the first <item> tag.
root[0].insert(5, new_item)
# update the last build date for the feed
root[0].find('lastBuildDate').text = pub_date
# Save as a new file in case something goes horribly, horribly wrong.
tree.write('cogdog1.xml')
if __name__:
main()
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