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Created Sep 1, 2015
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gray2white

This small C++ program converts a grayscale OpenEXR image to an image with transparancy and white colours.

behaviour

  • takes only red channel of RGBA into account, prints message if color isn't gray
  • makes any partially transparent pixel completely transparent
  • makes colours darker than #F0F0F0 white and colors lighter than or equal to #F0F0F0 transparent

Licensing

This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.

Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or distribute this software, either in source code form or as a compiled binary, for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and by any means.

In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors of this software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the software to the public domain. We make this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to the detriment of our heirs and successors. We intend this dedication to be an overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights to this software under copyright law.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

For more information, please refer to http://unlicense.org/

#include "exr_io.h"
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ImfInputFile.h>
#include <ImfChannelList.h>
#include <ImfFrameBuffer.h>
#include <ImfRgbaFile.h>
#include <half.h>
#include <cassert>
using namespace Imf;
using namespace Imath;
bool ReadEXR(const char *name, float *&rgba, int &xRes, int &yRes, bool &hasAlpha)
{
try {
InputFile file(name);
Box2i dw = file.header().dataWindow();
xRes = dw.max.x - dw.min.x + 1;
yRes = dw.max.y - dw.min.y + 1;
half *hrgba = new half[4 * xRes * yRes];
// for now...
hasAlpha = true;
int nChannels = 4;
hrgba -= 4 * (dw.min.x + dw.min.y * xRes);
FrameBuffer frameBuffer;
frameBuffer.insert("R", Slice(HALF, (char *)hrgba,
4*sizeof(half), xRes * 4 * sizeof(half), 1, 1, 0.0));
frameBuffer.insert("G", Slice(HALF, (char *)hrgba+sizeof(half),
4*sizeof(half), xRes * 4 * sizeof(half), 1, 1, 0.0));
frameBuffer.insert("B", Slice(HALF, (char *)hrgba+2*sizeof(half),
4*sizeof(half), xRes * 4 * sizeof(half), 1, 1, 0.0));
frameBuffer.insert("A", Slice(HALF, (char *)hrgba+3*sizeof(half),
4*sizeof(half), xRes * 4 * sizeof(half), 1, 1, 1.0));
file.setFrameBuffer(frameBuffer);
file.readPixels(dw.min.y, dw.max.y);
hrgba += 4 * (dw.min.x + dw.min.y * xRes);
rgba = new float[nChannels * xRes * yRes];
for (int i = 0; i < nChannels * xRes * yRes; ++i)
rgba[i] = hrgba[i];
delete[] hrgba;
} catch (const std::exception &e) {
fprintf(stderr, "Unable to read image file \"%s\": %s", name, e.what());
return NULL;
}
return rgba;
}
void WriteEXR(const char *name, float *pixels, int xRes, int yRes) {
Rgba *hrgba = new Rgba[xRes * yRes];
for (int i = 0; i < xRes * yRes; ++i)
hrgba[i] = Rgba(pixels[4*i], pixels[4*i+1], pixels[4*i+2], pixels[4*i+3]);
Box2i displayWindow(V2i(0,0), V2i(xRes-1, yRes-1));
Box2i dataWindow = displayWindow;
RgbaOutputFile file(name, displayWindow, dataWindow, WRITE_RGBA);
file.setFrameBuffer(hrgba, 1, xRes);
try {
file.writePixels(yRes);
}
catch (const std::exception &e) {
fprintf(stderr, "Unable to write image file \"%s\": %s", name,
e.what());
}
delete[] hrgba;
}
#ifndef __EXR_IO_H
#define __EXR_IO_H
bool ReadEXR(const char *name, float *&rgba, int &xRes, int &yRes, bool &hasAlpha);
void WriteEXR(const char *name, float *pixels, int xRes, int yRes);
#endif // defined(__EXR_IO_H)
/*
*/
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cassert>
#include "exr_io.h"
static void usage(const char * const program) {
fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s <input.exr> <output.exr>\n", program);
exit(1);
}
const float CUTOFF = 0xF0 * 1.0f / 0xFF;
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
const char *outfile = NULL;
const char *infile = NULL;
if (argc == 1) usage(argv[0]);
for (int i = 1; i < argc; ++i) {
if (!infile)
infile = argv[i];
else if (!outfile)
outfile = argv[i];
else
usage(argv[0]);
}
float *image;
int resolution[2];
bool hasAlpha;
if (!ReadEXR(infile, image, resolution[0], resolution[1], hasAlpha)) {
printf("couldn't read image %s\n", infile);
return 1;
}
assert(hasAlpha);
for (int i = 0; i < 4*resolution[0]*resolution[1]; i += 4) {
if (image[i+3] != 1) {
// alpha channel set, make transparent
image[i+3] = 0;
continue;
}
float color = image[i];
if (image[i+1] != color || image[i+2] != color)
printf("Color (%f,%f,%f) isn't grayscale, taking only red channel into account",
color, image[i+1], image[i+2]);
// darker than #F0F0F0 -> white, otherwise transparent
if (color < CUTOFF) {
image[i] = image[i + 1] = image[i + 2] = 1;
image[i + 3] = 1;
} else {
image[i + 3] = 0;
}
}
WriteEXR(outfile, image, resolution[0], resolution[1]);
return 0;
}
.PRECIOUS: %.o
CXX=clang++
EXR_INCLUDES=-I/usr/local/include/OpenEXR -I/usr/include/OpenEXR -I/opt/local/include/OpenEXR
EXR_LIBDIR=-L/usr/local/lib -L/opt/local/lib
OPT=-o3
EXRLIBS=$(EXR_LIBDIR) -Bstatic -lIex -lIlmImf -lIlmThread -lImath -lIex -lHalf -Bdynamic
ARCH = $(shell uname)
ifeq ($(ARCH),Linux)
EXRLIBS += -lpthread
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),OpenBSD)
EXRLIBS += -lpthread
endif
ifeq ($(ARCH),Darwin)
EXRLIBS += -lz
endif
INCLUDE=$(EXR_INCLUDES)
LIBS=$(EXR_LIBDIR) $(EXRLIBS) -lm
WARN=-Wall
CXXFLAGS=$(OPT) $(MARCH) $(INCLUDE) $(WARN) $(DEFS)
.PHONY: clean default
default: gray2white
clean: ; rm -f *.o gray2white
gray2white: gray2white.o exr_io.o
$(CXX) $(CXXFLAGS) -o $@ $^ $(LIBS)
%.o: %.cpp
$(CXX) $(CXXFLAGS) -o $@ -c $<
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