i3-gaps has some packages that are required for it to work so install these things:
sudo apt install libxcb1-dev libxcb-keysyms1-dev libpango1.0-dev libxcb-util0-dev libxcb-icccm4-dev libyajl-dev libstartup-notification0-dev libxcb-randr0-dev libev-dev libxcb-cursor-dev libxcb-xinerama0-dev libxcb-xkb-dev libxkbcommon-dev libxkbcommon-x11-dev autoconf xutils-dev libtool
You also need to install
libxcb-xrm-dev, but I got
Unable to locate package libxcb-xrm-dev when trying to install from the apt repositories on Ubuntu 16.04. If this happens to you, just install it from source using these commands:
mkdir tmp cd /tmp git clone https://github.com/Airblader/xcb-util-xrm cd xcb-util-xrm git submodule update --init ./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr make sudo make install
gaps also needs to be installed from source so run these commands:
cd /tmp git clone https://www.github.com/Airblader/i3 i3-gaps cd i3-gaps git checkout gaps && git pull autoreconf --force --install rm -rf build mkdir build cd build ../configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc make sudo make install
Now i3-gaps should be installed.
To enable gaps you need to set some variables in your i3 config.
gaps inner <# of pixels> gaps outer <# of pixels>
Add this to get rid of titlebars because gaps doen't work with titlebars:
for_window [class="^.*"] border pixel 2
Refresh i3 and you're good to go!