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The only simple way to do SSH in Python today is to use subprocess + OpenSSH...
# All SSH libraries for Python are junk (2011-10-13).
# Too low-level (libssh2), too buggy (paramiko), too complicated
# (both), too poor in features (no use of the agent, for instance)
# Here is the right solution today:
import subprocess
import sys
# Ports are handled in ~/.ssh/config since we use OpenSSH
COMMAND="uname -a"
ssh = subprocess.Popen(["ssh", "%s" % HOST, COMMAND],
result = ssh.stdout.readlines()
if result == []:
error = ssh.stderr.readlines()
print >>sys.stderr, "ERROR: %s" % error
print result
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johnnybubonic commented Jan 30, 2019

this gist aged well. ELL OH ELL

edit: good luck with all your forked processes. i'm happy with paramiko.

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tarzan270786 commented Aug 12, 2019

Hi All ,
I need a help . I am using below code as I want ssh to run few commands in bash mode . But I am getting errors .

import subprocess
import sys

HOST="root@". # change the IP as per ur testing
COMMAND="ls / -ltrh"
print("Type ",type(COMMAND))
ssh = subprocess.Popen(["ssh", "%s" % HOST, "%s" %COMMAND],
result = ssh.stdout.readlines()
if result == []:
error = ssh.stderr.readlines()
print >>sys.stderr, "ERROR: %s" % error

(venv) [rrshanke@slc10gon ADW]$ python
('Type ', <type 'str'>)
ERROR: ['usage: ssh [-1246AaCfGgKkMNnqsTtVvXxYy] [-b bind_address] [-c cipher_spec]\n', ' [-D [bind_address:]port] [-E log_file] [-e escape_char]\n', ' [-F configfile] [-I pkcs11] [-i identity_file]\n', ' [-J [user@]host[:port]] [-L address] [-l login_name] [-m mac_spec]\n', ' [-O ctl_cmd] [-o option] [-p port] [-Q query_option] [-R address]\n', ' [-S ctl_path] [-W host:port] [-w local_tun[:remote_tun]]\n', ' [user@]hostname [command]\n']
(venv) [rrshanke@slc10gon ADW]$

I am not sure what is wrong . Please help me

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bortzmeyer commented Aug 12, 2019

ssh = subprocess.Popen(["ssh", "%s" % HOST, "%s" %COMMAND],

You should read the documentation. Executive summary: shell=True is both dangerous and a bad idea in most cases. From a Python program, shell=False is the right solution most of the time. (See in the doc, around "If shell is True, it is recommended to pass args as a string rather than as a sequence.")

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datlife commented Nov 4, 2019

SSH without third-party library

Here is my take on SSH without using third-party library. I leveraged a concept of fork system call in UNIX [1].

# Create an ssh session with python
import os
import shlex

def create_ssh(host, user):
  """Create a ssh session"""
  ssh = "/usr/bin/ssh -t {user}@{host} ".format(user=user, host=host)
  # Now, fork a child from current process 
  # This is a basic concept from Operating System class.
  pid = os.fork()
  if pid == 0:  # a child process
     print("Executing: %s" %(ssh))
     cmd = shlex.split(ssh)
     os.execv(cmd[0], cmd)
  os.wait(pid, 0)
  print("ssh session is finished. :)")
if __name__ == "__main__":


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Insektosaurus commented Jan 11, 2020


Still populating top three google results when searching for 'python3 connect ssh and run script' :)

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faddison commented May 6, 2020

Still true today. Amazing how badly libraries like paramiko and fabric fail at such a simple task.

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rogercallster commented Jun 7, 2020

Still a valid chain but still finding it hard to reliably send password from Osx or linux

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hoon0912 commented Jan 7, 2021

thank you

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HungPhann commented Jan 18, 2021

Can tell how amazing it is when this solution still works today.
Thanks a lot.

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