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Created Dec 4, 2014

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Backbone 1.1.2 (Patched for Alloy)
// Backbone.js 1.1.2
// (c) 2010-2014 Jeremy Ashkenas, DocumentCloud and Investigative Reporters & Editors
// Backbone may be freely distributed under the MIT license.
// For all details and documentation:
// http://backbonejs.org
// Patched for Titanium Alloy by Shockoe.com LLC
(function(root, factory) {
// Set up Backbone appropriately for the environment. Start with AMD.
if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
define(['underscore', 'jquery', 'exports'], function(_, $, exports) {
// Export global even in AMD case in case this script is loaded with
// others that may still expect a global Backbone.
root.Backbone = factory(root, exports, _, $);
});
// Next for Node.js or CommonJS. jQuery may not be needed as a module.
} else if (typeof exports !== 'undefined') {
var _ = _;
factory(root, exports, _);
// Finally, as a browser global.
} else {
root.Backbone = factory(root, {}, root._, (root.jQuery || root.Zepto || root.ender || root.$));
}
}(this, function(root, Backbone, _, $) {
// Initial Setup
// -------------
// Save the previous value of the `Backbone` variable, so that it can be
// restored later on, if `noConflict` is used.
var previousBackbone = root.Backbone;
// Create local references to array methods we'll want to use later.
var array = [];
var push = array.push;
var slice = array.slice;
var splice = array.splice;
// Current version of the library. Keep in sync with `package.json`.
Backbone.VERSION = '1.1.2';
// For Backbone's purposes, jQuery, Zepto, Ender, or My Library (kidding) owns
// the `$` variable.
Backbone.$ = $;
// Runs Backbone.js in *noConflict* mode, returning the `Backbone` variable
// to its previous owner. Returns a reference to this Backbone object.
Backbone.noConflict = function() {
root.Backbone = previousBackbone;
return this;
};
// Turn on `emulateHTTP` to support legacy HTTP servers. Setting this option
// will fake `"PATCH"`, `"PUT"` and `"DELETE"` requests via the `_method` parameter and
// set a `X-Http-Method-Override` header.
Backbone.emulateHTTP = false;
// Turn on `emulateJSON` to support legacy servers that can't deal with direct
// `application/json` requests ... will encode the body as
// `application/x-www-form-urlencoded` instead and will send the model in a
// form param named `model`.
Backbone.emulateJSON = false;
// Backbone.Events
// ---------------
// A module that can be mixed in to *any object* in order to provide it with
// custom events. You may bind with `on` or remove with `off` callback
// functions to an event; `trigger`-ing an event fires all callbacks in
// succession.
//
// var object = {};
// _.extend(object, Backbone.Events);
// object.on('expand', function(){ alert('expanded'); });
// object.trigger('expand');
//
var Events = Backbone.Events = {
// Bind an event to a `callback` function. Passing `"all"` will bind
// the callback to all events fired.
on: function(name, callback, context) {
if (!eventsApi(this, 'on', name, [callback, context]) || !callback) return this;
this._events || (this._events = {});
var events = this._events[name] || (this._events[name] = []);
events.push({callback: callback, context: context, ctx: context || this});
return this;
},
// Bind an event to only be triggered a single time. After the first time
// the callback is invoked, it will be removed.
once: function(name, callback, context) {
if (!eventsApi(this, 'once', name, [callback, context]) || !callback) return this;
var self = this;
var once = _.once(function() {
self.off(name, once);
callback.apply(this, arguments);
});
once._callback = callback;
return this.on(name, once, context);
},
// Remove one or many callbacks. If `context` is null, removes all
// callbacks with that function. If `callback` is null, removes all
// callbacks for the event. If `name` is null, removes all bound
// callbacks for all events.
off: function(name, callback, context) {
var retain, ev, events, names, i, l, j, k;
if (!this._events || !eventsApi(this, 'off', name, [callback, context])) return this;
if (!name && !callback && !context) {
this._events = void 0;
return this;
}
names = name ? [name] : _.keys(this._events);
for (i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
name = names[i];
if (events = this._events[name]) {
this._events[name] = retain = [];
if (callback || context) {
for (j = 0, k = events.length; j < k; j++) {
ev = events[j];
if ((callback && callback !== ev.callback && callback !== ev.callback._callback) ||
(context && context !== ev.context)) {
retain.push(ev);
}
}
}
if (!retain.length) delete this._events[name];
}
}
return this;
},
// Trigger one or many events, firing all bound callbacks. Callbacks are
// passed the same arguments as `trigger` is, apart from the event name
// (unless you're listening on `"all"`, which will cause your callback to
// receive the true name of the event as the first argument).
trigger: function(name) {
if (!this._events) return this;
var args = slice.call(arguments, 1);
if (!eventsApi(this, 'trigger', name, args)) return this;
var events = this._events[name];
var allEvents = this._events.all;
if (events) triggerEvents(events, args);
if (allEvents) triggerEvents(allEvents, arguments);
return this;
},
// Tell this object to stop listening to either specific events ... or
// to every object it's currently listening to.
stopListening: function(obj, name, callback) {
var listeningTo = this._listeningTo;
if (!listeningTo) return this;
var remove = !name && !callback;
if (!callback && typeof name === 'object') callback = this;
if (obj) (listeningTo = {})[obj._listenId] = obj;
for (var id in listeningTo) {
obj = listeningTo[id];
obj.off(name, callback, this);
if (remove || _.isEmpty(obj._events)) delete this._listeningTo[id];
}
return this;
}
};
// Regular expression used to split event strings.
var eventSplitter = /\s+/;
// Implement fancy features of the Events API such as multiple event
// names `"change blur"` and jQuery-style event maps `{change: action}`
// in terms of the existing API.
var eventsApi = function(obj, action, name, rest) {
if (!name) return true;
// Handle event maps.
if (typeof name === 'object') {
for (var key in name) {
obj[action].apply(obj, [key, name[key]].concat(rest));
}
return false;
}
// Handle space separated event names.
if (eventSplitter.test(name)) {
var names = name.split(eventSplitter);
for (var i = 0, l = names.length; i < l; i++) {
obj[action].apply(obj, [names[i]].concat(rest));
}
return false;
}
return true;
};
// A difficult-to-believe, but optimized internal dispatch function for
// triggering events. Tries to keep the usual cases speedy (most internal
// Backbone events have 3 arguments).
var triggerEvents = function(events, args) {
var ev, i = -1, l = events.length, a1 = args[0], a2 = args[1], a3 = args[2];
switch (args.length) {
case 0: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx); return;
case 1: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, a1); return;
case 2: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, a1, a2); return;
case 3: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.call(ev.ctx, a1, a2, a3); return;
default: while (++i < l) (ev = events[i]).callback.apply(ev.ctx, args); return;
}
};
var listenMethods = {listenTo: 'on', listenToOnce: 'once'};
// Inversion-of-control versions of `on` and `once`. Tell *this* object to
// listen to an event in another object ... keeping track of what it's
// listening to.
_.each(listenMethods, function(implementation, method) {
Events[method] = function(obj, name, callback) {
var listeningTo = this._listeningTo || (this._listeningTo = {});
var id = obj._listenId || (obj._listenId = _.uniqueId('l'));
listeningTo[id] = obj;
if (!callback && typeof name === 'object') callback = this;
obj[implementation](name, callback, this);
return this;
};
});
// Aliases for backwards compatibility.
Events.bind = Events.on;
Events.unbind = Events.off;
// Allow the `Backbone` object to serve as a global event bus, for folks who
// want global "pubsub" in a convenient place.
_.extend(Backbone, Events);
// Backbone.Model
// --------------
// Backbone **Models** are the basic data object in the framework --
// frequently representing a row in a table in a database on your server.
// A discrete chunk of data and a bunch of useful, related methods for
// performing computations and transformations on that data.
// Create a new model with the specified attributes. A client id (`cid`)
// is automatically generated and assigned for you.
var Model = Backbone.Model = function(attributes, options) {
var attrs = attributes || {};
options || (options = {});
this.cid = _.uniqueId('c');
this.attributes = {};
if (options.collection) this.collection = options.collection;
if (options.parse) attrs = this.parse(attrs, options) || {};
attrs = _.defaults({}, attrs, _.result(this, 'defaults'));
this.set(attrs, options);
this.changed = {};
this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
};
// Attach all inheritable methods to the Model prototype.
_.extend(Model.prototype, Events, {
// A hash of attributes whose current and previous value differ.
changed: null,
// The value returned during the last failed validation.
validationError: null,
// The default name for the JSON `id` attribute is `"id"`. MongoDB and
// CouchDB users may want to set this to `"_id"`.
idAttribute: 'id',
// Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
// initialization logic.
initialize: function(){},
// Return a copy of the model's `attributes` object.
toJSON: function(options) {
return _.clone(this.attributes);
},
// Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default -- but override this if you need
// custom syncing semantics for *this* particular model.
sync: function() {
return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
},
// Get the value of an attribute.
get: function(attr) {
return this.attributes[attr];
},
// Get the HTML-escaped value of an attribute.
escape: function(attr) {
return _.escape(this.get(attr));
},
// Returns `true` if the attribute contains a value that is not null
// or undefined.
has: function(attr) {
return this.get(attr) != null;
},
// Set a hash of model attributes on the object, firing `"change"`. This is
// the core primitive operation of a model, updating the data and notifying
// anyone who needs to know about the change in state. The heart of the beast.
set: function(key, val, options) {
var attr, attrs, unset, changes, silent, changing, prev, current;
if (key == null) return this;
// Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
if (typeof key === 'object') {
attrs = key;
options = val;
} else {
(attrs = {})[key] = val;
}
options || (options = {});
// Run validation.
if (!this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
// Extract attributes and options.
unset = options.unset;
silent = options.silent;
changes = [];
changing = this._changing;
this._changing = true;
if (!changing) {
this._previousAttributes = _.clone(this.attributes);
this.changed = {};
}
current = this.attributes, prev = this._previousAttributes;
// Check for changes of `id`.
if (this.idAttribute in attrs) this.id = attrs[this.idAttribute];
// For each `set` attribute, update or delete the current value.
for (attr in attrs) {
val = attrs[attr];
if (!_.isEqual(current[attr], val)) changes.push(attr);
if (!_.isEqual(prev[attr], val)) {
this.changed[attr] = val;
} else {
delete this.changed[attr];
}
unset ? delete current[attr] : current[attr] = val;
}
// Trigger all relevant attribute changes.
if (!silent) {
if (changes.length) this._pending = options;
for (var i = 0, l = changes.length; i < l; i++) {
this.trigger('change:' + changes[i], this, current[changes[i]], options);
}
}
// You might be wondering why there's a `while` loop here. Changes can
// be recursively nested within `"change"` events.
if (changing) return this;
if (!silent) {
while (this._pending) {
options = this._pending;
this._pending = false;
this.trigger('change', this, options);
}
}
this._pending = false;
this._changing = false;
return this;
},
// Remove an attribute from the model, firing `"change"`. `unset` is a noop
// if the attribute doesn't exist.
unset: function(attr, options) {
return this.set(attr, void 0, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
},
// Clear all attributes on the model, firing `"change"`.
clear: function(options) {
var attrs = {};
for (var key in this.attributes) attrs[key] = void 0;
return this.set(attrs, _.extend({}, options, {unset: true}));
},
// Determine if the model has changed since the last `"change"` event.
// If you specify an attribute name, determine if that attribute has changed.
hasChanged: function(attr) {
if (attr == null) return !_.isEmpty(this.changed);
return _.has(this.changed, attr);
},
// Return an object containing all the attributes that have changed, or
// false if there are no changed attributes. Useful for determining what
// parts of a view need to be updated and/or what attributes need to be
// persisted to the server. Unset attributes will be set to undefined.
// You can also pass an attributes object to diff against the model,
// determining if there *would be* a change.
changedAttributes: function(diff) {
if (!diff) return this.hasChanged() ? _.clone(this.changed) : false;
var val, changed = false;
var old = this._changing ? this._previousAttributes : this.attributes;
for (var attr in diff) {
if (_.isEqual(old[attr], (val = diff[attr]))) continue;
(changed || (changed = {}))[attr] = val;
}
return changed;
},
// Get the previous value of an attribute, recorded at the time the last
// `"change"` event was fired.
previous: function(attr) {
if (attr == null || !this._previousAttributes) return null;
return this._previousAttributes[attr];
},
// Get all of the attributes of the model at the time of the previous
// `"change"` event.
previousAttributes: function() {
return _.clone(this._previousAttributes);
},
// Fetch the model from the server. If the server's representation of the
// model differs from its current attributes, they will be overridden,
// triggering a `"change"` event.
fetch: function(options) {
options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
var model = this;
var success = options.success;
options.success = function(resp) {
if (!model.set(model.parse(resp, options), options)) return false;
if (success) success(model, resp, options);
model.trigger('sync', model, resp, options);
};
wrapError(this, options);
return this.sync('read', this, options);
},
// Set a hash of model attributes, and sync the model to the server.
// If the server returns an attributes hash that differs, the model's
// state will be `set` again.
save: function(key, val, options) {
var attrs, method, xhr, attributes = this.attributes;
// Handle both `"key", value` and `{key: value}` -style arguments.
if (key == null || typeof key === 'object') {
attrs = key;
options = val;
} else {
(attrs = {})[key] = val;
}
options = _.extend({validate: true}, options);
// If we're not waiting and attributes exist, save acts as
// `set(attr).save(null, opts)` with validation. Otherwise, check if
// the model will be valid when the attributes, if any, are set.
if (attrs && !options.wait) {
if (!this.set(attrs, options)) return false;
} else {
if (!this._validate(attrs, options)) return false;
}
// Set temporary attributes if `{wait: true}`.
if (attrs && options.wait) {
this.attributes = _.extend({}, attributes, attrs);
}
// After a successful server-side save, the client is (optionally)
// updated with the server-side state.
if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
var model = this;
var success = options.success;
options.success = function(resp) {
// Ensure attributes are restored during synchronous saves.
model.attributes = attributes;
var serverAttrs = model.parse(resp, options);
if (options.wait) serverAttrs = _.extend(attrs || {}, serverAttrs);
if (_.isObject(serverAttrs) && !model.set(serverAttrs, options)) {
return false;
}
if (success) success(model, resp, options);
model.trigger('sync', model, resp, options);
};
wrapError(this, options);
method = this.isNew() ? 'create' : (options.patch ? 'patch' : 'update');
if (method === 'patch') options.attrs = attrs;
xhr = this.sync(method, this, options);
// Restore attributes.
if (attrs && options.wait) this.attributes = attributes;
return xhr;
},
// Destroy this model on the server if it was already persisted.
// Optimistically removes the model from its collection, if it has one.
// If `wait: true` is passed, waits for the server to respond before removal.
destroy: function(options) {
options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
var model = this;
var success = options.success;
var destroy = function() {
model.trigger('destroy', model, model.collection, options);
};
options.success = function(resp) {
if (options.wait || model.isNew()) destroy();
if (success) success(model, resp, options);
if (!model.isNew()) model.trigger('sync', model, resp, options);
};
if (this.isNew()) {
options.success();
return false;
}
wrapError(this, options);
var xhr = this.sync('delete', this, options);
if (!options.wait) destroy();
return xhr;
},
// Default URL for the model's representation on the server -- if you're
// using Backbone's restful methods, override this to change the endpoint
// that will be called.
url: function() {
var base =
_.result(this, 'urlRoot') ||
_.result(this.collection, 'url') ||
urlError();
if (this.isNew()) return base;
return base.replace(/([^\/])$/, '$1/') + encodeURIComponent(this.id);
},
// **parse** converts a response into the hash of attributes to be `set` on
// the model. The default implementation is just to pass the response along.
parse: function(resp, options) {
return resp;
},
// Create a new model with identical attributes to this one.
clone: function() {
return new this.constructor(this.attributes);
},
// A model is new if it has never been saved to the server, and lacks an id.
isNew: function() {
return !this.has(this.idAttribute);
},
// Check if the model is currently in a valid state.
isValid: function(options) {
return this._validate({}, _.extend(options || {}, { validate: true }));
},
// Run validation against the next complete set of model attributes,
// returning `true` if all is well. Otherwise, fire an `"invalid"` event.
_validate: function(attrs, options) {
if (!options.validate || !this.validate) return true;
attrs = _.extend({}, this.attributes, attrs);
var error = this.validationError = this.validate(attrs, options) || null;
if (!error) return true;
this.trigger('invalid', this, error, _.extend(options, {validationError: error}));
return false;
}
});
// Underscore methods that we want to implement on the Model.
var modelMethods = ['keys', 'values', 'pairs', 'invert', 'pick', 'omit'];
// Mix in each Underscore method as a proxy to `Model#attributes`.
_.each(modelMethods, function(method) {
Model.prototype[method] = function() {
var args = slice.call(arguments);
args.unshift(this.attributes);
return _[method].apply(_, args);
};
});
// Backbone.Collection
// -------------------
// If models tend to represent a single row of data, a Backbone Collection is
// more analagous to a table full of data ... or a small slice or page of that
// table, or a collection of rows that belong together for a particular reason
// -- all of the messages in this particular folder, all of the documents
// belonging to this particular author, and so on. Collections maintain
// indexes of their models, both in order, and for lookup by `id`.
// Create a new **Collection**, perhaps to contain a specific type of `model`.
// If a `comparator` is specified, the Collection will maintain
// its models in sort order, as they're added and removed.
var Collection = Backbone.Collection = function(models, options) {
options || (options = {});
if (options.model) this.model = options.model;
if (options.comparator !== void 0) this.comparator = options.comparator;
this._reset();
this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
if (models) this.reset(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
};
// Default options for `Collection#set`.
var setOptions = {add: true, remove: true, merge: true};
var addOptions = {add: true, remove: false};
// Define the Collection's inheritable methods.
_.extend(Collection.prototype, Events, {
// The default model for a collection is just a **Backbone.Model**.
// This should be overridden in most cases.
model: Model,
// Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
// initialization logic.
initialize: function(){},
// The JSON representation of a Collection is an array of the
// models' attributes.
toJSON: function(options) {
return this.map(function(model){ return model.toJSON(options); });
},
// Proxy `Backbone.sync` by default.
sync: function() {
return Backbone.sync.apply(this, arguments);
},
// Add a model, or list of models to the set.
add: function(models, options) {
return this.set(models, _.extend({merge: false}, options, addOptions));
},
// Remove a model, or a list of models from the set.
remove: function(models, options) {
var singular = !_.isArray(models);
models = singular ? [models] : _.clone(models);
options || (options = {});
var i, l, index, model;
for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
model = models[i] = this.get(models[i]);
if (!model) continue;
delete this._byId[model.id];
delete this._byId[model.cid];
index = this.indexOf(model);
this.models.splice(index, 1);
this.length--;
if (!options.silent) {
options.index = index;
model.trigger('remove', model, this, options);
}
this._removeReference(model, options);
}
return singular ? models[0] : models;
},
// Update a collection by `set`-ing a new list of models, adding new ones,
// removing models that are no longer present, and merging models that
// already exist in the collection, as necessary. Similar to **Model#set**,
// the core operation for updating the data contained by the collection.
set: function(models, options) {
options = _.defaults({}, options, setOptions);
if (options.parse) models = this.parse(models, options);
var singular = !_.isArray(models);
models = singular ? (models ? [models] : []) : _.clone(models);
var i, l, id, model, attrs, existing, sort;
var at = options.at;
var targetModel = this.model;
var sortable = this.comparator && (at == null) && options.sort !== false;
var sortAttr = _.isString(this.comparator) ? this.comparator : null;
var toAdd = [], toRemove = [], modelMap = {};
var add = options.add, merge = options.merge, remove = options.remove;
var order = !sortable && add && remove ? [] : false;
// Turn bare objects into model references, and prevent invalid models
// from being added.
for (i = 0, l = models.length; i < l; i++) {
attrs = models[i] || {};
if (attrs instanceof Model) {
id = model = attrs;
} else {
id = attrs[targetModel.prototype.idAttribute || 'id'];
}
// If a duplicate is found, prevent it from being added and
// optionally merge it into the existing model.
if (existing = this.get(id)) {
if (remove) modelMap[existing.cid] = true;
if (merge) {
attrs = attrs === model ? model.attributes : attrs;
if (options.parse) attrs = existing.parse(attrs, options);
existing.set(attrs, options);
if (sortable && !sort && existing.hasChanged(sortAttr)) sort = true;
}
models[i] = existing;
// If this is a new, valid model, push it to the `toAdd` list.
} else if (add) {
model = models[i] = this._prepareModel(attrs, options);
if (!model) continue;
toAdd.push(model);
this._addReference(model, options);
}
// Do not add multiple models with the same `id`.
model = existing || model;
if (order && (model.isNew() || !modelMap[model.id])) order.push(model);
modelMap[model.id] = true;
}
// Remove nonexistent models if appropriate.
if (remove) {
for (i = 0, l = this.length; i < l; ++i) {
if (!modelMap[(model = this.models[i]).cid]) toRemove.push(model);
}
if (toRemove.length) this.remove(toRemove, options);
}
// See if sorting is needed, update `length` and splice in new models.
if (toAdd.length || (order && order.length)) {
if (sortable) sort = true;
this.length += toAdd.length;
if (at != null) {
for (i = 0, l = toAdd.length; i < l; i++) {
this.models.splice(at + i, 0, toAdd[i]);
}
} else {
if (order) this.models.length = 0;
var orderedModels = order || toAdd;
for (i = 0, l = orderedModels.length; i < l; i++) {
this.models.push(orderedModels[i]);
}
}
}
// Silently sort the collection if appropriate.
if (sort) this.sort({silent: true});
// Unless silenced, it's time to fire all appropriate add/sort events.
if (!options.silent) {
for (i = 0, l = toAdd.length; i < l; i++) {
(model = toAdd[i]).trigger('add', model, this, options);
}
if (sort || (order && order.length)) this.trigger('sort', this, options);
}
// Return the added (or merged) model (or models).
return singular ? models[0] : models;
},
// When you have more items than you want to add or remove individually,
// you can reset the entire set with a new list of models, without firing
// any granular `add` or `remove` events. Fires `reset` when finished.
// Useful for bulk operations and optimizations.
reset: function(models, options) {
options || (options = {});
for (var i = 0, l = this.models.length; i < l; i++) {
this._removeReference(this.models[i], options);
}
options.previousModels = this.models;
this._reset();
models = this.add(models, _.extend({silent: true}, options));
if (!options.silent) this.trigger('reset', this, options);
return models;
},
// Add a model to the end of the collection.
push: function(model, options) {
return this.add(model, _.extend({at: this.length}, options));
},
// Remove a model from the end of the collection.
pop: function(options) {
var model = this.at(this.length - 1);
this.remove(model, options);
return model;
},
// Add a model to the beginning of the collection.
unshift: function(model, options) {
return this.add(model, _.extend({at: 0}, options));
},
// Remove a model from the beginning of the collection.
shift: function(options) {
var model = this.at(0);
this.remove(model, options);
return model;
},
// Slice out a sub-array of models from the collection.
slice: function() {
return slice.apply(this.models, arguments);
},
// Get a model from the set by id.
get: function(obj) {
if (obj == null) return void 0;
return this._byId[obj] || this._byId[obj.id] || this._byId[obj.cid];
},
// Get the model at the given index.
at: function(index) {
return this.models[index];
},
// Return models with matching attributes. Useful for simple cases of
// `filter`.
where: function(attrs, first) {
if (_.isEmpty(attrs)) return first ? void 0 : [];
return this[first ? 'find' : 'filter'](function(model) {
for (var key in attrs) {
if (attrs[key] !== model.get(key)) return false;
}
return true;
});
},
// Return the first model with matching attributes. Useful for simple cases
// of `find`.
findWhere: function(attrs) {
return this.where(attrs, true);
},
// Force the collection to re-sort itself. You don't need to call this under
// normal circumstances, as the set will maintain sort order as each item
// is added.
sort: function(options) {
if (!this.comparator) throw new Error('Cannot sort a set without a comparator');
options || (options = {});
// Run sort based on type of `comparator`.
if (_.isString(this.comparator) || this.comparator.length === 1) {
this.models = this.sortBy(this.comparator, this);
} else {
this.models.sort(_.bind(this.comparator, this));
}
if (!options.silent) this.trigger('sort', this, options);
return this;
},
// Pluck an attribute from each model in the collection.
pluck: function(attr) {
return _.invoke(this.models, 'get', attr);
},
// Fetch the default set of models for this collection, resetting the
// collection when they arrive. If `reset: true` is passed, the response
// data will be passed through the `reset` method instead of `set`.
fetch: function(options) {
options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
if (options.parse === void 0) options.parse = true;
var success = options.success;
var collection = this;
options.success = function(resp) {
var method = options.reset ? 'reset' : 'set';
collection[method](resp, options);
if (success) success(collection, resp, options);
collection.trigger('sync', collection, resp, options);
};
wrapError(this, options);
return this.sync('read', this, options);
},
// Create a new instance of a model in this collection. Add the model to the
// collection immediately, unless `wait: true` is passed, in which case we
// wait for the server to agree.
create: function(model, options) {
options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
if (!(model = this._prepareModel(model, options))) return false;
if (!options.wait) this.add(model, options);
var collection = this;
var success = options.success;
options.success = function(model, resp) {
if (options.wait) collection.add(model, options);
if (success) success(model, resp, options);
};
model.save(null, options);
return model;
},
// **parse** converts a response into a list of models to be added to the
// collection. The default implementation is just to pass it through.
parse: function(resp, options) {
return resp;
},
// Create a new collection with an identical list of models as this one.
clone: function() {
return new this.constructor(this.models);
},
// Private method to reset all internal state. Called when the collection
// is first initialized or reset.
_reset: function() {
this.length = 0;
this.models = [];
this._byId = {};
},
// Prepare a hash of attributes (or other model) to be added to this
// collection.
_prepareModel: function(attrs, options) {
if (attrs instanceof Model) return attrs;
options = options ? _.clone(options) : {};
options.collection = this;
var model = new this.model(attrs, options);
if (!model.validationError) return model;
this.trigger('invalid', this, model.validationError, options);
return false;
},
// Internal method to create a model's ties to a collection.
_addReference: function(model, options) {
this._byId[model.cid] = model;
if (model.id != null) this._byId[model.id] = model;
if (!model.collection) model.collection = this;
model.on('all', this._onModelEvent, this);
},
// Internal method to sever a model's ties to a collection.
_removeReference: function(model, options) {
if (this === model.collection) delete model.collection;
model.off('all', this._onModelEvent, this);
},
// Internal method called every time a model in the set fires an event.
// Sets need to update their indexes when models change ids. All other
// events simply proxy through. "add" and "remove" events that originate
// in other collections are ignored.
_onModelEvent: function(event, model, collection, options) {
if ((event === 'add' || event === 'remove') && collection !== this) return;
if (event === 'destroy') this.remove(model, options);
if (model && event === 'change:' + model.idAttribute) {
delete this._byId[model.previous(model.idAttribute)];
if (model.id != null) this._byId[model.id] = model;
}
this.trigger.apply(this, arguments);
}
});
// Underscore methods that we want to implement on the Collection.
// 90% of the core usefulness of Backbone Collections is actually implemented
// right here:
var methods = ['forEach', 'each', 'map', 'collect', 'reduce', 'foldl',
'inject', 'reduceRight', 'foldr', 'find', 'detect', 'filter', 'select',
'reject', 'every', 'all', 'some', 'any', 'include', 'contains', 'invoke',
'max', 'min', 'toArray', 'size', 'first', 'head', 'take', 'initial', 'rest',
'tail', 'drop', 'last', 'without', 'difference', 'indexOf', 'shuffle',
'lastIndexOf', 'isEmpty', 'chain', 'sample'];
// Mix in each Underscore method as a proxy to `Collection#models`.
_.each(methods, function(method) {
Collection.prototype[method] = function() {
var args = slice.call(arguments);
args.unshift(this.models);
return _[method].apply(_, args);
};
});
// Underscore methods that take a property name as an argument.
var attributeMethods = ['groupBy', 'countBy', 'sortBy', 'indexBy'];
// Use attributes instead of properties.
_.each(attributeMethods, function(method) {
Collection.prototype[method] = function(value, context) {
var iterator = _.isFunction(value) ? value : function(model) {
return model.get(value);
};
return _[method](this.models, iterator, context);
};
});
// Backbone.View
// -------------
// Backbone Views are almost more convention than they are actual code. A View
// is simply a JavaScript object that represents a logical chunk of UI in the
// DOM. This might be a single item, an entire list, a sidebar or panel, or
// even the surrounding frame which wraps your whole app. Defining a chunk of
// UI as a **View** allows you to define your DOM events declaratively, without
// having to worry about render order ... and makes it easy for the view to
// react to specific changes in the state of your models.
// Creating a Backbone.View creates its initial element outside of the DOM,
// if an existing element is not provided...
var View = Backbone.View = function(options) {
this.cid = _.uniqueId('view');
options || (options = {});
_.extend(this, _.pick(options, viewOptions));
this._ensureElement();
this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
this.delegateEvents();
};
// Cached regex to split keys for `delegate`.
var delegateEventSplitter = /^(\S+)\s*(.*)$/;
// List of view options to be merged as properties.
var viewOptions = ['model', 'collection', 'el', 'id', 'attributes', 'className', 'tagName', 'events'];
// Set up all inheritable **Backbone.View** properties and methods.
_.extend(View.prototype, Events, {
// The default `tagName` of a View's element is `"div"`.
tagName: 'div',
// jQuery delegate for element lookup, scoped to DOM elements within the
// current view. This should be preferred to global lookups where possible.
$: function(selector) {
return this.$el.find(selector);
},
// Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
// initialization logic.
initialize: function(){},
// **render** is the core function that your view should override, in order
// to populate its element (`this.el`), with the appropriate HTML. The
// convention is for **render** to always return `this`.
render: function() {
return this;
},
// Remove this view by taking the element out of the DOM, and removing any
// applicable Backbone.Events listeners.
remove: function() {
this.$el.remove();
this.stopListening();
return this;
},
// Change the view's element (`this.el` property), including event
// re-delegation.
setElement: function(element, delegate) {
if (this.$el) this.undelegateEvents();
this.$el = element instanceof Backbone.$ ? element : Backbone.$(element);
this.el = this.$el[0];
if (delegate !== false) this.delegateEvents();
return this;
},
// Set callbacks, where `this.events` is a hash of
//
// *{"event selector": "callback"}*
//
// {
// 'mousedown .title': 'edit',
// 'click .button': 'save',
// 'click .open': function(e) { ... }
// }
//
// pairs. Callbacks will be bound to the view, with `this` set properly.
// Uses event delegation for efficiency.
// Omitting the selector binds the event to `this.el`.
// This only works for delegate-able events: not `focus`, `blur`, and
// not `change`, `submit`, and `reset` in Internet Explorer.
delegateEvents: function(events) {
if (!(events || (events = _.result(this, 'events')))) return this;
this.undelegateEvents();
for (var key in events) {
var method = events[key];
if (!_.isFunction(method)) method = this[events[key]];
if (!method) continue;
var match = key.match(delegateEventSplitter);
var eventName = match[1], selector = match[2];
method = _.bind(method, this);
eventName += '.delegateEvents' + this.cid;
if (selector === '') {
this.$el.on(eventName, method);
} else {
this.$el.on(eventName, selector, method);
}
}
return this;
},
// Clears all callbacks previously bound to the view with `delegateEvents`.
// You usually don't need to use this, but may wish to if you have multiple
// Backbone views attached to the same DOM element.
undelegateEvents: function() {
this.$el.off('.delegateEvents' + this.cid);
return this;
},
// Ensure that the View has a DOM element to render into.
// If `this.el` is a string, pass it through `$()`, take the first
// matching element, and re-assign it to `el`. Otherwise, create
// an element from the `id`, `className` and `tagName` properties.
_ensureElement: function() {
if (!this.el) {
var attrs = _.extend({}, _.result(this, 'attributes'));
if (this.id) attrs.id = _.result(this, 'id');
if (this.className) attrs['class'] = _.result(this, 'className');
var $el = Backbone.$('<' + _.result(this, 'tagName') + '>').attr(attrs);
this.setElement($el, false);
} else {
this.setElement(_.result(this, 'el'), false);
}
}
});
// Backbone.sync
// -------------
// Override this function to change the manner in which Backbone persists
// models to the server. You will be passed the type of request, and the
// model in question. By default, makes a RESTful Ajax request
// to the model's `url()`. Some possible customizations could be:
//
// * Use `setTimeout` to batch rapid-fire updates into a single request.
// * Send up the models as XML instead of JSON.
// * Persist models via WebSockets instead of Ajax.
//
// Turn on `Backbone.emulateHTTP` in order to send `PUT` and `DELETE` requests
// as `POST`, with a `_method` parameter containing the true HTTP method,
// as well as all requests with the body as `application/x-www-form-urlencoded`
// instead of `application/json` with the model in a param named `model`.
// Useful when interfacing with server-side languages like **PHP** that make
// it difficult to read the body of `PUT` requests.
Backbone.sync = function(method, model, options) {
var type = methodMap[method];
// Default options, unless specified.
_.defaults(options || (options = {}), {
emulateHTTP: Backbone.emulateHTTP,
emulateJSON: Backbone.emulateJSON
});
// Default JSON-request options.
var params = {type: type, dataType: 'json'};
// Ensure that we have a URL.
if (!options.url) {
params.url = _.result(model, 'url') || urlError();
}
// Ensure that we have the appropriate request data.
if (options.data == null && model && (method === 'create' || method === 'update' || method === 'patch')) {
params.contentType = 'application/json';
params.data = JSON.stringify(options.attrs || model.toJSON(options));
}
// For older servers, emulate JSON by encoding the request into an HTML-form.
if (options.emulateJSON) {
params.contentType = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded';
params.data = params.data ? {model: params.data} : {};
}
// For older servers, emulate HTTP by mimicking the HTTP method with `_method`
// And an `X-HTTP-Method-Override` header.
if (options.emulateHTTP && (type === 'PUT' || type === 'DELETE' || type === 'PATCH')) {
params.type = 'POST';
if (options.emulateJSON) params.data._method = type;
var beforeSend = options.beforeSend;
options.beforeSend = function(xhr) {
xhr.setRequestHeader('X-HTTP-Method-Override', type);
if (beforeSend) return beforeSend.apply(this, arguments);
};
}
// Don't process data on a non-GET request.
if (params.type !== 'GET' && !options.emulateJSON) {
params.processData = false;
}
// If we're sending a `PATCH` request, and we're in an old Internet Explorer
// that still has ActiveX enabled by default, override jQuery to use that
// for XHR instead. Remove this line when jQuery supports `PATCH` on IE8.
if (params.type === 'PATCH' && noXhrPatch) {
params.xhr = function() {
return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
};
}
// Make the request, allowing the user to override any Ajax options.
var xhr = options.xhr = Backbone.ajax(_.extend(params, options));
model.trigger('request', model, xhr, options);
return xhr;
};
var noXhrPatch =
typeof window !== 'undefined' && !!window.ActiveXObject &&
!(window.XMLHttpRequest && (new XMLHttpRequest).dispatchEvent);
// Map from CRUD to HTTP for our default `Backbone.sync` implementation.
var methodMap = {
'create': 'POST',
'update': 'PUT',
'patch': 'PATCH',
'delete': 'DELETE',
'read': 'GET'
};
// Set the default implementation of `Backbone.ajax` to proxy through to `$`.
// Override this if you'd like to use a different library.
Backbone.ajax = function() {
return Backbone.$.ajax.apply(Backbone.$, arguments);
};
// Backbone.Router
// ---------------
// Routers map faux-URLs to actions, and fire events when routes are
// matched. Creating a new one sets its `routes` hash, if not set statically.
var Router = Backbone.Router = function(options) {
options || (options = {});
if (options.routes) this.routes = options.routes;
this._bindRoutes();
this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
};
// Cached regular expressions for matching named param parts and splatted
// parts of route strings.
var optionalParam = /\((.*?)\)/g;
var namedParam = /(\(\?)?:\w+/g;
var splatParam = /\*\w+/g;
var escapeRegExp = /[\-{}\[\]+?.,\\\^$|#\s]/g;
// Set up all inheritable **Backbone.Router** properties and methods.
_.extend(Router.prototype, Events, {
// Initialize is an empty function by default. Override it with your own
// initialization logic.
initialize: function(){},
// Manually bind a single named route to a callback. For example:
//
// this.route('search/:query/p:num', 'search', function(query, num) {
// ...
// });
//
route: function(route, name, callback) {
if (!_.isRegExp(route)) route = this._routeToRegExp(route);
if (_.isFunction(name)) {
callback = name;
name = '';
}
if (!callback) callback = this[name];
var router = this;
Backbone.history.route(route, function(fragment) {
var args = router._extractParameters(route, fragment);
router.execute(callback, args);
router.trigger.apply(router, ['route:' + name].concat(args));
router.trigger('route', name, args);
Backbone.history.trigger('route', router, name, args);
});
return this;
},
// Execute a route handler with the provided parameters. This is an
// excellent place to do pre-route setup or post-route cleanup.
execute: function(callback, args) {
if (callback) callback.apply(this, args);
},
// Simple proxy to `Backbone.history` to save a fragment into the history.
navigate: function(fragment, options) {
Backbone.history.navigate(fragment, options);
return this;
},
// Bind all defined routes to `Backbone.history`. We have to reverse the
// order of the routes here to support behavior where the most general
// routes can be defined at the bottom of the route map.
_bindRoutes: function() {
if (!this.routes) return;
this.routes = _.result(this, 'routes');
var route, routes = _.keys(this.routes);
while ((route = routes.pop()) != null) {
this.route(route, this.routes[route]);
}
},
// Convert a route string into a regular expression, suitable for matching
// against the current location hash.
_routeToRegExp: function(route) {
route = route.replace(escapeRegExp, '\\$&')
.replace(optionalParam, '(?:$1)?')
.replace(namedParam, function(match, optional) {
return optional ? match : '([^/?]+)';
})
.replace(splatParam, '([^?]*?)');
return new RegExp('^' + route + '(?:\\?([\\s\\S]*))?$');
},
// Given a route, and a URL fragment that it matches, return the array of
// extracted decoded parameters. Empty or unmatched parameters will be
// treated as `null` to normalize cross-browser behavior.
_extractParameters: function(route, fragment) {
var params = route.exec(fragment).slice(1);
return _.map(params, function(param, i) {
// Don't decode the search params.
if (i === params.length - 1) return param || null;
return param ? decodeURIComponent(param) : null;
});
}
});
// Backbone.History
// ----------------
// Handles cross-browser history management, based on either
// [pushState](http://diveintohtml5.info/history.html) and real URLs, or
// [onhashchange](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/DOM/window.onhashchange)
// and URL fragments. If the browser supports neither (old IE, natch),
// falls back to polling.
var History = Backbone.History = function() {
this.handlers = [];
_.bindAll(this, 'checkUrl');
// Ensure that `History` can be used outside of the browser.
if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {
this.location = window.location;
this.history = window.history;
}
};
// Cached regex for stripping a leading hash/slash and trailing space.
var routeStripper = /^[#\/]|\s+$/g;
// Cached regex for stripping leading and trailing slashes.
var rootStripper = /^\/+|\/+$/g;
// Cached regex for detecting MSIE.
var isExplorer = /msie [\w.]+/;
// Cached regex for removing a trailing slash.
var trailingSlash = /\/$/;
// Cached regex for stripping urls of hash.
var pathStripper = /#.*$/;
// Has the history handling already been started?
History.started = false;
// Set up all inheritable **Backbone.History** properties and methods.
_.extend(History.prototype, Events, {
// The default interval to poll for hash changes, if necessary, is
// twenty times a second.
interval: 50,
// Are we at the app root?
atRoot: function() {
return this.location.pathname.replace(/[^\/]$/, '$&/') === this.root;
},
// Gets the true hash value. Cannot use location.hash directly due to bug
// in Firefox where location.hash will always be decoded.
getHash: function(window) {
var match = (window || this).location.href.match(/#(.*)$/);
return match ? match[1] : '';
},
// Get the cross-browser normalized URL fragment, either from the URL,
// the hash, or the override.
getFragment: function(fragment, forcePushState) {
if (fragment == null) {
if (this._hasPushState || !this._wantsHashChange || forcePushState) {
fragment = decodeURI(this.location.pathname + this.location.search);
var root = this.root.replace(trailingSlash, '');
if (!fragment.indexOf(root)) fragment = fragment.slice(root.length);
} else {
fragment = this.getHash();
}
}
return fragment.replace(routeStripper, '');
},
// Start the hash change handling, returning `true` if the current URL matches
// an existing route, and `false` otherwise.
start: function(options) {
if (History.started) throw new Error("Backbone.history has already been started");
History.started = true;
// Figure out the initial configuration. Do we need an iframe?
// Is pushState desired ... is it available?
this.options = _.extend({root: '/'}, this.options, options);
this.root = this.options.root;
this._wantsHashChange = this.options.hashChange !== false;
this._wantsPushState = !!this.options.pushState;
this._hasPushState = !!(this.options.pushState && this.history && this.history.pushState);
var fragment = this.getFragment();
var docMode = document.documentMode;
var oldIE = (isExplorer.exec(navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase()) && (!docMode || docMode <= 7));
// Normalize root to always include a leading and trailing slash.
this.root = ('/' + this.root + '/').replace(rootStripper, '/');
if (oldIE && this._wantsHashChange) {
var frame = Backbone.$('<iframe src="javascript:0" tabindex="-1">');
this.iframe = frame.hide().appendTo('body')[0].contentWindow;
this.navigate(fragment);
}
// Depending on whether we're using pushState or hashes, and whether
// 'onhashchange' is supported, determine how we check the URL state.
if (this._hasPushState) {
Backbone.$(window).on('popstate', this.checkUrl);
} else if (this._wantsHashChange && ('onhashchange' in window) && !oldIE) {
Backbone.$(window).on('hashchange', this.checkUrl);
} else if (this._wantsHashChange) {
this._checkUrlInterval = setInterval(this.checkUrl, this.interval);
}
// Determine if we need to change the base url, for a pushState link
// opened by a non-pushState browser.
this.fragment = fragment;
var loc = this.location;
// Transition from hashChange to pushState or vice versa if both are
// requested.
if (this._wantsHashChange && this._wantsPushState) {
// If we've started off with a route from a `pushState`-enabled
// browser, but we're currently in a browser that doesn't support it...
if (!this._hasPushState && !this.atRoot()) {
this.fragment = this.getFragment(null, true);
this.location.replace(this.root + '#' + this.fragment);
// Return immediately as browser will do redirect to new url
return true;
// Or if we've started out with a hash-based route, but we're currently
// in a browser where it could be `pushState`-based instead...
} else if (this._hasPushState && this.atRoot() && loc.hash) {
this.fragment = this.getHash().replace(routeStripper, '');
this.history.replaceState({}, document.title, this.root + this.fragment);
}
}
if (!this.options.silent) return this.loadUrl();
},
// Disable Backbone.history, perhaps temporarily. Not useful in a real app,
// but possibly useful for unit testing Routers.
stop: function() {
Backbone.$(window).off('popstate', this.checkUrl).off('hashchange', this.checkUrl);
if (this._checkUrlInterval) clearInterval(this._checkUrlInterval);
History.started = false;
},
// Add a route to be tested when the fragment changes. Routes added later
// may override previous routes.
route: function(route, callback) {
this.handlers.unshift({route: route, callback: callback});
},
// Checks the current URL to see if it has changed, and if it has,
// calls `loadUrl`, normalizing across the hidden iframe.
checkUrl: function(e) {
var current = this.getFragment();
if (current === this.fragment && this.iframe) {
current = this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe));
}
if (current === this.fragment) return false;
if (this.iframe) this.navigate(current);
this.loadUrl();
},
// Attempt to load the current URL fragment. If a route succeeds with a
// match, returns `true`. If no defined routes matches the fragment,
// returns `false`.
loadUrl: function(fragment) {
fragment = this.fragment = this.getFragment(fragment);
return _.any(this.handlers, function(handler) {
if (handler.route.test(fragment)) {
handler.callback(fragment);
return true;
}
});
},
// Save a fragment into the hash history, or replace the URL state if the
// 'replace' option is passed. You are responsible for properly URL-encoding
// the fragment in advance.
//
// The options object can contain `trigger: true` if you wish to have the
// route callback be fired (not usually desirable), or `replace: true`, if
// you wish to modify the current URL without adding an entry to the history.
navigate: function(fragment, options) {
if (!History.started) return false;
if (!options || options === true) options = {trigger: !!options};
var url = this.root + (fragment = this.getFragment(fragment || ''));
// Strip the hash for matching.
fragment = fragment.replace(pathStripper, '');
if (this.fragment === fragment) return;
this.fragment = fragment;
// Don't include a trailing slash on the root.
if (fragment === '' && url !== '/') url = url.slice(0, -1);
// If pushState is available, we use it to set the fragment as a real URL.
if (this._hasPushState) {
this.history[options.replace ? 'replaceState' : 'pushState']({}, document.title, url);
// If hash changes haven't been explicitly disabled, update the hash
// fragment to store history.
} else if (this._wantsHashChange) {
this._updateHash(this.location, fragment, options.replace);
if (this.iframe && (fragment !== this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe)))) {
// Opening and closing the iframe tricks IE7 and earlier to push a
// history entry on hash-tag change. When replace is true, we don't
// want this.
if(!options.replace) this.iframe.document.open().close();
this._updateHash(this.iframe.location, fragment, options.replace);
}
// If you've told us that you explicitly don't want fallback hashchange-
// based history, then `navigate` becomes a page refresh.
} else {
return this.location.assign(url);
}
if (options.trigger) return this.loadUrl(fragment);
},
// Update the hash location, either replacing the current entry, or adding
// a new one to the browser history.
_updateHash: function(location, fragment, replace) {
if (replace) {
var href = location.href.replace(/(javascript:|#).*$/, '');
location.replace(href + '#' + fragment);
} else {
// Some browsers require that `hash` contains a leading #.
location.hash = '#' + fragment;
}
}
});
// Create the default Backbone.history.
Backbone.history = new History;
// Helpers
// -------
// Helper function to correctly set up the prototype chain, for subclasses.
// Similar to `goog.inherits`, but uses a hash of prototype properties and
// class properties to be extended.
var extend = function(protoProps, staticProps) {
var parent = this;
var child;
// The constructor function for the new subclass is either defined by you
// (the "constructor" property in your `extend` definition), or defaulted
// by us to simply call the parent's constructor.
if (protoProps && _.has(protoProps, 'constructor')) {
child = protoProps.constructor;
} else {
child = function(){ return parent.apply(this, arguments); };
}
// Add static properties to the constructor function, if supplied.
_.extend(child, parent, staticProps);
// Set the prototype chain to inherit from `parent`, without calling
// `parent`'s constructor function.
var Surrogate = function(){ this.constructor = child; };
Surrogate.prototype = parent.prototype;
child.prototype = new Surrogate;
// Add prototype properties (instance properties) to the subclass,
// if supplied.
if (protoProps) _.extend(child.prototype, protoProps);
// Set a convenience property in case the parent's prototype is needed
// later.
child.__super__ = parent.prototype;
return child;
};
// Set up inheritance for the model, collection, router, view and history.
Model.extend = Collection.extend = Router.extend = View.extend = History.extend = extend;
// Throw an error when a URL is needed, and none is supplied.
var urlError = function() {
throw new Error('A "url" property or function must be specified');
};
// Wrap an optional error callback with a fallback error event.
var wrapError = function(model, options) {
var error = options.error;
options.error = function(resp) {
if (error) error(model, resp, options);
model.trigger('error', model, resp, options);
};
};
return Backbone;
}));
(function(t,e){if(typeof define==="function"&&define.amd){define(["underscore","jquery","exports"],function(i,r,s){t.Backbone=e(t,s,i,r)})}else if(typeof exports!=="undefined"){var i=_;e(t,exports,i)}else{t.Backbone=e(t,{},t._,t.jQuery||t.Zepto||t.ender||t.$)}})(this,function(t,e,i,r){var s=t.Backbone;var n=[];var a=n.push;var o=n.slice;var h=n.splice;e.VERSION="1.1.2";e.$=r;e.noConflict=function(){t.Backbone=s;return this};e.emulateHTTP=false;e.emulateJSON=false;var u=e.Events={on:function(t,e,i){if(!c(this,"on",t,[e,i])||!e)return this;this._events||(this._events={});var r=this._events[t]||(this._events[t]=[]);r.push({callback:e,context:i,ctx:i||this});return this},once:function(t,e,r){if(!c(this,"once",t,[e,r])||!e)return this;var s=this;var n=i.once(function(){s.off(t,n);e.apply(this,arguments)});n._callback=e;return this.on(t,n,r)},off:function(t,e,r){var s,n,a,o,h,u,l,f;if(!this._events||!c(this,"off",t,[e,r]))return this;if(!t&&!e&&!r){this._events=void 0;return this}o=t?[t]:i.keys(this._events);for(h=0,u=o.length;h<u;h++){t=o[h];if(a=this._events[t]){this._events[t]=s=[];if(e||r){for(l=0,f=a.length;l<f;l++){n=a[l];if(e&&e!==n.callback&&e!==n.callback._callback||r&&r!==n.context){s.push(n)}}}if(!s.length)delete this._events[t]}}return this},trigger:function(t){if(!this._events)return this;var e=o.call(arguments,1);if(!c(this,"trigger",t,e))return this;var i=this._events[t];var r=this._events.all;if(i)f(i,e);if(r)f(r,arguments);return this},stopListening:function(t,e,r){var s=this._listeningTo;if(!s)return this;var n=!e&&!r;if(!r&&typeof e==="object")r=this;if(t)(s={})[t._listenId]=t;for(var a in s){t=s[a];t.off(e,r,this);if(n||i.isEmpty(t._events))delete this._listeningTo[a]}return this}};var l=/\s+/;var c=function(t,e,i,r){if(!i)return true;if(typeof i==="object"){for(var s in i){t[e].apply(t,[s,i[s]].concat(r))}return false}if(l.test(i)){var n=i.split(l);for(var a=0,o=n.length;a<o;a++){t[e].apply(t,[n[a]].concat(r))}return false}return true};var f=function(t,e){var i,r=-1,s=t.length,n=e[0],a=e[1],o=e[2];switch(e.length){case 0:while(++r<s)(i=t[r]).callback.call(i.ctx);return;case 1:while(++r<s)(i=t[r]).callback.call(i.ctx,n);return;case 2:while(++r<s)(i=t[r]).callback.call(i.ctx,n,a);return;case 3:while(++r<s)(i=t[r]).callback.call(i.ctx,n,a,o);return;default:while(++r<s)(i=t[r]).callback.apply(i.ctx,e);return}};var d={listenTo:"on",listenToOnce:"once"};i.each(d,function(t,e){u[e]=function(e,r,s){var n=this._listeningTo||(this._listeningTo={});var a=e._listenId||(e._listenId=i.uniqueId("l"));n[a]=e;if(!s&&typeof r==="object")s=this;e[t](r,s,this);return this}});u.bind=u.on;u.unbind=u.off;i.extend(e,u);var p=e.Model=function(t,e){var r=t||{};e||(e={});this.cid=i.uniqueId("c");this.attributes={};if(e.collection)this.collection=e.collection;if(e.parse)r=this.parse(r,e)||{};r=i.defaults({},r,i.result(this,"defaults"));this.set(r,e);this.changed={};this.initialize.apply(this,arguments)};i.extend(p.prototype,u,{changed:null,validationError:null,idAttribute:"id",initialize:function(){},toJSON:function(t){return i.clone(this.attributes)},sync:function(){return e.sync.apply(this,arguments)},get:function(t){return this.attributes[t]},escape:function(t){return i.escape(this.get(t))},has:function(t){return this.get(t)!=null},set:function(t,e,r){var s,n,a,o,h,u,l,c;if(t==null)return this;if(typeof t==="object"){n=t;r=e}else{(n={})[t]=e}r||(r={});if(!this._validate(n,r))return false;a=r.unset;h=r.silent;o=[];u=this._changing;this._changing=true;if(!u){this._previousAttributes=i.clone(this.attributes);this.changed={}}c=this.attributes,l=this._previousAttributes;if(this.idAttribute in n)this.id=n[this.idAttribute];for(s in n){e=n[s];if(!i.isEqual(c[s],e))o.push(s);if(!i.isEqual(l[s],e)){this.changed[s]=e}else{delete this.changed[s]}a?delete c[s]:c[s]=e}if(!h){if(o.length)this._pending=r;for(var f=0,d=o.length;f<d;f++){this.trigger("change:"+o[f],this,c[o[f]],r)}}if(u)return this;if(!h){while(this._pending){r=this._pending;this._pending=false;this.trigger("change",this,r)}}this._pending=false;this._changing=false;return this},unset:function(t,e){return this.set(t,void 0,i.extend({},e,{unset:true}))},clear:function(t){var e={};for(var r in this.attributes)e[r]=void 0;return this.set(e,i.extend({},t,{unset:true}))},hasChanged:function(t){if(t==null)return!i.isEmpty(this.changed);return i.has(this.changed,t)},changedAttributes:function(t){if(!t)return this.hasChanged()?i.clone(this.changed):false;var e,r=false;var s=this._changing?this._previousAttributes:this.attributes;for(var n in t){if(i.isEqual(s[n],e=t[n]))continue;(r||(r={}))[n]=e}return r},previous:function(t){if(t==null||!this._previousAttributes)return null;return this._previousAttributes[t]},previousAttributes:function(){return i.clone(this._previousAttributes)},fetch:function(t){t=t?i.clone(t):{};if(t.parse===void 0)t.parse=true;var e=this;var r=t.success;t.success=function(i){if(!e.set(e.parse(i,t),t))return false;if(r)r(e,i,t);e.trigger("sync",e,i,t)};q(this,t);return this.sync("read",this,t)},save:function(t,e,r){var s,n,a,o=this.attributes;if(t==null||typeof t==="object"){s=t;r=e}else{(s={})[t]=e}r=i.extend({validate:true},r);if(s&&!r.wait){if(!this.set(s,r))return false}else{if(!this._validate(s,r))return false}if(s&&r.wait){this.attributes=i.extend({},o,s)}if(r.parse===void 0)r.parse=true;var h=this;var u=r.success;r.success=function(t){h.attributes=o;var e=h.parse(t,r);if(r.wait)e=i.extend(s||{},e);if(i.isObject(e)&&!h.set(e,r)){return false}if(u)u(h,t,r);h.trigger("sync",h,t,r)};q(this,r);n=this.isNew()?"create":r.patch?"patch":"update";if(n==="patch")r.attrs=s;a=this.sync(n,this,r);if(s&&r.wait)this.attributes=o;return a},destroy:function(t){t=t?i.clone(t):{};var e=this;var r=t.success;var s=function(){e.trigger("destroy",e,e.collection,t)};t.success=function(i){if(t.wait||e.isNew())s();if(r)r(e,i,t);if(!e.isNew())e.trigger("sync",e,i,t)};if(this.isNew()){t.success();return false}q(this,t);var n=this.sync("delete",this,t);if(!t.wait)s();return n},url:function(){var t=i.result(this,"urlRoot")||i.result(this.collection,"url")||M();if(this.isNew())return t;return t.replace(/([^\/])$/,"$1/")+encodeURIComponent(this.id)},parse:function(t,e){return t},clone:function(){return new this.constructor(this.attributes)},isNew:function(){return!this.has(this.idAttribute)},isValid:function(t){return this._validate({},i.extend(t||{},{validate:true}))},_validate:function(t,e){if(!e.validate||!this.validate)return true;t=i.extend({},this.attributes,t);var r=this.validationError=this.validate(t,e)||null;if(!r)return true;this.trigger("invalid",this,r,i.extend(e,{validationError:r}));return false}});var v=["keys","values","pairs","invert","pick","omit"];i.each(v,function(t){p.prototype[t]=function(){var e=o.call(arguments);e.unshift(this.attributes);return i[t].apply(i,e)}});var g=e.Collection=function(t,e){e||(e={});if(e.model)this.model=e.model;if(e.comparator!==void 0)this.comparator=e.comparator;this._reset();this.initialize.apply(this,arguments);if(t)this.reset(t,i.extend({silent:true},e))};var m={add:true,remove:true,merge:true};var y={add:true,remove:false};i.extend(g.prototype,u,{model:p,initialize:function(){},toJSON:function(t){return this.map(function(e){return e.toJSON(t)})},sync:function(){return e.sync.apply(this,arguments)},add:function(t,e){return this.set(t,i.extend({merge:false},e,y))},remove:function(t,e){var r=!i.isArray(t);t=r?[t]:i.clone(t);e||(e={});var s,n,a,o;for(s=0,n=t.length;s<n;s++){o=t[s]=this.get(t[s]);if(!o)continue;delete this._byId[o.id];delete this._byId[o.cid];a=this.indexOf(o);this.models.splice(a,1);this.length--;if(!e.silent){e.index=a;o.trigger("remove",o,this,e)}this._removeReference(o,e)}return r?t[0]:t},set:function(t,e){e=i.defaults({},e,m);if(e.parse)t=this.parse(t,e);var r=!i.isArray(t);t=r?t?[t]:[]:i.clone(t);var s,n,a,o,h,u,l;var c=e.at;var f=this.model;var d=this.comparator&&c==null&&e.sort!==false;var v=i.isString(this.comparator)?this.comparator:null;var g=[],y=[],_={};var b=e.add,w=e.merge,x=e.remove;var E=!d&&b&&x?[]:false;for(s=0,n=t.length;s<n;s++){h=t[s]||{};if(h instanceof p){a=o=h}else{a=h[f.prototype.idAttribute||"id"]}if(u=this.get(a)){if(x)_[u.cid]=true;if(w){h=h===o?o.attributes:h;if(e.parse)h=u.parse(h,e);u.set(h,e);if(d&&!l&&u.hasChanged(v))l=true}t[s]=u}else if(b){o=t[s]=this._prepareModel(h,e);if(!o)continue;g.push(o);this._addReference(o,e)}o=u||o;if(E&&(o.isNew()||!_[o.id]))E.push(o);_[o.id]=true}if(x){for(s=0,n=this.length;s<n;++s){if(!_[(o=this.models[s]).cid])y.push(o)}if(y.length)this.remove(y,e)}if(g.length||E&&E.length){if(d)l=true;this.length+=g.length;if(c!=null){for(s=0,n=g.length;s<n;s++){this.models.splice(c+s,0,g[s])}}else{if(E)this.models.length=0;var k=E||g;for(s=0,n=k.length;s<n;s++){this.models.push(k[s])}}}if(l)this.sort({silent:true});if(!e.silent){for(s=0,n=g.length;s<n;s++){(o=g[s]).trigger("add",o,this,e)}if(l||E&&E.length)this.trigger("sort",this,e)}return r?t[0]:t},reset:function(t,e){e||(e={});for(var r=0,s=this.models.length;r<s;r++){this._removeReference(this.models[r],e)}e.previousModels=this.models;this._reset();t=this.add(t,i.extend({silent:true},e));if(!e.silent)this.trigger("reset",this,e);return t},push:function(t,e){return this.add(t,i.extend({at:this.length},e))},pop:function(t){var e=this.at(this.length-1);this.remove(e,t);return e},unshift:function(t,e){return this.add(t,i.extend({at:0},e))},shift:function(t){var e=this.at(0);this.remove(e,t);return e},slice:function(){return o.apply(this.models,arguments)},get:function(t){if(t==null)return void 0;return this._byId[t]||this._byId[t.id]||this._byId[t.cid]},at:function(t){return this.models[t]},where:function(t,e){if(i.isEmpty(t))return e?void 0:[];return this[e?"find":"filter"](function(e){for(var i in t){if(t[i]!==e.get(i))return false}return true})},findWhere:function(t){return this.where(t,true)},sort:function(t){if(!this.comparator)throw new Error("Cannot sort a set without a comparator");t||(t={});if(i.isString(this.comparator)||this.comparator.length===1){this.models=this.sortBy(this.comparator,this)}else{this.models.sort(i.bind(this.comparator,this))}if(!t.silent)this.trigger("sort",this,t);return this},pluck:function(t){return i.invoke(this.models,"get",t)},fetch:function(t){t=t?i.clone(t):{};if(t.parse===void 0)t.parse=true;var e=t.success;var r=this;t.success=function(i){var s=t.reset?"reset":"set";r[s](i,t);if(e)e(r,i,t);r.trigger("sync",r,i,t)};q(this,t);return this.sync("read",this,t)},create:function(t,e){e=e?i.clone(e):{};if(!(t=this._prepareModel(t,e)))return false;if(!e.wait)this.add(t,e);var r=this;var s=e.success;e.success=function(t,i){if(e.wait)r.add(t,e);if(s)s(t,i,e)};t.save(null,e);return t},parse:function(t,e){return t},clone:function(){return new this.constructor(this.models)},_reset:function(){this.length=0;this.models=[];this._byId={}},_prepareModel:function(t,e){if(t instanceof p)return t;e=e?i.clone(e):{};e.collection=this;var r=new this.model(t,e);if(!r.validationError)return r;this.trigger("invalid",this,r.validationError,e);return false},_addReference:function(t,e){this._byId[t.cid]=t;if(t.id!=null)this._byId[t.id]=t;if(!t.collection)t.collection=this;t.on("all",this._onModelEvent,this)},_removeReference:function(t,e){if(this===t.collection)delete t.collection;t.off("all",this._onModelEvent,this)},_onModelEvent:function(t,e,i,r){if((t==="add"||t==="remove")&&i!==this)return;if(t==="destroy")this.remove(e,r);if(e&&t==="change:"+e.idAttribute){delete this._byId[e.previous(e.idAttribute)];if(e.id!=null)this._byId[e.id]=e}this.trigger.apply(this,arguments)}});var _=["forEach","each","map","collect","reduce","foldl","inject","reduceRight","foldr","find","detect","filter","select","reject","every","all","some","any","include","contains","invoke","max","min","toArray","size","first","head","take","initial","rest","tail","drop","last","without","difference","indexOf","shuffle","lastIndexOf","isEmpty","chain","sample"];i.each(_,function(t){g.prototype[t]=function(){var e=o.call(arguments);e.unshift(this.models);return i[t].apply(i,e)}});var b=["groupBy","countBy","sortBy","indexBy"];i.each(b,function(t){g.prototype[t]=function(e,r){var s=i.isFunction(e)?e:function(t){return t.get(e)};return i[t](this.models,s,r)}});var w=e.View=function(t){this.cid=i.uniqueId("view");t||(t={});i.extend(this,i.pick(t,E));this._ensureElement();this.initialize.apply(this,arguments);this.delegateEvents()};var x=/^(\S+)\s*(.*)$/;var E=["model","collection","el","id","attributes","className","tagName","events"];i.extend(w.prototype,u,{tagName:"div",$:function(t){return this.$el.find(t)},initialize:function(){},render:function(){return this},remove:function(){this.$el.remove();this.stopListening();return this},setElement:function(t,i){if(this.$el)this.undelegateEvents();this.$el=t instanceof e.$?t:e.$(t);this.el=this.$el[0];if(i!==false)this.delegateEvents();return this},delegateEvents:function(t){if(!(t||(t=i.result(this,"events"))))return this;this.undelegateEvents();for(var e in t){var r=t[e];if(!i.isFunction(r))r=this[t[e]];if(!r)continue;var s=e.match(x);var n=s[1],a=s[2];r=i.bind(r,this);n+=".delegateEvents"+this.cid;if(a===""){this.$el.on(n,r)}else{this.$el.on(n,a,r)}}return this},undelegateEvents:function(){this.$el.off(".delegateEvents"+this.cid);return this},_ensureElement:function(){if(!this.el){var t=i.extend({},i.result(this,"attributes"));if(this.id)t.id=i.result(this,"id");if(this.className)t["class"]=i.result(this,"className");var r=e.$("<"+i.result(this,"tagName")+">").attr(t);this.setElement(r,false)}else{this.setElement(i.result(this,"el"),false)}}});e.sync=function(t,r,s){var n=T[t];i.defaults(s||(s={}),{emulateHTTP:e.emulateHTTP,emulateJSON:e.emulateJSON});var a={type:n,dataType:"json"};if(!s.url){a.url=i.result(r,"url")||M()}if(s.data==null&&r&&(t==="create"||t==="update"||t==="patch")){a.contentType="application/json";a.data=JSON.stringify(s.attrs||r.toJSON(s))}if(s.emulateJSON){a.contentType="application/x-www-form-urlencoded";a.data=a.data?{model:a.data}:{}}if(s.emulateHTTP&&(n==="PUT"||n==="DELETE"||n==="PATCH")){a.type="POST";if(s.emulateJSON)a.data._method=n;var o=s.beforeSend;s.beforeSend=function(t){t.setRequestHeader("X-HTTP-Method-Override",n);if(o)return o.apply(this,arguments)}}if(a.type!=="GET"&&!s.emulateJSON){a.processData=false}if(a.type==="PATCH"&&k){a.xhr=function(){return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")}}var h=s.xhr=e.ajax(i.extend(a,s));r.trigger("request",r,h,s);return h};var k=typeof window!=="undefined"&&!!window.ActiveXObject&&!(window.XMLHttpRequest&&(new XMLHttpRequest).dispatchEvent);var T={create:"POST",update:"PUT",patch:"PATCH","delete":"DELETE",read:"GET"};e.ajax=function(){return e.$.ajax.apply(e.$,arguments)};var $=e.Router=function(t){t||(t={});if(t.routes)this.routes=t.routes;this._bindRoutes();this.initialize.apply(this,arguments)};var S=/\((.*?)\)/g;var H=/(\(\?)?:\w+/g;var A=/\*\w+/g;var I=/[\-{}\[\]+?.,\\\^$|#\s]/g;i.extend($.prototype,u,{initialize:function(){},route:function(t,r,s){if(!i.isRegExp(t))t=this._routeToRegExp(t);if(i.isFunction(r)){s=r;r=""}if(!s)s=this[r];var n=this;e.history.route(t,function(i){var a=n._extractParameters(t,i);n.execute(s,a);n.trigger.apply(n,["route:"+r].concat(a));n.trigger("route",r,a);e.history.trigger("route",n,r,a)});return this},execute:function(t,e){if(t)t.apply(this,e)},navigate:function(t,i){e.history.navigate(t,i);return this},_bindRoutes:function(){if(!this.routes)return;this.routes=i.result(this,"routes");var t,e=i.keys(this.routes);while((t=e.pop())!=null){this.route(t,this.routes[t])}},_routeToRegExp:function(t){t=t.replace(I,"\\$&").replace(S,"(?:$1)?").replace(H,function(t,e){return e?t:"([^/?]+)"}).replace(A,"([^?]*?)");return new RegExp("^"+t+"(?:\\?([\\s\\S]*))?$")},_extractParameters:function(t,e){var r=t.exec(e).slice(1);return i.map(r,function(t,e){if(e===r.length-1)return t||null;return t?decodeURIComponent(t):null})}});var N=e.History=function(){this.handlers=[];i.bindAll(this,"checkUrl");if(typeof window!=="undefined"){this.location=window.location;this.history=window.history}};var R=/^[#\/]|\s+$/g;var O=/^\/+|\/+$/g;var P=/msie [\w.]+/;var C=/\/$/;var j=/#.*$/;N.started=false;i.extend(N.prototype,u,{interval:50,atRoot:function(){return this.location.pathname.replace(/[^\/]$/,"$&/")===this.root},getHash:function(t){var e=(t||this).location.href.match(/#(.*)$/);return e?e[1]:""},getFragment:function(t,e){if(t==null){if(this._hasPushState||!this._wantsHashChange||e){t=decodeURI(this.location.pathname+this.location.search);var i=this.root.replace(C,"");if(!t.indexOf(i))t=t.slice(i.length)}else{t=this.getHash()}}return t.replace(R,"")},start:function(t){if(N.started)throw new Error("Backbone.history has already been started");N.started=true;this.options=i.extend({root:"/"},this.options,t);this.root=this.options.root;this._wantsHashChange=this.options.hashChange!==false;this._wantsPushState=!!this.options.pushState;this._hasPushState=!!(this.options.pushState&&this.history&&this.history.pushState);var r=this.getFragment();var s=document.documentMode;var n=P.exec(navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase())&&(!s||s<=7);this.root=("/"+this.root+"/").replace(O,"/");if(n&&this._wantsHashChange){var a=e.$('<iframe src="javascript:0" tabindex="-1">');this.iframe=a.hide().appendTo("body")[0].contentWindow;this.navigate(r)}if(this._hasPushState){e.$(window).on("popstate",this.checkUrl)}else if(this._wantsHashChange&&"onhashchange"in window&&!n){e.$(window).on("hashchange",this.checkUrl)}else if(this._wantsHashChange){this._checkUrlInterval=setInterval(this.checkUrl,this.interval)}this.fragment=r;var o=this.location;if(this._wantsHashChange&&this._wantsPushState){if(!this._hasPushState&&!this.atRoot()){this.fragment=this.getFragment(null,true);this.location.replace(this.root+"#"+this.fragment);return true}else if(this._hasPushState&&this.atRoot()&&o.hash){this.fragment=this.getHash().replace(R,"");this.history.replaceState({},document.title,this.root+this.fragment)}}if(!this.options.silent)return this.loadUrl()},stop:function(){e.$(window).off("popstate",this.checkUrl).off("hashchange",this.checkUrl);if(this._checkUrlInterval)clearInterval(this._checkUrlInterval);N.started=false},route:function(t,e){this.handlers.unshift({route:t,callback:e})},checkUrl:function(t){var e=this.getFragment();if(e===this.fragment&&this.iframe){e=this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe))}if(e===this.fragment)return false;if(this.iframe)this.navigate(e);this.loadUrl()},loadUrl:function(t){t=this.fragment=this.getFragment(t);return i.any(this.handlers,function(e){if(e.route.test(t)){e.callback(t);return true}})},navigate:function(t,e){if(!N.started)return false;if(!e||e===true)e={trigger:!!e};var i=this.root+(t=this.getFragment(t||""));t=t.replace(j,"");if(this.fragment===t)return;this.fragment=t;if(t===""&&i!=="/")i=i.slice(0,-1);if(this._hasPushState){this.history[e.replace?"replaceState":"pushState"]({},document.title,i)}else if(this._wantsHashChange){this._updateHash(this.location,t,e.replace);if(this.iframe&&t!==this.getFragment(this.getHash(this.iframe))){if(!e.replace)this.iframe.document.open().close();this._updateHash(this.iframe.location,t,e.replace)}}else{return this.location.assign(i)}if(e.trigger)return this.loadUrl(t)},_updateHash:function(t,e,i){if(i){var r=t.href.replace(/(javascript:|#).*$/,"");t.replace(r+"#"+e)}else{t.hash="#"+e}}});e.history=new N;var U=function(t,e){var r=this;var s;if(t&&i.has(t,"constructor")){s=t.constructor}else{s=function(){return r.apply(this,arguments)}}i.extend(s,r,e);var n=function(){this.constructor=s};n.prototype=r.prototype;s.prototype=new n;if(t)i.extend(s.prototype,t);s.__super__=r.prototype;return s};p.extend=g.extend=$.extend=w.extend=N.extend=U;var M=function(){throw new Error('A "url" property or function must be specified')};var q=function(t,e){var i=e.error;e.error=function(r){if(i)i(t,r,e);t.trigger("error",t,r,e)}};return e});
//# sourceMappingURL=backbone-min.map
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