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@bradtraversy
Last active June 6, 2023 17:39
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Node app deploy with nginx & SSL

Node.js Deployment

Steps to deploy a Node.js app to DigitalOcean using PM2, NGINX as a reverse proxy and an SSL from LetsEncrypt

1. Sign up for Digital Ocean

If you use the referal link below, you get $10 free (1 or 2 months) https://m.do.co/c/5424d440c63a

2. Create a droplet and log in via ssh

I will be using the root user, but would suggest creating a new user

3. Install Node/NPM

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_12.x | sudo -E bash -

sudo apt install nodejs

node --version

4. Clone your project from Github

There are a few ways to get your files on to the server, I would suggest using Git

git clone yourproject.git

5. Install dependencies and test app

cd yourproject
npm install
npm start (or whatever your start command)
# stop app
ctrl+C

6. Setup PM2 process manager to keep your app running

sudo npm i pm2 -g
pm2 start app (or whatever your file name)

# Other pm2 commands
pm2 show app
pm2 status
pm2 restart app
pm2 stop app
pm2 logs (Show log stream)
pm2 flush (Clear logs)

# To make sure app starts when reboot
pm2 startup ubuntu

You should now be able to access your app using your IP and port. Now we want to setup a firewall blocking that port and setup NGINX as a reverse proxy so we can access it directly using port 80 (http)

7. Setup ufw firewall

sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw status
sudo ufw allow ssh (Port 22)
sudo ufw allow http (Port 80)
sudo ufw allow https (Port 443)

8. Install NGINX and configure

sudo apt install nginx

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Add the following to the location part of the server block

    server_name yourdomain.com www.yourdomain.com;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:5000; #whatever port your app runs on
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
    }
# Check NGINX config
sudo nginx -t

# Restart NGINX
sudo service nginx restart

You should now be able to visit your IP with no port (port 80) and see your app. Now let's add a domain

9. Add domain in Digital Ocean

In Digital Ocean, go to networking and add a domain

Add an A record for @ and for www to your droplet

Register and/or setup domain from registrar

I prefer Namecheap for domains. Please use this affiliate link if you are going to use them https://namecheap.pxf.io/c/1299552/386170/5618

Choose "Custom nameservers" and add these 3

  • ns1.digitalocean.com
  • ns2.digitalocean.com
  • ns3.digitalocean.com

It may take a bit to propogate

  1. Add SSL with LetsEncrypt
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-certbot-nginx
sudo certbot --nginx -d yourdomain.com -d www.yourdomain.com

# Only valid for 90 days, test the renewal process with
certbot renew --dry-run

Now visit https://yourdomain.com and you should see your Node app

@vinsonw
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vinsonw commented Oct 17, 2022

Successfully deployed on vultr. Left out the security and ssl part due to time limit.
Great course, learned a lot, thanks!

@hall500
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hall500 commented Oct 30, 2022

www.example.com, www is a subdomain already. so you can only use sub.example.com.

@mellifluus
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Thanks! This was extremely helpful. For anyone having trouble with POST requests, the problem is NGINX redirects requests to https with status code 301, which sometimes changes the method of the request to GET. The solution is to redirect requests with status code 308, which doesn't change the method of the request

@aldrichsan
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is it possible to do the ssl without a domain and use the IP address instead?

@msrumon
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msrumon commented Dec 14, 2022

is it possible to do the ssl without a domain and use the IP address instead?

No. SSL is issued to domain names, not IP addresses.

@wackyapps
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Is this works with Let's Encrypt and auto renew of SSL from Let's Encrypt after 90 days?

@SV-sites
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SV-sites commented Mar 2, 2023

Update 2023 install Certbot
sudo pip3 install certbot-nginx

Thanks a lot!

"Do not use no-name name servers, because you will suck with NGINX!" => I learned this after 2.5 day struggling :)

@Answer32
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Answer32 commented Apr 3, 2023

What if I deploy the app on a local server and acces it through HTTP only on my local network? Will the browser complain about an insecure connection?

@msrumon
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msrumon commented Apr 3, 2023

What if I deploy the app on a local server and acces it through HTTP only on my local network? Will the browser complain about an insecure connection?

If the browser sees "localhost" in the address bar, it'll most probably not complain.

@Answer32
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Answer32 commented Apr 3, 2023

What if I deploy the app on a local server and acces it through HTTP only on my local network? Will the browser complain about an insecure connection?

If the browser sees "localhost" in the address bar, it'll most probably not complain.

What if I access it from another computer that is on the same network?

@msrumon
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msrumon commented Apr 3, 2023

What if I deploy the app on a local server and acces it through HTTP only on my local network? Will the browser complain about an insecure connection?

If the browser sees "localhost" in the address bar, it'll most probably not complain.

What if I access it from another computer that is on the same network?

Same. 'Cause the other device and the device the server is running on are technically under the same network.

@ahmedRSA
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ahmedRSA commented Apr 4, 2023

for ssl just move your name servers to cloudflare
ez

@mubashirzebi
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for SSL , i have use instruction from https://certbot.eff.org/instructions?ws=nginx&os=debianbuster , as given in th doc is depricated

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