Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@brendano brendano/emoji.py
Created Oct 20, 2016

Embed
What would you like to do?
# -*- encoding: utf-8 -*-
# actually that encoding line is NOT important codewise. only for doc purposes.
"""
Detect emoji or other emoji-like things in Python.
The regular expressions here can be used to either identify emoji or to remove it.
The comments are written from the perspective of removing it.
The regexes get some stuff besides emoji.
by Brendan O'Connor (http://brenocon.com) 2016-10-20
originally written as part of https://arxiv.org/abs/1608.08868
"""
import re,sys
assert sys.maxunicode >= 0x10ffff, """This appears to be a UCS-2 build of python. We requires UCS-4 or a smarter newfangled one. (This code could be changed to support UCS-2 with some work.)
See:
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26568722/remove-unicode-emoji-using-re-in-python
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1446347/how-to-find-out-if-python-is-compiled-with-ucs-2-or-ucs-4
"""
# How unicode works
# There are 17 planes. Each of which has 65536 codepoints.
# Within a plane, there are a number of blocks with variable sizes. From size
# 16 to 65536.
# The three planes which I guess are most used today:
# 00000--0ffff : Basic Multilingual Plane
# 10000--1ffff : Supp. Multilingual Plane
# 20000--2ffff : Supp. Ideographic Plane. Includes part of CJK.
# there are also 14 other higher planes which are weird and not really used.
# Attempt 1: list out the interesting blocks.
# Turns out this is a bad approach since there are too many.
# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emoji#Unicode_blocks
# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscellaneous_Symbols_and_Pictographs
# u'\U0001f300-\U0001F5FF' + # https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscellaneous_Symbols_and_Pictographs U+1F300..U+1F5FF
# u'\U0001f900-\U0001f9ff' + # https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supplemental_Symbols_and_Pictographs U+1F900..U+1F9FF
# Attempt 2: just kill the entire Supplementary Multilingual Plane,
# some extra planes,
# and various blocks and special cases within the Basic Multilingual Plane.
# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plane_(Unicode)#Supplementary_Multilingual_Plane
# The SMP contains emoji and other symbols. Besides that, it's mostly ancient
# languages like Egyptian hieroglyphics, or obscure modern things like the
# Mormon Church's attempt to reform English orthography.
# (The 93 blocks listed in the wikipedia page are fun to read through.)
JUNK_RE = (
u'[' +
# Supplemental Multilingual Plane
u'\U00010000-\U0001ffff' +
# The weird extra planes
u'\U00030000-\U0010ffff' +
# E000–EFFF private use area,since I noticed \ue056 (doesnt display for me)
u'\U0000e000-\U0000efff' +
# There's a bunch of symbol blocks in the BMP here:
# https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Unicode/Character_reference/2000-2FFF
# Box Drawing
# Box Elements
# Miscellaneous Symbols
# Dingbats
# Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-A
# Supplemental Arrows-A
# Braille Patterns
# Supplemental Arrows-B
# Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B
# Supplemental Mathematical Operators
# Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows
# e.g. \ue056 ✌
u'\U00002500-\U00002bff' +
# zero-width space, joiner, nonjoiner .. ZW Joiner is mentioned on Emoji wikipedia page
# omg the ZWJ examples are downright non-heteronormative http://www.unicode.org/emoji/charts/emoji-zwj-sequences.html
u'\U0000200B-\U0000200D' +
# http://unicode.org/reports/tr51/
# Certain emoji have defined variation sequences, where an emoji character can be followed by one of two invisible emoji variation selectors:
# U+FE0E for a text presentation
# U+FE0F for an emoji presentation
u'\U0000fe0e-\U0000fe0f' +
u']+')
# Add optional whitespace. Because we want
# 1. A symbol surrounded by nonwhitespace => change to whitespace
# 2. A symbol surrounded by whitespace => no extra whitespace
# the current rule is too aggressive: also collapses pre-existing whitespace.
# this is ok for certain applications including ours.
SUB_RE = re.compile( r'\s*' + JUNK_RE + r'\s*', re.UNICODE)
def clean_emoji_and_symbols(text):
assert isinstance(text, unicode), "Please pass in argument as unicode. This function will return unicode."
ws_replace = SUB_RE.sub(u" ",text)
# assert isinstance(ws_replace, unicode)
return ws_replace
def test1():
def run(s):
print "INPUT REPR"
print repr(s)
print "INPUT RAW"
print s.encode("utf8")
out = clean_emoji_and_symbols(s)
print "OUTPUT REPR"
print repr(out)
print "OUTPUT RAW"
print out.encode("utf8")
print "Assuming you have a good utf8-enabled terminal. tmux/screen might interfere."
s = u'\U0001f60a ((: ^__^ (= ^-^ :)))) \U0001f601 \U0001f44d \ue056 :-)) \U0001f609 \u270c \n'
run(s)
def test2():
for line in sys.stdin:
x = line.strip()
x = x.decode("utf8")
y = clean_emoji_and_symbols(x)
if x==y:
print "SAME\t" + x.encode("utf8")
else:
print "CHANGE\n\t%s\n\t%s" % (x.encode("utf8"), y.encode("utf8"))
if __name__=='__main__':
# test1()
test2()
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.