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@chamindac
Last active March 12, 2024 18:11
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This script automates installation of Docker Desktop on Windows 10 and uses WSL2
set-executionpolicy -scope CurrentUser -executionPolicy Bypass -Force
If (-NOT ([Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal] [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole]::Administrator))
{
# Relaunch as an elevated process:
Start-Process powershell.exe "-File",('"{0}"' -f $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Path) -Verb RunAs
exit
}
$ProgressPreference = 'SilentlyContinue'
Function GenerateFolder($path) {
$global:foldPath = $null
foreach($foldername in $path.split("\")) {
$global:foldPath += ($foldername+"\")
if (!(Test-Path $global:foldPath)){
New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path $global:foldPath
# Write-Host "$global:foldPath Folder Created Successfully"
}
}
}
function getStatus
{
try {
# First we create the request.
$HTTP_Request = [System.Net.WebRequest]::Create('http://localhost')
# We then get a response from the site.
$HTTP_Response = $HTTP_Request.GetResponse()
# We then get the HTTP code as an integer.
return [int]$HTTP_Response.StatusCode
} catch [System.Net.WebException] {
}
}
GenerateFolder "~/AppData/Roaming/Docker/"
Write-Host "Checking if Hyper-V is enabled."
$hyperv = Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V-All -Online
# Check if Hyper-V is enabled
if($hyperv.State -eq "Enabled") {
Write-Host "Hyper-V is enabled."
$wsl = Get-WindowsOptionalFeature -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux -Online
if($wsl.State -eq "Enabled") {
Write-Host "WSL is enabled."
if ([Environment]::Is64BitOperatingSystem)
{
Write-Host "System is x64. Need to update Linux kernel..."
if (-not (Test-Path wsl_update_x64.msi))
{
Write-Host "Downloading Linux kernel update package..."
Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile wsl_update_x64.msi https://wslstorestorage.blob.core.windows.net/wslblob/wsl_update_x64.msi
}
Write-Host "Installing Linux kernel update package..."
Start-Process msiexec.exe -Wait -ArgumentList '/I wsl_update_x64.msi /quiet'
Write-Host "Linux kernel update package installed."
}
Write-Host "WSL is enabled. Setting it to WSL2"
wsl --set-default-version 2
# disable distro install
# no need to install distro as docker runs on its own distro
<#
if (-not (Test-Path Ubuntu.zip))
{
Write-Host "Downloading wsl-ubuntu-1804..."
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://aka.ms/wsl-ubuntu-1804 -OutFile Ubuntu.zip -UseBasicParsing
Expand-Archive Ubuntu.zip 'C:\Ubuntu'
Write-Host "A pop up widow will open shortly..."
Write-Host "Once prompted provide user name, password and confirm password..."
Write-Host "This does not have to be your windows user name and password. You can provide any of your prefered username and a password."
Write-Host "Onec the Linux prompt is shown type exit and press enter."
Start-Process c:\Ubuntu\ubuntu1804.exe -Wait
}
wsl -l -v
wsl --set-version Ubuntu-18.04 2
wsl -l -v
#>
if (-not (Test-Path DockerInstaller.exe))
{
Write-Host "Installing Docker."
Write-Host "Downloading the Docker exe"
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://desktop.docker.com/win/stable/Docker%20Desktop%20Installer.exe -OutFile DockerInstaller.exe -UseBasicParsing
Write-Host "Download Completed"
start-process .\DockerInstaller.exe "install --quiet" -Wait -NoNewWindow
cd "C:\Program Files\Docker\Docker\"
Write-Host "Installing Docker..."
$ProgressPreference = 'SilentlyContinue'
& '.\Docker Desktop.exe'
$env:Path += ";C:\Program Files\Docker\Docker\Resources\bin"
$env:Path += ";C:\Program Files\Docker\Docker\Resources"
Write-Host "Docker Installed successfully"
Write-Host "You must reboot the sytem to continue. After reboot re-run the script."
Restart-Computer -Confirm
}
Write-Host "Starting docker..."
$ErrorActionPreference = 'SilentlyContinue';
do { $var1 = docker ps 2>$null } while (-Not $var1)
$ErrorActionPreference = 'Stop';
$env:Path += ";C:\Program Files\Docker\Docker\Resources\bin"
$env:Path += ";C:\Program Files\Docker\Docker\Resources"
Write-Host "Docker Started successfully"
}
else {
Write-Host "WSL is disabled."
Write-Host "Enabling WSL2 feature now"
& cmd /c 'dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart'
& cmd /c 'dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart'
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName VirtualMachinePlatform
Start-Sleep 30
Write-Host "WSL is enabled now reboot the system and re-run the script to continue the installation."
}
} else {
Write-Host "Hyper-V is disabled."
Write-Host "Enabling Hyper-V feature now"
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V -All
Start-Sleep 30
Write-Host "Hyper-V is enabled now reboot the system and re-run the script to continue the installation."
}
<#
REFERENCES USED FOR WRITING THIS SCRIPT
https://adamtheautomator.com/windows-subsystem-for-linux/#:~:text=To%20start%20using%20WSL%2C%20open,exe%20provides%20when%20starting%20up.
https://superuser.com/questions/1271682/is-there-a-way-of-installing-ubuntu-windows-subsystem-for-linux-on-win10-v170
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/61396435/how-do-i-check-the-os-architecture32-or-64-bit-using-powershell
https://renenyffenegger.ch/notes/Windows/Subsystem-for-Linux/index
https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-windows/wsl/
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl/install-win10
https://superuser.com/questions/1271682/is-there-a-way-of-installing-ubuntu-windows-subsystem-for-linux-on-win10-v170
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/WSL
https://winaero.com/export-import-wsl-linux-distro-windows-10/
#>
@yakoobali588
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Hi. Code very well written and executable. Is there a way we can execute it end to end without rebooting/restart. As it gets rebooted post enabling Hyper-V and WSL. If I can executed this end to end with a single restart or norestart if possible.

@elifry
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elifry commented May 23, 2023

@yakoobali588 WSL settings will not get updated until restart, so Docker will not be functional without restarting. You could wait to restart of course, but you would still have to do this later on, such as after installing other things.

You could disable Restart-Computer -Confirm on line 108-109 to accomplish this.

@prsng
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prsng commented Mar 12, 2024

Does this script take care of adding the windows username to the docker-users group in Computer Management? I did not see that here and so I ask.

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