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AWS CloudFormation single instance LAMP stack template
{
"AWSTemplateFormatVersion" : "2010-09-09",
"Description" : "AWS CloudFormation Sample Template LAMP_Single_Instance: Create a LAMP stack using a single EC2 instance and a local MySQL database for storage. This template demonstrates using the AWS CloudFormation bootstrap scripts to install the packages and files necessary to deploy the Apache web server, PHP and MySQL at instance launch time. **WARNING** This template creates an Amazon EC2 instance. You will be billed for the AWS resources used if you create a stack from this template.",
"Parameters" : {
"KeyName": {
"Description" : "Name of an existing EC2 KeyPair to enable SSH access to the instance",
"Type": "AWS::EC2::KeyPair::KeyName",
"ConstraintDescription" : "must be the name of an existing EC2 KeyPair."
},
"DBName": {
"Default": "MyDatabase",
"Description" : "MySQL database name",
"Type": "String",
"MinLength": "1",
"MaxLength": "64",
"AllowedPattern" : "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*",
"ConstraintDescription" : "must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters."
},
"DBUser": {
"NoEcho": "true",
"Description" : "Username for MySQL database access",
"Type": "String",
"MinLength": "1",
"MaxLength": "16",
"AllowedPattern" : "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*",
"ConstraintDescription" : "must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters."
},
"DBPassword": {
"NoEcho": "true",
"Description" : "Password for MySQL database access",
"Type": "String",
"MinLength": "1",
"MaxLength": "41",
"AllowedPattern" : "[a-zA-Z0-9]*",
"ConstraintDescription" : "must contain only alphanumeric characters."
},
"DBRootPassword": {
"NoEcho": "true",
"Description" : "Root password for MySQL",
"Type": "String",
"MinLength": "1",
"MaxLength": "41",
"AllowedPattern" : "[a-zA-Z0-9]*",
"ConstraintDescription" : "must contain only alphanumeric characters."
},
"InstanceType" : {
"Description" : "WebServer EC2 instance type",
"Type" : "String",
"Default" : "t2.small",
"AllowedValues" : [ "t1.micro", "t2.nano", "t2.micro", "t2.small", "t2.medium", "t2.large", "m1.small", "m1.medium", "m1.large", "m1.xlarge", "m2.xlarge", "m2.2xlarge", "m2.4xlarge", "m3.medium", "m3.large", "m3.xlarge", "m3.2xlarge", "m4.large", "m4.xlarge", "m4.2xlarge", "m4.4xlarge", "m4.10xlarge", "c1.medium", "c1.xlarge", "c3.large", "c3.xlarge", "c3.2xlarge", "c3.4xlarge", "c3.8xlarge", "c4.large", "c4.xlarge", "c4.2xlarge", "c4.4xlarge", "c4.8xlarge", "g2.2xlarge", "g2.8xlarge", "r3.large", "r3.xlarge", "r3.2xlarge", "r3.4xlarge", "r3.8xlarge", "i2.xlarge", "i2.2xlarge", "i2.4xlarge", "i2.8xlarge", "d2.xlarge", "d2.2xlarge", "d2.4xlarge", "d2.8xlarge", "hi1.4xlarge", "hs1.8xlarge", "cr1.8xlarge", "cc2.8xlarge", "cg1.4xlarge"]
,
"ConstraintDescription" : "must be a valid EC2 instance type."
},
"SSHLocation" : {
"Description" : " The IP address range that can be used to SSH to the EC2 instances",
"Type": "String",
"MinLength": "9",
"MaxLength": "18",
"Default": "0.0.0.0/0",
"AllowedPattern": "(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})/(\\d{1,2})",
"ConstraintDescription": "must be a valid IP CIDR range of the form x.x.x.x/x."
}
},
"Mappings" : {
"AWSInstanceType2Arch" : {
"t1.micro" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"t2.nano" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"t2.micro" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"t2.small" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"t2.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"t2.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m1.small" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m1.medium" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m1.large" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"m3.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m4.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"m4.10xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c1.medium" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"c1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "PV64" },
"c3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c4.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"c4.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"g2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVMG2" },
"g2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVMG2" },
"r3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"r3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"r3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"r3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"r3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"i2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"i2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"i2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"i2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"d2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"d2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"d2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"d2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"hi1.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"hs1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"cr1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" },
"cc2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }
},
"AWSInstanceType2NATArch" : {
"t1.micro" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"t2.nano" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"t2.micro" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"t2.small" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"t2.medium" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"t2.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m1.small" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m1.medium" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m1.large" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"m3.medium" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m3.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m4.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"m4.10xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c1.medium" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"c1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATPV64" },
"c3.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c4.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"c4.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"g2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVMG2" },
"g2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVMG2" },
"r3.large" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"r3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"r3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"r3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"r3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"i2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"i2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"i2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"i2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"d2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"d2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"d2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"d2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"hi1.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"hs1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"cr1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" },
"cc2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "NATHVM64" }
}
,
"AWSRegionArch2AMI" : {
"us-east-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-22111148", "HVM64" : "ami-08111162", "HVMG2" : "ami-ebcec381"},
"us-west-2" : {"PV64" : "ami-792bc219", "HVM64" : "ami-c229c0a2", "HVMG2" : "ami-0f28c06f"},
"us-west-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-0e087a6e", "HVM64" : "ami-1b0f7d7b", "HVMG2" : "ami-ab9defcb"},
"eu-west-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-a5368cd6", "HVM64" : "ami-31328842", "HVMG2" : "ami-d1d652a2"},
"eu-central-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-2bde3944", "HVM64" : "ami-e2df388d", "HVMG2" : "ami-5240a73d"},
"ap-northeast-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-37020959", "HVM64" : "ami-f80e0596", "HVMG2" : "ami-34a9a35a"},
"ap-northeast-2" : {"PV64" : "NOT_SUPPORTED", "HVM64" : "ami-6598510b", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"},
"ap-southeast-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-ff0cc79c", "HVM64" : "ami-e90dc68a", "HVMG2" : "ami-6f6ca70c"},
"ap-southeast-2" : {"PV64" : "ami-f5210196", "HVM64" : "ami-f2210191", "HVMG2" : "ami-88c1e1eb"},
"sa-east-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-661e930a", "HVM64" : "ami-1e159872", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"},
"cn-north-1" : {"PV64" : "ami-08ef2465", "HVM64" : "ami-49e22924", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}
}
},
"Resources" : {
"WebServerInstance": {
"Type": "AWS::EC2::Instance",
"Metadata" : {
"AWS::CloudFormation::Init" : {
"configSets" : {
"InstallAndRun" : [ "Install", "Configure" ]
},
"Install" : {
"packages" : {
"yum" : {
"mysql" : [],
"mysql-server" : [],
"mysql-libs" : [],
"httpd" : [],
"php" : [],
"php-mysql" : []
}
},
"files" : {
"/var/www/html/index.php" : {
"content" : { "Fn::Join" : [ "", [
"<html>\n",
" <head>\n",
" <title>AWS CloudFormation PHP Sample</title>\n",
" <meta http-equiv=\"Content-Type\" content=\"text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1\">\n",
" </head>\n",
" <body>\n",
" <h1>Welcome to the AWS CloudFormation PHP Sample</h1>\n",
" <p/>\n",
" <?php\n",
" // Print out the current data and time\n",
" print \"The Current Date and Time is: <br/>\";\n",
" print date(\"g:i A l, F j Y.\");\n",
" ?>\n",
" <p/>\n",
" <?php\n",
" // Setup a handle for CURL\n",
" $curl_handle=curl_init();\n",
" curl_setopt($curl_handle,CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT,2);\n",
" curl_setopt($curl_handle,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);\n",
" // Get the hostname of the intance from the instance metadata\n",
" curl_setopt($curl_handle,CURLOPT_URL,'http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/public-hostname');\n",
" $hostname = curl_exec($curl_handle);\n",
" if (empty($hostname))\n",
" {\n",
" print \"Sorry, for some reason, we got no hostname back <br />\";\n",
" }\n",
" else\n",
" {\n",
" print \"Server = \" . $hostname . \"<br />\";\n",
" }\n",
" // Get the instance-id of the intance from the instance metadata\n",
" curl_setopt($curl_handle,CURLOPT_URL,'http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id');\n",
" $instanceid = curl_exec($curl_handle);\n",
" if (empty($instanceid))\n",
" {\n",
" print \"Sorry, for some reason, we got no instance id back <br />\";\n",
" }\n",
" else\n",
" {\n",
" print \"EC2 instance-id = \" . $instanceid . \"<br />\";\n",
" }\n",
" $Database = \"localhost\";\n",
" $DBUser = \"", {"Ref" : "DBUser"}, "\";\n",
" $DBPassword = \"", {"Ref" : "DBPassword"}, "\";\n",
" print \"Database = \" . $Database . \"<br />\";\n",
" $dbconnection = mysql_connect($Database, $DBUser, $DBPassword)\n",
" or die(\"Could not connect: \" . mysql_error());\n",
" print (\"Connected to $Database successfully\");\n",
" mysql_close($dbconnection);\n",
" ?>\n",
" <h2>PHP Information</h2>\n",
" <p/>\n",
" <?php\n",
" phpinfo();\n",
" ?>\n",
" </body>\n",
"</html>\n"
]]},
"mode" : "000600",
"owner" : "apache",
"group" : "apache"
},
"/tmp/setup.mysql" : {
"content" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"CREATE DATABASE ", { "Ref" : "DBName" }, ";\n",
"GRANT ALL ON ", { "Ref" : "DBName" }, ".* TO '", { "Ref" : "DBUser" }, "'@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '", { "Ref" : "DBPassword" }, "';\n"
]]},
"mode" : "000400",
"owner" : "root",
"group" : "root"
},
"/etc/cfn/cfn-hup.conf" : {
"content" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"[main]\n",
"stack=", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackId" }, "\n",
"region=", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n"
]]},
"mode" : "000400",
"owner" : "root",
"group" : "root"
},
"/etc/cfn/hooks.d/cfn-auto-reloader.conf" : {
"content": { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"[cfn-auto-reloader-hook]\n",
"triggers=post.update\n",
"path=Resources.WebServerInstance.Metadata.AWS::CloudFormation::Init\n",
"action=/opt/aws/bin/cfn-init -v ",
" --stack ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" },
" --resource WebServerInstance ",
" --configsets InstallAndRun ",
" --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n",
"runas=root\n"
]]}
}
},
"services" : {
"sysvinit" : {
"mysqld" : { "enabled" : "true", "ensureRunning" : "true" },
"httpd" : { "enabled" : "true", "ensureRunning" : "true" },
"cfn-hup" : { "enabled" : "true", "ensureRunning" : "true",
"files" : ["/etc/cfn/cfn-hup.conf", "/etc/cfn/hooks.d/cfn-auto-reloader.conf"]}
}
}
},
"Configure" : {
"commands" : {
"01_set_mysql_root_password" : {
"command" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["mysqladmin -u root password '", { "Ref" : "DBRootPassword" }, "'"]]},
"test" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["$(mysql ", { "Ref" : "DBName" }, " -u root --password='", { "Ref" : "DBRootPassword" }, "' >/dev/null 2>&1 </dev/null); (( $? != 0 ))"]]}
},
"02_create_database" : {
"command" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["mysql -u root --password='", { "Ref" : "DBRootPassword" }, "' < /tmp/setup.mysql"]]},
"test" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["$(mysql ", { "Ref" : "DBName" }, " -u root --password='", { "Ref" : "DBRootPassword" }, "' >/dev/null 2>&1 </dev/null); (( $? != 0 ))"]]}
}
}
}
}
},
"Properties": {
"ImageId" : { "Fn::FindInMap" : [ "AWSRegionArch2AMI", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" },
{ "Fn::FindInMap" : [ "AWSInstanceType2Arch", { "Ref" : "InstanceType" }, "Arch" ] } ] },
"InstanceType" : { "Ref" : "InstanceType" },
"SecurityGroups" : [ {"Ref" : "WebServerSecurityGroup"} ],
"KeyName" : { "Ref" : "KeyName" },
"UserData" : { "Fn::Base64" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [
"#!/bin/bash -xe\n",
"yum update -y aws-cfn-bootstrap\n",
"# Install the files and packages from the metadata\n",
"/opt/aws/bin/cfn-init -v ",
" --stack ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" },
" --resource WebServerInstance ",
" --configsets InstallAndRun ",
" --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n",
"# Signal the status from cfn-init\n",
"/opt/aws/bin/cfn-signal -e $? ",
" --stack ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" },
" --resource WebServerInstance ",
" --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n"
]]}}
},
"CreationPolicy" : {
"ResourceSignal" : {
"Timeout" : "PT5M"
}
}
},
"WebServerSecurityGroup" : {
"Type" : "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup",
"Properties" : {
"GroupDescription" : "Enable HTTP access via port 80",
"SecurityGroupIngress" : [
{"IpProtocol" : "tcp", "FromPort" : "80", "ToPort" : "80", "CidrIp" : "0.0.0.0/0"},
{"IpProtocol" : "tcp", "FromPort" : "22", "ToPort" : "22", "CidrIp" : { "Ref" : "SSHLocation"}}
]
}
}
},
"Outputs" : {
"WebsiteURL" : {
"Description" : "URL for newly created LAMP stack",
"Value" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", ["http://", { "Fn::GetAtt" : [ "WebServerInstance", "PublicDnsName" ]}]] }
}
}
}
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