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Created June 13, 2014 19:58
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FocusExtension - Focusing Controls in View from ViewModel using MVVM principles
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Input;
namespace Supporting
/// <summary>
/// This class registers an attached property that can be set to trigger
/// changes in focus. Basically, when the IsFocused property is set
/// to true, this extension is called in order to set the focus to the
/// calling control. In this way, it can be bound to the viewmodel
/// and focus can be set in the view without having access nor
/// knowledge of it.
/// </summary>
/// <example>
/// in viewmodel source file
/// public class ViewModel: INotifyPropertyChanged
/// {
/// public bool IsControlFocused { get; set; } // must implement property changed
/// }
/// in view xaml file
/// <Button Supporting:FocusExtension.IsFocused="{Binding IsControlFocused}">TestButton</Button>
/// </example>
public static class FocusExtension
public static bool GetIsFocused(DependencyObject depObj)
return (bool)depObj.GetValue(IsFocusedProperty);
public static void SetIsFocused(DependencyObject depObj, bool isFocused)
depObj.SetValue(IsFocusedProperty, isFocused);
public static readonly DependencyProperty IsFocusedProperty =
"IsFocused", typeof(bool), typeof(FocusExtension),
new UIPropertyMetadata(false, OnIsFocusedPropertyChanged)
private static void OnIsFocusedPropertyChanged(DependencyObject depObj, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs args)
var element = (depObj as UIElement);
if (element != null)
// Don't care about false values.
if ((bool)args.NewValue)
// only focusable if these two are true
// optional to raise exception if they aren't rather than just ignoring.
if (element.Focusable && element.IsVisible)
FocusManager.SetFocusedElement(FocusManager.GetFocusScope(element), element);
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