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Wikimedia Enterprise API — Results for article "Squirrel
"abstract": " Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, a family that includes small or medium-size rodents. The squirrel family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels, and flying squirrels. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and were introduced by humans to Australia. The earliest known fossilized squirrels date from the Eocene epoch, and among other living rodent families, the squirrels are most closely related to the mountain beaver and to the dormice.",
"html": "<!DOCTYPE html>\n<html prefix=\"dc: http://purl.org/dc/terms/ mw: http://mediawiki.org/rdf/\" about=\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Redirect/revision/1186575881\"><head prefix=\"mwr: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Redirect/\"><meta property=\"mw:TimeUuid\" content=\"b2194320-8a79-11ee-88e7-13943b034bbc\"/><meta charset=\"utf-8\"/><meta property=\"mw:pageId\" content=\"28492\"/><meta property=\"mw:pageNamespace\" content=\"0\"/><link rel=\"dc:replaces\" resource=\"mwr:revision/1184437243\"/><meta property=\"mw:revisionSHA1\" content=\"b0aa4c34561b57a2c709f1ae3760c912ac6020c0\"/><meta property=\"dc:modified\" content=\"2023-11-24T03:29:31.000Z\"/><meta property=\"mw:htmlVersion\" content=\"2.8.0\"/><meta property=\"mw:html:version\" content=\"2.8.0\"/><link rel=\"dc:isVersionOf\" href=\"//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squirrel\"/><base href=\"//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/\"/><title>Squirrel</title><meta property=\"mw:generalModules\" content=\"ext.cite.ux-enhancements|mediawiki.page.media|ext.tmh.player\"/><meta property=\"mw:moduleStyles\" content=\"mediawiki.page.gallery.styles|ext.cite.parsoid.styles|ext.cite.styles|ext.tmh.player.styles\"/><link rel=\"stylesheet\" href=\"/w/load.php?lang=en&amp;modules=mediawiki.page.gallery.styles%7Cext.cite.parsoid.styles%7Cext.cite.styles%7Cext.tmh.player.styles%7Cmediawiki.skinning.content.parsoid%7Cmediawiki.skinning.interface%7Csite.styles&amp;only=styles&amp;skin=vector\"/><meta http-equiv=\"content-language\" content=\"en\"/><meta http-equiv=\"vary\" content=\"Accept\"/></head><body id=\"mwAA\" lang=\"en\" class=\"mw-content-ltr sitedir-ltr ltr mw-body-content parsoid-body mediawiki mw-parser-output\" dir=\"ltr\"><section data-mw-section-id=\"0\" id=\"mwAQ\"><div class=\"shortdescription nomobile noexcerpt noprint searchaux\" style=\"display:none\" about=\"#mwt1\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"short description\",\"href\":\"./Template:Short_description\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"Family of rodents\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAg\">Family of rodents</div><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_with_short_description\" about=\"#mwt1\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Short_description_matches_Wikidata\" about=\"#mwt1\" id=\"mwAw\"/>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1033289096\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt2\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"About\",\"href\":\"./Template:About\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"the squirrel family (Sciuridae) as a whole\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBA\">.mw-parser-output .hatnote{font-style:italic}.mw-parser-output div.hatnote{padding-left:1.6em;margin-bottom:0.5em}.mw-parser-output .hatnote i{font-style:normal}.mw-parser-output .hatnote+link+.hatnote{margin-top:-0.5em}</style><div role=\"note\" class=\"hatnote navigation-not-searchable\" about=\"#mwt2\" id=\"mwBQ\">This article is about the squirrel family (Sciuridae) as a whole. For other uses, see <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel_(disambiguation)\" title=\"Squirrel (disambiguation)\" class=\"mw-disambig\">Squirrel (disambiguation)</a>.</div>\n<p about=\"#mwt11\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Pp-semi-indef\",\"href\":\"./Template:Pp-semi-indef\"},\"params\":{\"small\":{\"wt\":\"yes\"}},\"i\":0}},\"\\n&lt;!-- High visibility page; likely move vandal target -->\\n\",{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Use dmy dates\",\"href\":\"./Template:Use_dmy_dates\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"October 2020\"}},\"i\":1}},\"\\n\",{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Automatic taxobox\\n\",\"href\":\"./Template:Automatic_taxobox\"},\"params\":{\"name\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrels\"},\"fossil_range\":{\"wt\":\"{{fossil range|Late Eocene|Recent|Late [[Eocene]] – Recent}}\"},\"image\":{\"wt\":\"Sciuridae.jpg\"},\"image_upright\":{\"wt\":\"1.15\"},\"image_caption\":{\"wt\":\"Various members of the family Sciuridae\\n\\n{{aligned table|cols=3\\n | &apos;&apos;[[Prevost&apos;s squirrel|Callosciurus prevostii]]&apos;&apos; | &apos;&apos;[[Siberian chipmunk|Eutamias sibiricus]]&apos;&apos; | &apos;&apos;[[American red squirrel|Tamiasciurus hudsonicus]]&apos;&apos;\\n | &apos;&apos;[[Fox squirrel|Sciurus niger]]&apos;&apos; | &apos;&apos;[[Urocitellus columbianus]]&apos;&apos; | &apos;&apos;[[Smith&apos;s bush squirrel|Paraxerus cepapi]]&apos;&apos;\\n | &apos;&apos;[[Cape ground squirrel|Geosciurus inauris]]&apos;&apos; | &apos;&apos;[[Marmot]]a&apos;&apos; sp. | &apos;&apos;[[Black-tailed prairie dog|Cynomys ludovicianus]]&apos;&apos;\\n}}\"},\"taxon\":{\"wt\":\"Sciuridae\"},\"authority\":{\"wt\":\"[[Johann Fischer von Waldheim|Fischer de Waldheim]], 1817\"},\"type_genus\":{\"wt\":\"&apos;&apos;[[Sciurus]]&apos;&apos;\"},\"type_genus_authority\":{\"wt\":\"[[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758\"},\"subdivision_ranks\":{\"wt\":\"Subfamilies and tribes\"},\"subdivision\":{\"wt\":\"* Subfamily [[Ratufinae]]\\n* Subfamily [[Sciurillinae]]\\n* Subfamily [[Sciurinae]]\\n** Tribe [[Sciurini]]\\n** Tribe [[Pteromyini]]\\n* Subfamily [[Callosciurinae]]\\n** Tribe [[Callosciurini]]\\n** Tribe [[Funambulini]]\\n* Subfamily [[Xerinae]]\\n** Tribe [[Xerini]]\\n** Tribe [[Protoxerini]]\\n** Tribe [[Marmotini]]\"}},\"i\":2}}]}' id=\"mwBg\"><meta typeof=\"mw:Extension/indicator\" about=\"#mwt8\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"indicator\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"pp-default\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"[[File:Semi-protection-shackle.svg|20px|link=Wikipedia:Protection policy#semi|alt=Page semi-protected|This article is semi-protected.]]\"},\"html\":\"&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:File\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"optList\\\":[{\\\"ck\\\":\\\"width\\\",\\\"ak\\\":\\\"20px\\\"},{\\\"ck\\\":\\\"link\\\",\\\"ak\\\":\\\"link=Wikipedia:Protection policy#semi\\\"},{\\\"ck\\\":\\\"alt\\\",\\\"ak\\\":\\\"alt=Page semi-protected\\\"},{\\\"ck\\\":\\\"caption\\\",\\\"ak\\\":\\\"This article is semi-protected.\\\"}]}&apos; data-mw=&apos;{\\\"caption\\\":\\\"This article is semi-protected.\\\"}&apos;>&lt;a href=\\\"./Wikipedia:Protection_policy#semi\\\" title=\\\"This article is semi-protected.\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">&lt;img alt=\\\"Page semi-protected\\\" resource=\\\"./File:Semi-protection-shackle.svg\\\" src=\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/1b/Semi-protection-shackle.svg/20px-Semi-protection-shackle.svg.png\\\" decoding=\\\"async\\\" data-file-width=\\\"512\\\" data-file-height=\\\"512\\\" data-file-type=\\\"drawing\\\" height=\\\"20\\\" width=\\\"20\\\" srcset=\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/1b/Semi-protection-shackle.svg/30px-Semi-protection-shackle.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/1/1b/Semi-protection-shackle.svg/40px-Semi-protection-shackle.svg.png 2x\\\" class=\\\"mw-file-element\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"a\\\":{\\\"resource\\\":\\\"./File:Semi-protection-shackle.svg\\\",\\\"height\\\":\\\"20\\\",\\\"width\\\":\\\"20\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"resource\\\":\\\"File:Semi-protection-shackle.svg\\\"}}&apos;/>&lt;/a>&lt;/span>\"}' id=\"mwBw\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Wikipedia_indefinitely_semi-protected_pages#Squirrel\"/>\n<!-- High visibility page; likely move vandal target -->\n<link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Use_dmy_dates_from_October_2020\"/>\n</p><span about=\"#mwt11\">\n</span><table class=\"infobox biota\" style=\"text-align: left; width: 200px; font-size: 100%\" about=\"#mwt11\">\n<tbody><tr>\n<th colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\">Squirrels<br/><div style=\"font-size: 85%;\">Temporal range: <span class=\"noprint\"><span style=\"display:inline-block;\"></span><span style=\"display:inline-block;\">Late <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eocene\" title=\"Eocene\">Eocene</a> – Recent</span> <span style=\"display:inline-block;\"></span><div id=\"Timeline-row\" style=\"margin: 4px auto 0; clear:both; width:220px; padding:0px; height:18px; overflow:visible; white-space:nowrap; border:1px #666; border-style:solid none; position:relative; z-index:0; font-size:97%;\">\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; left:0px; width:207.23076923077px; padding-left:5px; text-align:left; background-color:rgb(254,217,106); background-image: linear-gradient(to right, rgba(255,255,255,1), rgba(254,217,106,1) 15%, rgba(254,217,106,1));\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Precambrian\" title=\"Precambrian\">PreꞒ</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(127,160,86); left:37.636923076923px; width:18.073846153846px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cambrian\" title=\"Cambrian\">Ꞓ</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(0,146,112); left:55.710769230769px; width:14.08px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ordovician\" title=\"Ordovician\">O</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(179,225,182); left:69.790769230769px; width:8.3261538461539px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Silurian\" title=\"Silurian\">S</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(203,140,55); left:78.116923076923px; width:20.409230769231px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Devonian\" title=\"Devonian\">D</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(103,165,153); left:98.526153846154px; width:20.307692307692px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Carboniferous\" title=\"Carboniferous\">C</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(240,64,40); left:118.83384615385px; width:15.907015384615px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Permian\" title=\"Permian\">P</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(129,43,146); left:134.74086153846px; width:17.092984615385px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Triassic\" title=\"Triassic\">T</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(52,178,201); left:151.83384615385px; width:19.089230769231px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Jurassic\" title=\"Jurassic\">J</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(127,198,78); left:170.92307692308px; width:26.738461538462px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cretaceous\" title=\"Cretaceous\">K</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(253,154,82); left:197.66153846154px; width:14.543692307692px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Paleogene\" title=\"Paleogene\">Pg</a></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; text-align:center; background-color:rgb(255,230,25); left:212.20523076923px; width:6.9215384615385px;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neogene\" title=\"Neogene\">N</a></div>\n<div id=\"end-border\" style=\"position:absolute; height:100%; background-color:#666; width:1px; left:219px\"></div><div style=\"margin:0 auto; line-height:0; clear:both; width:220px; padding:0px; height:8px; overflow:visible; background-color:transparent; position:relative; top:-4px; z-index:100;\"><div style=\"position:absolute; height:8px; left:207.23661538462px; width:12.763384615385px; background-color:#360; opacity:0.42; \"></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:8px; left:207.23661538462px; width:12.763384615385px; background-color:#360; opacity:1; \"></div>\n<div style=\"position:absolute; height:6px; top:1px; left:208.23661538462px; width:10.763384615385px; background-color:#6c3;\"></div>\n</div>\n</div></span></div></th></tr>\n<tr>\n<td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center\"><span class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Frameless\"><a href=\"./File:Sciuridae.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Sciuridae.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Sciuridae.jpg/250px-Sciuridae.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"600\" data-file-height=\"600\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"250\" width=\"250\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Sciuridae.jpg/375px-Sciuridae.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Sciuridae.jpg/500px-Sciuridae.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center; font-size: 88%\">Various members of the family Sciuridae\n\n<table><tbody><tr style=\"vertical-align:top\"><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prevost's_squirrel\" title=\"Prevost's squirrel\">Callosciurus prevostii</a></i></td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Siberian_chipmunk\" title=\"Siberian chipmunk\">Eutamias sibiricus</a></i></td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./American_red_squirrel\" title=\"American red squirrel\">Tamiasciurus hudsonicus</a></i></td></tr><tr style=\"vertical-align:top\"><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fox_squirrel\" title=\"Fox squirrel\">Sciurus niger</a></i></td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Urocitellus_columbianus\" title=\"Urocitellus columbianus\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Urocitellus columbianus</a></i></td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Smith's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Smith's bush squirrel\">Paraxerus cepapi</a></i></td></tr><tr style=\"vertical-align:top\"><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cape_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Cape ground squirrel\">Geosciurus inauris</a></i></td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmot\" title=\"Marmot\">Marmota</a></i> sp.</td><td> <i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-tailed_prairie_dog\" title=\"Black-tailed prairie dog\">Cynomys ludovicianus</a></i></td></tr></tbody></table></td></tr>\n\n\n<tr style=\"text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\"></tr>\n\n\n<tr>\n<th colspan=\"2\" style=\"min-width:15em; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Taxonomy_(biology)\" title=\"Taxonomy (biology)\">Scientific classification</a> <span class=\"plainlinks\" style=\"font-size:smaller; float:right; padding-right:0.4em; margin-left:-3em;\"><span typeof=\"mw:File\" data-mw='{\"caption\":\"Edit this classification\"}'><a href=\"./Template:Taxonomy/Sciuridae\" title=\"Edit this classification\"><img alt=\"Edit this classification\" resource=\"./File:OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg/15px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"20\" data-file-height=\"20\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"15\" width=\"15\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg/23px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8a/OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg/30px-OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr.svg.png 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></span></th></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Domain:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eukaryote\" title=\"Eukaryote\">Eukaryota</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Kingdom:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Phylum:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Class:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Order:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Suborder:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></td></tr>\n<tr>\n<td>Family:</td>\n<td><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a><br/><small><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Johann_Fischer_von_Waldheim\" title=\"Johann Fischer von Waldheim\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Fischer de Waldheim</a>, 1817</small></td></tr>\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n<tr style=\"text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\"></tr>\n\n<tr>\n<th colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Type_genus\" title=\"Type genus\">Type genus</a></th></tr>\n<tr>\n<td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurus\" title=\"Sciurus\">Sciurus</a></i><br/><div style=\"font-size: 85%;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Carl_Linnaeus\" title=\"Carl Linnaeus\">Linnaeus</a>, 1758</div></td></tr>\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n<tr>\n<th colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: center; background-color: rgb(235,235,210)\">Subfamilies and tribes</th></tr>\n<tr>\n<td colspan=\"2\" style=\"text-align: left\">\n<ul><li>Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ratufinae\" title=\"Ratufinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Ratufinae</a></li>\n<li>Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurillinae\" title=\"Sciurillinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Sciurillinae</a></li>\n<li>Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurinae\" title=\"Sciurinae\">Sciurinae</a>\n<ul><li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurini\" title=\"Sciurini\">Sciurini</a></li>\n<li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pteromyini\" title=\"Pteromyini\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Pteromyini</a></li></ul></li>\n<li>Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurinae\" title=\"Callosciurinae\">Callosciurinae</a>\n<ul><li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurini\" title=\"Callosciurini\">Callosciurini</a></li>\n<li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Funambulini\" title=\"Funambulini\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Funambulini</a></li></ul></li>\n<li>Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerinae\" title=\"Xerinae\">Xerinae</a>\n<ul><li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerini\" title=\"Xerini\">Xerini</a></li>\n<li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Protoxerini\" title=\"Protoxerini\">Protoxerini</a></li>\n<li>Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmotini\" title=\"Marmotini\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Marmotini</a></li></ul></li></ul></td></tr>\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n</tbody></table><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_with_'species'_microformats\" about=\"#mwt11\" id=\"mwCA\"/>\n\n<p id=\"mwCQ\"><b id=\"mwCg\">Squirrels</b> are members of the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Family_(biology)\" title=\"Family (biology)\" id=\"mwCw\">family</a> <b id=\"mwDA\">Sciuridae</b> (<span class=\"rt-commentedText nowrap\" about=\"#mwt14\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"IPAc-en\",\"href\":\"./Template:IPAc-en\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"s\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"I\"},\"3\":{\"wt\":\"&apos;\"},\"4\":{\"wt\":\"j\"},\"5\":{\"wt\":\"u:\"},\"6\":{\"wt\":\"r\"},\"7\":{\"wt\":\"I\"},\"8\":{\"wt\":\"d\"},\"9\":{\"wt\":\"eI\"},\"10\":{\"wt\":\",_\"},\"11\":{\"wt\":\"-\"},\"12\":{\"wt\":\"d\"},\"13\":{\"wt\":\"i:\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwDQ\"><span class=\"IPA nopopups noexcerpt\" lang=\"en-fonipa\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Help:IPA/English\" title=\"Help:IPA/English\">/<span style=\"border-bottom:1px dotted\"><span title=\"'s' in 'sigh'\">s</span><span title=\"/ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit'\">ɪ</span><span title=\"/ˈ/: primary stress follows\">ˈ</span><span title=\"/j/: 'y' in 'yes'\">j</span><span title=\"/uː/: 'oo' in 'goose'\">uː</span><span title=\"'r' in 'rye'\">r</span><span title=\"/ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit'\">ɪ</span><span title=\"'d' in 'dye'\">d</span><span title=\"/eɪ/: 'a' in 'face'\">eɪ</span></span>,<span class=\"wrap\"> </span>-<span style=\"border-bottom:1px dotted\"><span title=\"'d' in 'dye'\">d</span><span title=\"/iː/: 'ee' in 'fleece'\">iː</span></span>/</a></span></span>), a family that includes small or medium-size <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\" id=\"mwDg\">rodents</a>. The squirrel family includes <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tree_squirrel\" title=\"Tree squirrel\" id=\"mwDw\">tree squirrels</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ground_squirrel\" title=\"Ground squirrel\" id=\"mwEA\">ground squirrels</a> (including <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chipmunk\" title=\"Chipmunk\" id=\"mwEQ\">chipmunks</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prairie_dog\" title=\"Prairie dog\" id=\"mwEg\">prairie dogs</a>, among others), and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Flying_squirrel\" title=\"Flying squirrel\" id=\"mwEw\">flying squirrels</a>. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and were <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Introduced_species\" title=\"Introduced species\" id=\"mwFA\">introduced</a> by humans to Australia.<sup about=\"#mwt19\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Seebeck_1-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Seebeck\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Seebeck-1\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Seebeck-1\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 1;\" id=\"mwFQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwFg\">[1]</span></a></sup> The earliest known fossilized squirrels date from the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eocene\" title=\"Eocene\" id=\"mwFw\">Eocene</a> epoch, and among other living rodent families, the squirrels are most closely related to the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mountain_beaver\" title=\"Mountain beaver\" id=\"mwGA\">mountain beaver</a> and to the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dormouse\" title=\"Dormouse\" id=\"mwGQ\">dormice</a>.<link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:All_articles_with_unsourced_statements\" about=\"#mwt15\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Citation needed\",\"href\":\"./Template:Citation_needed\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"January 2022\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwGg\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_with_unsourced_statements_from_January_2022\" about=\"#mwt15\"/><sup class=\"noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact\" style=\"white-space:nowrap;\" about=\"#mwt15\" id=\"mwGw\"><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\">[</span><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wikipedia:Citation_needed\" title=\"Wikipedia:Citation needed\"><span title=\"This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2022)\">citation needed</span></a></i><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\">]</span></sup></p>\n\n<meta property=\"mw:PageProp/toc\" data-mw='{\"autoGenerated\":true}' id=\"mwHA\"/></section><section data-mw-section-id=\"1\" id=\"mwHQ\"><h2 id=\"Etymology\">Etymology</h2>\n<p id=\"mwHg\">The word <i id=\"mwHw\">squirrel</i>, first attested in 1327, comes from the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Anglo-Norman_language\" title=\"Anglo-Norman language\" id=\"mwIA\">Anglo-Norman</a> <span title=\"Anglo-Norman-language text\" about=\"#mwt22\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"xno\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"esquirel\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwIQ\"><i lang=\"xno\">esquirel</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Anglo-Norman-language_text\" about=\"#mwt22\" id=\"mwIg\"/> which is from the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Old_French\" title=\"Old French\" id=\"mwIw\">Old French</a> <span title=\"Old French (842-ca. 1400)-language text\" about=\"#mwt23\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"fro\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"escurel\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwJA\"><i lang=\"fro\">escurel</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Old_French_(842-ca._1400)-language_text\" about=\"#mwt23\" id=\"mwJQ\"/>, the reflex of a <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Latin_language\" title=\"Latin language\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwJg\">Latin</a> word <span title=\"Latin-language text\" about=\"#mwt24\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"la\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"sciurus\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwJw\"><i lang=\"la\">sciurus</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Latin-language_text\" about=\"#mwt24\" id=\"mwKA\"/>, which was taken from the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ancient_Greek\" title=\"Ancient Greek\" id=\"mwKQ\">Ancient Greek</a> word <span title=\"Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text\" about=\"#mwt25\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"grc\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"σκίουρος\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwKg\"><span lang=\"grc\">σκίουρος</span></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Ancient_Greek_(to_1453)-language_text\" about=\"#mwt25\" id=\"mwKw\"/> (<span title=\"Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language romanization\" about=\"#mwt26\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"transliteration\",\"href\":\"./Template:Transliteration\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"grc\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"skiouros\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwLA\"><i lang=\"grc-Latn\">skiouros</i></span>; from <span title=\"Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text\" about=\"#mwt27\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"grc\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"σκία-ουρος\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwLQ\"><span lang=\"grc\">σκία-ουρος</span></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Ancient_Greek_(to_1453)-language_text\" about=\"#mwt27\" id=\"mwLg\"/>) 'shadow-tailed', referring to the long bushy tail which many of its members have.<sup about=\"#mwt31\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-2\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-2\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-2\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 2;\" id=\"mwLw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwMA\">[2]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt32\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-3\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-3\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-3\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 3;\" id=\"mwMQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwMg\">[3]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwMw\">The native <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Old_English_language\" title=\"Old English language\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwNA\">Old English</a> word for the squirrel, <span title=\"Old English (ca. 450-1100)-language text\" about=\"#mwt34\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"ang\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"ācweorna\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwNQ\"><i lang=\"ang\">ācweorna</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Old_English_(ca._450-1100)-language_text\" about=\"#mwt34\" id=\"mwNg\"/>, only survived into <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Middle_English_language\" title=\"Middle English language\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwNw\">Middle English</a> (as <span title=\"Middle English (1100-1500)-language text\" about=\"#mwt35\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"enm\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"aquerne\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwOA\"><i lang=\"enm\">aquerne</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Middle_English_(1100-1500)-language_text\" about=\"#mwt35\" id=\"mwOQ\"/>) before being replaced.<sup about=\"#mwt46\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-etymonline_4-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"etymonline\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-etymonline-4\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-etymonline-4\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 4;\" id=\"mwOg\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwOw\">[4]</span></a></sup> The Old English word is of <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Common_Germanic\" title=\"Common Germanic\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwPA\">Common Germanic</a> origin, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cognate\" title=\"Cognate\" id=\"mwPQ\">cognates</a> of which are still used in other <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Germanic_languages\" title=\"Germanic languages\" id=\"mwPg\">Germanic languages</a>, including the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./German_language\" title=\"German language\" id=\"mwPw\">German</a> <span title=\"German-language text\" about=\"#mwt36\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"de\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"Eichhörnchen\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwQA\"><i lang=\"de\">Eichhörnchen</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_German-language_text\" about=\"#mwt36\" id=\"mwQQ\"/> (diminutive of <span title=\"German-language text\" about=\"#mwt37\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"de\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"Eichhorn\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwQg\"><i lang=\"de\">Eichhorn</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_German-language_text\" about=\"#mwt37\" id=\"mwQw\"/>, which is not as frequently used); the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Norwegian_language\" title=\"Norwegian language\" id=\"mwRA\">Norwegian</a> <span title=\"Norwegian-language text\" about=\"#mwt38\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"no\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"ikorn\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwRQ\"><i lang=\"no\">ikorn</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Norwegian-language_text\" about=\"#mwt38\" id=\"mwRg\"/>/<span title=\"Norwegian-language text\" about=\"#mwt39\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"no\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"ekorn\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwRw\"><i lang=\"no\">ekorn</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Norwegian-language_text\" about=\"#mwt39\" id=\"mwSA\"/>; the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dutch_language\" title=\"Dutch language\" id=\"mwSQ\">Dutch</a> <span title=\"Dutch-language text\" about=\"#mwt40\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"nl\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"eekhoorn\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwSg\"><i lang=\"nl\">eekhoorn</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Dutch-language_text\" about=\"#mwt40\" id=\"mwSw\"/>; the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Swedish_language\" title=\"Swedish language\" id=\"mwTA\">Swedish</a> <span title=\"Swedish-language text\" about=\"#mwt41\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"sv\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"ekorre\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwTQ\"><i lang=\"sv\">ekorre</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Swedish-language_text\" about=\"#mwt41\" id=\"mwTg\"/> and the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Danish_language\" title=\"Danish language\" id=\"mwTw\">Danish</a> <span title=\"Danish-language text\" about=\"#mwt42\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"lang\",\"href\":\"./Template:Lang\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"da\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"egern\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwUA\"><i lang=\"da\">egern</i></span><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_containing_Danish-language_text\" about=\"#mwt42\" id=\"mwUQ\"/>.</p>\n\n<p id=\"mwUg\">A group of squirrels is called a \"dray\"<sup about=\"#mwt52\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-5\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-5\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-5\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 5;\" id=\"mwUw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwVA\">[5]</span></a></sup> or a \"scurry\".<sup about=\"#mwt53\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-6\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-6\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-6\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 6;\" id=\"mwVQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwVg\">[6]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"2\" id=\"mwVw\"><h2 id=\"Characteristics\">Characteristics</h2>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size mw-halign-left\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwWA\"><a href=\"./File:Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia,_Canada-8.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mwWQ\"><img resource=\"./File:Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia,_Canada-8.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5a/Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg/220px-Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1000\" data-file-height=\"892\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"196\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5a/Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg/330px-Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5a/Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg/440px-Sciurus_carolinensis_-British_Columbia%2C_Canada-8.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwWg\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwWw\">Reaching out for food on a garden bird feeder, this squirrel can rotate its hind feet, allowing it to descend a tree head-first.</figcaption></figure>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size mw-halign-left\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwXA\"><a href=\"./File:Ratufa_skull.JPG\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mwXQ\"><img resource=\"./File:Ratufa_skull.JPG\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Ratufa_skull.JPG/220px-Ratufa_skull.JPG\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"2288\" data-file-height=\"1712\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"165\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Ratufa_skull.JPG/330px-Ratufa_skull.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Ratufa_skull.JPG/440px-Ratufa_skull.JPG 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwXg\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwXw\">Skull of an <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Oriental_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Oriental giant squirrel\" id=\"mwYA\">Oriental giant squirrel</a> (genus <i id=\"mwYQ\">Ratufa</i>)—note the classic <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorphous\" title=\"Sciuromorphous\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwYg\">sciuromorphous</a> shape of the anterior <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Zygomatic_arch\" title=\"Zygomatic arch\" id=\"mwYw\">zygomatic</a> region.</figcaption></figure>\n\n<p id=\"mwZA\">Squirrels are generally small animals, ranging in size from the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"African pygmy squirrel\" id=\"mwZQ\">African pygmy squirrel</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Least_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Least pygmy squirrel\" id=\"mwZg\">least pygmy squirrel</a> at <span about=\"#mwt60\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cvt\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cvt\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"10-14\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"cm\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwZw\">10–14</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt60\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt60\">cm (3.9–5.5</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt60\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt60\">in)</span> in total length and just <span about=\"#mwt61\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cvt\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cvt\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"12-26\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"g\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwaA\">12–26</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt61\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt61\">g (0.42–0.92</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt61\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt61\">oz)</span> in weight,<sup about=\"#mwt67\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Kingdon1997_7-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Kingdon1997\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Kingdon1997-7\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Kingdon1997-7\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 7;\" id=\"mwaQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwag\">[7]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt71\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Payne1998_8-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Payne1998\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Payne1998-8\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Payne1998-8\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 8;\" id=\"mwaw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwbA\">[8]</span></a></sup> to the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bhutan_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Bhutan giant flying squirrel\" id=\"mwbQ\">Bhutan giant flying squirrel</a> at up to <span about=\"#mwt62\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cvt\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cvt\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"1.27\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"m\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwbg\">1.27</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt62\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt62\">m (4</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt62\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt62\">ft 2</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt62\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt62\">in)</span> in total length,<sup about=\"#mwt75\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Choudhury2002_9-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Choudhury2002\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Choudhury2002-9\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Choudhury2002-9\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 9;\" id=\"mwbw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwcA\">[9]</span></a></sup> and several <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmot\" title=\"Marmot\" id=\"mwcQ\">marmot</a> species, which can weigh <span about=\"#mwt63\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cvt\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cvt\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"8\"},\"2\":{\"wt\":\"kg\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwcg\">8</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt63\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt63\">kg (18</span><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt63\"> </span><span about=\"#mwt63\">lb)</span> or more.<sup about=\"#mwt79\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Krystufek2013_10-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Krystufek2013\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Krystufek2013-10\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Krystufek2013-10\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 10;\" id=\"mwcw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwdA\">[10]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt83\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Armitage2002_11-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Armitage2002\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Armitage2002-11\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Armitage2002-11\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 11;\" id=\"mwdQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwdg\">[11]</span></a></sup> Squirrels typically have slender bodies with very long very bushy tails and large eyes. In general, their <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fur\" title=\"Fur\" id=\"mwdw\">fur</a> is soft and silky, though much thicker in some species than others. The coat color of squirrels is highly variable between—and often even within—species.<sup about=\"#mwt84\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-12\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-12\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-12\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 12;\" id=\"mweA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mweQ\">[12]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mweg\">In most squirrel species, the hind limbs are longer than the fore limbs, while all species have either four or five toes on each foot. The feet, which include an often poorly developed <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Thumb\" title=\"Thumb\" id=\"mwew\">thumb</a>, have soft pads on the undersides<sup about=\"#mwt88\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-EoM_13-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"EoM\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-EoM-13\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-EoM-13\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 13;\" id=\"mwfA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwfQ\">[13]</span></a></sup> and versatile, sturdy <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Claw\" title=\"Claw\" id=\"mwfg\">claws</a> for grasping and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tree_climbing\" title=\"Tree climbing\" id=\"mwfw\">climbing</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt92\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-14\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-14\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-14\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 14;\" id=\"mwgA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwgQ\">[14]</span></a></sup> <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tree_squirrels\" title=\"Tree squirrels\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwgg\">Tree squirrels</a>, unlike most mammals, can descend a tree head-first. They do so by rotating their ankles 180 degrees, enabling the hind feet to point backward and thus grip the tree bark from the opposite direction.<sup about=\"#mwt96\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-15\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-15\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-15\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 15;\" id=\"mwgw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwhA\">[15]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwhQ\">Squirrels live in almost every habitat, from tropical <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rainforest\" title=\"Rainforest\" id=\"mwhg\">rainforest</a> to semiarid <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Desert\" title=\"Desert\" id=\"mwhw\">desert</a>, avoiding only the high <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Polar_regions_of_Earth\" title=\"Polar regions of Earth\" id=\"mwiA\">polar</a> regions and the driest of <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Deserts\" title=\"Deserts\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwiQ\">deserts</a>. They are predominantly <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Herbivorous\" title=\"Herbivorous\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwig\">herbivorous</a>, subsisting on seeds and nuts, but many will eat <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Insects\" title=\"Insects\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwiw\">insects</a> and even small vertebrates.<sup about=\"#mwt99\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-squirrels_16-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"squirrels\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-squirrels-16\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-squirrels-16\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 16;\" id=\"mwjA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwjQ\">[16]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwjg\">As their large eyes indicate, squirrels have an excellent sense of <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Visual_perception\" title=\"Visual perception\" id=\"mwjw\">vision</a>, which is especially important for the tree-dwelling species. Many also have a good sense of <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Somatosensory_system\" title=\"Somatosensory system\" id=\"mwkA\">touch</a>, with <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Whiskers\" title=\"Whiskers\" id=\"mwkQ\">vibrissae</a> on their limbs as well as their heads.<sup about=\"#mwt101\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-EoM_13-1\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"EoM\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-EoM-13\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 13;\" id=\"mwkg\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwkw\">[13]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwlA\">The teeth of sciurids follow the typical rodent pattern, with large <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Incisor\" title=\"Incisor\" id=\"mwlQ\">incisors</a> (for gnawing) that grow throughout life, and cheek teeth (for grinding) that are set back behind a wide gap, or <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Diastema\" title=\"Diastema\" id=\"mwlg\">diastema</a>. The typical <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dentition\" title=\"Dentition\" id=\"mwlw\">dental formula</a> for sciurids is <span class=\"nowrap\" about=\"#mwt103\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"DentalFormula\",\"href\":\"./Template:DentalFormula\"},\"params\":{\"upper\":{\"wt\":\"1.0.1.3\"},\"lower\":{\"wt\":\"1.0.1.3\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwmA\"><span style=\"display:inline-block; vertical-align:-0.5em; font-size:85%; text-align:center;\"><span style=\"display:block; line-height:1em; padding:0 0.1em;\" title=\"upper dentition: Incisors.Canines.Premolars.Molars\">1.0.1.3</span><span style=\"display:block; line-height:1em; padding:0 0.1em; border-top:1px solid;\" title=\"lower dentition: Incisors.Canines.Premolars.Molars\">1.0.1.3</span></span></span>.<sup about=\"#mwt107\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-17\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-17\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-17\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 17;\" id=\"mwmQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwmg\">[17]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwmw\">Many juvenile squirrels die in the first year of life. Adult squirrels can have a lifespan of 5 to 10 years in the wild. Some can survive 10 to 20 years in captivity.<sup about=\"#mwt113\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-18\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-18\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-18\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 18;\" id=\"mwnA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwnQ\">[18]</span></a></sup> Premature death may occur when a nest falls from the tree, in which case the mother may abandon her young if their body temperature is not correct. Many such baby squirrels have been rescued and fostered by a professional <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wildlife_rehabilitator\" title=\"Wildlife rehabilitator\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwng\">wildlife rehabilitator</a> until they could be safely returned to the wild,<sup about=\"#mwt117\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-19\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-19\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-19\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 19;\" id=\"mwnw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwoA\">[19]</span></a></sup> although the density of squirrel populations in many places and the constant care required by premature squirrels means that few rehabilitators are willing to spend their time doing this and such animals are routinely <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal_euthanasia\" title=\"Animal euthanasia\" id=\"mwoQ\">euthanized</a> instead.</p>\n\n<p id=\"mwog\">Stated purposes of squirrels' tails, to benefit the squirrel, include:<sup about=\"#mwt122\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-20\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-20\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-20\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 20;\" id=\"mwow\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwpA\">[20]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<ul id=\"mwpQ\"><li id=\"mwpg\">To keep rain, wind, or cold off itself.</li>\n<li id=\"mwpw\">To cool off when hot, by pumping more blood through its tail.</li>\n<li id=\"mwqA\">As a counterbalance when jumping about in trees.</li>\n<li id=\"mwqQ\">As a <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Parachute\" title=\"Parachute\" id=\"mwqg\">parachute</a> when jumping.</li>\n<li id=\"mwqw\">To signal with.</li></ul>\n\n<p id=\"mwrA\">The hairs from squirrel tails are prized in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fly_fishing\" title=\"Fly fishing\" id=\"mwrQ\">fly fishing</a> when tying <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fishing_flies\" title=\"Fishing flies\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwrg\">fishing flies</a>. A special quality of squirrel tail hair is that it is all <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Guard_hair\" title=\"Guard hair\" id=\"mwrw\">guard hairs</a>, not <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Down_hair\" title=\"Down hair\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwsA\">undercoat</a>.<link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:All_articles_with_unsourced_statements\" about=\"#mwt123\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"citation needed\",\"href\":\"./Template:Citation_needed\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"January 2023\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwsQ\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_with_unsourced_statements_from_January_2023\" about=\"#mwt123\"/><sup class=\"noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact\" style=\"white-space:nowrap;\" about=\"#mwt123\" id=\"mwsg\"><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\">[</span><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wikipedia:Citation_needed\" title=\"Wikipedia:Citation needed\"><span title=\"This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2023)\">citation needed</span></a></i><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\">]</span></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwsw\">When the squirrel sits upright, its tail folded up its back may stop predators looking from behind from seeing the characteristic shape of a small mammal.</p>\n\n<ul class=\"gallery mw-gallery-traditional\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/gallery\" about=\"#mwt125\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"gallery\",\"attrs\":{\"widths\":\"200px\",\"heights\":\"200px\"},\"body\":{}}' id=\"mwtA\">\n<li class=\"gallerybox\" style=\"width: 235px;\" id=\"mwtQ\"><div class=\"thumb\" style=\"width: 230px; height: 230px;\" id=\"mwtg\"><span typeof=\"mw:File\" id=\"mwtw\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" title=\"Squirrel in sunlight\" id=\"mwuA\"><img alt=\"Squirrel in sunlight\" resource=\"./File:Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a6/Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg/200px-Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"3186\" data-file-height=\"2549\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"160\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a6/Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg/300px-Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a6/Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg/400px-Squirrel_enjoying_in_the_sun.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwuQ\"/></a></span></div><div class=\"gallerytext\" id=\"mwug\">Squirrel in sunlight</div></li>\n<li class=\"gallerybox\" style=\"width: 235px;\" id=\"mwuw\"><div class=\"thumb\" style=\"width: 230px; height: 230px;\" id=\"mwvA\"><span typeof=\"mw:File\" id=\"mwvQ\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" title=\"Squirrel in Chandigarh\" id=\"mwvg\"><img alt=\"Squirrel in Chandigarh\" resource=\"./File:Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg/200px-Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"5184\" data-file-height=\"3456\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"133\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg/300px-Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg/400px-Squirrel_in_Chandigarh.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwvw\"/></a></span></div><div class=\"gallerytext\" id=\"mwwA\">Squirrel in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chandigarh\" title=\"Chandigarh\" id=\"mwwQ\">Chandigarh</a></div></li>\n<li class=\"gallerybox\" style=\"width: 235px;\" id=\"mwwg\"><div class=\"thumb\" style=\"width: 230px; height: 230px;\" id=\"mwww\"><span typeof=\"mw:File\" id=\"mwxA\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" title=\"Squirrel near Chandigarh\" id=\"mwxQ\"><img alt=\"Squirrel near Chandigarh\" resource=\"./File:Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b3/Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg/200px-Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"3910\" data-file-height=\"2932\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"150\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b3/Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg/300px-Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b3/Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg/400px-Squirrel_near_Chandigarh.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwxg\"/></a></span></div><div class=\"gallerytext\" id=\"mwxw\">Squirrel near Chandigarh</div></li>\n<li class=\"gallerybox\" style=\"width: 235px;\" id=\"mwyA\"><div class=\"thumb\" style=\"width: 230px; height: 230px;\" id=\"mwyQ\"><span typeof=\"mw:File\" id=\"mwyg\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" title=\"Squirrel on mango tree\" id=\"mwyw\"><img alt=\"Squirrel on mango tree\" resource=\"./File:Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg/200px-Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"5335\" data-file-height=\"3557\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"133\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg/300px-Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg/400px-Squirrel_on_mango_tree.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwzA\"/></a></span></div><div class=\"gallerytext\" id=\"mwzQ\">Squirrel on <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mango_tree\" title=\"Mango tree\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwzg\">mango tree</a></div></li>\n</ul>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"3\" id=\"mwzw\"><h2 id=\"Behavior\">Behavior</h2>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mw0A\"><a href=\"./File:Baby_of_squirrel.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mw0Q\"><img resource=\"./File:Baby_of_squirrel.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0e/Baby_of_squirrel.jpg/170px-Baby_of_squirrel.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"3120\" data-file-height=\"4160\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"227\" width=\"170\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0e/Baby_of_squirrel.jpg/255px-Baby_of_squirrel.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0e/Baby_of_squirrel.jpg/340px-Baby_of_squirrel.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mw0g\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mw0w\">Young squirrels</figcaption></figure>\n<p id=\"mw1A\">Squirrels mate either once or twice a year and, following a <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gestation\" title=\"Gestation\" id=\"mw1Q\">gestation</a> period of three to six weeks, give birth to a number of offspring that varies by species. The young are <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Altricial\" title=\"Altricial\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mw1g\">altricial</a>, being born naked, toothless, and blind. In most species of squirrel, the female alone looks after the young, which are <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Weaning\" title=\"Weaning\" id=\"mw1w\">weaned</a> at six to ten weeks and become sexually mature by the end of their first year. In general, the ground-dwelling squirrel species are social, often living in well-developed colonies, while the tree-dwelling species are more solitary.<sup about=\"#mwt127\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-EoM_13-2\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"EoM\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-EoM-13\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 13;\" id=\"mw2A\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw2Q\">[13]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mw2g\">Ground squirrels and tree squirrels are usually either <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Diurnality\" title=\"Diurnality\" id=\"mw2w\">diurnal</a> or <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Crepuscular\" title=\"Crepuscular\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mw3A\">crepuscular</a>,<sup about=\"#mwt133\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-MassWild_21-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"MassWild\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-MassWild-21\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-MassWild-21\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 21;\" id=\"mw3Q\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw3g\">[21]</span></a></sup> while the flying squirrels tend to be <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Nocturnality\" title=\"Nocturnality\" id=\"mw3w\">nocturnal</a>—except for lactating flying squirrels and their young, which have a period of diurnality during the summer.<sup about=\"#mwt137\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-22\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-22\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-22\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 22;\" id=\"mw4A\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw4Q\">[22]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mw4g\">During hot periods, squirrels have been documented to <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Splooting\" title=\"Splooting\" id=\"mw4w\">sploot</a>, or lay their stomachs down on cool surfaces.<sup about=\"#mwt142\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-23\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-23\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-23\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 23;\" id=\"mw5A\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw5Q\">[23]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mw5g\">Squirrels, like other rodents, employ species-specific strategies to store food, buffering against periods of scarcity.<sup about=\"#mwt152\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711_24-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"Andersson Krebs 1978 pp. 707–711\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711-24\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711-24\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 24;\" id=\"mw5w\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw6A\">[24]</span></a></sup> In temperate regions, squirrels commonly cache nuts beneath leaf litter, inside hollow trees, or underground.<sup about=\"#mwt156\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-25\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-25\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-25\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 25;\" id=\"mw6Q\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw6g\">[25]</span></a></sup> However, in subtropical and humid environments, traditional caching can lead to mold growth, decomposition, or premature germination.<sup about=\"#mwt160\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-mould_26-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"mould\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-mould-26\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-mould-26\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 26;\" id=\"mw6w\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw7A\">[26]</span></a></sup> To counteract these challenges, some squirrels, particularly in subtropical zones, hang nuts or mushrooms on tree branches.<sup about=\"#mwt164\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-mould_26-1\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref mw:Error\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"mould\"},\"body\":{\"html\":\"&lt;style data-mw-deduplicate=\\\"TemplateStyles:r1133582631\\\" typeof=\\\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\\\" about=\\\"#mwt161\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"pi\\\":[[{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last1\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first1\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last2\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first2\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last3\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first3\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"title\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"journal\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"volume\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"issue\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"date\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"issn\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"doi\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"pages\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"s2cid\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]}]],\\\"dsr\\\":[15261,15653,null,null]}&apos; data-mw=&apos;{\\\"parts\\\":[{\\\"template\\\":{\\\"target\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"cite journal \\\",\\\"href\\\":\\\"./Template:Cite_journal\\\"},\\\"params\\\":{\\\"last1\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Xiao\\\"},\\\"first1\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Zhishu\\\"},\\\"last2\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Gao\\\"},\\\"first2\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Xu\\\"},\\\"last3\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Zhang\\\"},\\\"first3\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Zhibin\\\"},\\\"title\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David&amp;apos;s rock squirrels\\\"},\\\"journal\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology\\\"},\\\"volume\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"67\\\"},\\\"issue\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"7\\\"},\\\"date\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"2013-04-05\\\"},\\\"issn\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"0340-5443\\\"},\\\"doi\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8\\\"},\\\"pages\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"1067–1075\\\"},\\\"s2cid\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"253815798\\\"}},\\\"i\\\":0}}]}&apos;>.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:\\\"\\\\\\\"\\\"\\\"\\\\\\\"\\\"\\\"&apos;\\\"\\\"&apos;\\\"}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#3a3;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}&lt;/style>&lt;cite id=\\\"CITEREFXiaoGaoZhang2013\\\" class=\\\"citation journal cs1\\\" about=\\\"#mwt161\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>Xiao, Zhishu; Gao, Xu; Zhang, Zhibin (5 April 2013). \\\"The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David&apos;s rock squirrels\\\". &lt;i data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology&lt;/i>. &lt;b data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>67&lt;/b> (7): 1067–1075. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./Doi_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"Doi (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./Doi_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"doi (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>doi&lt;/a>:&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00265-013-1531-8\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8&lt;/a>. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./ISSN_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"ISSN (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./ISSN_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"ISSN (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>ISSN&lt;/a>&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;nbsp;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\" \\\"}&apos;> &lt;/span>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/0340-5443\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">0340-5443&lt;/a>. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./S2CID_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"S2CID (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./S2CID_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"S2CID (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>S2CID&lt;/a>&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;nbsp;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\" \\\"}&apos;> &lt;/span>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:253815798\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">253815798&lt;/a>.&lt;/cite>&lt;span title=\\\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;amp;rft.genre=article&amp;amp;rft.jtitle=Behavioral+Ecology+and+Sociobiology&amp;amp;rft.atitle=The+combined+effects+of+seed+perishability+and+seed+size+on+hoarding+decisions+by+P%C3%A9re+David%27s+rock+squirrels&amp;amp;rft.volume=67&amp;amp;rft.issue=7&amp;amp;rft.pages=1067-1075&amp;amp;rft.date=2013-04-05&amp;amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fapi.semanticscholar.org%2FCorpusID%3A253815798%23id-name%3DS2CID&amp;amp;rft.issn=0340-5443&amp;amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1007%2Fs00265-013-1531-8&amp;amp;rft.aulast=Xiao&amp;amp;rft.aufirst=Zhishu&amp;amp;rft.au=Gao%2C+Xu&amp;amp;rft.au=Zhang%2C+Zhibin&amp;amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\\\" class=\\\"Z3988\\\" about=\\\"#mwt161\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>&lt;/span>\"},\"errors\":[{\"key\":\"cite_error_references_duplicate_key\",\"params\":[\"mould\"]}]}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-mould-26\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 26;\" id=\"mw7Q\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw7g\">[26]</span></a></sup> This behavior, believed to minimize fungal infections and reduce the risk of food loss, also inadvertently aids certain trees, like <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cyclobalanopsis\" title=\"Cyclobalanopsis\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mw7w\">Cyclobalanopsis</a>, in expanding their range, with forgotten or dislodged nuts can sprout in new locations, influencing forest ecology.<sup about=\"#mwt168\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-fix_nut_27-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"fix nut\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-fix_nut-27\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-fix_nut-27\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 27;\" id=\"mw8A\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw8Q\">[27]</span></a></sup> Two species of flying squrrirel, the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Particolored_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Particolored flying squirrel\" id=\"mw8g\">particolored flying squirrel</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hainan_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hainan flying squirrel\" id=\"mw8w\">Hainan flying squirrel</a> aid such cacheing by carving grooves into the nuts to fix the nuts tightly between small intersecting twigs, akin to the mortise-tenon joint in carpentry.<sup about=\"#mwt172\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-fix_nut_27-1\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref mw:Error\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"fix nut\"},\"body\":{\"html\":\" &lt;style data-mw-deduplicate=\\\"TemplateStyles:r1133582631\\\" typeof=\\\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\\\" about=\\\"#mwt169\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"pi\\\":[[{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last1\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first1\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last2\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first2\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last3\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first3\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last4\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first4\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last5\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first5\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last6\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first6\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last7\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first7\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last8\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first8\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last9\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first9\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"last10\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"first10\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"title\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" \\\"]},{\\\"k\\\":\\\"journal\\\",\\\"named\\\":true,\\\"spc\\\":[\\\" \\\",\\\"\\\",\\\"\\\",\\\" 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twigs\\\"},\\\"journal\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"eLife\\\"},\\\"volume\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"12\\\"},\\\"date\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"2023-06-13\\\"},\\\"pages\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"e84967\\\"},\\\"issn\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"2050-084X\\\"},\\\"doi\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"10.7554/elife.84967\\\"},\\\"pmid\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"37309191\\\"},\\\"pmc\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"10328505\\\"},\\\"doi-access\\\":{\\\"wt\\\":\\\"free\\\"}},\\\"i\\\":0}}]}&apos;>.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:\\\"\\\\\\\"\\\"\\\"\\\\\\\"\\\"\\\"&apos;\\\"\\\"&apos;\\\"}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(\\\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg\\\")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#3a3;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}&lt;/style>&lt;cite id=\\\"CITEREFXuXiaSpenceLin2023\\\" class=\\\"citation journal cs1\\\" about=\\\"#mwt169\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>Xu, Han; Xia, Lian; Spence, John R; Lin, Mingxian; Lu, Chunyang; Li, Yanpeng; Chen, Jie; Luo, Tushou; Li, Yide; Fang, Suqin (13 June 2023). &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10328505\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">\\\"Flying squirrels use a mortise-tenon structure to fix nuts on understory twigs\\\"&lt;/a>. &lt;i data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">eLife&lt;/i>. &lt;b data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>12&lt;/b>: e84967. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./Doi_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"Doi (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./Doi_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"doi (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>doi&lt;/a>:&lt;span class=\\\"cs1-lock-free\\\" title=\\\"Freely accessible\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://doi.org/10.7554%2Felife.84967\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">10.7554/elife.84967&lt;/a>&lt;/span>. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./ISSN_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"ISSN (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./ISSN_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"ISSN (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>ISSN&lt;/a>&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;nbsp;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\" \\\"}&apos;> &lt;/span>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/2050-084X\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">2050-084X&lt;/a>. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./PMC_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"PMC (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./PMC_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"PMC (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>PMC&lt;/a>&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;nbsp;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\" \\\"}&apos;> &lt;/span>&lt;span class=\\\"cs1-lock-free\\\" title=\\\"Freely accessible\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10328505\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">10328505&lt;/a>&lt;/span>. &lt;a rel=\\\"mw:WikiLink\\\" href=\\\"./PMID_(identifier)\\\" title=\\\"PMID (identifier)\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"piped\\\",\\\"a\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"./PMID_(identifier)\\\"},\\\"sa\\\":{\\\"href\\\":\\\"PMID (identifier)\\\"}}&apos;>PMID&lt;/a>&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;nbsp;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\" \\\"}&apos;> &lt;/span>&lt;a rel=\\\"mw:ExtLink\\\" href=\\\"https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37309191\\\" data-parsoid=\\\"{}\\\">37309191&lt;/a>.&lt;/cite>&lt;span title=\\\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;amp;rft.genre=article&amp;amp;rft.jtitle=eLife&amp;amp;rft.atitle=Flying+squirrels+use+a+mortise-tenon+structure+to+fix+nuts+on+understory+twigs&amp;amp;rft.volume=12&amp;amp;rft.pages=e84967&amp;amp;rft.date=2023-06-13&amp;amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC10328505%23id-name%3DPMC&amp;amp;rft.issn=2050-084X&amp;amp;rft_id=info%3Apmid%2F37309191&amp;amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.7554%2Felife.84967&amp;amp;rft.aulast=Xu&amp;amp;rft.aufirst=Han&amp;amp;rft.au=Xia%2C+Lian&amp;amp;rft.au=Spence%2C+John+R&amp;amp;rft.au=Lin%2C+Mingxian&amp;amp;rft.au=Lu%2C+Chunyang&amp;amp;rft.au=Li%2C+Yanpeng&amp;amp;rft.au=Chen%2C+Jie&amp;amp;rft.au=Luo%2C+Tushou&amp;amp;rft.au=Li%2C+Yide&amp;amp;rft.au=Fang%2C+Suqin&amp;amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC10328505&amp;amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\\\" class=\\\"Z3988\\\" about=\\\"#mwt169\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"stx\\\":\\\"html\\\"}&apos;>&lt;/span>\"},\"errors\":[{\"key\":\"cite_error_references_duplicate_key\",\"params\":[\"fix nut\"]}]}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-fix_nut-27\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 27;\" id=\"mw9A\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mw9Q\">[27]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<section data-mw-section-id=\"4\" id=\"mw9g\"><h3 id=\"Feeding\">Feeding</h3>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size mw-halign-right\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mw9w\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel,_Manyara_National_Park,_Tanzania_(2010).jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mw-A\"><img resource=\"./File:Squirrel,_Manyara_National_Park,_Tanzania_(2010).jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg/220px-Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"4401\" data-file-height=\"2834\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"142\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg/330px-Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg/440px-Squirrel%2C_Manyara_National_Park%2C_Tanzania_%282010%29.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mw-Q\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mw-g\">Squirrel eating a fruit in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Manyara_National_Park\" title=\"Manyara National Park\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mw-w\">Manyara National Park</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tanzania\" title=\"Tanzania\" id=\"mw_A\">Tanzania</a></figcaption></figure>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size mw-halign-right\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mw_Q\"><a href=\"./File:Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mw_g\"><img resource=\"./File:Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG/220px-Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1710\" data-file-height=\"1140\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"147\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG/330px-Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG/440px-Squirrel_in_Seurasaari_autumn.JPG 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mw_w\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwAQA\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_squirrel\" title=\"Red squirrel\" id=\"mwAQE\">Red squirrel</a> in the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Seurasaari\" title=\"Seurasaari\" id=\"mwAQI\">Seurasaari</a> island in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Helsinki\" title=\"Helsinki\" id=\"mwAQM\">Helsinki</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Finland\" title=\"Finland\" id=\"mwAQQ\">Finland</a>. The tame red squirrels on that island have become accustomed to humans thanks to their long-term feeding.<sup about=\"#mwt174\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-28\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-28\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-28\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 28;\" id=\"mwAQU\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAQY\">[28]</span></a></sup></figcaption></figure>\n\n<p id=\"mwAQc\">Because squirrels cannot digest <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cellulose\" title=\"Cellulose\" id=\"mwAQg\">cellulose</a>, they must rely on foods rich in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Protein\" title=\"Protein\" id=\"mwAQk\">protein</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Carbohydrates\" title=\"Carbohydrates\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAQo\">carbohydrates</a>, and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fat\" title=\"Fat\" id=\"mwAQs\">fats</a>. In <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Temperate\" title=\"Temperate\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAQw\">temperate</a> regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels because the nuts they <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hoarding_(animal_behavior)\" title=\"Hoarding (animal behavior)\" id=\"mwAQ0\">buried</a> are beginning to sprout (and thus are no longer available to eat), while many of the usual food sources are not yet available. During these times, squirrels rely heavily on tree buds. Squirrels, being primarily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Herbivores\" title=\"Herbivores\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAQ4\">herbivores</a>, eat a wide variety of plants, as well as <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Nut_(fruit)\" title=\"Nut (fruit)\" id=\"mwAQ8\">nuts</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Seed\" title=\"Seed\" id=\"mwARA\">seeds</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Conifer_cone\" title=\"Conifer cone\" id=\"mwARE\">conifer cones</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fruit\" title=\"Fruit\" id=\"mwARI\">fruits</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fungus\" title=\"Fungus\" id=\"mwARM\">fungi</a>, and green <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Vegetation\" title=\"Vegetation\" id=\"mwARQ\">vegetation</a>. Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger.<sup about=\"#mwt178\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-squirrels_16-1\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"squirrels\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-squirrels-16\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 16;\" id=\"mwARU\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwARY\">[16]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt182\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-29\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-29\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-29\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 29;\" id=\"mwARc\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwARg\">[29]</span></a></sup> Squirrels have been known to eat small <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bird\" title=\"Bird\" id=\"mwARk\">birds</a>, young <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Snake\" title=\"Snake\" id=\"mwARo\">snakes</a>, and smaller rodents, as well as <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bird_egg\" title=\"Bird egg\" id=\"mwARs\">bird eggs</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Insect\" title=\"Insect\" id=\"mwARw\">insects</a>. Some <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tropical\" title=\"Tropical\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAR0\">tropical</a> squirrel species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.<sup about=\"#mwt189\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-30\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-30\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-30\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 30;\" id=\"mwAR4\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAR8\">[30]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwASA\">Squirrels, like <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pigeons\" title=\"Pigeons\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwASE\">pigeons</a> and other fauna, are <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Synanthropes\" title=\"Synanthropes\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwASI\">synanthropes</a>, in that they benefit and thrive from their interaction in human environments. This gradual process of successful interaction is called synurbanization, wherein squirrels lose their inherent fear of humans in an <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Urban_area\" title=\"Urban area\" id=\"mwASM\">urban</a> environment.<sup about=\"#mwt194\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-peim_31-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"peim\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-peim-31\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-peim-31\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 31;\" id=\"mwASQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwASU\">[31]</span></a></sup> When squirrels were almost completely eradicated during the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Industrial_Revolution\" title=\"Industrial Revolution\" id=\"mwASY\">Industrial Revolution</a> in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./New_York_City\" title=\"New York City\" id=\"mwASc\">New York</a>, they were later re-introduced to \"entertain and remind\" humans of nature. The squirrel blended into the urban environment so efficiently that when synanthropic behavior stops (i.e. people do not leave trash outside during particularly cold winters), they can become aggressive in their search for food.</p>\n\n<p id=\"mwASg\">Aggression and predatory behavior has been observed in various species of ground squirrels, in particular the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Thirteen-lined_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Thirteen-lined ground squirrel\" id=\"mwASk\">thirteen-lined ground squirrel</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt204\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-32\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-32\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-32\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 32;\" id=\"mwASo\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwASs\">[32]</span></a></sup> For example, Bernard Bailey, a scientist in the 1920s, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chicken\" title=\"Chicken\" id=\"mwASw\">chicken</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt208\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-33\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-33\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-33\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 33;\" id=\"mwAS0\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAS4\">[33]</span></a></sup> Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly killed <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Snake\" title=\"Snake\" id=\"mwAS8\">snake</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt212\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-34\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-34\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-34\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 34;\" id=\"mwATA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwATE\">[34]</span></a></sup> There has also been at least one report of squirrels preying on atypical animals, such as an incident in 2005 where a pack of black squirrels killed and ate a large stray <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dog\" title=\"Dog\" id=\"mwATI\">dog</a> in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lazo,_Russia\" title=\"Lazo, Russia\" id=\"mwATM\">Lazo, Russia</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt216\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-bbcn_35-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"bbcn\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-bbcn-35\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-bbcn-35\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 35;\" id=\"mwATQ\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwATU\">[35]</span></a></sup> Squirrel attacks on humans are exceedingly rare, but do occur.<sup about=\"#mwt220\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-bbc2_36-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"bbc2\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-bbc2-36\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-bbc2-36\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 36;\" id=\"mwATY\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwATc\">[36]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt224\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-atl1_37-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"atl1\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-atl1-37\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-atl1-37\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 37;\" id=\"mwATg\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwATk\">[37]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwATo\">Whitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Shrew\" title=\"Shrew\" id=\"mwATs\">shrew</a> in one;<sup about=\"#mwt231\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-38\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-38\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-38\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 38;\" id=\"mwATw\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAT0\">[38]</span></a></sup> Bradley, examining the stomachs of <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./White-tailed_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"White-tailed antelope squirrel\" id=\"mwAT4\">white-tailed antelope squirrels</a>, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate, mostly <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lizard\" title=\"Lizard\" id=\"mwAT8\">lizards</a> and rodents.<sup about=\"#mwt235\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-39\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-39\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-39\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 39;\" id=\"mwAUA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAUE\">[39]</span></a></sup> Morgart observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Perognathus_flavus\" title=\"Perognathus flavus\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAUI\">silky pocket mouse</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt239\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-40\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-40\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-40\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 40;\" id=\"mwAUM\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAUQ\">[40]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n</section></section><section data-mw-section-id=\"5\" id=\"mwAUU\"><h2 id=\"Taxonomy\">Taxonomy</h2>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwAUY\"><a href=\"./File:One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mwAUc\"><img resource=\"./File:One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg/220px-One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1533\" data-file-height=\"1955\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"281\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg/330px-One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg/440px-One_squirrel_open_mouth.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwAUg\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwAUk\">Squirrel (<i id=\"mwAUo\">Sciurus niger</i>) outside the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cleveland_Museum_of_Art\" title=\"Cleveland Museum of Art\" id=\"mwAUs\">Cleveland Museum of Art</a></figcaption></figure>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwAUw\"><span id=\"mwAU0\"><video poster=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/220px--Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.jpg\" controls=\"\" preload=\"none\" height=\"124\" width=\"220\" resource=\"./File:Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv\" data-durationhint=\"19\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwAU4\"><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv\" type='video/ogg; codecs=\"theora\"' data-file-width=\"1280\" data-file-height=\"720\" id=\"mwAU8\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.240p.vp9.webm\" type='video/webm; codecs=\"vp9, opus\"' data-width=\"426\" data-height=\"240\" data-transcodekey=\"240p.vp9.webm\" id=\"mwAVA\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.360p.vp9.webm\" type='video/webm; codecs=\"vp9, opus\"' data-width=\"640\" data-height=\"360\" data-transcodekey=\"360p.vp9.webm\" id=\"mwAVE\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.360p.webm\" type='video/webm; codecs=\"vp8, vorbis\"' data-width=\"640\" data-height=\"360\" data-transcodekey=\"360p.webm\" id=\"mwAVI\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.480p.vp9.webm\" type='video/webm; codecs=\"vp9, opus\"' data-width=\"854\" data-height=\"480\" data-transcodekey=\"480p.vp9.webm\" id=\"mwAVM\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.720p.vp9.webm\" type='video/webm; codecs=\"vp9, opus\"' data-width=\"1280\" data-height=\"720\" data-transcodekey=\"720p.vp9.webm\" id=\"mwAVQ\"/><source src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/bd/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv/Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv.m3u8\" type=\"application/vnd.apple.mpegurl\" data-width=\"176\" data-height=\"100\" data-transcodekey=\"m3u8\" id=\"mwAVU\"/></video></span><figcaption id=\"mwAVY\">A squirrel (<i id=\"mwAVc\">Callosciurus erythraeus thaiwanensis</i>) in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Japan\" title=\"Japan\" id=\"mwAVg\">Japan</a></figcaption></figure>\n<figure class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwAVk\"><a href=\"./File:Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mwAVo\"><img resource=\"./File:Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg/220px-Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"5152\" data-file-height=\"3864\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"165\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg/330px-Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg/440px-Prevostova_vjeverica_u_Zagrebu.2.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwAVs\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwAVw\">Three-coloured <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prevost's_Squirrel\" title=\"Prevost's Squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAV0\">Prevost's Squirrel</a> (<i id=\"mwAV4\">Callosciurus prevostii</i>) in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Zagreb_Zoo\" title=\"Zagreb Zoo\" id=\"mwAV8\">Zagreb Zoo</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Croatia\" title=\"Croatia\" id=\"mwAWA\">Croatia</a></figcaption></figure>\n<p id=\"mwAWE\">The living squirrels are divided into five <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Subfamilies\" title=\"Subfamilies\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAWI\">subfamilies</a>, with about 58 <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Genera\" title=\"Genera\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAWM\">genera</a> and some 285 <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Species\" title=\"Species\" id=\"mwAWQ\">species</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt245\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-41\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-41\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-41\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 41;\" id=\"mwAWU\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAWY\">[41]</span></a></sup> The oldest squirrel fossil, <i id=\"mwAWc\">Hesperopetes</i>, dates back to the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chadronian\" title=\"Chadronian\" id=\"mwAWg\">Chadronian</a> (late <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eocene\" title=\"Eocene\" id=\"mwAWk\">Eocene</a>, about 40–35 <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Million_years_ago\" title=\"Million years ago\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAWo\">million years ago</a>) and is similar to modern flying squirrels.<sup about=\"#mwt249\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-42\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-42\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-42\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 42;\" id=\"mwAWs\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAWw\">[42]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwAW0\">A variety of fossil squirrels, from the latest <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eocene\" title=\"Eocene\" id=\"mwAW4\">Eocene</a> to the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Miocene\" title=\"Miocene\" id=\"mwAW8\">Miocene</a>, have not been assigned with certainty to any living lineage. At least some of these probably were variants of the oldest <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Basal_(evolution)\" title=\"Basal (evolution)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAXA\">basal</a> \"protosquirrels\" (in the sense that they lacked the full range of living squirrels' <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Autapomorphy\" title=\"Autapomorphy\" id=\"mwAXE\">autapomorphies</a>). The distribution and diversity of such ancient and ancestral forms suggest the squirrels as a group may have originated in North America.<sup about=\"#mwt251\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-tolweb_43-0\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"tolweb\"},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-tolweb-43\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-tolweb-43\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 43;\" id=\"mwAXI\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAXM\">[43]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwAXQ\">Apart from these sometimes little-known fossil forms, the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Phylogeny\" title=\"Phylogeny\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAXU\">phylogeny</a> of the living squirrels is fairly straightforward. The three main lineages are the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ratufinae\" title=\"Ratufinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAXY\">Ratufinae</a> (Oriental giant squirrels), Sciurillinae and all other subfamilies. The Ratufinae contain a mere handful of living species in tropical <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Asia\" title=\"Asia\" id=\"mwAXc\">Asia</a>. The <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotropical_Pygmy_Squirrel\" title=\"Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAXg\">neotropical pygmy squirrel</a> of tropical <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./South_America\" title=\"South America\" id=\"mwAXk\">South America</a> is the sole living member of the Sciurillinae. The third lineage, by far the largest, has a near-cosmopolitan distribution. This further supports the hypothesis that the common ancestor of all squirrels, living and fossil, lived in North America, as these three most ancient lineages seem to have <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Evolutionary_radiation\" title=\"Evolutionary radiation\" id=\"mwAXo\">radiated</a> from there; if squirrels had originated in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eurasia\" title=\"Eurasia\" id=\"mwAXs\">Eurasia</a>, for example, one would expect quite ancient lineages in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Africa\" title=\"Africa\" id=\"mwAXw\">Africa</a>, but African squirrels seem to be of more recent origin.<sup about=\"#mwt253\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-tolweb_43-1\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{\"name\":\"tolweb\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-tolweb-43\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 43;\" id=\"mwAX0\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAX4\">[43]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwAX8\">The main group of squirrels can be split into five subfamilies. The <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurinae\" title=\"Callosciurinae\" id=\"mwAYA\">Callosciurinae</a>, 60 species mostly found in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./South_East_Asia\" title=\"South East Asia\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAYE\">South East Asia</a>; the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ratufinae\" title=\"Ratufinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAYI\">Ratufinae</a> 4 cat-sized species found in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./South_Asia\" title=\"South Asia\" id=\"mwAYM\">south</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southeast_Asia\" title=\"Southeast Asia\" id=\"mwAYQ\">southeast Asia</a>; the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurinae\" title=\"Sciurinae\" id=\"mwAYU\">Sciurinae</a> contains the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Flying_squirrel\" title=\"Flying squirrel\" id=\"mwAYY\">flying squirrels</a> (Pteromyini) and the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurini\" title=\"Sciurini\" id=\"mwAYc\">tree squirrels</a>, 83 species found world wide;<sup about=\"#mwt255\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-44\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-44\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-44\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 44;\" id=\"mwAYg\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAYk\">[44]</span></a></sup> <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurillinae\" title=\"Sciurillinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAYo\">Sciurillinae</a> a single <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./South_America\" title=\"South America\" id=\"mwAYs\">South American</a> species; and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerinae\" title=\"Xerinae\" id=\"mwAYw\">Xerinae</a> includes three <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tribe_(biology)\" title=\"Tribe (biology)\" id=\"mwAY0\">tribes</a> of mostly terrestrial squirrels, including the <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmotini\" title=\"Marmotini\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAY4\">Marmotini</a> (<a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmot\" title=\"Marmot\" id=\"mwAY8\">marmots</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chipmunk\" title=\"Chipmunk\" id=\"mwAZA\">chipmunks</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prairie_dog\" title=\"Prairie dog\" id=\"mwAZE\">prairie dogs</a>, and other <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Holarctic\" title=\"Holarctic\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAZI\">Holarctic</a> ground squirrels), <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerini\" title=\"Xerini\" id=\"mwAZM\">Xerini</a> (African and some Eurasian ground squirrels), and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Protoxerini\" title=\"Protoxerini\" id=\"mwAZQ\">Protoxerini</a> (African tree squirrels).</p>\n\n<section data-mw-section-id=\"6\" id=\"mwAZU\"><h3 id=\"Taxonomy_list\">Taxonomy list</h3>\n\n<ul id=\"mwAZY\"><li id=\"mwAZc\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Basal_(evolution)\" title=\"Basal (evolution)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAZg\">Basal</a> and <i id=\"mwAZk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Incertae_sedis\" title=\"Incertae sedis\" id=\"mwAZo\">incertae sedis</a></i> Sciuridae (all <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fossil\" title=\"Fossil\" id=\"mwAZs\">fossil</a>)\n<ul id=\"mwAZw\"><li id=\"mwAZ0\"><i id=\"mwAZ4\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hesperopetes?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Hesperopetes\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Hesperopetes\"]}}' id=\"mwAZ8\">Hesperopetes</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAaA\"><i id=\"mwAaE\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kherem_(genus)?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Kherem (genus)\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Kherem (genus)\"]}}' id=\"mwAaI\">Kherem</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAaM\"><i id=\"mwAaQ\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lagrivea\" title=\"Lagrivea\" id=\"mwAaU\">Lagrivea</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAaY\"><i id=\"mwAac\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Oligosciurus?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Oligosciurus\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Oligosciurus\"]}}' id=\"mwAag\">Oligosciurus</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAak\"><i id=\"mwAao\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Plesiosciurus?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Plesiosciurus\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Plesiosciurus\"]}}' id=\"mwAas\">Plesiosciurus</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAaw\"><i id=\"mwAa0\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prospermophilus?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Prospermophilus\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Prospermophilus\"]}}' id=\"mwAa4\">Prospermophilus</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAa8\"><i id=\"mwAbA\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurion?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Sciurion\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Sciurion\"]}}' id=\"mwAbE\">Sciurion</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAbI\"><i id=\"mwAbM\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Similisciurus?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Similisciurus\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Similisciurus\"]}}' id=\"mwAbQ\">Similisciurus</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAbU\"><i id=\"mwAbY\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sinotamias?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Sinotamias\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Sinotamias\"]}}' id=\"mwAbc\">Sinotamias</a></i></li>\n<li id=\"mwAbg\"><i id=\"mwAbk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Vulcanisciurus?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Vulcanisciurus\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Vulcanisciurus\"]}}' id=\"mwAbo\">Vulcanisciurus</a></i></li></ul></li>\n<li id=\"mwAbs\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cedromurinae?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Cedromurinae\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Cedromurinae\"]}}' id=\"mwAbw\">Cedromurinae</a> (fossil)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAb0\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ratufinae\" title=\"Ratufinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAb4\">Ratufinae</a> – Oriental giant squirrels (1 genus, 4 species)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAb8\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurillinae\" title=\"Sciurillinae\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAcA\">Sciurillinae</a> – neotropical pygmy squirrel (<a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Monotypic\" title=\"Monotypic\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAcE\">monotypic</a>)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAcI\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurinae\" title=\"Sciurinae\" id=\"mwAcM\">Sciurinae</a>\n<ul id=\"mwAcQ\"><li id=\"mwAcU\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurini\" title=\"Sciurini\" id=\"mwAcY\">Sciurini</a> – tree squirrels (5 genera, about 38 species)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAcc\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pteromyini\" title=\"Pteromyini\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAcg\">Pteromyini</a> – true flying squirrels (15 genera, about 45 species)</li></ul></li>\n<li id=\"mwAck\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurinae\" title=\"Callosciurinae\" id=\"mwAco\">Callosciurinae</a> – Asian ornate squirrels\n<ul id=\"mwAcs\"><li id=\"mwAcw\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurini\" title=\"Callosciurini\" id=\"mwAc0\">Callosciurini</a> (13 genera, nearly 60 species)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAc4\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Funambulini\" title=\"Funambulini\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAc8\">Funambulini</a> palm squirrels (1 genus, 5 species)</li></ul></li>\n<li id=\"mwAdA\">Subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerinae\" title=\"Xerinae\" id=\"mwAdE\">Xerinae</a> – terrestrial squirrels\n<ul id=\"mwAdI\"><li id=\"mwAdM\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerini\" title=\"Xerini\" id=\"mwAdQ\">Xerini</a> – spiny squirrels (3 genera, 6 species)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAdU\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Protoxerini\" title=\"Protoxerini\" id=\"mwAdY\">Protoxerini</a> (6 genera, about 50 species)</li>\n<li id=\"mwAdc\">Tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmotini\" title=\"Marmotini\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAdg\">Marmotini</a> – ground squirrels, marmots, chipmunks, prairie dogs, etc. (6 genera, about 90 species)</li></ul></li></ul>\n\n</section></section><section data-mw-section-id=\"7\" id=\"mwAdk\"><h2 id=\"Society\">Society</h2>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1097763485\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt256\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Expand section\",\"href\":\"./Template:Expand_section\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"February 2021\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAdo\">.mw-parser-output .ambox{border:1px solid #a2a9b1;border-left:10px solid #36c;background-color:#fbfbfb;box-sizing:border-box}.mw-parser-output .ambox+link+.ambox,.mw-parser-output .ambox+link+style+.ambox,.mw-parser-output .ambox+link+link+.ambox,.mw-parser-output .ambox+.mw-empty-elt+link+.ambox,.mw-parser-output .ambox+.mw-empty-elt+link+style+.ambox,.mw-parser-output .ambox+.mw-empty-elt+link+link+.ambox{margin-top:-1px}html body.mediawiki .mw-parser-output .ambox.mbox-small-left{margin:4px 1em 4px 0;overflow:hidden;width:238px;border-collapse:collapse;font-size:88%;line-height:1.25em}.mw-parser-output .ambox-speedy{border-left:10px solid #b32424;background-color:#fee7e6}.mw-parser-output .ambox-delete{border-left:10px solid #b32424}.mw-parser-output .ambox-content{border-left:10px solid #f28500}.mw-parser-output .ambox-style{border-left:10px solid #fc3}.mw-parser-output .ambox-move{border-left:10px solid #9932cc}.mw-parser-output .ambox-protection{border-left:10px solid #a2a9b1}.mw-parser-output .ambox .mbox-text{border:none;padding:0.25em 0.5em;width:100%}.mw-parser-output .ambox .mbox-image{border:none;padding:2px 0 2px 0.5em;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .ambox .mbox-imageright{border:none;padding:2px 0.5em 2px 0;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .ambox .mbox-empty-cell{border:none;padding:0;width:1px}.mw-parser-output .ambox .mbox-image-div{width:52px}html.client-js body.skin-minerva .mw-parser-output .mbox-text-span{margin-left:23px!important}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .ambox{margin:0 10%}}</style><table class=\"box-Expand_section plainlinks metadata ambox mbox-small-left ambox-content\" role=\"presentation\" about=\"#mwt256\"><tbody><tr><td class=\"mbox-image\"><span typeof=\"mw:File mw:ExpandedAttrs\" about=\"#mwt259\" data-mw='{\"attribs\":[[\"alt\",{\"html\":\"alt=&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;#91;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\"[\\\"}&apos;>[&lt;/span>icon&lt;span typeof=\\\"mw:Entity\\\" data-parsoid=&apos;{\\\"src\\\":\\\"&amp;amp;#93;\\\",\\\"srcContent\\\":\\\"]\\\"}&apos;>]&lt;/span>\",\"txt\":\"[icon]\"}]]}'><a href=\"./File:Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img alt=\"[icon]\" resource=\"./File:Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg/20px-Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"44\" data-file-height=\"31\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"14\" width=\"20\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg/30px-Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg/40px-Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg.png 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></td><td class=\"mbox-text\"><div class=\"mbox-text-span\">This section <b>needs expansion</b>. You can help by <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink\" href=\"//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Squirrel&amp;action=edit&amp;section=\" class=\"external text\">adding to it</a>. <span class=\"date-container\"><i>(<span class=\"date\">February 2021</span>)</i></span></div></td></tr></tbody></table><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_to_be_expanded_from_February_2021\" about=\"#mwt256\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:All_articles_to_be_expanded\" about=\"#mwt256\"/><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Articles_using_small_message_boxes\" about=\"#mwt256\" id=\"mwAds\"/>\n\n<p id=\"mwAdw\">Squirrels have been kept as pets in Western society at least until the 19th century. Because of their small size and tame nature, they were especially popular with women and the clergy.<sup about=\"#mwt261\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-45\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-45\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-45\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 45;\" id=\"mwAd0\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAd4\">[45]</span></a></sup></p> \n<figure class=\"mw-default-size\" typeof=\"mw:File/Thumb\" id=\"mwAd8\"><a href=\"./File:Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\" id=\"mwAeA\"><img resource=\"./File:Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg/220px-Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"3910\" data-file-height=\"3798\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"214\" width=\"220\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg/330px-Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg/440px-Bruges_Public_Library_Manuscript_Stichting_van_Caloen_010a_folio_7r.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\" id=\"mwAeE\"/></a><figcaption id=\"mwAeI\">Depiction of a pet squirrel on a leash with a feeder in a medieval antiphonary (Bruges, Public Library, MS. SVC 010A)</figcaption></figure>\n\n<p id=\"mwAeM\">Squirrels are a cause for concern because they often <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Electrical_disruptions_caused_by_squirrels\" title=\"Electrical disruptions caused by squirrels\" id=\"mwAeQ\">cause electrical disruptions</a>. It has been <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hypothesis\" title=\"Hypothesis\" id=\"mwAeU\">hypothesized</a> that the threat to the internet, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Infrastructure\" title=\"Infrastructure\" id=\"mwAeY\">infrastructure</a> and services posed by squirrels may exceed that posed by <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cyberattack\" title=\"Cyberattack\" id=\"mwAec\">cyber-attacks</a>.<sup about=\"#mwt266\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-46\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-46\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-46\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 46;\" id=\"mwAeg\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAek\">[46]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n<p id=\"mwAeo\">Squirrels have been reported to be \"successfully trained\" in <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chongqing\" title=\"Chongqing\" id=\"mwAes\">Chongqing, China</a> to sniff out <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Illicit_drugs\" title=\"Illicit drugs\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAew\">illicit drugs</a> and in 2023, a team of six Eurasian red squirrels had become part of a sub-unit within the Chongqing city police dog brigade. According to Chongqing police department, their small size and agility are beneficial as they are able to help the police detect drugs through \"tiny spaces\" in warehouses and storage units that dogs are unable to reach. Yin Jin, a police dog handler, who had been assigned to train these squirrels told <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./The_Paper_(newspaper)\" title=\"The Paper (newspaper)\" id=\"mwAe0\">The Paper</a> that \"these squirrels have an acute sense of smell. But in the past, our training problems for small rodents was not developed enough to attempt a program like this\" and that her team of squirrels have so far done an \"excellent job\" in drug detection exercises, but are not yet ready to be deployed.<sup about=\"#mwt273\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-47\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-47\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-47\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 47;\" id=\"mwAe4\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAe8\">[47]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt277\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-48\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-48\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-48\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 48;\" id=\"mwAfA\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAfE\">[48]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt281\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-49\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-49\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-49\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 49;\" id=\"mwAfI\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAfM\">[49]</span></a></sup></p>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"8\" id=\"mwAfQ\"><h2 id=\"See_also\">See also</h2>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1132942124\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt282\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Portal\",\"href\":\"./Template:Portal\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"Mammals\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAfU\">.mw-parser-output .portalbox{padding:0;margin:0.5em 0;display:table;box-sizing:border-box;max-width:175px;list-style:none}.mw-parser-output .portalborder{border:solid #aaa 1px;padding:0.1em;background:#f9f9f9}.mw-parser-output .portalbox-entry{display:table-row;font-size:85%;line-height:110%;height:1.9em;font-style:italic;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .portalbox-image{display:table-cell;padding:0.2em;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .portalbox-link{display:table-cell;padding:0.2em 0.2em 0.2em 0.3em;vertical-align:middle}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .portalleft{clear:left;float:left;margin:0.5em 1em 0.5em 0}.mw-parser-output .portalright{clear:right;float:right;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 1em}}</style><ul role=\"navigation\" aria-label=\"Portals\" class=\"noprint portalbox portalborder portalright\" about=\"#mwt282\" id=\"mwAfY\">\n<li class=\"portalbox-entry\"><span class=\"portalbox-image\"><span class=\"noviewer\" typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Okapi2.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img alt=\"icon\" resource=\"./File:Okapi2.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Okapi2.jpg/32px-Okapi2.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1707\" data-file-height=\"1482\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"28\" width=\"32\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Okapi2.jpg/48px-Okapi2.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Okapi2.jpg/64px-Okapi2.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></span><span class=\"portalbox-link\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Portal:Mammals\" title=\"Portal:Mammals\">Mammals portal</a></span></li></ul>\n<ul id=\"mwAfc\"><li id=\"mwAfg\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./American_red_squirrel\" title=\"American red squirrel\" id=\"mwAfk\">American red squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAfo\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal_track\" title=\"Animal track\" id=\"mwAfs\">Animal track</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAfw\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black_squirrel\" title=\"Black squirrel\" id=\"mwAf0\">Black squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAf4\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eastern_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Eastern gray squirrel\" id=\"mwAf8\">Eastern gray squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAgA\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fox_squirrel\" title=\"Fox squirrel\" id=\"mwAgE\">Fox squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAgI\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./List_of_animal_names#squirrel\" title=\"List of animal names\" id=\"mwAgM\">List of animal names#squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAgQ\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_squirrel\" title=\"Red squirrel\" id=\"mwAgU\">Red squirrel</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAgY\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tree_squirrel#Relationship_with_humans\" title=\"Tree squirrel\" id=\"mwAgc\">Squirrel relationship with humans</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwAgg\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Variant_Creutzfeldt–Jakob_disease\" title=\"Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease\" id=\"mwAgk\">Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease</a> (<a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kuru_(disease)\" title=\"Kuru (disease)\" id=\"mwAgo\">Kuru</a>) from eating squirrel brains.<sup about=\"#mwt290\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-50\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-50\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-50\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 50;\" id=\"mwAgs\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAgw\">[50]</span></a></sup><sup about=\"#mwt294\" class=\"mw-ref reference\" id=\"cite_ref-51\" rel=\"dc:references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/ref\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"ref\",\"attrs\":{},\"body\":{\"id\":\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-51\"}}'><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_note-51\" style=\"counter-reset: mw-Ref 51;\" id=\"mwAg0\"><span class=\"mw-reflink-text\" id=\"mwAg4\">[51]</span></a></sup></li>\n<li id=\"mwAg8\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Western_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Western gray squirrel\" id=\"mwAhA\">Western gray squirrel</a></li></ul>\n\n<p id=\"mwAhE\"><span class=\"anchor\" id=\"Notes\" about=\"#mwt295\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Anchor\",\"href\":\"./Template:Anchor\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"Notes\"},\"reason\":{\"wt\":\"\\\"Notes\\\" is the old section name, which was changed to \\\"References\\\" on 6 June 2018\"}},\"i\":0}}]}'></span></p>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"9\" id=\"mwAhI\"><h2 id=\"References\">References</h2>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1011085734\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt296\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Reflist\",\"href\":\"./Template:Reflist\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"30em\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAhM\">.mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em;list-style-type:decimal}.mw-parser-output .reflist .references{font-size:100%;margin-bottom:0;list-style-type:inherit}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-2{column-width:30em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns-3{column-width:25em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns{margin-top:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns ol{margin-top:0}.mw-parser-output .reflist-columns li{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-alpha{list-style-type:upper-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-upper-roman{list-style-type:upper-roman}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-alpha{list-style-type:lower-alpha}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-greek{list-style-type:lower-greek}.mw-parser-output .reflist-lower-roman{list-style-type:lower-roman}</style><div class=\"reflist reflist-columns references-column-width \" style=\"column-width: 30em;\" about=\"#mwt296\" id=\"mwAhQ\">\n<ol class=\"mw-references references\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/references\" about=\"#mwt300\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"references\",\"attrs\":{\"group\":\"\",\"responsive\":\"0\"},\"body\":{\"html\":\"\"}}' id=\"mwAhU\"><li about=\"#cite_note-Seebeck-1\" id=\"cite_note-Seebeck-1\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Seebeck_1-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAhY\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAhc\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Seebeck-1\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt16\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Seebeck\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"J. H.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Sciuridae\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf\"},\"work\":{\"wt\":\"Fauna of Australia\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"2013-11-24\"},\"url-status\":{\"wt\":\"dead\"},\"archive-url\":{\"wt\":\"https://web.archive.org/web/20150117031835/http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf\"},\"archive-date\":{\"wt\":\"17 January 2015\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAhg\">.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:\"\\\"\"\"\\\"\"\"'\"\"'\"}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg\")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg\")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#3a3;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}</style><cite id=\"CITEREFSeebeck\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt16\">Seebeck, J. H. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20150117031835/http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAhk\">\"Sciuridae\"</a> <span class=\"cs1-format\" id=\"mwAho\">(PDF)</span>. <i id=\"mwAhs\">Fauna of Australia</i>. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAhw\">the original</a> <span class=\"cs1-format\" id=\"mwAh0\">(PDF)</span> on 17 January 2015<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAh4\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAh8\">24 November</span> 2013</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Fauna+of+Australia&amp;rft.atitle=Sciuridae&amp;rft.aulast=Seebeck&amp;rft.aufirst=J.+H.&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.scarysquirrel.org%2Fvacation%2Faustralia%2Ffauna.pdf&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt16\" id=\"mwAiA\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-2\" id=\"cite_note-2\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-2\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAiE\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAiI\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-2\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt28\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite encyclopedia \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_encyclopedia\"},\"params\":{\"encyclopedia\":{\"wt\":\"[[The Oxford English Dictionary]]\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"squirrel, &apos;&apos;n&apos;&apos;.\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50235460\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"8 November 2010\"},\"edition\":{\"wt\":\"2nd.\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1989\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Oxford University Press\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAiM\"/><cite class=\"citation encyclopaedia cs1\" about=\"#mwt28\" id=\"mwAiQ\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50235460\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAiU\">\"squirrel, <i id=\"mwAiY\">n</i>.\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAic\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./The_Oxford_English_Dictionary\" title=\"The Oxford English Dictionary\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAig\">The Oxford English Dictionary</a></i> (2nd.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAik\"> </span>ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAio\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAis\">8 November</span> 2010</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=bookitem&amp;rft.atitle=squirrel%2C+n.&amp;rft.btitle=The+Oxford+English+Dictionary&amp;rft.edition=2nd.&amp;rft.pub=Oxford+University+Press&amp;rft.date=1989&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fdictionary.oed.com%2Fcgi%2Fentry%2F50235460&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt28\" id=\"mwAiw\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-3\" id=\"cite_note-3\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-3\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAi0\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAi4\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-3\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Whitaker &amp; Elman (1980): 370</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-etymonline-4\" id=\"cite_note-etymonline-4\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-etymonline_4-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAi8\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAjA\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-etymonline-4\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt43\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=squirrel\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrel\"},\"work\":{\"wt\":\"Online Etymology Dictionary\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"7 February 2008\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAjE\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt43\" id=\"mwAjI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=squirrel\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAjM\">\"Squirrel\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAjQ\">Online Etymology Dictionary</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAjU\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAjY\">7 February</span> 2008</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Online+Etymology+Dictionary&amp;rft.atitle=Squirrel&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.etymonline.com%2Findex.php%3Fterm%3Dsquirrel&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt43\" id=\"mwAjc\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-5\" id=\"cite_note-5\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-5\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAjg\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAjk\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-5\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt49\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite book\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Lipton\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"James\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://books.google.com/books?id=AVNazQEACAAJ\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"An Exaltation of Larks\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"1991\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Viking\"},\"isbn\":{\"wt\":\"978-0-670-30044-0\"},\"language\":{\"wt\":\"en\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAjo\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFLipton1991\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt49\">Lipton, James (1991). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=AVNazQEACAAJ\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAjs\"><i id=\"mwAjw\">An Exaltation of Larks</i></a>. Viking. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAj0\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAj4\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-670-30044-0\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-670-30044-0\" id=\"mwAj8\"><bdi id=\"mwAkA\">978-0-670-30044-0</bdi></a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.btitle=An+Exaltation+of+Larks&amp;rft.pub=Viking&amp;rft.date=1991&amp;rft.isbn=978-0-670-30044-0&amp;rft.aulast=Lipton&amp;rft.aufirst=James&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.com%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DAVNazQEACAAJ&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt49\" id=\"mwAkE\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-6\" id=\"cite_note-6\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-6\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAkI\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAkM\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-6\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><i id=\"mwAkQ\">Universe in Your Pocket</i> by Joel Levy, published by Barnes &amp; Noble, Inc.</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Kingdon1997-7\" id=\"cite_note-Kingdon1997-7\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Kingdon1997_7-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAkU\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAkY\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Kingdon1997-7\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt64\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite book \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"author\":{\"wt\":\"Kingdon, J.\"},\"author-link\":{\"wt\":\"Jonathan Kingdon\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1997\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Academic Press Limited, London\"},\"isbn\":{\"wt\":\"0-12-408355-2\"},\"url-access\":{\"wt\":\"registration\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://archive.org/details/kingdonfieldguid00jona\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAkc\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFKingdon,_J.1997\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt64\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Jonathan_Kingdon\" title=\"Jonathan Kingdon\" id=\"mwAkg\">Kingdon, J.</a> (1997). <span class=\"cs1-lock-registration\" title=\"Free registration required\" id=\"mwAkk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://archive.org/details/kingdonfieldguid00jona\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAko\"><i id=\"mwAks\">The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals</i></a></span>. Academic Press Limited, London. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAkw\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAk0\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-12-408355-2\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-12-408355-2\" id=\"mwAk4\"><bdi id=\"mwAk8\">0-12-408355-2</bdi></a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.btitle=The+Kingdon+Guide+to+African+Mammals&amp;rft.pub=Academic+Press+Limited%2C+London&amp;rft.date=1997&amp;rft.isbn=0-12-408355-2&amp;rft.au=Kingdon%2C+J.&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Farchive.org%2Fdetails%2Fkingdonfieldguid00jona&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt64\" id=\"mwAlA\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Payne1998-8\" id=\"cite_note-Payne1998-8\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Payne1998_8-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAlE\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAlI\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Payne1998-8\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt68\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite book\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"author1\":{\"wt\":\"Payne, J.\"},\"author2\":{\"wt\":\"C.F. Francis\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1998\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo\"},\"page\":{\"wt\":\"243\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"The Sabah Society\"},\"edition\":{\"wt\":\"3\"},\"isbn\":{\"wt\":\"967-99947-1-6\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAlM\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFPayne,_J.C.F._Francis1998\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt68\">Payne, J.; C.F. Francis (1998). <i id=\"mwAlQ\">A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo</i> (3<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAlU\"> </span>ed.). The Sabah Society. p.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAlY\"> </span>243. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAlc\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAlg\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/967-99947-1-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/967-99947-1-6\" id=\"mwAlk\"><bdi id=\"mwAlo\">967-99947-1-6</bdi></a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.btitle=A+Field+Guide+to+the+Mammals+of+Borneo&amp;rft.pages=243&amp;rft.edition=3&amp;rft.pub=The+Sabah+Society&amp;rft.date=1998&amp;rft.isbn=967-99947-1-6&amp;rft.au=Payne%2C+J.&amp;rft.au=C.F.+Francis&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt68\" id=\"mwAls\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Choudhury2002-9\" id=\"cite_note-Choudhury2002-9\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Choudhury2002_9-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAlw\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAl0\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Choudhury2002-9\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt72\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"author\":{\"wt\":\"Choudhury, A.\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2002\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Petaurista nobilis singhei: First record in India and a note on its taxonomy\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"99\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"1\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"30–34\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAl4\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFChoudhury,_A.2002\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt72\">Choudhury, A. (2002). \"Petaurista nobilis singhei: First record in India and a note on its taxonomy\". <i id=\"mwAl8\">The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society</i>. <b id=\"mwAmA\">99</b> (1): 30–34.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Journal+of+the+Bombay+Natural+History+Society&amp;rft.atitle=Petaurista+nobilis+singhei%3A+First+record+in+India+and+a+note+on+its+taxonomy&amp;rft.volume=99&amp;rft.issue=1&amp;rft.pages=30-34&amp;rft.date=2002&amp;rft.au=Choudhury%2C+A.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt72\" id=\"mwAmE\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Krystufek2013-10\" id=\"cite_note-Krystufek2013-10\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Krystufek2013_10-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAmI\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAmM\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Krystufek2013-10\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt76\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"author1\":{\"wt\":\"Kryštufek, B.\"},\"author2\":{\"wt\":\"B. Vohralík\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2013\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic rodents (Rodentia). Part 2. Sciuridae: Urocitellus, Marmota and Sciurotamias\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Lynx, N. S. (Praha)\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"44\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"27–138\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAmQ\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFKryštufek,_B.B._Vohralík2013\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt76\">Kryštufek, B.; B. Vohralík (2013). \"Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic rodents (Rodentia). Part 2. Sciuridae: Urocitellus, Marmota and Sciurotamias\". <i id=\"mwAmU\">Lynx, N. S. (Praha)</i>. <b id=\"mwAmY\">44</b>: 27–138.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Lynx%2C+N.+S.+%28Praha%29&amp;rft.atitle=Taxonomic+revision+of+the+Palaearctic+rodents+%28Rodentia%29.+Part+2.+Sciuridae%3A+Urocitellus%2C+Marmota+and+Sciurotamias&amp;rft.volume=44&amp;rft.pages=27-138&amp;rft.date=2013&amp;rft.au=Kry%C5%A1tufek%2C+B.&amp;rft.au=B.+Vohral%C3%ADk&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt76\" id=\"mwAmc\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Armitage2002-11\" id=\"cite_note-Armitage2002-11\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Armitage2002_11-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAmg\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAmk\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Armitage2002-11\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt80\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite book \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"author1\":{\"wt\":\"Armitage, K.B.\"},\"author2\":{\"wt\":\"Blumstein, D.T.\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2002\"},\"chapter\":{\"wt\":\"Body-mass diversity in marmots. Holarctic marmots as a factor of biodiversity\"},\"editor1\":{\"wt\":\"K.B. Armitage\"},\"editor2\":{\"wt\":\"V.Yu. Rumiantsev\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Holarctic Marmots as a Factor of Biodiversity\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"ABF Publishing House\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"22–32\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAmo\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFArmitage,_K.B.Blumstein,_D.T.2002\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt80\">Armitage, K.B.; Blumstein, D.T. (2002). \"Body-mass diversity in marmots. Holarctic marmots as a factor of biodiversity\". In K.B. Armitage; V.Yu. Rumiantsev (eds.). <i id=\"mwAms\">Holarctic Marmots as a Factor of Biodiversity</i>. ABF Publishing House. pp.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAmw\"> </span>22–32.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=bookitem&amp;rft.atitle=Body-mass+diversity+in+marmots.+Holarctic+marmots+as+a+factor+of+biodiversity&amp;rft.btitle=Holarctic+Marmots+as+a+Factor+of+Biodiversity&amp;rft.pages=22-32&amp;rft.pub=ABF+Publishing+House&amp;rft.date=2002&amp;rft.au=Armitage%2C+K.B.&amp;rft.au=Blumstein%2C+D.T.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt80\" id=\"mwAm0\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-12\" id=\"cite_note-12\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-12\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAm4\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAm8\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-12\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.wildlifeonline.me.uk/squirrels.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAnA\">Tree Squirrels</a>, <i id=\"mwAnE\">Wildlife Online</i>, 23 November 2010.</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-EoM-13\" id=\"cite_note-EoM-13\"><span rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAnI\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-EoM_13-0\" id=\"mwAnM\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAnQ\">1 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-EoM_13-1\" id=\"mwAnU\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAnY\">2 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-EoM_13-2\" id=\"mwAnc\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAng\">3 </span></a></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-EoM-13\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Milton (1984)</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-14\" id=\"cite_note-14\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-14\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAnk\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAno\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-14\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt89\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/squirrel-info.htm\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Rodents\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"22 April 2008\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"How Stuff Works\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"30 December 2016\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAns\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt89\" id=\"mwAnw\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/squirrel-info.htm\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAn0\">\"Rodents\"</a>. How Stuff Works. 22 April 2008<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAn4\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAn8\">30 December</span> 2016</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Rodents&amp;rft.pub=How+Stuff+Works&amp;rft.date=2008-04-22&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fanimals.howstuffworks.com%2Fmammals%2Fsquirrel-info.htm&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt89\" id=\"mwAoA\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-15\" id=\"cite_note-15\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-15\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAoE\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAoI\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-15\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt93\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite book\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Thorington\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Richard W.\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Koprowski\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"John L.\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"Steele\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"Michael A.\"},\"last4\":{\"wt\":\"Whatton\"},\"first4\":{\"wt\":\"James F.\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2012\"},\"page\":{\"wt\":\"8\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrels of the World\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Johns Hopkins University Press\"},\"isbn\":{\"wt\":\"978-1421404691\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAoM\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFThoringtonKoprowskiSteeleWhatton2012\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt93\">Thorington, Richard W.; Koprowski, John L.; Steele, Michael A.; Whatton, James F. (2012). <i id=\"mwAoQ\">Squirrels of the World</i>. Johns Hopkins University Press. p.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAoU\"> </span>8. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAoY\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAoc\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1421404691\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1421404691\" id=\"mwAog\"><bdi id=\"mwAok\">978-1421404691</bdi></a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.btitle=Squirrels+of+the+World&amp;rft.pages=8&amp;rft.pub=Johns+Hopkins+University+Press&amp;rft.date=2012&amp;rft.isbn=978-1421404691&amp;rft.aulast=Thorington&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard+W.&amp;rft.au=Koprowski%2C+John+L.&amp;rft.au=Steele%2C+Michael+A.&amp;rft.au=Whatton%2C+James+F.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt93\" id=\"mwAoo\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-squirrels-16\" id=\"cite_note-squirrels-16\"><span rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAos\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-squirrels_16-0\" id=\"mwAow\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAo0\">1 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-squirrels_16-1\" id=\"mwAo4\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAo8\">2 </span></a></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-squirrels-16\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.squirrels.org/faq.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwApA\">Squirrel Place</a> <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101227025300/http://www.squirrels.org/faq.html\" about=\"#mwt98\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" class=\"external text\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"webarchive\",\"href\":\"./Template:Webarchive\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://web.archive.org/web/20101227025300/http://www.squirrels.org/faq.html\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"27 December 2010\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwApE\">Archived</a><span about=\"#mwt98\" id=\"mwApI\"> 27 December 2010 at the </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wayback_Machine\" title=\"Wayback Machine\" about=\"#mwt98\" id=\"mwApM\">Wayback Machine</a><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Webarchive_template_wayback_links\" about=\"#mwt98\" id=\"mwApQ\"/>. squirrels.org. Retrieved 14 December 2010.</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-17\" id=\"cite_note-17\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-17\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwApU\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwApY\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-17\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><i id=\"mwApc\">The Beginning of the Age of Mammals</i> Kenneth D. Rose (2006) <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt104\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"ISBN\",\"href\":\"./Template:ISBN\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"978-0-801-88472-6\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwApg\"/><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" about=\"#mwt104\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwApk\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt104\" id=\"mwApo\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-801-88472-6\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-801-88472-6\" about=\"#mwt104\" id=\"mwAps\">978-0-801-88472-6</a> p. 326</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-18\" id=\"cite_note-18\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-18\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwApw\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAp0\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-18\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt110\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite book\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_book\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Thorington\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Richard W.\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Koprowski\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"John L.\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"Steele\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"Michael A.\"},\"last4\":{\"wt\":\"Whatton\"},\"first4\":{\"wt\":\"James F.\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2012\"},\"page\":{\"wt\":\"12\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrels of the World\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Johns Hopkins University Press\"},\"isbn\":{\"wt\":\"978-1421404691\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAp4\"/><cite id=\"mwAp8\" class=\"citation book cs1\" about=\"#mwt110\">Thorington, Richard W.; Koprowski, John L.; Steele, Michael A.; Whatton, James F. (2012). <i id=\"mwAqA\">Squirrels of the World</i>. Johns Hopkins University Press. p.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAqE\"> </span>12. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAqI\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAqM\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-1421404691\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-1421404691\" id=\"mwAqQ\"><bdi id=\"mwAqU\">978-1421404691</bdi></a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.btitle=Squirrels+of+the+World&amp;rft.pages=12&amp;rft.pub=Johns+Hopkins+University+Press&amp;rft.date=2012&amp;rft.isbn=978-1421404691&amp;rft.aulast=Thorington&amp;rft.aufirst=Richard+W.&amp;rft.au=Koprowski%2C+John+L.&amp;rft.au=Steele%2C+Michael+A.&amp;rft.au=Whatton%2C+James+F.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt110\" id=\"mwAqY\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-19\" id=\"cite_note-19\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-19\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAqc\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAqg\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-19\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt114\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://www.squirrel-rehab.org/\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrel Rehab\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"19 August 2017\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAqk\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt114\" id=\"mwAqo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.squirrel-rehab.org/\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAqs\">\"Squirrel Rehab\"</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAqw\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAq0\">19 August</span> 2017</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Squirrel+Rehab&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.squirrel-rehab.org%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt114\" id=\"mwAq4\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-20\" id=\"cite_note-20\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-20\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAq8\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwArA\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-20\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt119\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://www.nutsaboutsquirrels.com/1695/why-do-squirrels-have-bushy-tails/\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Why do squirrels have bushy tails? &amp;#124; Nuts About Squirrels\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwArE\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt119\" id=\"mwArI\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.nutsaboutsquirrels.com/1695/why-do-squirrels-have-bushy-tails/\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwArM\">\"Why do squirrels have bushy tails? <span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwArQ\">|</span> Nuts About Squirrels\"</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Why+do+squirrels+have+bushy+tails%3F+%26%23124%3B+Nuts+About+Squirrels&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nutsaboutsquirrels.com%2F1695%2Fwhy-do-squirrels-have-bushy-tails%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt119\" id=\"mwArU\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-MassWild-21\" id=\"cite_note-MassWild-21\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-MassWild_21-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwArY\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwArc\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-MassWild-21\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt130\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Red &amp; Gray Squirrels in Massachusetts\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm\"},\"work\":{\"wt\":\"MassWildlife\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"3 April 2012\"},\"url-status\":{\"wt\":\"dead\"},\"archive-url\":{\"wt\":\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130517191120/http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm\"},\"archive-date\":{\"wt\":\"17 May 2013\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwArg\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt130\" id=\"mwArk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130517191120/http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAro\">\"Red &amp; Gray Squirrels in Massachusetts\"</a>. <i id=\"mwArs\">MassWildlife</i>. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. Archived from <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwArw\">the original</a> on 17 May 2013<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAr0\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAr4\">3 April</span> 2012</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=MassWildlife&amp;rft.atitle=Red+%26+Gray+Squirrels+in+Massachusetts&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mass.gov%2Fdfwele%2Fdfw%2Fwildlife%2Fliving%2Fliving_with_squirrels.htm&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt130\" id=\"mwAr8\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-22\" id=\"cite_note-22\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-22\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAsA\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAsE\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-22\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt134\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Törmälä\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"Timo\"},\"author2\":{\"wt\":\"Vuorinen, Hannu\"},\"author3\":{\"wt\":\"Hokkanen, Heikki\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1980\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Timing of circadian activity in the flying squirrel in central Finland\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Acta Theriologica\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"25\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"32–42\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"461–474\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.4098/at.arch.80-42\"},\"doi-access\":{\"wt\":\"free\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAsI\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFTörmäläVuorinen,_HannuHokkanen,_Heikki1980\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt134\">Törmälä, Timo; Vuorinen, Hannu; Hokkanen, Heikki (1980). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.4098%2Fat.arch.80-42\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAsM\">\"Timing of circadian activity in the flying squirrel in central Finland\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAsQ\">Acta Theriologica</i>. <b id=\"mwAsU\">25</b> (32–42): 461–474. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAsY\">doi</a>:<span class=\"cs1-lock-free\" title=\"Freely accessible\" id=\"mwAsc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.4098%2Fat.arch.80-42\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAsg\">10.4098/at.arch.80-42</a></span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Acta+Theriologica&amp;rft.atitle=Timing+of+circadian+activity+in+the+flying+squirrel+in+central+Finland&amp;rft.volume=25&amp;rft.issue=32%E2%80%9342&amp;rft.pages=461-474&amp;rft.date=1980&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.4098%2Fat.arch.80-42&amp;rft.aulast=T%C3%B6rm%C3%A4l%C3%A4&amp;rft.aufirst=Timo&amp;rft.au=Vuorinen%2C+Hannu&amp;rft.au=Hokkanen%2C+Heikki&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.4098%252Fat.arch.80-42&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt134\" id=\"mwAsk\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-23\" id=\"cite_note-23\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-23\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAso\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAss\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-23\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt139\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"McNamee\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"Kai\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.npr.org/2023/06/29/1185092056/squirrels-splooting-heat-wave-climate-change\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"The heat is making squirrels &apos;sploot&apos; — a goofy act that signals something serious\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"[[NPR]]\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"June 29, 2023\"},\"accessdate\":{\"wt\":\"August 8, 2023\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAsw\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFMcNamee2023\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt139\">McNamee, Kai (29 June 2023). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.npr.org/2023/06/29/1185092056/squirrels-splooting-heat-wave-climate-change\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAs0\">\"The heat is making squirrels 'sploot' — a goofy act that signals something serious\"</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./NPR\" title=\"NPR\" id=\"mwAs4\">NPR</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAs8\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAtA\">8 August</span> 2023</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=The+heat+is+making+squirrels+%27sploot%27+%E2%80%94+a+goofy+act+that+signals+something+serious&amp;rft.pub=NPR&amp;rft.date=2023-06-29&amp;rft.aulast=McNamee&amp;rft.aufirst=Kai&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.npr.org%2F2023%2F06%2F29%2F1185092056%2Fsquirrels-splooting-heat-wave-climate-change&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt139\" id=\"mwAtE\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711-24\" id=\"cite_note-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711-24\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711_24-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAtI\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAtM\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-Andersson_Krebs_1978_pp._707–711-24\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt149\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Andersson\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Malte\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Krebs\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"John\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"On the evolution of hoarding behaviour\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Animal Behaviour\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"26\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1978\"},\"issn\":{\"wt\":\"0003-3472\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1016/0003-3472(78)90137-9\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"707–711\"},\"s2cid\":{\"wt\":\"53154232\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAtQ\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFAnderssonKrebs1978\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt149\">Andersson, Malte; Krebs, John (1978). \"On the evolution of hoarding behaviour\". <i id=\"mwAtU\">Animal Behaviour</i>. <b id=\"mwAtY\">26</b>: 707–711. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAtc\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1016%2F0003-3472%2878%2990137-9\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAtg\">10.1016/0003-3472(78)90137-9</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISSN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISSN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAtk\">ISSN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAto\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/0003-3472\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAts\">0003-3472</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./S2CID_(identifier)\" title=\"S2CID (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAtw\">S2CID</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAt0\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:53154232\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAt4\">53154232</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Animal+Behaviour&amp;rft.atitle=On+the+evolution+of+hoarding+behaviour&amp;rft.volume=26&amp;rft.pages=707-711&amp;rft.date=1978&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fapi.semanticscholar.org%2FCorpusID%3A53154232%23id-name%3DS2CID&amp;rft.issn=0003-3472&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1016%2F0003-3472%2878%2990137-9&amp;rft.aulast=Andersson&amp;rft.aufirst=Malte&amp;rft.au=Krebs%2C+John&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt149\" id=\"mwAt8\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-25\" id=\"cite_note-25\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-25\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAuA\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAuE\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-25\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt153\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"HADJ-CHIKH\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"LEILA Z.\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"STEELE\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"MICHAEL A.\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"SMALLWOOD\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"PETER D.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Caching decisions by grey squirrels: a test of the handling time and perishability hypotheses\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Animal Behaviour\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"52\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"5\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1996\"},\"issn\":{\"wt\":\"0003-3472\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1006/anbe.1996.0242\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"941–948\"},\"doi-access\":{\"wt\":\"free\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAuI\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFHADJ-CHIKHSTEELESMALLWOOD1996\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt153\">HADJ-CHIKH, LEILA Z.; STEELE, MICHAEL A.; SMALLWOOD, PETER D. (1996). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1006%2Fanbe.1996.0242\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAuM\">\"Caching decisions by grey squirrels: a test of the handling time and perishability hypotheses\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAuQ\">Animal Behaviour</i>. <b id=\"mwAuU\">52</b> (5): 941–948. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAuY\">doi</a>:<span class=\"cs1-lock-free\" title=\"Freely accessible\" id=\"mwAuc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1006%2Fanbe.1996.0242\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAug\">10.1006/anbe.1996.0242</a></span>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISSN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISSN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAuk\">ISSN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAuo\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/0003-3472\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAus\">0003-3472</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Animal+Behaviour&amp;rft.atitle=Caching+decisions+by+grey+squirrels%3A+a+test+of+the+handling+time+and+perishability+hypotheses&amp;rft.volume=52&amp;rft.issue=5&amp;rft.pages=941-948&amp;rft.date=1996&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1006%2Fanbe.1996.0242&amp;rft.issn=0003-3472&amp;rft.aulast=HADJ-CHIKH&amp;rft.aufirst=LEILA+Z.&amp;rft.au=STEELE%2C+MICHAEL+A.&amp;rft.au=SMALLWOOD%2C+PETER+D.&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.1006%252Fanbe.1996.0242&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt153\" id=\"mwAuw\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-mould-26\" id=\"cite_note-mould-26\"><span rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAu0\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-mould_26-0\" id=\"mwAu4\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAu8\">1 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-mould_26-1\" id=\"mwAvA\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAvE\">2 </span></a></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-mould-26\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt157\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Xiao\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Zhishu\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Gao\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"Xu\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"Zhang\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"Zhibin\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David&apos;s rock squirrels\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"67\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"7\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"2013-04-05\"},\"issn\":{\"wt\":\"0340-5443\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"1067–1075\"},\"s2cid\":{\"wt\":\"253815798\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAvI\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFXiaoGaoZhang2013\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt157\">Xiao, Zhishu; Gao, Xu; Zhang, Zhibin (5 April 2013). \"The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David's rock squirrels\". <i id=\"mwAvM\">Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology</i>. <b id=\"mwAvQ\">67</b> (7): 1067–1075. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAvU\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00265-013-1531-8\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAvY\">10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISSN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISSN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAvc\">ISSN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAvg\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/0340-5443\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAvk\">0340-5443</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./S2CID_(identifier)\" title=\"S2CID (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAvo\">S2CID</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAvs\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:253815798\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAvw\">253815798</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Behavioral+Ecology+and+Sociobiology&amp;rft.atitle=The+combined+effects+of+seed+perishability+and+seed+size+on+hoarding+decisions+by+P%C3%A9re+David%27s+rock+squirrels&amp;rft.volume=67&amp;rft.issue=7&amp;rft.pages=1067-1075&amp;rft.date=2013-04-05&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fapi.semanticscholar.org%2FCorpusID%3A253815798%23id-name%3DS2CID&amp;rft.issn=0340-5443&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1007%2Fs00265-013-1531-8&amp;rft.aulast=Xiao&amp;rft.aufirst=Zhishu&amp;rft.au=Gao%2C+Xu&amp;rft.au=Zhang%2C+Zhibin&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt157\" id=\"mwAv0\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-fix_nut-27\" id=\"cite_note-fix_nut-27\"><span rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAv4\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-fix_nut_27-0\" id=\"mwAv8\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAwA\">1 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-fix_nut_27-1\" id=\"mwAwE\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAwI\">2 </span></a></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-fix_nut-27\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"> <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt165\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Xu\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Han\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Xia\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"Lian\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"Spence\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"John R\"},\"last4\":{\"wt\":\"Lin\"},\"first4\":{\"wt\":\"Mingxian\"},\"last5\":{\"wt\":\"Lu\"},\"first5\":{\"wt\":\"Chunyang\"},\"last6\":{\"wt\":\"Li\"},\"first6\":{\"wt\":\"Yanpeng\"},\"last7\":{\"wt\":\"Chen\"},\"first7\":{\"wt\":\"Jie\"},\"last8\":{\"wt\":\"Luo\"},\"first8\":{\"wt\":\"Tushou\"},\"last9\":{\"wt\":\"Li\"},\"first9\":{\"wt\":\"Yide\"},\"last10\":{\"wt\":\"Fang\"},\"first10\":{\"wt\":\"Suqin\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Flying squirrels use a mortise-tenon structure to fix nuts on understory twigs\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"eLife\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"12\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-06-13\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"e84967\"},\"issn\":{\"wt\":\"2050-084X\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.7554/elife.84967\"},\"pmid\":{\"wt\":\"37309191\"},\"pmc\":{\"wt\":\"10328505\"},\"doi-access\":{\"wt\":\"free\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAwM\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFXuXiaSpenceLin2023\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt165\">Xu, Han; Xia, Lian; Spence, John R; Lin, Mingxian; Lu, Chunyang; Li, Yanpeng; Chen, Jie; Luo, Tushou; Li, Yide; Fang, Suqin (13 June 2023). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10328505\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAwQ\">\"Flying squirrels use a mortise-tenon structure to fix nuts on understory twigs\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAwU\">eLife</i>. <b id=\"mwAwY\">12</b>: e84967. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAwc\">doi</a>:<span class=\"cs1-lock-free\" title=\"Freely accessible\" id=\"mwAwg\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.7554%2Felife.84967\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAwk\">10.7554/elife.84967</a></span>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISSN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISSN (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAwo\">ISSN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAws\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.worldcat.org/issn/2050-084X\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAww\">2050-084X</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./PMC_(identifier)\" title=\"PMC (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAw0\">PMC</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAw4\"> </span><span class=\"cs1-lock-free\" title=\"Freely accessible\" id=\"mwAw8\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10328505\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAxA\">10328505</a></span>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./PMID_(identifier)\" title=\"PMID (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAxE\">PMID</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwAxI\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37309191\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAxM\">37309191</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=eLife&amp;rft.atitle=Flying+squirrels+use+a+mortise-tenon+structure+to+fix+nuts+on+understory+twigs&amp;rft.volume=12&amp;rft.pages=e84967&amp;rft.date=2023-06-13&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC10328505%23id-name%3DPMC&amp;rft.issn=2050-084X&amp;rft_id=info%3Apmid%2F37309191&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.7554%2Felife.84967&amp;rft.aulast=Xu&amp;rft.aufirst=Han&amp;rft.au=Xia%2C+Lian&amp;rft.au=Spence%2C+John+R&amp;rft.au=Lin%2C+Mingxian&amp;rft.au=Lu%2C+Chunyang&amp;rft.au=Li%2C+Yanpeng&amp;rft.au=Chen%2C+Jie&amp;rft.au=Luo%2C+Tushou&amp;rft.au=Li%2C+Yide&amp;rft.au=Fang%2C+Suqin&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC10328505&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt165\" id=\"mwAxQ\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-28\" id=\"cite_note-28\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-28\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAxU\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAxY\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-28\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Merja Laavola: Eläinten elintasosairaudet näkyvät Seurasaaressa. Vartti Etelä-Helsinki, Sanoma Kaupunkilehdet, 2010. (in Finnish)</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-29\" id=\"cite_note-29\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-29\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAxc\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAxg\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-29\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt179\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite news \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_news\"},\"params\":{\"website\":{\"wt\":\"[[bbc.co.uk]]\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"13 July 2018\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4489792.stm\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Russian squirrel pack &apos;kills dog&apos;\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"1 December 2005\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAxk\"/><cite class=\"citation news cs1\" about=\"#mwt179\" id=\"mwAxo\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4489792.stm\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAxs\">\"Russian squirrel pack 'kills dog'<span class=\"cs1-kern-right\" id=\"mwAxw\"></span>\"</a>. <i id=\"mwAx0\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bbc.co.uk\" title=\"Bbc.co.uk\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAx4\">bbc.co.uk</a></i>. 1 December 2005<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwAx8\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwAyA\">13 July</span> 2018</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=bbc.co.uk&amp;rft.atitle=Russian+squirrel+pack+%27kills+dog%27&amp;rft.date=2005-12-01&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.bbc.co.uk%2F2%2Fhi%2F4489792.stm&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt179\" id=\"mwAyE\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-30\" id=\"cite_note-30\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-30\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAyI\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAyM\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-30\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Richard W. Thorington, Katie Ferrell – <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://books.google.com/books?id=Y7cuEWCWpLMC&amp;pg=PA75\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAyQ\"><i id=\"mwAyU\">Squirrels: the animal answer guide</i></a>, JHU Press, 2006, <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt183\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"ISBN\",\"href\":\"./Template:ISBN\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"0-8018-8402-0\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAyY\"/><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" about=\"#mwt183\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAyc\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt183\" id=\"mwAyg\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-8018-8402-0\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-8018-8402-0\" about=\"#mwt183\" id=\"mwAyk\">0-8018-8402-0</a>, <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt186\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"ISBN\",\"href\":\"./Template:ISBN\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"978-0-8018-8402-3\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAyo\"/><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" about=\"#mwt186\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAys\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt186\" id=\"mwAyw\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/978-0-8018-8402-3\" title=\"Special:BookSources/978-0-8018-8402-3\" about=\"#mwt186\" id=\"mwAy0\">978-0-8018-8402-3</a>, p. 75.</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-peim-31\" id=\"cite_note-peim-31\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-peim_31-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAy4\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAy8\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-peim-31\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt191\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Peiman\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Kathryn\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Sublethal consequences of urban life for wild vertebrates\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Environmental Reviews\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"June 2016\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"24\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"4\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"416–425\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1139/er-2016-0029\"},\"hdl\":{\"wt\":\"1807/74036\"},\"hdl-access\":{\"wt\":\"free\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAzA\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFPeiman2016\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt191\">Peiman, Kathryn (June 2016). \"Sublethal consequences of urban life for wild vertebrates\". <i id=\"mwAzE\">Environmental Reviews</i>. <b id=\"mwAzI\">24</b> (4): 416–425. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAzM\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1139%2Fer-2016-0029\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAzQ\">10.1139/er-2016-0029</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hdl_(identifier)\" title=\"Hdl (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAzU\">hdl</a>:<span class=\"cs1-lock-free\" title=\"Freely accessible\" id=\"mwAzY\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://hdl.handle.net/1807%2F74036\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAzc\">1807/74036</a></span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Environmental+Reviews&amp;rft.atitle=Sublethal+consequences+of+urban+life+for+wild+vertebrates&amp;rft.volume=24&amp;rft.issue=4&amp;rft.pages=416-425&amp;rft.date=2016-06&amp;rft_id=info%3Ahdl%2F1807%2F74036&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1139%2Fer-2016-0029&amp;rft.aulast=Peiman&amp;rft.aufirst=Kathryn&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt191\" id=\"mwAzg\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-32\" id=\"cite_note-32\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-32\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwAzk\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwAzo\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-32\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt201\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Friggens\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"M.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Carnivory on Desert Cottontails by Texas Antelope Ground Squirrels\"},\"jstor\":{\"wt\":\"3672818\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"The Southwestern Naturalist\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"47\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"1\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"132–133\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2002\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.2307/3672818\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwAzs\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFFriggens2002\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt201\">Friggens, M. (2002). \"Carnivory on Desert Cottontails by Texas Antelope Ground Squirrels\". <i id=\"mwAzw\">The Southwestern Naturalist</i>. <b id=\"mwAz0\">47</b> (1): 132–133. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwAz4\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.2307%2F3672818\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwAz8\">10.2307/3672818</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./JSTOR_(identifier)\" title=\"JSTOR (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA0A\">JSTOR</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwA0E\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.jstor.org/stable/3672818\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA0I\">3672818</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Southwestern+Naturalist&amp;rft.atitle=Carnivory+on+Desert+Cottontails+by+Texas+Antelope+Ground+Squirrels&amp;rft.volume=47&amp;rft.issue=1&amp;rft.pages=132-133&amp;rft.date=2002&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.2307%2F3672818&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F3672818%23id-name%3DJSTOR&amp;rft.aulast=Friggens&amp;rft.aufirst=M.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt201\" id=\"mwA0M\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-33\" id=\"cite_note-33\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-33\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA0Q\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA0U\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-33\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt205\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Bailey\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"B.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Meat-eating propensities of some rodents of Minnesota\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Journal of Mammalogy\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"4\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"2\"},\"page\":{\"wt\":\"129\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"1923\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1093/jmammal/4.2.129\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA0Y\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFBailey1923\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt205\">Bailey, B. 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Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA18\">7 August</span> 2020</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=BBC+News&amp;rft.atitle=Russian+Squirrel+Pack+Kills+Dog&amp;rft.date=2005-12&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.bbc.co.uk%2F2%2Fhi%2F4489792.stm&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt213\" id=\"mwA2A\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-bbc2-36\" id=\"cite_note-bbc2-36\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-bbc2_36-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA2E\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA2I\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-bbc2-36\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt217\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite news \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_news\"},\"params\":{\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Cornwall squirrel &apos;pack&apos; attacks boy, three\"},\"work\":{\"wt\":\"BBC News\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"14 July 2016\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-36792959\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"7 August 2020\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA2M\"/><cite class=\"citation news cs1\" about=\"#mwt217\" id=\"mwA2Q\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-36792959\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA2U\">\"Cornwall squirrel 'pack' attacks boy, three\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA2Y\">BBC News</i>. 14 July 2016<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA2c\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA2g\">7 August</span> 2020</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=BBC+News&amp;rft.atitle=Cornwall+squirrel+%27pack%27+attacks+boy%2C+three&amp;rft.date=2016-07-14&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fnews%2Fuk-england-cornwall-36792959&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt217\" id=\"mwA2k\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-atl1-37\" id=\"cite_note-atl1-37\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-atl1_37-0\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA2o\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA2s\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-atl1-37\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt221\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Lafrance\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Adrienne\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"When Squirrels Attack - A cautionary tale\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/06/when-squirrels-attack/531129/\"},\"website\":{\"wt\":\"The Atlantic\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"21 June 2017\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"7 August 2020\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA2w\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFLafrance2017\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt221\">Lafrance, Adrienne (21 June 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/06/when-squirrels-attack/531129/\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA20\">\"When Squirrels Attack - A cautionary tale\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA24\">The Atlantic</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA28\">. 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R.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Carnivorous behavior by a white-tailed antelope ground squirrel &apos;&apos;Ammospermophilus leucurus&apos;&apos;\"},\"jstor\":{\"wt\":\"3670745\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"The Southwestern Naturalist\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"30\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"2\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"304–305\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.2307/3670745\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"May 1985\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA4s\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFMorgart1985\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt236\">Morgart, J. R. (May 1985). \"Carnivorous behavior by a white-tailed antelope ground squirrel <i id=\"mwA4w\">Ammospermophilus leucurus</i>\". <i id=\"mwA40\">The Southwestern Naturalist</i>. <b id=\"mwA44\">30</b> (2): 304–305. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA48\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.2307%2F3670745\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA5A\">10.2307/3670745</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./JSTOR_(identifier)\" title=\"JSTOR (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA5E\">JSTOR</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwA5I\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.jstor.org/stable/3670745\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA5M\">3670745</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Southwestern+Naturalist&amp;rft.atitle=Carnivorous+behavior+by+a+white-tailed+antelope+ground+squirrel+Ammospermophilus+leucurus&amp;rft.volume=30&amp;rft.issue=2&amp;rft.pages=304-305&amp;rft.date=1985-05&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.2307%2F3670745&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F3670745%23id-name%3DJSTOR&amp;rft.aulast=Morgart&amp;rft.aufirst=J.+R.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt236\" id=\"mwA5Q\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-41\" id=\"cite_note-41\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-41\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA5U\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA5Y\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-41\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt242\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite journal\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"author1\":{\"wt\":\"Wilson, D.E.\"},\"author2\":{\"wt\":\"Reeder, D.M.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Class Mammalia Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Zootaxa\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"3148\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2011\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"56–60\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.11646/zootaxa.3148.1.9\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"http://mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt03148p060.pdf\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA5c\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFWilson,_D.E.Reeder,_D.M.2011\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt242\">Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (2011). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt03148p060.pdf\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA5g\">\"Class Mammalia Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness\"</a> <span class=\"cs1-format\" id=\"mwA5k\">(PDF)</span>. <i id=\"mwA5o\">Zootaxa</i>. <b id=\"mwA5s\">3148</b>: 56–60. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA5w\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.11646%2Fzootaxa.3148.1.9\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA50\">10.11646/zootaxa.3148.1.9</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Zootaxa&amp;rft.atitle=Class+Mammalia+Linnaeus%2C+1758.+In%3A+Zhang%2C+Z.-Q.+%28Ed.%29+Animal+biodiversity%3A+An+outline+of+higher-level+classification+and+survey+of+taxonomic+richness&amp;rft.volume=3148&amp;rft.pages=56-60&amp;rft.date=2011&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.11646%2Fzootaxa.3148.1.9&amp;rft.au=Wilson%2C+D.E.&amp;rft.au=Reeder%2C+D.M.&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmapress.com%2Fzootaxa%2F2011%2Ff%2Fzt03148p060.pdf&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt242\" id=\"mwA54\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-42\" id=\"cite_note-42\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-42\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA58\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA6A\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-42\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt246\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Emry\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"R. J.\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Korth\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"W. W.\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"A new genus of squirrel (Rodentia, Sciuridae) from the mid-Cenozoic of North America\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"27\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"3\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"693–698\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2007\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[693:ANGOSR]2.0.CO;2\"},\"s2cid\":{\"wt\":\"85847849\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA6E\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFEmryKorth2007\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt246\">Emry, R. J.; Korth, W. W. (2007). \"A new genus of squirrel (Rodentia, Sciuridae) from the mid-Cenozoic of North America\". <i id=\"mwA6I\">Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology</i>. <b id=\"mwA6M\">27</b> (3): 693–698. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA6Q\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1671%2F0272-4634%282007%2927%5B693%3AANGOSR%5D2.0.CO%3B2\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA6U\">10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwA6Y\">[</span>693:ANGOSR<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwA6c\">]</span>2.0.CO;2</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./S2CID_(identifier)\" title=\"S2CID (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA6g\">S2CID</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" id=\"mwA6k\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://api.semanticscholar.org/CorpusID:85847849\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA6o\">85847849</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Journal+of+Vertebrate+Paleontology&amp;rft.atitle=A+new+genus+of+squirrel+%28Rodentia%2C+Sciuridae%29+from+the+mid-Cenozoic+of+North+America&amp;rft.volume=27&amp;rft.issue=3&amp;rft.pages=693-698&amp;rft.date=2007&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1671%2F0272-4634%282007%2927%5B693%3AANGOSR%5D2.0.CO%3B2&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fapi.semanticscholar.org%2FCorpusID%3A85847849%23id-name%3DS2CID&amp;rft.aulast=Emry&amp;rft.aufirst=R.+J.&amp;rft.au=Korth%2C+W.+W.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt246\" id=\"mwA6s\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-tolweb-43\" id=\"cite_note-tolweb-43\"><span rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA6w\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-tolweb_43-0\" id=\"mwA60\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA64\">1 </span></a><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-tolweb_43-1\" id=\"mwA68\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA7A\">2 </span></a></span> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-tolweb-43\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Steppan &amp; Hamm (2006)</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-44\" id=\"cite_note-44\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-44\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA7E\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA7I\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-44\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Steppan, S. J. B. L. Storz, and R. S. Hoffmann. 2004. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.bio.fsu.edu/~steppan/Steppan_et_al_Sciuridae.pdf\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA7M\">Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1</a>. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 30:703-719.</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-45\" id=\"cite_note-45\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-45\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA7Q\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA7U\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-45\" class=\"mw-reference-text\">Kathleen Walker-Meikle, <i id=\"mwA7Y\">Medieval Pets</i>, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2012, p. 14 et passim</span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-46\" id=\"cite_note-46\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-46\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA7c\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA7g\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-46\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt263\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite web\",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.cybersecurity-insiders.com/squirrels-cause-more-financial-damage-to-critical-infrastructure-than-cyber-attacks/\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Squirrels cause more financial damage to critical Infrastructure than Cyber Attacks\"},\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Goud\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"Naveen\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"2017-01-18\"},\"website\":{\"wt\":\"Cybersecurity Insiders\"},\"language\":{\"wt\":\"en-US\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"2019-07-23\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA7k\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFGoud2017\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt263\">Goud, Naveen (18 January 2017). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.cybersecurity-insiders.com/squirrels-cause-more-financial-damage-to-critical-infrastructure-than-cyber-attacks/\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA7o\">\"Squirrels cause more financial damage to critical Infrastructure than Cyber Attacks\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA7s\">Cybersecurity Insiders</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA7w\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA70\">23 July</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Cybersecurity+Insiders&amp;rft.atitle=Squirrels+cause+more+financial+damage+to+critical+Infrastructure+than+Cyber+Attacks&amp;rft.date=2017-01-18&amp;rft.aulast=Goud&amp;rft.aufirst=Naveen&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cybersecurity-insiders.com%2Fsquirrels-cause-more-financial-damage-to-critical-infrastructure-than-cyber-attacks%2F&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt263\" id=\"mwA74\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-47\" id=\"cite_note-47\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-47\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA78\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA8A\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-47\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt270\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-02-10\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Drug-sniffing squirrels join China&apos;s police force\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.independent.co.uk/asia/drug-sniffing-squirrels-china-police-b2279927.html\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-03-03\"},\"website\":{\"wt\":\"The Independent\"},\"language\":{\"wt\":\"en\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA8E\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt270\" id=\"mwA8I\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.independent.co.uk/asia/drug-sniffing-squirrels-china-police-b2279927.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA8M\">\"Drug-sniffing squirrels join China's police force\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA8Q\">The Independent</i>. 10 February 2023<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA8U\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA8Y\">3 March</span> 2023</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Independent&amp;rft.atitle=Drug-sniffing+squirrels+join+China%27s+police+force&amp;rft.date=2023-02-10&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.independent.co.uk%2Fasia%2Fdrug-sniffing-squirrels-china-police-b2279927.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt270\" id=\"mwA8c\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-48\" id=\"cite_note-48\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-48\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA8g\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA8k\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-48\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt274\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"last\":{\"wt\":\"Teh\"},\"first\":{\"wt\":\"Cheryl\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"A squad of 6 drug-sniffing squirrels is China&apos;s latest line of defense against drugs\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.insider.com/china-drug-sniffing-squirrels-police-chongqing-better-than-dogs-2023-2\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-03-03\"},\"website\":{\"wt\":\"Insider\"},\"language\":{\"wt\":\"en-US\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA8o\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFTeh\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt274\">Teh, Cheryl. <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.insider.com/china-drug-sniffing-squirrels-police-chongqing-better-than-dogs-2023-2\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA8s\">\"A squad of 6 drug-sniffing squirrels is China's latest line of defense against drugs\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA8w\">Insider</i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA80\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA84\">3 March</span> 2023</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Insider&amp;rft.atitle=A+squad+of+6+drug-sniffing+squirrels+is+China%27s+latest+line+of+defense+against+drugs&amp;rft.aulast=Teh&amp;rft.aufirst=Cheryl&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.insider.com%2Fchina-drug-sniffing-squirrels-police-chongqing-better-than-dogs-2023-2&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt274\" id=\"mwA88\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-49\" id=\"cite_note-49\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-49\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA9A\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA9E\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-49\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt278\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-02-13\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"How squirrels are China&apos;s newest weapons against drugs\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.firstpost.com/explainers/squirrels-china-sniffing-drugs-dogs-12147532.html\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"2023-03-03\"},\"website\":{\"wt\":\"Firstpost\"},\"language\":{\"wt\":\"en\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA9I\"/><cite class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt278\" id=\"mwA9M\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.firstpost.com/explainers/squirrels-china-sniffing-drugs-dogs-12147532.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA9Q\">\"How squirrels are China's newest weapons against drugs\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA9U\">Firstpost</i>. 13 February 2023<span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA9Y\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA9c\">3 March</span> 2023</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Firstpost&amp;rft.atitle=How+squirrels+are+China%27s+newest+weapons+against+drugs&amp;rft.date=2023-02-13&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.firstpost.com%2Fexplainers%2Fsquirrels-china-sniffing-drugs-dogs-12147532.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt278\" id=\"mwA9g\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-50\" id=\"cite_note-50\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-50\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA9k\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA9o\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-50\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt287\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite news \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_news\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Blakeslee\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Sandra\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Kentucky Doctors Warn Against a Regional Dish: Squirrels&apos; Brains\"},\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/29/us/kentucky-doctors-warn-against-a-regional-dish-squirrels-brains.html\"},\"access-date\":{\"wt\":\"18 April 2019\"},\"newspaper\":{\"wt\":\"[[The New York Times]]\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"29 August 1997\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA9s\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFBlakeslee1997\" class=\"citation news cs1\" about=\"#mwt287\">Blakeslee, Sandra (29 August 1997). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/29/us/kentucky-doctors-warn-against-a-regional-dish-squirrels-brains.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA9w\">\"Kentucky Doctors Warn Against a Regional Dish: Squirrels' Brains\"</a>. <i id=\"mwA90\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./The_New_York_Times\" title=\"The New York Times\" id=\"mwA94\">The New York Times</a></i><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA98\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA-A\">18 April</span> 2019</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=The+New+York+Times&amp;rft.atitle=Kentucky+Doctors+Warn+Against+a+Regional+Dish%3A+Squirrels%27+Brains&amp;rft.date=1997-08-29&amp;rft.aulast=Blakeslee&amp;rft.aufirst=Sandra&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F1997%2F08%2F29%2Fus%2Fkentucky-doctors-warn-against-a-regional-dish-squirrels-brains.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt287\" id=\"mwA-E\"></span></span></li><li about=\"#cite_note-51\" id=\"cite_note-51\"><a href=\"./Squirrel#cite_ref-51\" rel=\"mw:referencedBy\" id=\"mwA-I\"><span class=\"mw-linkback-text\" id=\"mwA-M\">↑ </span></a> <span id=\"mw-reference-text-cite_note-51\" class=\"mw-reference-text\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt291\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"cite web \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_web\"},\"params\":{\"url\":{\"wt\":\"https://www.livescience.com/63831-squirrel-brains-rare-disorder-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease.html\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Man Dies from Extremely Rare Disease After Eating Squirrel Brains\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"Rachael\"},\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Rettner\"},\"date\":{\"wt\":\"October 15, 2018\"},\"publisher\":{\"wt\":\"[[LiveScience]]\"},\"accessdate\":{\"wt\":\"April 9, 2022\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA-Q\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFRettner2018\" class=\"citation web cs1\" about=\"#mwt291\">Rettner, Rachael (15 October 2018). <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.livescience.com/63831-squirrel-brains-rare-disorder-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA-U\">\"Man Dies from Extremely Rare Disease After Eating Squirrel Brains\"</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./LiveScience\" title=\"LiveScience\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA-Y\">LiveScience</a><span class=\"reference-accessdate\" id=\"mwA-c\">. Retrieved <span class=\"nowrap\" id=\"mwA-g\">9 April</span> 2022</span>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.btitle=Man+Dies+from+Extremely+Rare+Disease+After+Eating+Squirrel+Brains&amp;rft.pub=LiveScience&amp;rft.date=2018-10-15&amp;rft.aulast=Rettner&amp;rft.aufirst=Rachael&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.livescience.com%2F63831-squirrel-brains-rare-disorder-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease.html&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt291\" id=\"mwA-k\"></span></span></li></ol></div>\n\n<p id=\"mwA-o\"><span class=\"anchor\" id=\"mwA-s\" about=\"#mwt301\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Anchor\",\"href\":\"./Template:Anchor\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"References\"},\"reason\":{\"wt\":\"\\\"References\\\" is the old section name, which was changed to \\\"Further reading\\\" on 6 June 2018\"}},\"i\":0}}]}'></span></p>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"10\" id=\"mwA-w\"><h2 id=\"Further_reading\">Further reading</h2>\n<ul id=\"mwA-0\"><li id=\"mwA-4\">Milton, Katherine (1984): \"Family Sciuridae\". In: Macdonald, D. (ed.): <i id=\"mwA-8\">The Encyclopedia of Mammals</i>: 612–623. Facts on File, New York. <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt302\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"ISBN\",\"href\":\"./Template:ISBN\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"0-87196-871-1\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA_A\"/><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" about=\"#mwt302\" class=\"mw-redirect\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt302\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-87196-871-1\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-87196-871-1\" about=\"#mwt302\" id=\"mwA_E\">0-87196-871-1</a>.</li>\n<li id=\"mwA_I\">Steppan, Scott J. and Hamm, Shawn M. (2006): <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tree_of_Life_Web_Project\" title=\"Tree of Life Web Project\" id=\"mwA_M\">Tree of Life Web Project</a> – <a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://tolweb.org/Sciuridae/16456/2006.05.13\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwA_Q\">\"Sciuridae (Squirrels)\"</a>. Version of 13 May 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2007.</li>\n<li id=\"mwA_U\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt305\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Cite journal \",\"href\":\"./Template:Cite_journal\"},\"params\":{\"last1\":{\"wt\":\"Steppan\"},\"first1\":{\"wt\":\"S. J.\"},\"last2\":{\"wt\":\"Storz\"},\"first2\":{\"wt\":\"B. L.\"},\"last3\":{\"wt\":\"Hoffmann\"},\"first3\":{\"wt\":\"R. S.\"},\"doi\":{\"wt\":\"10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00204-5\"},\"title\":{\"wt\":\"Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1\"},\"journal\":{\"wt\":\"Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution\"},\"volume\":{\"wt\":\"30\"},\"issue\":{\"wt\":\"3\"},\"pages\":{\"wt\":\"703–719\"},\"year\":{\"wt\":\"2004\"},\"pmid\":{\"wt\":\"15012949\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA_Y\"/><cite id=\"CITEREFSteppanStorzHoffmann2004\" class=\"citation journal cs1\" about=\"#mwt305\">Steppan, S. J.; Storz, B. L.; Hoffmann, R. S. (2004). \"Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1\". <i>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution</i>. <b>30</b> (3): 703–719. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Doi_(identifier)\" title=\"Doi (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\">doi</a>:<a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://doi.org/10.1016%2FS1055-7903%2803%2900204-5\" class=\"external text\">10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00204-5</a>. <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./PMID_(identifier)\" title=\"PMID (identifier)\" class=\"mw-redirect\">PMID</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15012949\" class=\"external text\">15012949</a>.</cite><span title=\"ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Molecular+Phylogenetics+and+Evolution&amp;rft.atitle=Nuclear+DNA+phylogeny+of+the+squirrels+%28Mammalia%3A+Rodentia%29+and+the+evolution+of+arboreality+from+c-myc+and+RAG1&amp;rft.volume=30&amp;rft.issue=3&amp;rft.pages=703-719&amp;rft.date=2004&amp;rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1016%2FS1055-7903%2803%2900204-5&amp;rft_id=info%3Apmid%2F15012949&amp;rft.aulast=Steppan&amp;rft.aufirst=S.+J.&amp;rft.au=Storz%2C+B.+L.&amp;rft.au=Hoffmann%2C+R.+S.&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ASquirrel\" class=\"Z3988\" about=\"#mwt305\" id=\"mwA_c\"></span></li>\n<li id=\"mwA_g\">Thorington, R.W. and Hoffmann, R.S. (2005): \"Family Sciuridae\". In: <i id=\"mwA_k\">Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference</i>: 754–818. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.</li>\n<li id=\"mwA_o\">Whitaker, John O. Jr. and Elman, Robert (1980): <i id=\"mwA_s\">The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals</i> (2nd ed.). <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alfred_A._Knopf,_Jr.\" title=\"Alfred A. Knopf, Jr.\" class=\"mw-redirect\" id=\"mwA_w\">Alfred Knopf</a>, New York. <link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1133582631\" about=\"#mwt308\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"ISBN\",\"href\":\"./Template:ISBN\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"0-394-50762-2\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwA_0\"/><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./ISBN_(identifier)\" title=\"ISBN (identifier)\" about=\"#mwt308\" class=\"mw-redirect\">ISBN</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\" about=\"#mwt308\"> </span><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:BookSources/0-394-50762-2\" title=\"Special:BookSources/0-394-50762-2\" about=\"#mwt308\" id=\"mwA_4\">0-394-50762-2</a></li></ul>\n\n</section><section data-mw-section-id=\"11\" id=\"mwA_8\"><h2 id=\"External_links\">External links</h2>\n<style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1134653256\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" about=\"#mwt311\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Commons\",\"href\":\"./Template:Commons\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"Sciuridae\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBAA\">.mw-parser-output .side-box{margin:4px 0;box-sizing:border-box;border:1px solid #aaa;font-size:88%;line-height:1.25em;background-color:#f9f9f9;display:flow-root}.mw-parser-output .side-box-abovebelow,.mw-parser-output .side-box-text{padding:0.25em 0.9em}.mw-parser-output .side-box-image{padding:2px 0 2px 0.9em;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .side-box-imageright{padding:2px 0.9em 2px 0;text-align:center}@media(min-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .side-box-flex{display:flex;align-items:center}.mw-parser-output .side-box-text{flex:1}}@media(min-width:720px){.mw-parser-output .side-box{width:238px}.mw-parser-output .side-box-right{clear:right;float:right;margin-left:1em}.mw-parser-output .side-box-left{margin-right:1em}}</style><div class=\"side-box side-box-right plainlinks sistersitebox\" about=\"#mwt311\" id=\"mwBAE\"><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1126788409\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" about=\"#mwt315\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Plainlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'>.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul{line-height:inherit;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .plainlist ol li,.mw-parser-output .plainlist ul li{margin-bottom:0}</style>\n<div class=\"side-box-flex\">\n<div class=\"side-box-image\"><span class=\"noviewer\" typeof=\"mw:File\"><span><img alt=\"\" resource=\"./File:Commons-logo.svg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/30px-Commons-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1024\" data-file-height=\"1376\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"40\" width=\"30\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/45px-Commons-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/59px-Commons-logo.svg.png 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></span></span></div>\n<div class=\"side-box-text plainlist\">Wikimedia Commons has media related to <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink/Interwiki\" href=\"https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Sciuridae\" title=\"commons:Sciuridae\" class=\"extiw\"><span style=\"font-style:italic; font-weight:bold;\">Sciuridae</span></a><link rel=\"mw:PageProp/Category\" href=\"./Category:Commons_link_is_on_Wikidata\"/>.</div></div>\n</div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1134653256\" about=\"#mwt316\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Wikispecies\",\"href\":\"./Template:Wikispecies\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"Sciuridae\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBAI\"/><div class=\"side-box side-box-right plainlinks sistersitebox\" about=\"#mwt316\" id=\"mwBAM\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1126788409\" about=\"#mwt320\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Plainlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/>\n<div class=\"side-box-flex\">\n<div class=\"side-box-image\"><span class=\"noviewer\" typeof=\"mw:File\"><span><img alt=\"\" resource=\"./File:Wikispecies-logo.svg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Wikispecies-logo.svg/34px-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"941\" data-file-height=\"1103\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"40\" width=\"34\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Wikispecies-logo.svg/51px-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/Wikispecies-logo.svg/68px-Wikispecies-logo.svg.png 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></span></span></div>\n<div class=\"side-box-text plainlist\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wikispecies\" title=\"Wikispecies\">Wikispecies</a> has information related to <i><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink/Interwiki\" href=\"https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Sciuridae\" title=\"wikispecies:Sciuridae\" class=\"extiw\">Sciuridae</a></b></i>.</div></div>\n</div>\n<link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1134653256\" about=\"#mwt321\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"wiktionary\",\"href\":\"./Template:Wiktionary\"},\"params\":{\"1\":{\"wt\":\"squirrel\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBAQ\"/><div class=\"side-box side-box-right plainlinks sistersitebox\" about=\"#mwt321\" id=\"mwBAU\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1126788409\" about=\"#mwt325\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Plainlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/>\n<div class=\"side-box-flex\">\n<div class=\"side-box-image\"><span class=\"noviewer\" typeof=\"mw:File\"><span><img alt=\"\" resource=\"./File:Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg/40px-Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg.png\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"512\" data-file-height=\"512\" data-file-type=\"drawing\" height=\"40\" width=\"40\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg/60px-Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg/80px-Wiktionary-logo-en-v2.svg.png 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></span></span></div>\n<div class=\"side-box-text plainlist\">Look up <i><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink/Interwiki\" href=\"https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/squirrel\" title=\"wiktionary:squirrel\" class=\"extiw\">squirrel</a></b></i> in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.</div></div>\n</div>\n<ul id=\"mwBAY\"><li id=\"mwBAc\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://tolweb.org/Sciuridae/16456\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwBAg\">Tree of Life: Sciuridae</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwBAk\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://northernbushcraft.com/animalTracks/squirrel/notes.htm\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwBAo\">Squirrel Tracks</a>: How to identify squirrel tracks in the wild</li>\n<li id=\"mwBAs\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20070614105921/http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/squirrel.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwBAw\">National Geographic link on Squirrels</a></li>\n<li id=\"mwBA0\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20131206211135/http://squirrels.org/names.html\" class=\"external text\" id=\"mwBA4\">List of names of squirrel taxa</a></li></ul>\n\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt326\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Rodents\",\"href\":\"./Template:Rodents\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBA8\"><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" about=\"#mwt336\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'>.mw-parser-output .hlist dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul{margin:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .hlist dd,.mw-parser-output .hlist dt,.mw-parser-output .hlist li{margin:0;display:inline}.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist.inline ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist dl ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ol ul,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul dl,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul ol,.mw-parser-output .hlist ul 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.navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar-collapse{float:left;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .navbar-boxtext{word-spacing:0}.mw-parser-output .navbar ul{display:inline-block;white-space:nowrap;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::before{margin-right:-0.125em;content:\"[ \"}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::after{margin-left:-0.125em;content:\" ]\"}.mw-parser-output .navbar li{word-spacing:-0.125em}.mw-parser-output .navbar a>span,.mw-parser-output .navbar a>abbr{text-decoration:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-mini abbr{font-variant:small-caps;border-bottom:none;text-decoration:none;cursor:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-full{font-size:114%;margin:0 7em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-mini{font-size:114%;margin:0 4em}</style><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:Rodents\" title=\"Template:Rodents\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:Rodents\" title=\"Template talk:Rodents\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:Rodents\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:Rodents\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_families_in_order_Rodentia\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant families in order <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Infraclass: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eutheria\" title=\"Eutheria\">Eutheria</a></li>\n<li>Superorder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Euarchontoglires\" title=\"Euarchontoglires\">Euarchontoglires</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(\"Squirrel-like\")</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mountain_beaver\" title=\"Mountain beaver\">Aplodontiidae <small>(Mountain beaver)</small></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dormouse\" title=\"Dormouse\">Gliridae <small>(Dormice)</small></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae <small>(Squirrels, chipmunks, marmots, susliks and prairie dogs)</small></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Castorimorpha\" title=\"Castorimorpha\">Castorimorpha</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(\"Beaver-like\")</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Castoridae\" title=\"Castoridae\">Castoroidea</a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Castoridae\" title=\"Castoridae\">Castoridae <small>(Beavers)</small></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Geomyoidea\" title=\"Geomyoidea\">Geomyoidea</a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gopher\" title=\"Gopher\">Geomyidae <small>(Pocket gophers)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Heteromyidae\" title=\"Heteromyidae\">Heteromyidae <small>(Kangaroo rats and mice, pocket mice)</small></a></dd></dl>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Myomorpha\" title=\"Myomorpha\">Myomorpha</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(\"Mouse-like\")</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dipodidae\" title=\"Dipodidae\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Dipodoidea</a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dipodidae\" title=\"Dipodidae\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Dipodidae <small>(Jerboas, jumping mice and birch mice)</small></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Muroidea\" title=\"Muroidea\">Muroidea</a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Platacanthomyidae\" title=\"Platacanthomyidae\">Platacanthomyidae <small>(Oriental dormice)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Spalacidae\" title=\"Spalacidae\">Spalacidae <small>(Zokors, bamboo rats, mole rats, blind mole rats)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mouse-like_hamster\" title=\"Mouse-like hamster\">Calomyscidae <small>(Mouse-like hamsters)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Nesomyidae\" title=\"Nesomyidae\">Nesomyidae <small>(Malagasy rats and relatives)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cricetidae\" title=\"Cricetidae\">Cricetidae <small>(Hamsters and relatives)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Muridae\" title=\"Muridae\">Muridae <small>(House mouse and relatives)</small></a></dd></dl>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Anomaluromorpha\" title=\"Anomaluromorpha\">Anomaluromorpha</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(\"Anomalure-like\")</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Anomalure\" title=\"Anomalure\">Anomaluridae <small>(Anomalures)</small></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pedetidae\" title=\"Pedetidae\">Pedetidae <small>(Springhares)</small></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hystricomorpha\" title=\"Hystricomorpha\">Hystricomorpha</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(\"Porcupine-like\")</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gundi\" title=\"Gundi\">Ctenodactylidae <small>(Gundis)</small></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Diatomyidae\" title=\"Diatomyidae\">Diatomyidae <small>(Laotian rock rat)</small></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Old_World_porcupine\" title=\"Old World porcupine\">Hystricidae <small>(Old World porcupines)</small></a></li></ul>\n\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Phiomorpha\" title=\"Phiomorpha\">Phiomorpha</a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Blesmol\" title=\"Blesmol\">Bathyergidae <small>(Blesmols)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dassie_rat\" title=\"Dassie rat\">Petromuridae <small>(Dassie rat)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cane_rat\" title=\"Cane rat\">Thryonomyidae <small>(Cane rats)</small></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Caviomorpha\" title=\"Caviomorpha\">Caviomorpha <small>(New World hystricognaths)</small></a></dt><dd></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./New_World_porcupine\" title=\"New World porcupine\">Erethizontidae <small>(New World porcupines)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Caviidae\" title=\"Caviidae\">Caviidae <small>(Cavies)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Paca\" title=\"Paca\">Cuniculidae <small>(Pacas)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dasyproctidae\" title=\"Dasyproctidae\">Dasyproctidae <small>(Agoutis and acouchis)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Dinomyidae\" title=\"Dinomyidae\">Dinomyidae <small>(Pacarana)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tuco-tuco\" title=\"Tuco-tuco\">Ctenomyidae <small>(Tuco-tucos)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Echimyidae\" title=\"Echimyidae\">Echimyidae <small>(Spiny rats, coypus, hutias)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Octodontidae\" title=\"Octodontidae\">Octodontidae <small>(Degus and relatives)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chinchilla_rat\" title=\"Chinchilla rat\">Abrocomidae <small>(Chinchilla rats)</small></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chinchillidae\" title=\"Chinchillidae\">Chinchillidae <small>(Chinchillas and viscachas)</small></a></dd></dl>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt345\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"S. Ratufinae-Sciurillinae nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:S._Ratufinae-Sciurillinae_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBE\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt351\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt352\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt353\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamilies_Ratufinae_and_Sciurillinae)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt345\" id=\"mwBBI\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"2\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt354\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt355\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:S._Ratufinae-Sciurillinae_nav\" title=\"Template:S. Ratufinae-Sciurillinae nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:S._Ratufinae-Sciurillinae_nav\" title=\"Template talk:S. Ratufinae-Sciurillinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:S._Ratufinae-Sciurillinae_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:S. Ratufinae-Sciurillinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamilies_Ratufinae_and_Sciurillinae)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant species of family <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a> (subfamilies <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Oriental_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Oriental giant squirrel\">Ratufinae</a> and <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotropical_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Neotropical pygmy squirrel\">Sciurillinae</a>)</div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Oriental_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Oriental giant squirrel\">Ratufinae</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Oriental giant squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\"></div><table class=\"nowraplinks navbox-subgroup\" style=\"border-spacing:0\"><tbody><tr><th id=\"Ratufa\" scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:7em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Oriental_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Oriental giant squirrel\">Ratufa</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cream-coloured_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Cream-coloured giant squirrel\">Cream-coloured giant squirrel <i>(Ratufa affinis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Black giant squirrel\">Black giant squirrel <i>(Ratufa bicolor)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Indian_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Indian giant squirrel\">Indian giant squirrel <i>(Ratufa indica)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Grizzled_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Grizzled giant squirrel\">Grizzled giant squirrel <i>(Ratufa macroura)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotropical_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Neotropical pygmy squirrel\">Sciurillinae</a></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\"></div><table class=\"nowraplinks navbox-subgroup\" style=\"border-spacing:0\"><tbody><tr><th id=\"Sciurillus\" scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:7em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotropical_Pygmy_Squirrel\" title=\"Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Sciurillus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotropical_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Neotropical pygmy squirrel\">Neotropical pygmy squirrel <i>(Sciurillus pusillus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt356\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"S. Callosciurinae nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:S._Callosciurinae_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBM\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt364\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt365\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt366\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt367\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt368\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Callosciurinae)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt356\" id=\"mwBBQ\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"2\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt369\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt370\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:S._Callosciurinae_nav\" title=\"Template:S. Callosciurinae nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:S._Callosciurinae_nav\" title=\"Template talk:S. Callosciurinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:S._Callosciurinae_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:S. Callosciurinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Callosciurinae)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant species of family <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a> (subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurinae\" title=\"Callosciurinae\">Callosciurinae</a>)</div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callosciurus\" title=\"Callosciurus\">Callosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ear-spot_squirrel\" title=\"Ear-spot squirrel\">Ear-spot squirrel <i>(Callosciurus adamsi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kloss's_squirrel\" title=\"Kloss's squirrel\">Kloss's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus albescens)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kinabalu_squirrel\" title=\"Kinabalu squirrel\">Kinabalu squirrel <i>(Callosciurus baluensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Grey-bellied_squirrel\" title=\"Grey-bellied squirrel\">Grey-bellied squirrel <i>(Callosciurus caniceps)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pallas's_squirrel\" title=\"Pallas's squirrel\">Pallas's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus erythraeus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Finlayson's_squirrel\" title=\"Finlayson's squirrel\">Finlayson's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus finlaysonii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hon_Khoai_squirrel\" title=\"Hon Khoai squirrel\">Hon Khoai squirrel <i>(Callosciurus honkhoaiensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Inornate_squirrel\" title=\"Inornate squirrel\">Inornate squirrel <i>(Callosciurus inornatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mentawai_squirrel\" title=\"Mentawai squirrel\">Mentawai squirrel <i>(Callosciurus melanogaster)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-striped_squirrel\" title=\"Black-striped squirrel\">Black-striped squirrel <i>(Callosciurus nigrovittatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Plantain_squirrel\" title=\"Plantain squirrel\">Plantain squirrel <i>(Callosciurus notatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Borneo_black-banded_squirrel\" title=\"Borneo black-banded squirrel\">Borneo black-banded squirrel <i>(Callosciurus orestes)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Phayre's_squirrel\" title=\"Phayre's squirrel\">Phayre's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus phayrei)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prevost's_squirrel\" title=\"Prevost's squirrel\">Prevost's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus prevostii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Irrawaddy_squirrel\" title=\"Irrawaddy squirrel\">Irrawaddy squirrel <i>(Callosciurus pygerythrus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Anderson's_squirrel\" title=\"Anderson's squirrel\">Anderson's squirrel <i>(Callosciurus quinquestriatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-cheeked_squirrel\" title=\"Red-cheeked squirrel\">Dremomys</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Red-cheeked squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bornean_mountain_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Bornean mountain ground squirrel\">Bornean mountain ground squirrel <i>(Dremomys everetti)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-throated_squirrel\" title=\"Red-throated squirrel\">Red-throated squirrel <i>(Dremomys gularis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Orange-bellied_Himalayan_squirrel\" title=\"Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel\">Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel <i>(Dremomys lokriah)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Perny's_long-nosed_squirrel\" title=\"Perny's long-nosed squirrel\">Perny's long-nosed squirrel <i>(Dremomys pernyi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-hipped_squirrel\" title=\"Red-hipped squirrel\">Red-hipped squirrel <i>(Dremomys pyrrhomerus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Asian_red-cheeked_squirrel\" title=\"Asian red-cheeked squirrel\">Asian red-cheeked squirrel <i>(Dremomys rufigenis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Exilisciurus\" title=\"Exilisciurus\">Exilisciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Philippine_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Philippine pygmy squirrel\">Philippine pygmy squirrel <i>(Exilisciurus concinnus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Least_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Least pygmy squirrel\">Least pygmy squirrel <i>(Exilisciurus exilis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tufted_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"Tufted pygmy squirrel\">Tufted pygmy squirrel <i>(Exilisciurus whiteheadi)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Funambulus\" title=\"Funambulus\">Funambulus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Funambulus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Layard's_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Layard's palm squirrel\">Layard's palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus layardi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Funambulus_obscurus\" title=\"Funambulus obscurus\">Dusky palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus obscurus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Indian_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Indian palm squirrel\">Indian palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus palmarum)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Nilgiri_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Nilgiri palm squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Nilgiri palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus sublineatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Jungle_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Jungle palm squirrel\">Jungle palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus tristriatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Prasadsciurus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Northern_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Northern palm squirrel\">Northern palm squirrel <i>(Funambulus pennantii)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sculptor_squirrel\" title=\"Sculptor squirrel\">Glyphotes</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sculptor_squirrel\" title=\"Sculptor squirrel\">Sculptor squirrel <i>(Glyphotes simus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hyosciurus\" title=\"Hyosciurus\">Hyosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Montane_long-nosed_squirrel\" title=\"Montane long-nosed squirrel\">Montane long-nosed squirrel <i>(Hyosciurus heinrichi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lowland_long-nosed_squirrel\" title=\"Lowland long-nosed squirrel\">Lowland long-nosed squirrel <i>(Hyosciurus ileile)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lariscus\" title=\"Lariscus\">Lariscus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(striped ground squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Four-striped_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Four-striped ground squirrel\">Four-striped ground squirrel <i>(Lariscus hosei)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Three-striped_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Three-striped ground squirrel\">Three-striped ground squirrel <i>(Lariscus insignis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Niobe_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Niobe ground squirrel\">Niobe ground squirrel <i>(Lariscus niobe)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mentawai_three-striped_squirrel\" title=\"Mentawai three-striped squirrel\">Mentawai three-striped squirrel <i>(Lariscus obscurus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Berdmore's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Berdmore's ground squirrel\">Menetes</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Berdmore's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Berdmore's ground squirrel\">Berdmore's ground squirrel <i>(Menetes berdmorei)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-eared_squirrel\" title=\"Black-eared squirrel\">Nannosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-eared_squirrel\" title=\"Black-eared squirrel\">Black-eared squirrel <i>(Nannosciurus melanotis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prosciurillus\" title=\"Prosciurillus\">Prosciurillus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Secretive_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Secretive dwarf squirrel\">Secretive dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus abstrusus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alston's_Sulawesi_dwarf_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Alston's Sulawesi dwarf squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Alston&apos;s Sulawesi dwarf squirrel\"]}}'>Alston's Sulawesi dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus alstoni)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Whitish_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Whitish dwarf squirrel\">Whitish dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus leucomus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Celebes_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Celebes dwarf squirrel\">Celebes dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus murinus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sanghir_squirrel\" title=\"Sanghir squirrel\">Sanghir squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus rosenbergii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Roux's_Sulawesi_dwarf_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Roux's Sulawesi dwarf squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Roux&apos;s Sulawesi dwarf squirrel\"]}}'>Roux's Sulawesi dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus topapuensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Weber's_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Weber's dwarf squirrel\">Weber's dwarf squirrel <i>(Prosciurillus weberi)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Shrew-faced_squirrel\" title=\"Shrew-faced squirrel\">Rhinosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Shrew-faced_squirrel\" title=\"Shrew-faced squirrel\">Shrew-faced squirrel <i>(Rhinosciurus laticaudatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-bellied_squirrel\" title=\"Red-bellied squirrel\">Rubrisciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-bellied_squirrel\" title=\"Red-bellied squirrel\">Red-bellied squirrel <i>(Rubrisciurus rubriventer)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sundasciurus\" title=\"Sundasciurus\">Sundasciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Aletesciurus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Davao_squirrel\" title=\"Davao squirrel\">Davao squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus davensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bornean_mountain_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Bornean mountain ground squirrel\">Bornean mountain ground squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus everetti)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Horse-tailed_squirrel\" title=\"Horse-tailed squirrel\">Horse-tailed squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus hippurus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Northern_Palawan_tree_squirrel\" title=\"Northern Palawan tree squirrel\">Northern Palawan tree squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus juvencus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mindanao_squirrel\" title=\"Mindanao squirrel\">Mindanao squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus mindanensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Culion_tree_squirrel\" title=\"Culion tree squirrel\">Culion tree squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus moellendorffi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Philippine_tree_squirrel\" title=\"Philippine tree squirrel\">Philippine tree squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus philippinensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Palawan_montane_squirrel\" title=\"Palawan montane squirrel\">Palawan montane squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus rabori)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Samar_squirrel\" title=\"Samar squirrel\">Samar squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus samarensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southern_Palawan_tree_squirrel\" title=\"Southern Palawan tree squirrel\">Southern Palawan tree squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus steerii)</i></a></li></ul>\n\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Sundasciurus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Brooke's_squirrel\" title=\"Brooke's squirrel\">Brooke's squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus brookei)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fraternal_squirrel\" title=\"Fraternal squirrel\">Fraternal squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus fraterculus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Jentink's_squirrel\" title=\"Jentink's squirrel\">Jentink's squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus jentinki)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Low's_squirrel\" title=\"Low's squirrel\">Low's squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus lowii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Natuna_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Natuna squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Natuna squirrel\"]}}'>Natuna squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus natunensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Robinson's_squirrel\" title=\"Robinson's squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Robinson's squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus robinsoni)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Upland_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Upland squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Upland squirrel\"]}}'>Upland squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus tahan)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Slender_squirrel\" title=\"Slender squirrel\">Slender squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus tenuis)</i></a></li></ul>\n\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>incertae sedis</i></u>:</li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sumatran_mountain_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"Sumatran mountain squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"Sumatran mountain squirrel\"]}}'>Sumatran mountain squirrel <i>(Sundasciurus altitudinis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Asiatic_striped_squirrel\" title=\"Asiatic striped squirrel\">Tamiops</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Asiatic striped squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Himalayan_striped_squirrel\" title=\"Himalayan striped squirrel\">Himalayan striped squirrel <i>(Tamiops mcclellandii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Maritime_striped_squirrel\" title=\"Maritime striped squirrel\">Maritime striped squirrel <i>(Tamiops maritimus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cambodian_striped_squirrel\" title=\"Cambodian striped squirrel\">Cambodian striped squirrel <i>(Tamiops rodolphii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Swinhoe's_striped_squirrel\" title=\"Swinhoe's striped squirrel\">Swinhoe's striped squirrel <i>(Tamiops swinhoei)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt371\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"S. Sciurinae1 nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:S._Sciurinae1_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBU\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt385\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt386\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt387\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt388\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt389\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt390\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt391\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt392\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt393\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt394\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt395\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Sciurinae,_Sciurini_tribe)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt371\" id=\"mwBBY\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"3\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt396\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt397\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:S._Sciurinae1_nav\" title=\"Template:S. Sciurinae1 nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:S._Sciurinae1_nav\" title=\"Template talk:S. Sciurinae1 nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:S._Sciurinae1_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:S. Sciurinae1 nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Sciurinae,_Sciurini_tribe)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant species of family <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a> (subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurinae\" title=\"Sciurinae\">Sciurinae</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurini\" title=\"Sciurini\">Sciurini</a> tribe)</div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"3\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Microsciurus\" title=\"Microsciurus\">Microsciurus</a></i><br/><span style=\"font-size:85%;\"><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Dwarf squirrels)</span></span></span></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Central_American_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Central American dwarf squirrel\">Central American dwarf squirrel <i>(Microsciurus alfari)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Amazon_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Amazon dwarf squirrel\">Amazon dwarf squirrel <i>(Microsciurus flaviventer)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Western_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Western dwarf squirrel\">Western dwarf squirrel <i>(Microsciurus mimulus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Santander_dwarf_squirrel\" title=\"Santander dwarf squirrel\">Santander dwarf squirrel <i>(Microsciurus santanderensis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td><td class=\"noviewer navbox-image\" rowspan=\"5\" style=\"width:1px;padding:0 0 0 2px\"><div><span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/95/Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg/170px-Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1500\" data-file-height=\"1004\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"114\" width=\"170\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/95/Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg/255px-Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/95/Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg/340px-Sciurus-vulgaris_hernandeangelis_stockholm_2008-06-04.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span> <span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Goldmantelziesel.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Goldmantelziesel.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Goldmantelziesel.jpg/170px-Goldmantelziesel.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"2060\" data-file-height=\"1773\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"146\" width=\"170\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Goldmantelziesel.jpg/255px-Goldmantelziesel.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Goldmantelziesel.jpg/340px-Goldmantelziesel.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span> <span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg/170px-Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"800\" data-file-height=\"600\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"128\" width=\"170\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg/255px-Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/06/Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg/340px-Tamiasciurus_douglasii_000.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tufted_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Tufted ground squirrel\">Rheithrosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tufted_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Tufted ground squirrel\">Tufted ground squirrel <i>(Rheithrosciurus macrotis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurus\" title=\"Sciurus\">Sciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Guerlinguetus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Brazilian_squirrel\" title=\"Brazilian squirrel\">Brazilian squirrel <i>(Sciurus aestuans)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./South_Yungas_red_squirrel?action=edit&amp;redlink=1\" title=\"South Yungas red squirrel\" class=\"new\" typeof=\"mw:LocalizedAttrs\" data-mw-i18n='{\"title\":{\"lang\":\"x-page\",\"key\":\"red-link-title\",\"params\":[\"South Yungas red squirrel\"]}}'>South Yungas red squirrel <i>(Sciurus argentinius)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yellow-throated_squirrel\" title=\"Yellow-throated squirrel\">Yellow-throated squirrel <i>(Sciurus gilvigularis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-tailed_squirrel\" title=\"Red-tailed squirrel\">Red-tailed squirrel <i>(Sciurus granatensis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bolivian_squirrel\" title=\"Bolivian squirrel\">Bolivian squirrel <i>(Sciurus ignitus)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurus_ingrami\" title=\"Sciurus ingrami\">Atlantic Forest squirrel <i>(Sciurus ingrami)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Andean_squirrel\" title=\"Andean squirrel\">Andean squirrel <i>(Sciurus pucheranii)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Richmond's_squirrel\" title=\"Richmond's squirrel\">Richmond's squirrel <i>(Sciurus richmondi)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sanborn's_squirrel\" title=\"Sanborn's squirrel\">Sanborn's squirrel <i>(Sciurus sanborni)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Guayaquil_squirrel\" title=\"Guayaquil squirrel\">Guayaquil squirrel <i>(Sciurus stramineus)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Hadrosciurus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fiery_squirrel\" title=\"Fiery squirrel\">Fiery squirrel <i>(Sciurus flammifer)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Junín_red_squirrel\" title=\"Junín red squirrel\">Junín red squirrel <i>(Sciurus pyrrhinus)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Hesperosciurus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Western_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Western gray squirrel\">Western gray squirrel <i>(Sciurus griseus)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Otosciurus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Abert's_squirrel\" title=\"Abert's squirrel\">Abert's squirrel <i>(Sciurus aberti)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Sciurus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Allen's_squirrel\" title=\"Allen's squirrel\">Allen's squirrel <i>(Sciurus alleni)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Arizona_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Arizona gray squirrel\">Arizona gray squirrel <i>(Sciurus arizonensis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mexican_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Mexican gray squirrel\">Mexican gray squirrel <i>(Sciurus aureogaster)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eastern_gray_squirrel\" title=\"Eastern gray squirrel\">Eastern gray squirrel <i>(Sciurus carolinensis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Collie's_squirrel\" title=\"Collie's squirrel\">Collie's squirrel <i>(Sciurus colliaei)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Deppe's_squirrel\" title=\"Deppe's squirrel\">Deppe's squirrel <i>(Sciurus deppei)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Japanese_squirrel\" title=\"Japanese squirrel\">Japanese squirrel <i>(Sciurus lis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Calabrian_black_squirrel\" title=\"Calabrian black squirrel\">Calabrian black squirrel <i>(Sciurus meridionalis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mexican_fox_squirrel\" title=\"Mexican fox squirrel\">Mexican fox squirrel <i>(Sciurus nayaritensis)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fox_squirrel\" title=\"Fox squirrel\">Fox squirrel <i>(Sciurus niger)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Peters's_squirrel\" title=\"Peters's squirrel\">Peters's squirrel <i>(Sciurus oculatus)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Variegated_squirrel\" title=\"Variegated squirrel\">Variegated squirrel <i>(Sciurus variegatoides)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_squirrel\" title=\"Red squirrel\">Red squirrel <i>(Sciurus vulgaris)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yucatan_squirrel\" title=\"Yucatan squirrel\">Yucatan squirrel <i>(Sciurus yucatanensis)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Tenes</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Caucasian_squirrel\" title=\"Caucasian squirrel\">Caucasian squirrel <i>(Sciurus anomalus)</i></a></dd></dl>\n\n<dl><dt><span class=\"nobold\"><u>Subgenus <i>Urosciurus</i></u></span></dt>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Northern_Amazon_red_squirrel\" title=\"Northern Amazon red squirrel\">Northern Amazon red squirrel <i>(Sciurus igniventris)</i></a></dd>\n<dd><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southern_Amazon_red_squirrel\" title=\"Southern Amazon red squirrel\">Southern Amazon red squirrel <i>(Sciurus spadiceus)</i></a></dd></dl>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bangs's_mountain_squirrel\" title=\"Bangs's mountain squirrel\">Syntheosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bangs's_mountain_squirrel\" title=\"Bangs's mountain squirrel\">Bangs's mountain squirrel <i>(Syntheosciurus brochus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pine_squirrel\" title=\"Pine squirrel\">Tamiasciurus</a></i><br/><span style=\"font-size:85%;\"><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Pine squirrels)</span></span></span></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Douglas_squirrel\" title=\"Douglas squirrel\">Douglas squirrel <i>(Tamiasciurus douglasii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southwestern_red_squirrel\" title=\"Southwestern red squirrel\">Southwestern red squirrel <i>(Tamiasciurus fremonti)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./American_red_squirrel\" title=\"American red squirrel\">American red squirrel <i>(Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"3\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt398\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"S. Sciurinae2 nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:S._Sciurinae2_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBc\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt407\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt408\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt409\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt410\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt411\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt412\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Sciurinae,_Pteromyini_(Flying_squirrels)_tribe)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt398\" id=\"mwBBg\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"3\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt413\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt414\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:S._Sciurinae2_nav\" title=\"Template:S. Sciurinae2 nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:S._Sciurinae2_nav\" title=\"Template talk:S. Sciurinae2 nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:S._Sciurinae2_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:S. Sciurinae2 nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Sciurinae,_Pteromyini_(Flying_squirrels)_tribe)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant species of family <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuridae\" title=\"Sciuridae\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Sciuridae</a> (subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurinae\" title=\"Sciurinae\">Sciurinae</a>, <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Flying_squirrel\" title=\"Flying squirrel\">Pteromyini <small>(Flying squirrels)</small></a> tribe)</div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"3\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordata\" title=\"Chordata\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammalia\" title=\"Mammalia\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Groove-toothed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Groove-toothed flying squirrel\">Aeretes</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Groove-toothed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Groove-toothed flying squirrel\">Groove-toothed flying squirrel <i>(Aeretes melanopterus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td><td class=\"noviewer navbox-image\" rowspan=\"15\" style=\"width:1px;padding:0 0 0 2px\"><div><span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg/200px-Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1155\" data-file-height=\"792\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"137\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg/300px-Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/43/Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg/400px-Callosciurus_prevosti.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span> <span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg/200px-OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"1220\" data-file-height=\"974\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"160\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg/300px-OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg/400px-OtospermophilusVariegatusGrandCanyon.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span> <span typeof=\"mw:File\"><a href=\"./File:Sciurus_niger_(on_fence).jpg\" class=\"mw-file-description\"><img resource=\"./File:Sciurus_niger_(on_fence).jpg\" src=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Sciurus_niger_%28on_fence%29.jpg/200px-Sciurus_niger_%28on_fence%29.jpg\" decoding=\"async\" data-file-width=\"300\" data-file-height=\"337\" data-file-type=\"bitmap\" height=\"225\" width=\"200\" srcset=\"//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Sciurus_niger_%28on_fence%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Sciurus_niger_%28on_fence%29.jpg 2x\" class=\"mw-file-element\"/></a></span></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Large_black_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Large black flying squirrel\">Aeromys</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Large black flying squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Black flying squirrel\">Black flying squirrel <i>(Aeromys tephromelas)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Thomas's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Thomas's flying squirrel\">Thomas's flying squirrel <i>(Aeromys thomasi)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hairy-footed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hairy-footed flying squirrel\">Belomys</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hairy-footed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hairy-footed flying squirrel\">Hairy-footed flying squirrel <i>(Belomys pearsonii)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Namdapha_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Namdapha flying squirrel\">Biswamoyopterus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Namdapha_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Namdapha flying squirrel\">Namdapha flying squirrel <i>(Biswamoyopterus biswasi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mount_Gaoligong_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mount Gaoligong flying squirrel\">Mount Gaoligong flying squirrel <i>(Biswamoyopterus gaoligongensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Laotian_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Laotian giant flying squirrel\">Laotian giant flying squirrel <i>(Biswamoyopterus laoensis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kashmir_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Kashmir flying squirrel\">Eoglaucomys</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kashmir_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Kashmir flying squirrel\">Kashmir flying squirrel <i>(Eoglaucomys fimbriatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Woolly_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Woolly flying squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Eupetaurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Western_woolly_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Western woolly flying squirrel\">Western woolly flying squirrel <i>(Eupetaurus cinereus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yunnan_woolly_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Yunnan woolly flying squirrel\">Yunnan woolly flying squirrel <i>(Eupetaurus nivamons)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tibetan_woolly_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Tibetan woolly flying squirrel\">Tibetan woolly flying squirrel <i>(Eupetaurus tibetensis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./New_World_flying_squirrel\" title=\"New World flying squirrel\">Glaucomys</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(New World flying squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Humboldt's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Humboldt's flying squirrel\">Humboldt's flying squirrel <i>(Glaucomys oregonensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Northern_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Northern flying squirrel\">Northern flying squirrel <i>(Glaucomys sabrinus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southern_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Southern flying squirrel\">Southern flying squirrel <i>(Glaucomys volans)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hylopetes\" title=\"Hylopetes\">Hylopetes</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Particolored_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Particolored flying squirrel\">Particolored flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes alboniger)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bartel's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Bartel's flying squirrel\">Bartel's flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes bartelsi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hainan_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hainan flying squirrel\">Hainan flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes electilis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Palawan_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Palawan flying squirrel\">Palawan flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes nigripes)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Indochinese_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Indochinese flying squirrel\">Indochinese flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes phayrei)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Jentink's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Jentink's flying squirrel\">Jentink's flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes platyurus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Arrow_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Arrow flying squirrel\">Arrow flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes sagitta)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sipora_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Sipora flying squirrel\">Sipora flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes sipora)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-cheeked_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Red-cheeked flying squirrel\">Red-cheeked flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes spadiceus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sumatran_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Sumatran flying squirrel\">Sumatran flying squirrel <i>(Hylopetes winstoni)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Iomys\" title=\"Iomys\">Iomys</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Javanese_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Javanese flying squirrel\">Javanese flying squirrel <i>(Iomys horsfieldi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mentawi_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mentawi flying squirrel\">Mentawi flying squirrel <i>(Iomys sipora)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pygmy_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Pygmy flying squirrel\">Petaurillus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Pygmy flying squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lesser_pygmy_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Lesser pygmy flying squirrel\">Lesser pygmy flying squirrel <i>(Petaurillus emiliae)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hose's_pygmy_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hose's pygmy flying squirrel\">Hose's pygmy flying squirrel <i>(Petaurillus hosei)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Selangor_pygmy_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Selangor pygmy flying squirrel\">Selangor pygmy flying squirrel <i>(Petaurillus kinlochii)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Petaurista\" title=\"Petaurista\">Petaurista</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_and_white_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Red and white giant flying squirrel\">Red and white giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista alborufus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Spotted_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Spotted giant flying squirrel\">Spotted giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista elegans)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Japanese_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Japanese giant flying squirrel\">Japanese giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista leucogenys)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hodgson's_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hodgson's giant flying squirrel\">Hodgson's giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista magnificus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mechuka_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mechuka giant flying squirrel\">Mechuka giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista mechukaensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mishmi_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mishmi giant flying squirrel\">Mishmi giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista mishmiensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bhutan_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Bhutan giant flying squirrel\">Bhutan giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista nobilis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Red giant flying squirrel\">Red giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista petaurista)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Indian_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Indian giant flying squirrel\">Indian giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista philippensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mebo_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mebo giant flying squirrel\">Mebo giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista siangensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chinese_giant_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Chinese giant flying squirrel\">Chinese giant flying squirrel <i>(Petaurista xanthotis)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Petinomys\" title=\"Petinomys\">Petinomys</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Basilan_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Basilan flying squirrel\">Basilan flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys crinitus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Travancore_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Travancore flying squirrel\">Travancore flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys fuscocapillus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Whiskered_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Whiskered flying squirrel\">Whiskered flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys genibarbis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hagen's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Hagen's flying squirrel\">Hagen's flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys hageni)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Siberut_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Siberut flying squirrel\">Siberut flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys lugens)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mindanao_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Mindanao flying squirrel\">Mindanao flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys mindanensis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Arrow_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Arrow flying squirrel\">Arrow flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys sagitta)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Temminck's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Temminck's flying squirrel\">Temminck's flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys setosus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Vordermann's_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Vordermann's flying squirrel\">Vordermann's flying squirrel <i>(Petinomys vordermanni)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Old_World_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Old World flying squirrel\">Pteromys</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(Old World flying squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Japanese_dwarf_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Japanese dwarf flying squirrel\">Japanese dwarf flying squirrel <i>(Pteromys momonga)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Siberian_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Siberian flying squirrel\">Siberian flying squirrel <i>(Pteromys volans)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Smoky_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Smoky flying squirrel\">Pteromyscus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Smoky_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Smoky flying squirrel\">Smoky flying squirrel <i>(Pteromyscus pulverulentus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Complex-toothed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Complex-toothed flying squirrel\">Trogopterus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Complex-toothed_flying_squirrel\" title=\"Complex-toothed flying squirrel\">Complex-toothed flying squirrel <i>(Trogopterus xanthipes)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"3\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt415\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"S. Xerinae nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:S._Xerinae_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBk\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt421\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt422\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r886047488\" about=\"#mwt423\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Nobold/styles.css\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Xerinae)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt415\" id=\"mwBBo\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"2\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt424\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt425\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:S._Xerinae_nav\" title=\"Template:S. Xerinae nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:S._Xerinae_nav\" title=\"Template talk:S. Xerinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:S._Xerinae_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:S. Xerinae nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Extant_species_of_family_Sciuridae_(subfamily_Xerinae)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Extant species of family <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a> (subfamily <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerinae\" title=\"Xerinae\">Xerinae</a>)</div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerini\" title=\"Xerini\">Xerini</a></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\"></div><table class=\"nowraplinks navbox-subgroup\" style=\"border-spacing:0\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Barbary_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Barbary ground squirrel\">Atlantoxerus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Barbary_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Barbary ground squirrel\">Barbary ground squirrel <i>(Atlantoxerus getulus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Long-clawed_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Long-clawed ground squirrel\">Spermophilopsis</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Long-clawed_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Long-clawed ground squirrel\">Long-clawed ground squirrel <i>(Spermophilopsis leptodactylus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_ground_squirrel\" title=\"African ground squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Xerus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(African ground squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Euxerus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerus_erythropus\" title=\"Xerus erythropus\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Striped ground squirrel <i>(Xerus erythropus)</i></a></li></ul>\n\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Geosciurus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cape_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Cape ground squirrel\">Cape ground squirrel <i>(Xerus inauris)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mountain_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Mountain ground squirrel\">Mountain ground squirrel <i>(Xerus princeps)</i></a></li></ul>\n\n<ul><li><u>Subgenus <i>Xerus</i></u>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Unstriped_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Unstriped ground squirrel\">Unstriped ground squirrel <i>(Xerus rutilus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Protoxerini\" title=\"Protoxerini\">Protoxerini</a></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\"></div><table class=\"nowraplinks navbox-subgroup\" style=\"border-spacing:0\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Epixerus\" title=\"Epixerus\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Epixerus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ebian's_palm_squirrel\" title=\"Ebian's palm squirrel\">Ebian's palm squirrel <i>(Epixerus ebii)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_striped_squirrel\" title=\"African striped squirrel\">Funisciurus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(African striped squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Thomas's_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Thomas's rope squirrel\">Thomas's rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus anerythrus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lunda_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Lunda rope squirrel\">Lunda rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus bayonii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Carruther's_mountain_squirrel\" title=\"Carruther's mountain squirrel\">Carruther's mountain squirrel <i>(Funisciurus carruthersi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Congo_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Congo rope squirrel\">Congo rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus congicus</i>)</a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lady_Burton's_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Lady Burton's rope squirrel\">Lady Burton's rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus isabella)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ribboned_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Ribboned rope squirrel\">Ribboned rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus lemniscatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-cheeked_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Red-cheeked rope squirrel\">Red-cheeked rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus leucogenys)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fire-footed_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Fire-footed rope squirrel\">Fire-footed rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus pyrropus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Kintampo_rope_squirrel\" title=\"Kintampo rope squirrel\">Kintampo rope squirrel <i>(Funisciurus substriatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sun_squirrel\" title=\"Sun squirrel\">Heliosciurus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(sun squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gambian_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Gambian sun squirrel\">Gambian sun squirrel <i>(Heliosciurus gambianus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mutable_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Mutable sun squirrel\">Mutable sun squirrel <i>(Heliosciurus mutabilis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Small_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Small sun squirrel\">Small sun squirrel <i> (Heliosciurus punctatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-legged_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Red-legged sun squirrel\">Red-legged sun squirrel <i>(Heliosciurus rufobrachium)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ruwenzori_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Ruwenzori sun squirrel\">Ruwenzori sun squirrel <i>(Heliosciurus ruwenzorii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Zanj_sun_squirrel\" title=\"Zanj sun squirrel\">Zanj sun squirrel <i>(Heliosciurus undulatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"African pygmy squirrel\">Myosciurus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_pygmy_squirrel\" title=\"African pygmy squirrel\">African pygmy squirrel <i>(Myosciurus pumilio)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_bush_squirrel\" title=\"African bush squirrel\">Paraxerus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(African bush squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alexander's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Alexander's bush squirrel\">Alexander's bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus alexandri)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Boehm's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Boehm's bush squirrel\">Boehm's bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus boehmi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Smith's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Smith's bush squirrel\">Smith's bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus cepapi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cooper's_mountain_squirrel\" title=\"Cooper's mountain squirrel\">Cooper's mountain squirrel <i>(Paraxerus cooperi)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Striped_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Striped bush squirrel\">Striped bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus flavovittis)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black_and_red_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Black and red bush squirrel\">African red bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus lucifer)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ochre_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Ochre bush squirrel\">Ochre bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus ochraceus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Red bush squirrel\">Red bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus palliatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Green_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Green bush squirrel\">Green bush squirrel (<i>Paraxerus poensis</i>)</a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Swynnerton's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Swynnerton's bush squirrel\">Swynnerton's bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus vexillarius)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Vincent's_bush_squirrel\" title=\"Vincent's bush squirrel\">Vincent's bush squirrel <i>(Paraxerus vincenti)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:11em\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./African_giant_squirrel\" title=\"African giant squirrel\">Protoxerus</a></i><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(African giant squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Slender-tailed_squirrel\" title=\"Slender-tailed squirrel\">Slender-tailed squirrel <i>(Protoxerus aubinnii)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Forest_giant_squirrel\" title=\"Forest giant squirrel\">Forest giant squirrel <i>(Protoxerus stangeri)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ground_squirrel\" title=\"Ground squirrel\">Marmotini</a><br/><small><span style=\"color:#696969\"><span class=\"nobold\">(ground squirrels)</span></span></small></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\"></div><table class=\"nowraplinks navbox-subgroup\" style=\"border-spacing:0\"><tbody><tr><td colspan=\"2\" class=\"navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ground_squirrel\" title=\"Ground squirrel\">Large tribe listed separately</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table><div></div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt426\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Marmotini nav\",\"href\":\"./Template:Marmotini_nav\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBBs\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt431\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt432\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Living_species_of_tribe_Marmotini_(ground_squirrels)\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt426\" id=\"mwBBw\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist mw-collapsible mw-collapsed navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th scope=\"col\" class=\"navbox-title\" colspan=\"2\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt433\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1063604349\" about=\"#mwt434\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbar/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><div class=\"navbar plainlinks hlist navbar-mini\"><ul><li class=\"nv-view\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template:Marmotini_nav\" title=\"Template:Marmotini nav\"><abbr title=\"View this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">v</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-talk\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Template_talk:Marmotini_nav\" title=\"Template talk:Marmotini nav\"><abbr title=\"Discuss this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">t</abbr></a></li><li class=\"nv-edit\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Special:EditPage/Template:Marmotini_nav\" title=\"Special:EditPage/Template:Marmotini nav\"><abbr title=\"Edit this template\" style=\";;background:none transparent;border:none;box-shadow:none;padding:0;\">e</abbr></a></li></ul></div><div id=\"Living_species_of_tribe_Marmotini_(ground_squirrels)\" style=\"font-size:114%;margin:0 4em\">Living species of tribe <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ground_squirrel\" title=\"Ground squirrel\">Marmotini <small>(ground squirrels)</small></a></div></th></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div>\n<ul><li>Kingdom: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal\" title=\"Animal\">Animalia</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Phylum: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Chordate\" title=\"Chordate\">Chordata</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Class: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal\" title=\"Mammal\">Mammalia</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Order: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rodent\" title=\"Rodent\">Rodentia</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Suborder: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciuromorpha\" title=\"Sciuromorpha\">Sciuromorpha</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Family: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Squirrel\" title=\"Squirrel\">Sciuridae</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li>Subfamily: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerinae\" title=\"Xerinae\">Xerinae</a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Antelope_squirrel\" title=\"Antelope squirrel\">Ammospermophilus</a></i><br/>(antelope squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Harris's_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"Harris's antelope squirrel\">Harris's antelope squirrel <i>(A.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>harrisii)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Espíritu_Santo_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"Espíritu Santo antelope squirrel\">Espíritu Santo antelope squirrel <i>(A.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>insularis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Texas_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"Texas antelope squirrel\">Texas antelope squirrel <i>(A.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>interpres)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./White-tailed_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"White-tailed antelope squirrel\">White-tailed antelope squirrel <i>(A.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>leucurus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./San_Joaquin_antelope_squirrel\" title=\"San Joaquin antelope squirrel\">San Joaquin antelope squirrel <i>(A.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>nelsoni)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Callospermophilus\" title=\"Callospermophilus\">Callospermophilus</a></i><br/>(golden-mantled ground squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Golden-mantled_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Golden-mantled ground squirrel\">Golden-mantled ground squirrel <i>(C.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>lateralis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sierra_Madre_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Sierra Madre ground squirrel\">Sierra Madre ground squirrel <i>(C.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>madrensis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cascade_golden-mantled_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Cascade golden-mantled ground squirrel\">Cascade golden-mantled ground squirrel <i>(C.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>saturatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Prairie_dog\" title=\"Prairie dog\">Cynomys</a></i><br/>(prairie dogs)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gunnison's_prairie_dog\" title=\"Gunnison's prairie dog\">Gunnison's prairie dog <i>(C. gunnisoni)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./White-tailed_prairie_dog\" title=\"White-tailed prairie dog\">White-tailed prairie dog <i>(C.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>leucurus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-tailed_prairie_dog\" title=\"Black-tailed prairie dog\">Black-tailed prairie dog <i>(C. ludovicianus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mexican_prairie_dog\" title=\"Mexican prairie dog\">Mexican prairie dog <i>(C.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>mexicanus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Utah_prairie_dog\" title=\"Utah prairie dog\">Utah prairie dog <i>(C. parvidens)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eutamias\" title=\"Eutamias\">Eutamias</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Siberian_chipmunk\" title=\"Siberian chipmunk\">Siberian chipmunk <i>(E.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>sibiricus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ictidomys\" title=\"Ictidomys\">Ictidomys</a></i><br/>(little ground squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mexican_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Mexican ground squirrel\">Mexican ground squirrel <i>(I. mexicanus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rio_Grande_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Rio Grande ground squirrel\">Rio Grande ground squirrel <i>(I. parvidens</i>)</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Thirteen-lined_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Thirteen-lined ground squirrel\">Thirteen-lined ground squirrel <i>(I. tridecemlineatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Marmot\" title=\"Marmot\">Marmota</a></i><br/>(marmots)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">Subgenus <i>Marmota</i>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gray_marmot\" title=\"Gray marmot\">Gray marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>baibacina)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Bobak_marmot\" title=\"Bobak marmot\">Bobak marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>bobak)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alaska_marmot\" title=\"Alaska marmot\">Alaska marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>broweri)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Black-capped_marmot\" title=\"Black-capped marmot\">Black-capped marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>camtschatica)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Long-tailed_marmot\" title=\"Long-tailed marmot\">Long-tailed marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>caudata)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Himalayan_marmot\" title=\"Himalayan marmot\">Himalayan marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>himalayana)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alpine_marmot\" title=\"Alpine marmot\">Alpine marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>marmota)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Menzbier's_marmot\" title=\"Menzbier's marmot\">Menzbier's marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>menzbieri)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Groundhog\" title=\"Groundhog\">Groundhog or woodchuck <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>monax)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tarbagan_marmot\" title=\"Tarbagan marmot\">Tarbagan marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>sibirica)</i></a><br/>Subgenus <i>Petromarmota</i>: <a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hoary_marmot\" title=\"Hoary marmot\">Hoary marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>caligata)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yellow-bellied_marmot\" title=\"Yellow-bellied marmot\">Yellow-bellied marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>flaviventris)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Olympic_marmot\" title=\"Olympic marmot\">Olympic marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>olympus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Vancouver_Island_marmot\" title=\"Vancouver Island marmot\">Vancouver Island marmot <i>(M.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>vancouverensis)</i></a></li></ul></div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Neotamias\" title=\"Neotamias\">Neotamias</a></i><br/>(western chipmunks)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alpine_chipmunk\" title=\"Alpine chipmunk\">Alpine chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>alpinus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yellow-pine_chipmunk\" title=\"Yellow-pine chipmunk\">Yellow-pine chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>amoenus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Buller's_chipmunk\" title=\"Buller's chipmunk\">Buller's chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>bulleri)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gray-footed_chipmunk\" title=\"Gray-footed chipmunk\">Gray-footed chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>canipes)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Gray-collared_chipmunk\" title=\"Gray-collared chipmunk\">Gray-collared chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>cinereicollis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Cliff_chipmunk\" title=\"Cliff chipmunk\">Cliff chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>dorsalis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Durango_chipmunk\" title=\"Durango chipmunk\">Durango chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>durangae)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Merriam's_chipmunk\" title=\"Merriam's chipmunk\">Merriam's chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>merriami)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Least_chipmunk\" title=\"Least chipmunk\">Least chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>minimus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./California_chipmunk\" title=\"California chipmunk\">California chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>obscurus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yellow-cheeked_chipmunk\" title=\"Yellow-cheeked chipmunk\">Yellow-cheeked chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>ochrogenys)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Palmer's_chipmunk\" title=\"Palmer's chipmunk\">Palmer's chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>palmeri)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Panamint_chipmunk\" title=\"Panamint chipmunk\">Panamint chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>panamintinus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Long-eared_chipmunk\" title=\"Long-eared chipmunk\">Long-eared chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>quadrimaculatus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Colorado_chipmunk\" title=\"Colorado chipmunk\">Colorado chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>quadrivittatus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-tailed_chipmunk\" title=\"Red-tailed chipmunk\">Red-tailed chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>ruficaudus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Hopi_chipmunk\" title=\"Hopi chipmunk\">Hopi chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>rufus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Allen's_chipmunk\" title=\"Allen's chipmunk\">Allen's chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>senex)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Siskiyou_chipmunk\" title=\"Siskiyou chipmunk\">Siskiyou chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>siskiyou)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sonoma_chipmunk\" title=\"Sonoma chipmunk\">Sonoma chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>sonomae)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Lodgepole_chipmunk\" title=\"Lodgepole chipmunk\">Lodgepole chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>speciosus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Townsend's_chipmunk\" title=\"Townsend's chipmunk\">Townsend's chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>townsendii)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Uinta_chipmunk\" title=\"Uinta chipmunk\">Uinta chipmunk <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>umbrinus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Notocitellus\" title=\"Notocitellus\">Notocitellus</a></i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tropical_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Tropical ground squirrel\">Tropical ground squirrel <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>adocetus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Ring-tailed_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Ring-tailed ground squirrel\">Ring-tailed ground squirrel <i>(N.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>annulatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Otospermophilus\" title=\"Otospermophilus\">Otospermophilus</a></i><br/>(rock squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Baja_California_rock_squirrel\" title=\"Baja California rock squirrel\">Baja California rock squirrel <i>(O.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>atricapillus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./California_ground_squirrel\" title=\"California ground squirrel\">California ground squirrel <i>(O.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>beecheyi)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Rock_squirrel\" title=\"Rock squirrel\">Rock squirrel <i>(O.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>variegatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i>Poliocitellus</i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Franklin's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Franklin's ground squirrel\">Franklin's ground squirrel <i>(P.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>franklinii)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Sciurotamias\" title=\"Sciurotamias\">Sciurotamias</a></i><br/>(Asian rock squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Père_David's_rock_squirrel\" title=\"Père David's rock squirrel\">Père David's rock squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>davidianus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Forrest's_rock_squirrel\" title=\"Forrest's rock squirrel\">Forrest's rock squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>forresti)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Spermophilus\" title=\"Spermophilus\">Spermophilus</a> sensu stricto</i><br/>(Old World ground squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Alashan_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Alashan ground squirrel\">Alashan ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>alashanicus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Brandt’s_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Brandt’s ground squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Brandt’s ground squirrel (<i>S. brevicauda</i>)</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./European_ground_squirrel\" title=\"European ground squirrel\">European ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>citellus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Daurian_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Daurian ground squirrel\">Daurian ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>dauricus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Red-cheeked_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Red-cheeked ground squirrel\">Red-cheeked ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>erythrogenys)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Yellow_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Yellow ground squirrel\">Yellow ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>fulvus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Russet_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Russet ground squirrel\">Russet ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>major)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Caucasian_mountain_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Caucasian mountain ground squirrel\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Caucasian mountain ground squirrel <i>(S. musicus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Tian_Shan_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Tian Shan ground squirrel\">Tian Shan ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>nilkaensis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Pallid_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Pallid ground squirrel\">Pallid ground squirrel (<i>S. pallidicauda</i>)</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Little_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Little ground squirrel\">Little ground squirrel <i>(S.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>pygmaeus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Relict_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Relict ground squirrel\">Relict ground squirrel (<i>S. relictus</i>)</a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Speckled_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Speckled ground squirrel\">Speckled ground squirrel <i>(Spermophilus suslicus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Taurus_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Taurus ground squirrel\">Taurus ground squirrel <i>(Spermophilus taurensis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Asia_Minor_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Asia Minor ground squirrel\">Asia Minor ground squirrel <i>(Spermophilus xanthoprymnus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i>Tamias</i></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Eastern_chipmunk\" title=\"Eastern chipmunk\">Eastern chipmunk <i>(T.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>striatus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Urocitellus\" title=\"Urocitellus\">Urocitellus</a></i><br/>(Holarctic ground squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-even\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Uinta_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Uinta ground squirrel\">Uinta ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>armatus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Belding's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Belding's ground squirrel\">Belding's ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>beldingi)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Northern_Idaho_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Northern Idaho ground squirrel\">Northern Idaho ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>brunneus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Merriam's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Merriam's ground squirrel\">Merriam's ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>canus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Columbian_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Columbian ground squirrel\">Columbian ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>columbianus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wyoming_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Wyoming ground squirrel\">Wyoming ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>elegans)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Southern_Idaho_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Southern Idaho ground squirrel\">Southern Idaho ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>endemicus)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Piute_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Piute ground squirrel\">Piute ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>mollis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Arctic_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Arctic ground squirrel\">Arctic ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>parryii)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Richardson's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Richardson's ground squirrel\">Richardson's ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>richardsonii)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Townsend's_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Townsend's ground squirrel\">Townsend's ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>townsendii)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Long-tailed_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Long-tailed ground squirrel\">Long-tailed ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>undulatus)</i></a></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Washington_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Washington ground squirrel\">Washington ground squirrel <i>(U.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>washingtoni)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><th scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%\"><i><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Xerospermophilus\" title=\"Xerospermophilus\">Xerospermophilus</a></i><br/>(pygmy ground squirrels)</th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd\" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mohave_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Mohave ground squirrel\">Mohave ground squirrel <i>(X.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>mohavensis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Perote_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Perote ground squirrel\">Perote ground squirrel <i>(X.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>perotensis)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Spotted_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Spotted ground squirrel\">Spotted ground squirrel <i>(X.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>spilosoma)</i></a><span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span></li>\n<li><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Round-tailed_ground_squirrel\" title=\"Round-tailed ground squirrel\">Round-tailed ground squirrel <i>(X.<span typeof=\"mw:Entity\"> </span>tereticaudus)</i></a></li></ul>\n</div></td></tr><tr><td class=\"navbox-abovebelow\" colspan=\"2\"><div><b><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Category:Squirrels\" title=\"Category:Squirrels\">Category</a></b></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt435\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Taxonbar\",\"href\":\"./Template:Taxonbar\"},\"params\":{\"from\":{\"wt\":\"Q9482\"}},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBB0\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt438\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt439\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/></div><div role=\"navigation\" class=\"navbox\" aria-labelledby=\"Taxon_identifiers\" style=\"padding:3px\" about=\"#mwt435\" id=\"mwBB4\"><table class=\"nowraplinks hlist navbox-inner\" style=\"border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit\"><tbody><tr><th id=\"Taxon_identifiers\" scope=\"row\" class=\"navbox-group\" style=\"width:1%;text-align: left;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Help:Taxon_identifiers\" title=\"Help:Taxon identifiers\">Taxon identifiers</a></th><td class=\"navbox-list-with-group navbox-list navbox-odd \" style=\"width:100%;padding:0\"><div style=\"padding:0 0.25em\">\n<ul><li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wikidata\" title=\"Wikidata\">Wikidata</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><span class=\"external\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink/Interwiki\" href=\"https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q9482\" title=\"wikidata:Q9482\" class=\"extiw\">Q9482</a></span></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Wikispecies\" title=\"Wikispecies\">Wikispecies</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><span class=\"external\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink/Interwiki\" href=\"https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Sciuridae\" title=\"wikispecies:Sciuridae\" class=\"extiw\">Sciuridae</a></span></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Animal_Diversity_Web\" title=\"Animal Diversity Web\">ADW</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Sciuridae/\" class=\"external text\">Sciuridae</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Australian_Faunal_Directory\" title=\"Australian Faunal Directory\">AFD</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/Sciuridae\" class=\"external text\">Sciuridae</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Barcode_of_Life_Data_System\" title=\"Barcode of Life Data System\">BOLD</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_TaxonPage?taxid=1024\" class=\"external text\">1024</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Catalogue_of_Life\" title=\"Catalogue of Life\">CoL</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.catalogueoflife.org/data/taxon/G48\" class=\"external text\">G48</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Encyclopedia_of_Life\" title=\"Encyclopedia of Life\">EoL</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://eol.org/pages/8703\" class=\"external text\">8703</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./EPPO_Code\" title=\"EPPO Code\">EPPO</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/1SCIUF\" class=\"external text\">1SCIUF</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fauna_Europaea\" title=\"Fauna Europaea\">Fauna Europaea</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/taxon.php?GUID=urn:lsid:faunaeur.org:taxname:12650\" class=\"external text\">12650</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fauna_Europaea\" title=\"Fauna Europaea\">Fauna Europaea (new)</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://fauna-eu.org/cdm_dataportal/taxon/fe08a026-6f72-4add-883b-27b62bd22a22\" class=\"external text\">fe08a026-6f72-4add-883b-27b62bd22a22</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Fossilworks\" title=\"Fossilworks\">Fossilworks</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"http://www.fossilworks.org/cgi-bin/bridge.pl?a=taxonInfo&amp;taxon_no=41486\" class=\"external text\">41486</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Global_Biodiversity_Information_Facility\" title=\"Global Biodiversity Information Facility\">GBIF</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.gbif.org/species/9456\" class=\"external text\">9456</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./INaturalist\" title=\"INaturalist\">iNaturalist</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://inaturalist.org/taxa/45933\" class=\"external text\">45933</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Interim_Register_of_Marine_and_Nonmarine_Genera\" title=\"Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera\">IRMNG</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&amp;id=105017\" class=\"external text\">105017</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Integrated_Taxonomic_Information_System\" title=\"Integrated Taxonomic Information System\">ITIS</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&amp;search_value=180135\" class=\"external text\">180135</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Mammal_Species_of_the_World\" title=\"Mammal Species of the World\">MSW</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.departments.bucknell.edu/biology/resources/msw3/browse.asp?s=y&amp;id=12400001\" class=\"external text\">12400001</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./National_Biodiversity_Network\" title=\"National Biodiversity Network\">NBN</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://data.nbn.org.uk/Taxa/NHMSYS0000376182\" class=\"external text\">NHMSYS0000376182</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./National_Center_for_Biotechnology_Information\" title=\"National Center for Biotechnology Information\">NCBI</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&amp;id=55153\" class=\"external text\">55153</a></span></span></li>\n<li><span style=\"white-space:nowrap;\"><a rel=\"mw:WikiLink\" href=\"./Plazi\" title=\"Plazi\">Plazi</a>: <span class=\"uid\"><a rel=\"mw:ExtLink nofollow\" href=\"https://treatment.plazi.org/id/C32887CB-FF96-BA65-FF3D-F905FE5BED9F\" class=\"external text\">C32887CB-FF96-BA65-FF3D-F905FE5BED9F</a></span></span></li></ul>\n\n</div></td></tr></tbody></table></div>\n<div class=\"navbox-styles\" about=\"#mwt440\" typeof=\"mw:Transclusion\" data-mw='{\"parts\":[{\"template\":{\"target\":{\"wt\":\"Authority control\",\"href\":\"./Template:Authority_control\"},\"params\":{},\"i\":0}}]}' id=\"mwBB8\"><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1129693374\" about=\"#mwt451\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Hlist/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1061467846\" about=\"#mwt452\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Module:Navbox/styles.css\"},\"body\":{\"extsrc\":\"\"}}'/><style data-mw-deduplicate=\"TemplateStyles:r1038841319\" typeof=\"mw:Extension/templatestyles\" about=\"#mwt453\" data-mw='{\"name\":\"templatestyles\",\"attrs\":{\"src\":\"Template:Tooltip/styles.css\"}}'>.mw-parser-output .tooltip-dotted{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}</style><link rel=\"mw-deduplicated-inline-style\" href=\"mw-data:TemplateStyles:r1038841319\" about=\"#mwt454\" 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"wikitext": "{{short description|Family of rodents}}\n{{About|the squirrel family (Sciuridae) as a whole}}\n{{Pp-semi-indef|small=yes}}\n<!-- High visibility page; likely move vandal target -->\n{{Use dmy dates|date=October 2020}}\n{{Automatic taxobox\n| name = Squirrels\n| fossil_range = {{fossil range|Late Eocene|Recent|Late [[Eocene]] – Recent}}\n| image = Sciuridae.jpg\n| image_upright = 1.15\n| image_caption = Various members of the family Sciuridae\n\n{{aligned table|cols=3\n | ''[[Prevost's squirrel|Callosciurus prevostii]]'' | ''[[Siberian chipmunk|Eutamias sibiricus]]'' | ''[[American red squirrel|Tamiasciurus hudsonicus]]''\n | ''[[Fox squirrel|Sciurus niger]]'' | ''[[Urocitellus columbianus]]'' | ''[[Smith's bush squirrel|Paraxerus cepapi]]''\n | ''[[Cape ground squirrel|Geosciurus inauris]]'' | ''[[Marmot]]a'' sp. | ''[[Black-tailed prairie dog|Cynomys ludovicianus]]''\n}}\n| taxon = Sciuridae\n| authority = [[Johann Fischer von Waldheim|Fischer de Waldheim]], 1817\n| type_genus = ''[[Sciurus]]''\n| type_genus_authority = [[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758\n| subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies and tribes\n| subdivision = * Subfamily [[Ratufinae]]\n* Subfamily [[Sciurillinae]]\n* Subfamily [[Sciurinae]]\n** Tribe [[Sciurini]]\n** Tribe [[Pteromyini]]\n* Subfamily [[Callosciurinae]]\n** Tribe [[Callosciurini]]\n** Tribe [[Funambulini]]\n* Subfamily [[Xerinae]]\n** Tribe [[Xerini]]\n** Tribe [[Protoxerini]]\n** Tribe [[Marmotini]]\n}}\n\n'''Squirrels''' are members of the [[family (biology)|family]] '''Sciuridae''' ({{IPAc-en|s|I|'|j|u:|r|I|d|eI|,_|-|d|i:}}), a family that includes small or medium-size [[rodent]]s. The squirrel family includes [[tree squirrel]]s, [[ground squirrel]]s (including [[chipmunk]]s and [[prairie dog]]s, among others), and [[flying squirrel]]s. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and were [[introduced species|introduced]] by humans to Australia.<ref name=Seebeck>{{cite web|last=Seebeck|first=J. H.|title=Sciuridae|url=http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf|work=Fauna of Australia|access-date=2013-11-24|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150117031835/http://www.scarysquirrel.org/vacation/australia/fauna.pdf|archive-date=17 January 2015}}</ref> The earliest known fossilized squirrels date from the [[Eocene]] epoch, and among other living rodent families, the squirrels are most closely related to the [[mountain beaver]] and to the [[dormouse|dormice]].{{Citation needed|date=January 2022}}\n\n== Etymology ==\nThe word ''squirrel'', first attested in 1327, comes from the [[Anglo-Norman language|Anglo-Norman]] {{lang|xno|esquirel}} which is from the [[Old French]] {{lang|fro|escurel}}, the reflex of a [[Latin language|Latin]] word {{lang|la|sciurus}}, which was taken from the [[Ancient Greek]] word {{lang|grc|σκίουρος}} ({{transliteration|grc|skiouros}}; from {{lang|grc|σκία-ουρος}}) 'shadow-tailed', referring to the long bushy tail which many of its members have.<ref>{{cite encyclopedia | encyclopedia =[[The Oxford English Dictionary]] | title = squirrel, ''n''. | url = http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50235460 | access-date =8 November 2010 | edition = 2nd. | year = 1989 | publisher = Oxford University Press}}</ref><ref>Whitaker & Elman (1980): 370</ref>\n\nThe native [[Old English language|Old English]] word for the squirrel, {{lang|ang|ācweorna}}, only survived into [[Middle English language|Middle English]] (as {{lang|enm|aquerne}}) before being replaced.<ref name=\"etymonline\">{{cite web | url=http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=squirrel | title=Squirrel | work=Online Etymology Dictionary | access-date=7 February 2008}}</ref> The Old English word is of [[Common Germanic]] origin, [[cognate]]s of which are still used in other [[Germanic languages]], including the [[German language|German]] {{lang|de|Eichhörnchen}} (diminutive of {{lang|de|Eichhorn}}, which is not as frequently used); the [[Norwegian language|Norwegian]] {{lang|no|ikorn}}/{{lang|no|ekorn}}; the [[Dutch language|Dutch]] {{lang|nl|eekhoorn}}; the [[Swedish language|Swedish]] {{lang|sv|ekorre}} and the [[Danish language|Danish]] {{lang|da|egern}}.\n\nA group of squirrels is called a \"dray\"<ref>{{Cite book|last=Lipton|first=James|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=AVNazQEACAAJ|title=An Exaltation of Larks|date=1991|publisher=Viking|isbn=978-0-670-30044-0|language=en}}</ref> or a \"scurry\".<ref>''Universe in Your Pocket'' by Joel Levy, published by Barnes & Noble, Inc.</ref>\n\n== Characteristics ==\n[[File:Sciurus carolinensis -British Columbia, Canada-8.jpg|left|thumb|Reaching out for food on a garden bird feeder, this squirrel can rotate its hind feet, allowing it to descend a tree head-first.]]\n[[File:Ratufa skull.JPG|thumb|left|Skull of an [[Oriental giant squirrel]] (genus ''Ratufa'')—note the classic [[sciuromorphous]] shape of the anterior [[zygomatic arch|zygomatic]] region.]]\n\nSquirrels are generally small animals, ranging in size from the [[African pygmy squirrel]] and [[least pygmy squirrel]] at {{cvt|10-14|cm}} in total length and just {{cvt|12-26|g}} in weight,<ref name=Kingdon1997>{{cite book | author=Kingdon, J. | author-link=Jonathan Kingdon | year=1997 | title=The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals | publisher=Academic Press Limited, London | isbn=0-12-408355-2 | url-access=registration | url=https://archive.org/details/kingdonfieldguid00jona }}</ref><ref name=Payne1998>{{cite book| author1=Payne, J. | author2=C.F. Francis | year=1998 | title=A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo | page=243 | publisher=The Sabah Society | edition=3 | isbn=967-99947-1-6 }}</ref> to the [[Bhutan giant flying squirrel]] at up to {{cvt|1.27|m}} in total length,<ref name=Choudhury2002>{{cite journal | author=Choudhury, A. | year=2002 | title=Petaurista nobilis singhei: First record in India and a note on its taxonomy | journal=The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society | volume=99 | issue=1 | pages=30–34 }}</ref> and several [[marmot]] species, which can weigh {{cvt|8|kg}} or more.<ref name=Krystufek2013>{{cite journal | author1=Kryštufek, B. | author2=B. Vohralík | year=2013 | title=Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic rodents (Rodentia). Part 2. Sciuridae: Urocitellus, Marmota and Sciurotamias | journal=Lynx, N. S. (Praha) | volume=44 | pages=27–138 }}</ref><ref name=Armitage2002>{{cite book | author1=Armitage, K.B. | author2=Blumstein, D.T. | year=2002 | chapter=Body-mass diversity in marmots. Holarctic marmots as a factor of biodiversity | editor1=K.B. Armitage | editor2=V.Yu. Rumiantsev | title=Holarctic Marmots as a Factor of Biodiversity | publisher=ABF Publishing House | pages=22–32 }}</ref> Squirrels typically have slender bodies with very long very bushy tails and large eyes. In general, their [[fur]] is soft and silky, though much thicker in some species than others. The coat color of squirrels is highly variable between—and often even within—species.<ref>[http://www.wildlifeonline.me.uk/squirrels.html Tree Squirrels], ''Wildlife Online'', 23 November 2010.</ref>\n\nIn most squirrel species, the hind limbs are longer than the fore limbs, while all species have either four or five toes on each foot. The feet, which include an often poorly developed [[thumb]], have soft pads on the undersides<ref name=EoM>Milton (1984)</ref> and versatile, sturdy [[claw]]s for grasping and [[tree climbing|climbing]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/squirrel-info.htm|title=Rodents|date=22 April 2008|publisher=How Stuff Works|access-date=30 December 2016}}</ref> [[Tree squirrels]], unlike most mammals, can descend a tree head-first. They do so by rotating their ankles 180 degrees, enabling the hind feet to point backward and thus grip the tree bark from the opposite direction.<ref>{{cite book|last1=Thorington|first1=Richard W.|last2=Koprowski|first2=John L.|last3=Steele|first3=Michael A.|last4=Whatton|first4=James F.|year=2012|page=8|title=Squirrels of the World|publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press|isbn=978-1421404691}}</ref>\n\nSquirrels live in almost every habitat, from tropical [[rainforest]] to semiarid [[desert]], avoiding only the high [[Polar regions of Earth|polar]] regions and the driest of [[deserts]]. They are predominantly [[herbivorous]], subsisting on seeds and nuts, but many will eat [[insects]] and even small vertebrates.<ref name=\"squirrels\">[http://www.squirrels.org/faq.html Squirrel Place] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101227025300/http://www.squirrels.org/faq.html |date=27 December 2010 }}. squirrels.org. Retrieved 14 December 2010.</ref>\n\nAs their large eyes indicate, squirrels have an excellent sense of [[Visual perception|vision]], which is especially important for the tree-dwelling species. Many also have a good sense of [[somatosensory system|touch]], with [[whiskers|vibrissa]]e on their limbs as well as their heads.<ref name=EoM/>\n\nThe teeth of sciurids follow the typical rodent pattern, with large [[incisor]]s (for gnawing) that grow throughout life, and cheek teeth (for grinding) that are set back behind a wide gap, or [[diastema]]. The typical [[dentition|dental formula]] for sciurids is {{DentalFormula|upper=1.0.1.3|lower=1.0.1.3}}.<ref>''The Beginning of the Age of Mammals'' Kenneth D. Rose (2006) {{ISBN|978-0-801-88472-6}} p. 326</ref>\n\nMany juvenile squirrels die in the first year of life. Adult squirrels can have a lifespan of 5 to 10 years in the wild. Some can survive 10 to 20 years in captivity.<ref>{{cite book|last1=Thorington|first1=Richard W.|last2=Koprowski|first2=John L.|last3=Steele|first3=Michael A.|last4=Whatton|first4=James F.|year=2012|page=12|title=Squirrels of the World|publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press|isbn=978-1421404691}}</ref> Premature death may occur when a nest falls from the tree, in which case the mother may abandon her young if their body temperature is not correct. Many such baby squirrels have been rescued and fostered by a professional [[wildlife rehabilitator]] until they could be safely returned to the wild,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.squirrel-rehab.org/|title=Squirrel Rehab|access-date=19 August 2017}}</ref> although the density of squirrel populations in many places and the constant care required by premature squirrels means that few rehabilitators are willing to spend their time doing this and such animals are routinely [[animal euthanasia|euthanized]] instead.\n\nStated purposes of squirrels' tails, to benefit the squirrel, include:<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.nutsaboutsquirrels.com/1695/why-do-squirrels-have-bushy-tails/|title=Why do squirrels have bushy tails? &#124; Nuts About Squirrels}}</ref>\n\n* To keep rain, wind, or cold off itself.\n* To cool off when hot, by pumping more blood through its tail.\n* As a counterbalance when jumping about in trees.\n* As a [[parachute]] when jumping.\n* To signal with.\n\nThe hairs from squirrel tails are prized in [[fly fishing]] when tying [[fishing flies]]. A special quality of squirrel tail hair is that it is all [[guard hair]]s, not [[Down hair|undercoat]].{{citation needed|date=January 2023}}\n\nWhen the squirrel sits upright, its tail folded up its back may stop predators looking from behind from seeing the characteristic shape of a small mammal.\n\n<gallery widths=\"200px\" heights=\"200px\">\nFile:Squirrel enjoying in the sun.jpg|Squirrel in sunlight\nFile:Squirrel in Chandigarh.jpg|Squirrel in [[Chandigarh]]\nFile:Squirrel near Chandigarh.jpg|Squirrel near Chandigarh\nFile:Squirrel on mango tree.jpg|Squirrel on [[mango tree]]\n</gallery>\n\n== Behavior ==\n[[File:Baby of squirrel.jpg|thumb|upright|Young squirrels]]\nSquirrels mate either once or twice a year and, following a [[gestation]] period of three to six weeks, give birth to a number of offspring that varies by species. The young are [[altricial]], being born naked, toothless, and blind. In most species of squirrel, the female alone looks after the young, which are [[weaning|weaned]] at six to ten weeks and become sexually mature by the end of their first year. In general, the ground-dwelling squirrel species are social, often living in well-developed colonies, while the tree-dwelling species are more solitary.<ref name=EoM/>\n\nGround squirrels and tree squirrels are usually either [[Diurnality|diurnal]] or [[crepuscular]],<ref name=MassWild>{{cite web|title=Red & Gray Squirrels in Massachusetts|url=http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm|work=MassWildlife|publisher=Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife|access-date=3 April 2012|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130517191120/http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/living/living_with_squirrels.htm|archive-date=17 May 2013}}</ref> while the flying squirrels tend to be [[Nocturnality|nocturnal]]—except for lactating flying squirrels and their young, which have a period of diurnality during the summer.<ref>{{cite journal | last=Törmälä | first=Timo | author2=Vuorinen, Hannu | author3=Hokkanen, Heikki | year=1980 | title=Timing of circadian activity in the flying squirrel in central Finland | journal=Acta Theriologica | volume=25 | issue=32–42 | pages=461–474 | doi=10.4098/at.arch.80-42 | doi-access=free }}</ref>\n\nDuring hot periods, squirrels have been documented to [[splooting|sploot]], or lay their stomachs down on cool surfaces.<ref>{{cite web|last=McNamee|first=Kai|url=https://www.npr.org/2023/06/29/1185092056/squirrels-splooting-heat-wave-climate-change|title=The heat is making squirrels 'sploot' — a goofy act that signals something serious|publisher=[[NPR]]|date=June 29, 2023|accessdate=August 8, 2023}}</ref>\n\nSquirrels, like other rodents, employ species-specific strategies to store food, buffering against periods of scarcity.<ref name=\"Andersson Krebs 1978 pp. 707–711\">{{cite journal | last1=Andersson | first1=Malte | last2=Krebs | first2=John | title=On the evolution of hoarding behaviour | journal=Animal Behaviour | volume=26 | year=1978 | issn=0003-3472 | doi=10.1016/0003-3472(78)90137-9 | pages=707–711| s2cid=53154232 }}</ref> In temperate regions, squirrels commonly cache nuts beneath leaf litter, inside hollow trees, or underground.<ref>{{cite journal | last1=HADJ-CHIKH | first1=LEILA Z. | last2=STEELE | first2=MICHAEL A. | last3=SMALLWOOD | first3=PETER D. | title=Caching decisions by grey squirrels: a test of the handling time and perishability hypotheses | journal=Animal Behaviour | volume=52 | issue=5 | year=1996 | issn=0003-3472 | doi=10.1006/anbe.1996.0242 | pages=941–948| doi-access=free }}</ref> However, in subtropical and humid environments, traditional caching can lead to mold growth, decomposition, or premature germination.<ref name =\"mould\">{{cite journal | last1=Xiao | first1=Zhishu | last2=Gao | first2=Xu | last3=Zhang | first3=Zhibin | title=The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David's rock squirrels | journal=Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology | volume=67 | issue=7 | date=2013-04-05 | issn=0340-5443 | doi=10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8 | pages=1067–1075| s2cid=253815798 }}</ref> To counteract these challenges, some squirrels, particularly in subtropical zones, hang nuts or mushrooms on tree branches.<ref name =\"mould\">{{cite journal | last1=Xiao | first1=Zhishu | last2=Gao | first2=Xu | last3=Zhang | first3=Zhibin | title=The combined effects of seed perishability and seed size on hoarding decisions by Pére David's rock squirrels | journal=Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology | volume=67 | issue=7 | date=2013-04-05 | issn=0340-5443 | doi=10.1007/s00265-013-1531-8 | pages=1067–1075| s2cid=253815798 }}</ref> This behavior, believed to minimize fungal infections and reduce the risk of food loss, also inadvertently aids certain trees, like [[Cyclobalanopsis]], in expanding their range, with forgotten or dislodged nuts can sprout in new locations, influencing forest ecology.<ref name = \"fix nut\"> {{cite journal | last1=Xu | first1=Han | last2=Xia | first2=Lian | last3=Spence | first3=John R | last4=Lin | first4=Mingxian | last5=Lu | first5=Chunyang | last6=Li | first6=Yanpeng | last7=Chen | first7=Jie | last8=Luo | first8=Tushou | last9=Li | first9=Yide | last10=Fang | first10=Suqin | title=Flying squirrels use a mortise-tenon structure to fix nuts on understory twigs | journal=eLife | volume=12 | date=2023-06-13 | pages=e84967 | issn=2050-084X | doi=10.7554/elife.84967| pmid=37309191 | pmc=10328505 | doi-access=free }}</ref> Two species of flying squrrirel, the [[particolored flying squirrel]] and [[Hainan flying squirrel]] aid such cacheing by carving grooves into the nuts to fix the nuts tightly between small intersecting twigs, akin to the mortise-tenon joint in carpentry.<ref name = \"fix nut\"> {{cite journal | last1=Xu | first1=Han | last2=Xia | first2=Lian | last3=Spence | first3=John R | last4=Lin | first4=Mingxian | last5=Lu | first5=Chunyang | last6=Li | first6=Yanpeng | last7=Chen | first7=Jie | last8=Luo | first8=Tushou | last9=Li | first9=Yide | last10=Fang | first10=Suqin | title=Flying squirrels use a mortise-tenon structure to fix nuts on understory twigs | journal=eLife | volume=12 | date=2023-06-13 | pages=e84967 | issn=2050-084X | doi=10.7554/elife.84967| pmid=37309191 | pmc=10328505 | doi-access=free }}</ref>\n\n=== Feeding ===\n[[File:Squirrel, Manyara National Park, Tanzania (2010).jpg|thumb|right|Squirrel eating a fruit in [[Manyara National Park]], [[Tanzania]]]]\n[[File:Squirrel in Seurasaari autumn.JPG|thumb|right|[[Red squirrel]] in the [[Seurasaari]] island in [[Helsinki]], [[Finland]]. The tame red squirrels on that island have become accustomed to humans thanks to their long-term feeding.<ref>Merja Laavola: Eläinten elintasosairaudet näkyvät Seurasaaressa. Vartti Etelä-Helsinki, Sanoma Kaupunkilehdet, 2010. (in Finnish)</ref>]]\n\nBecause squirrels cannot digest [[cellulose]], they must rely on foods rich in [[protein]], [[carbohydrates]], and [[fat]]s. In [[temperate]] regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels because the nuts they [[Hoarding (animal behavior)|buried]] are beginning to sprout (and thus are no longer available to eat), while many of the usual food sources are not yet available. During these times, squirrels rely heavily on tree buds. Squirrels, being primarily [[herbivores]], eat a wide variety of plants, as well as [[nut (fruit)|nut]]s, [[seed]]s, [[conifer cone]]s, [[fruit]]s, [[fungus|fungi]], and green [[vegetation]]. Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger.<ref name=\"squirrels\" /><ref>{{cite news |website=[[bbc.co.uk]] |access-date=13 July 2018 |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4489792.stm |title=Russian squirrel pack 'kills dog' |date=1 December 2005}}</ref> Squirrels have been known to eat small [[bird]]s, young [[snake]]s, and smaller rodents, as well as [[bird egg]]s and [[insect]]s. Some [[tropical]] squirrel species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.<ref>Richard W. Thorington, Katie Ferrell – [https://books.google.com/books?id=Y7cuEWCWpLMC&pg=PA75 ''Squirrels: the animal answer guide''], JHU Press, 2006, {{ISBN|0-8018-8402-0}}, {{ISBN|978-0-8018-8402-3}}, p. 75.</ref>\n\nSquirrels, like [[pigeons]] and other fauna, are [[synanthropes]], in that they benefit and thrive from their interaction in human environments. This gradual process of successful interaction is called synurbanization, wherein squirrels lose their inherent fear of humans in an [[urban area|urban]] environment.<ref name=\"peim\">{{cite journal |last1=Peiman |first1=Kathryn |title=Sublethal consequences of urban life for wild vertebrates |journal=Environmental Reviews |date=June 2016 |volume=24 |issue=4 |pages=416–425 |doi=10.1139/er-2016-0029|hdl=1807/74036 |hdl-access=free }}</ref> When squirrels were almost completely eradicated during the [[Industrial Revolution]] in [[New York City|New York]], they were later re-introduced to \"entertain and remind\" humans of nature. The squirrel blended into the urban environment so efficiently that when synanthropic behavior stops (i.e. people do not leave trash outside during particularly cold winters), they can become aggressive in their search for food.\n\nAggression and predatory behavior has been observed in various species of ground squirrels, in particular the [[thirteen-lined ground squirrel]].<ref>{{cite journal | last=Friggens | first=M. | title=Carnivory on Desert Cottontails by Texas Antelope Ground Squirrels | jstor=3672818 | journal=The Southwestern Naturalist | volume=47 | issue=1 | pages=132–133 | year=2002 | doi=10.2307/3672818}}</ref> For example, Bernard Bailey, a scientist in the 1920s, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young [[chicken]].<ref>{{cite journal | last=Bailey | first=B. | title=Meat-eating propensities of some rodents of Minnesota | journal=Journal of Mammalogy | volume=4 | issue= 2| page=129 | year=1923 | doi = 10.1093/jmammal/4.2.129 }}</ref> Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly killed [[snake]].<ref>{{cite journal | last=Wistrand | first=E.H. | title=Predation on a Snake by ''Spermophilus tridecemlineatus'' | jstor=2424389 | journal=American Midland Naturalist | volume=88 | issue=2 | pages=511–512 | year=1972 | doi=10.2307/2424389}}</ref> There has also been at least one report of squirrels preying on atypical animals, such as an incident in 2005 where a pack of black squirrels killed and ate a large stray [[dog]] in [[Lazo, Russia]].<ref name=\"bbcn\">{{cite news |title=Russian Squirrel Pack Kills Dog |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4489792.stm |website=BBC News |date=December 2005 |access-date=7 August 2020}}</ref> Squirrel attacks on humans are exceedingly rare, but do occur.<ref name=\"bbc2\">{{cite news |title=Cornwall squirrel 'pack' attacks boy, three |work=BBC News |date=14 July 2016 |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-36792959 |access-date=7 August 2020}}</ref><ref name=\"atl1\">{{cite web |last1=Lafrance |first1=Adrienne |title=When Squirrels Attack - A cautionary tale |url=https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/06/when-squirrels-attack/531129/ |website=The Atlantic |date=21 June 2017 |access-date=7 August 2020}}</ref>\n\nWhitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed [[shrew]] in one;<ref>{{cite journal | last=Whitaker | first=J.O. | title=Food and external parasites of ''Spermophilus tridecemlineatus'' in Vigo County, Indiana | jstor=1379067 | journal=Journal of Mammalogy | volume=53 | issue=3 | pages=644–648 | year=1972 | doi=10.2307/1379067}}</ref> Bradley, examining the stomachs of [[white-tailed antelope squirrel]]s, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate, mostly [[lizard]]s and rodents.<ref>{{cite journal | last=Bradley | first=W. G. | title=Food habits of the antelope ground squirrel in southern Nevada | jstor=1377723 | journal=Journal of Mammalogy | volume=49 | issue=1 | pages=14–21 | doi=10.2307/1377723 | year=1968}}</ref> Morgart observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a [[Perognathus flavus|silky pocket mouse]].<ref>{{cite journal | last=Morgart | first=J. R. | title=Carnivorous behavior by a white-tailed antelope ground squirrel ''Ammospermophilus leucurus'' | jstor=3670745 | journal=The Southwestern Naturalist | volume=30 | issue=2 | pages=304–305 | doi=10.2307/3670745 |date=May 1985}}</ref>\n\n== Taxonomy ==\n[[File:One squirrel open mouth.jpg|thumb|Squirrel (''Sciurus niger'') outside the [[Cleveland Museum of Art]]]]\n[[File:Taiwanrisu-2009.ogv|thumb|A squirrel (''Callosciurus erythraeus thaiwanensis'') in [[Japan]]]]\n[[File:Prevostova vjeverica u Zagrebu.2.jpg|thumb|Three-coloured [[Prevost's Squirrel]] (''Callosciurus prevostii'') in [[Zagreb Zoo]], [[Croatia]]]]\nThe living squirrels are divided into five [[subfamilies]], with about 58 [[genera]] and some 285 [[species]].<ref>{{cite journal|author1=Wilson, D.E. |author2=Reeder, D.M. | title=Class Mammalia Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness | journal=Zootaxa| volume=3148| year=2011| pages=56–60|doi=10.11646/zootaxa.3148.1.9 | url=http://mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt03148p060.pdf}}</ref> The oldest squirrel fossil, ''Hesperopetes'', dates back to the [[Chadronian]] (late [[Eocene]], about 40–35 [[million years ago]]) and is similar to modern flying squirrels.<ref>{{Cite journal | last1 = Emry | first1 = R. J. | last2 = Korth | first2 = W. W. | title = A new genus of squirrel (Rodentia, Sciuridae) from the mid-Cenozoic of North America | journal = Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology | volume = 27 | issue = 3 | pages = 693–698 | year = 2007 | doi = 10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[693:ANGOSR]2.0.CO;2 | s2cid = 85847849 }}</ref>\n\nA variety of fossil squirrels, from the latest [[Eocene]] to the [[Miocene]], have not been assigned with certainty to any living lineage. At least some of these probably were variants of the oldest [[basal (evolution)|basal]] \"protosquirrels\" (in the sense that they lacked the full range of living squirrels' [[autapomorphy|autapomorphies]]). The distribution and diversity of such ancient and ancestral forms suggest the squirrels as a group may have originated in North America.<ref name = tolweb>Steppan & Hamm (2006)</ref>\n\nApart from these sometimes little-known fossil forms, the [[phylogeny]] of the living squirrels is fairly straightforward. The three main lineages are the [[Ratufinae]] (Oriental giant squirrels), Sciurillinae and all other subfamilies. The Ratufinae contain a mere handful of living species in tropical [[Asia]]. The [[Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel|neotropical pygmy squirrel]] of tropical [[South America]] is the sole living member of the Sciurillinae. The third lineage, by far the largest, has a near-cosmopolitan distribution. This further supports the hypothesis that the common ancestor of all squirrels, living and fossil, lived in North America, as these three most ancient lineages seem to have [[evolutionary radiation|radiated]] from there; if squirrels had originated in [[Eurasia]], for example, one would expect quite ancient lineages in [[Africa]], but African squirrels seem to be of more recent origin.<ref name = tolweb />\n\nThe main group of squirrels can be split into five subfamilies. The [[Callosciurinae]], 60 species mostly found in [[South East Asia]]; the [[Ratufinae]] 4 cat-sized species found in [[South Asia|south]] and [[southeast Asia]]; the [[Sciurinae]] contains the [[flying squirrel]]s (Pteromyini) and the [[Sciurini|tree squirrels]], 83 species found world wide;<ref>Steppan, S. J. B. L. Storz, and R. S. Hoffmann. 2004. [http://www.bio.fsu.edu/~steppan/Steppan_et_al_Sciuridae.pdf Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 30:703-719.</ref> [[Sciurillinae]] a single [[South America]]n species; and [[Xerinae]] includes three [[Tribe (biology)|tribes]] of mostly terrestrial squirrels, including the [[Marmotini]] ([[marmot]]s, [[chipmunk]]s, [[prairie dog]]s, and other [[Holarctic]] ground squirrels), [[Xerini]] (African and some Eurasian ground squirrels), and [[Protoxerini]] (African tree squirrels).\n\n===Taxonomy list===\n\n* [[Basal (evolution)|Basal]] and ''[[incertae sedis]]'' Sciuridae (all [[fossil]])\n** ''[[Hesperopetes]]''\n** ''[[Kherem (genus)|Kherem]]''\n** ''[[Lagrivea]]''\n** ''[[Oligosciurus]]''\n** ''[[Plesiosciurus]]''\n** ''[[Prospermophilus]]''\n** ''[[Sciurion]]''\n** ''[[Similisciurus]]''\n** ''[[Sinotamias]]''\n** ''[[Vulcanisciurus]]''\n* Subfamily [[Cedromurinae]] (fossil)\n* Subfamily [[Ratufinae]] – Oriental giant squirrels (1 genus, 4 species)\n* Subfamily [[Sciurillinae]] – neotropical pygmy squirrel ([[monotypic]])\n* Subfamily [[Sciurinae]]\n** Tribe [[Sciurini]] – tree squirrels (5 genera, about 38 species)\n** Tribe [[Pteromyini]] – true flying squirrels (15 genera, about 45 species)\n* Subfamily [[Callosciurinae]] – Asian ornate squirrels\n** Tribe [[Callosciurini]] (13 genera, nearly 60 species)\n** Tribe [[Funambulini]] palm squirrels (1 genus, 5 species)\n* Subfamily [[Xerinae]] – terrestrial squirrels\n** Tribe [[Xerini]] – spiny squirrels (3 genera, 6 species)\n** Tribe [[Protoxerini]] (6 genera, about 50 species)\n** Tribe [[Marmotini]] – ground squirrels, marmots, chipmunks, prairie dogs, etc. (6 genera, about 90 species)\n\n==Society==\n{{Expand section|date=February 2021}}\n\nSquirrels have been kept as pets in Western society at least until the 19th century. Because of their small size and tame nature, they were especially popular with women and the clergy.<ref>Kathleen Walker-Meikle, ''Medieval Pets'', Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2012, p. 14 et passim</ref> \n[[File:Bruges Public Library Manuscript Stichting van Caloen 010a folio 7r.jpg|thumb|Depiction of a pet squirrel on a leash with a feeder in a medieval antiphonary (Bruges, Public Library, MS. SVC 010A)]]\n\nSquirrels are a cause for concern because they often [[Electrical disruptions caused by squirrels|cause electrical disruptions]]. It has been [[hypothesis|hypothesized]] that the threat to the internet, [[infrastructure]] and services posed by squirrels may exceed that posed by [[Cyberattack|cyber-attacks]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cybersecurity-insiders.com/squirrels-cause-more-financial-damage-to-critical-infrastructure-than-cyber-attacks/|title=Squirrels cause more financial damage to critical Infrastructure than Cyber Attacks|last=Goud|first=Naveen|date=2017-01-18|website=Cybersecurity Insiders|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-23}}</ref>\n\nSquirrels have been reported to be \"successfully trained\" in [[Chongqing|Chongqing, China]] to sniff out [[illicit drugs]] and in 2023, a team of six Eurasian red squirrels had become part of a sub-unit within the Chongqing city police dog brigade. According to Chongqing police department, their small size and agility are beneficial as they are able to help the police detect drugs through \"tiny spaces\" in warehouses and storage units that dogs are unable to reach. Yin Jin, a police dog handler, who had been assigned to train these squirrels told [[The Paper (newspaper)|The Paper]] that \"these squirrels have an acute sense of smell. But in the past, our training problems for small rodents was not developed enough to attempt a program like this\" and that her team of squirrels have so far done an \"excellent job\" in drug detection exercises, but are not yet ready to be deployed.<ref>{{Cite web |date=2023-02-10 |title=Drug-sniffing squirrels join China's police force |url=https://www.independent.co.uk/asia/drug-sniffing-squirrels-china-police-b2279927.html |access-date=2023-03-03 |website=The Independent |language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |last=Teh |first=Cheryl |title=A squad of 6 drug-sniffing squirrels is China's latest line of defense against drugs |url=https://www.insider.com/china-drug-sniffing-squirrels-police-chongqing-better-than-dogs-2023-2 |access-date=2023-03-03 |website=Insider |language=en-US}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=2023-02-13 |title=How squirrels are China's newest weapons against drugs |url=https://www.firstpost.com/explainers/squirrels-china-sniffing-drugs-dogs-12147532.html |access-date=2023-03-03 |website=Firstpost |language=en}}</ref>\n\n==See also==\n{{Portal|Mammals}}\n* [[American red squirrel]]\n* [[Animal track]]\n* [[Black squirrel]]\n* [[Eastern gray squirrel]]\n* [[Fox squirrel]]\n* [[List of animal names#squirrel]]\n* [[Red squirrel]]\n* [[Tree squirrel#Relationship with humans|Squirrel relationship with humans]]\n* [[Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease]] ([[Kuru (disease)|Kuru]]) from eating squirrel brains.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Blakeslee |first1=Sandra |title=Kentucky Doctors Warn Against a Regional Dish: Squirrels' Brains |url=https://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/29/us/kentucky-doctors-warn-against-a-regional-dish-squirrels-brains.html |access-date=18 April 2019 |newspaper=[[The New York Times]] |date=29 August 1997}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.livescience.com/63831-squirrel-brains-rare-disorder-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease.html |title=Man Dies from Extremely Rare Disease After Eating Squirrel Brains |first1=Rachael |last1=Rettner |date=October 15, 2018 |publisher=[[LiveScience]] |accessdate=April 9, 2022}}</ref>\n* [[Western gray squirrel]]\n\n{{Anchor|Notes|reason=\"Notes\" is the old section name, which was changed to \"References\" on 6 June 2018}}\n\n==References==\n{{Reflist|30em}}\n\n{{Anchor|References|reason=\"References\" is the old section name, which was changed to \"Further reading\" on 6 June 2018}}\n\n==Further reading==\n* Milton, Katherine (1984): \"Family Sciuridae\". In: Macdonald, D. (ed.): ''The Encyclopedia of Mammals'': 612–623. Facts on File, New York. {{ISBN|0-87196-871-1}}.\n* Steppan, Scott J. and Hamm, Shawn M. (2006): [[Tree of Life Web Project]] – [http://tolweb.org/Sciuridae/16456/2006.05.13 \"Sciuridae (Squirrels)\"]. Version of 13 May 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2007.\n* {{Cite journal | last1 = Steppan | first1 = S. J. | last2 = Storz | first2 = B. L. | last3 = Hoffmann | first3 = R. S. | doi = 10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00204-5 | title = Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1 | journal = Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | volume = 30 | issue = 3 | pages = 703–719 | year = 2004 | pmid = 15012949}}\n* Thorington, R.W. and Hoffmann, R.S. (2005): \"Family Sciuridae\". In: ''Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference'': 754–818. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.\n* Whitaker, John O. Jr. and Elman, Robert (1980): ''The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals'' (2nd ed.). [[Alfred A. Knopf, Jr.|Alfred Knopf]], New York. {{ISBN|0-394-50762-2}}\n\n== External links ==\n{{Commons|Sciuridae}}\n{{Wikispecies|Sciuridae}}\n{{wiktionary|squirrel}}\n* {{wikiquote-inline}}\n* [http://tolweb.org/Sciuridae/16456 Tree of Life: Sciuridae]\n* [http://northernbushcraft.com/animalTracks/squirrel/notes.htm Squirrel Tracks]: How to identify squirrel tracks in the wild\n* [https://web.archive.org/web/20070614105921/http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/squirrel.html National Geographic link on Squirrels]\n* [https://web.archive.org/web/20131206211135/http://squirrels.org/names.html List of names of squirrel taxa]\n\n{{Rodents}}\n{{S. Ratufinae-Sciurillinae nav}}\n{{S. Callosciurinae nav}}\n{{S. Sciurinae1 nav}}\n{{S. Sciurinae2 nav}}\n{{S. Xerinae nav}}\n{{Marmotini nav}}\n{{Taxonbar|from=Q9482}}\n{{Authority control}}\n\n[[Category:Squirrels| ]]\n[[Category:Articles containing video clips]]\n[[Category:Extant Eocene first appearances]]\n[[Category:Rodents by common name]]\n[[Category:Taxa named by Gotthelf Fischer von Waldheim]]"
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"links": [
{
"url": "Sciurus",
"text": "Sciurus"
},
{
"url": "Carl_Linnaeus",
"text": "Linnaeus"
}
]
},
{
"type": "field",
"value": "Subfamilies and tribes"
},
{
"type": "field",
"value": "Subfamily Ratufinae Subfamily Sciurillinae Subfamily Sciurinae Tribe Sciurini Tribe Pteromyini Subfamily Callosciurinae Tribe Callosciurini Tribe Funambulini Subfamily Xerinae Tribe Xerini Tribe Protoxerini Tribe Marmotini",
"links": [
{
"url": "Ratufinae",
"text": "Ratufinae"
},
{
"url": "Sciurillinae",
"text": "Sciurillinae"
},
{
"url": "Sciurinae",
"text": "Sciurinae"
},
{
"url": "Sciurini",
"text": "Sciurini"
},
{
"url": "Pteromyini",
"text": "Pteromyini"
},
{
"url": "Callosciurinae",
"text": "Callosciurinae"
},
{
"url": "Callosciurini",
"text": "Callosciurini"
},
{
"url": "Funambulini",
"text": "Funambulini"
},
{
"url": "Xerinae",
"text": "Xerinae"
},
{
"url": "Xerini",
"text": "Xerini"
},
{
"url": "Protoxerini",
"text": "Protoxerini"
},
{
"url": "Marmotini",
"text": "Marmotini"
}
]
}
]
}
]
}
],
"article_sections": [
{
"name": "Abstract",
"type": "section",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae (/s ɪ ˈ j uː r ɪ d eɪ, -d iː /), a family that includes small or medium-size rodents . The squirrel family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels (including chipmunks and prairie dogs, among others), and flying squirrels . Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and were introduced by humans to Australia. The earliest known fossilized squirrels date from the Eocene epoch, and among other living rodent families, the squirrels are most closely related to the mountain beaver and to the dormice .",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_(biology)",
"text": "family"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/English",
"text": "/s ɪ ˈ j uː r ɪ d eɪ, -d iː /"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodent",
"text": "rodents"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_squirrel",
"text": "tree squirrels"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_squirrel",
"text": "ground squirrels"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chipmunk",
"text": "chipmunks"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prairie_dog",
"text": "prairie dogs"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_squirrel",
"text": "flying squirrels"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Introduced_species",
"text": "introduced"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocene",
"text": "Eocene"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_beaver",
"text": "mountain beaver"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dormouse",
"text": "dormice"
}
]
}
]
},
{
"name": "Etymology",
"type": "section",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "The word squirrel, first attested in 1327, comes from the Anglo-Norman esquirel which is from the Old French escurel, the reflex of a Latin word sciurus, which was taken from the Ancient Greek word σκίουρος (skiouros; from σκία-ουρος) 'shadow-tailed', referring to the long bushy tail which many of its members have.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Norman_language",
"text": "Anglo-Norman"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_French",
"text": "Old French"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_language",
"text": "Latin"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek",
"text": "Ancient Greek"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "The native Old English word for the squirrel, ācweorna, only survived into Middle English (as aquerne) before being replaced. The Old English word is of Common Germanic origin, cognates of which are still used in other Germanic languages, including the German Eichhörnchen (diminutive of Eichhorn, which is not as frequently used); the Norwegian ikorn /ekorn; the Dutch eekhoorn; the Swedish ekorre and the Danish egern .",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_English_language",
"text": "Old English"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_English_language",
"text": "Middle English"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Germanic",
"text": "Common Germanic"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognate",
"text": "cognates"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_languages",
"text": "Germanic languages"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_language",
"text": "German"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_language",
"text": "Norwegian"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_language",
"text": "Dutch"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swedish_language",
"text": "Swedish"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_language",
"text": "Danish"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "A group of squirrels is called a \"dray\" or a \"scurry\"."
}
]
},
{
"name": "Characteristics",
"type": "section",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels are generally small animals, ranging in size from the African pygmy squirrel and least pygmy squirrel at 10–14 cm (3.9–5.5 in) in total length and just 12–26 g (0.42–0.92 oz) in weight, to the Bhutan giant flying squirrel at up to 1.27 m (4 ft 2 in) in total length, and several marmot species, which can weigh 8 kg (18 lb) or more. Squirrels typically have slender bodies with very long very bushy tails and large eyes. In general, their fur is soft and silky, though much thicker in some species than others. The coat color of squirrels is highly variable between—and often even within—species.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_pygmy_squirrel",
"text": "African pygmy squirrel"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Least_pygmy_squirrel",
"text": "least pygmy squirrel"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhutan_giant_flying_squirrel",
"text": "Bhutan giant flying squirrel"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marmot",
"text": "marmot"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fur",
"text": "fur"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "In most squirrel species, the hind limbs are longer than the fore limbs, while all species have either four or five toes on each foot. The feet, which include an often poorly developed thumb, have soft pads on the undersides and versatile, sturdy claws for grasping and climbing . Tree squirrels, unlike most mammals, can descend a tree head-first. They do so by rotating their ankles 180 degrees, enabling the hind feet to point backward and thus grip the tree bark from the opposite direction.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thumb",
"text": "thumb"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claw",
"text": "claws"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_climbing",
"text": "climbing"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_squirrels",
"text": "Tree squirrels"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels live in almost every habitat, from tropical rainforest to semiarid desert, avoiding only the high polar regions and the driest of deserts . They are predominantly herbivorous, subsisting on seeds and nuts, but many will eat insects and even small vertebrates.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainforest",
"text": "rainforest"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert",
"text": "desert"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polar_regions_of_Earth",
"text": "polar"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deserts",
"text": "deserts"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivorous",
"text": "herbivorous"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insects",
"text": "insects"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "As their large eyes indicate, squirrels have an excellent sense of vision, which is especially important for the tree-dwelling species. Many also have a good sense of touch, with vibrissae on their limbs as well as their heads.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_perception",
"text": "vision"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somatosensory_system",
"text": "touch"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whiskers",
"text": "vibrissae"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "The teeth of sciurids follow the typical rodent pattern, with large incisors (for gnawing) that grow throughout life, and cheek teeth (for grinding) that are set back behind a wide gap, or diastema . The typical dental formula for sciurids is 1.0.1.3 1.0.1.3 .",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incisor",
"text": "incisors"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diastema",
"text": "diastema"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dentition",
"text": "dental formula"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Many juvenile squirrels die in the first year of life. Adult squirrels can have a lifespan of 5 to 10 years in the wild. Some can survive 10 to 20 years in captivity. Premature death may occur when a nest falls from the tree, in which case the mother may abandon her young if their body temperature is not correct. Many such baby squirrels have been rescued and fostered by a professional wildlife rehabilitator until they could be safely returned to the wild, although the density of squirrel populations in many places and the constant care required by premature squirrels means that few rehabilitators are willing to spend their time doing this and such animals are routinely euthanized instead.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wildlife_rehabilitator",
"text": "wildlife rehabilitator"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_euthanasia",
"text": "euthanized"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Stated purposes of squirrels' tails, to benefit the squirrel, include:"
},
{
"type": "list",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "To keep rain, wind, or cold off itself."
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "To cool off when hot, by pumping more blood through its tail."
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "As a counterbalance when jumping about in trees."
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "As a parachute when jumping.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parachute",
"text": "parachute"
}
]
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "To signal with."
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "The hairs from squirrel tails are prized in fly fishing when tying fishing flies . A special quality of squirrel tail hair is that it is all guard hairs, not undercoat .",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly_fishing",
"text": "fly fishing"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fishing_flies",
"text": "fishing flies"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guard_hair",
"text": "guard hairs"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Down_hair",
"text": "undercoat"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "When the squirrel sits upright, its tail folded up its back may stop predators looking from behind from seeing the characteristic shape of a small mammal."
},
{
"type": "list",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "Squirrel in sunlight"
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "Squirrel in Chandigarh",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandigarh",
"text": "Chandigarh"
}
]
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "Squirrel near Chandigarh"
},
{
"type": "list_item",
"value": "Squirrel on mango tree",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mango_tree",
"text": "mango tree"
}
]
}
]
}
]
},
{
"name": "Behavior",
"type": "section",
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels mate either once or twice a year and, following a gestation period of three to six weeks, give birth to a number of offspring that varies by species. The young are altricial, being born naked, toothless, and blind. In most species of squirrel, the female alone looks after the young, which are weaned at six to ten weeks and become sexually mature by the end of their first year. In general, the ground-dwelling squirrel species are social, often living in well-developed colonies, while the tree-dwelling species are more solitary.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestation",
"text": "gestation"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altricial",
"text": "altricial"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weaning",
"text": "weaned"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Ground squirrels and tree squirrels are usually either diurnal or crepuscular, while the flying squirrels tend to be nocturnal —except for lactating flying squirrels and their young, which have a period of diurnality during the summer.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diurnality",
"text": "diurnal"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crepuscular",
"text": "crepuscular"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nocturnality",
"text": "nocturnal"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "During hot periods, squirrels have been documented to sploot, or lay their stomachs down on cool surfaces.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Splooting",
"text": "sploot"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels, like other rodents, employ species-specific strategies to store food, buffering against periods of scarcity. In temperate regions, squirrels commonly cache nuts beneath leaf litter, inside hollow trees, or underground. However, in subtropical and humid environments, traditional caching can lead to mold growth, decomposition, or premature germination. To counteract these challenges, some squirrels, particularly in subtropical zones, hang nuts or mushrooms on tree branches. This behavior, believed to minimize fungal infections and reduce the risk of food loss, also inadvertently aids certain trees, like Cyclobalanopsis, in expanding their range, with forgotten or dislodged nuts can sprout in new locations, influencing forest ecology. Two species of flying squrrirel, the particolored flying squirrel and Hainan flying squirrel aid such cacheing by carving grooves into the nuts to fix the nuts tightly between small intersecting twigs, akin to the mortise-tenon joint in carpentry.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclobalanopsis",
"text": "Cyclobalanopsis"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particolored_flying_squirrel",
"text": "particolored flying squirrel"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hainan_flying_squirrel",
"text": "Hainan flying squirrel"
}
]
},
{
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Because squirrels cannot digest cellulose, they must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fats . In temperate regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels because the nuts they buried are beginning to sprout (and thus are no longer available to eat), while many of the usual food sources are not yet available. During these times, squirrels rely heavily on tree buds. Squirrels, being primarily herbivores, eat a wide variety of plants, as well as nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi, and green vegetation . Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger. Squirrels have been known to eat small birds, young snakes, and smaller rodents, as well as bird eggs and insects . Some tropical squirrel species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulose",
"text": "cellulose"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein",
"text": "protein"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrates",
"text": "carbohydrates"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fat",
"text": "fats"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperate",
"text": "temperate"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoarding_(animal_behavior)",
"text": "buried"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivores",
"text": "herbivores"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nut_(fruit)",
"text": "nuts"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed",
"text": "seeds"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conifer_cone",
"text": "conifer cones"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit",
"text": "fruits"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungus",
"text": "fungi"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetation",
"text": "vegetation"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird",
"text": "birds"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake",
"text": "snakes"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_egg",
"text": "bird eggs"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect",
"text": "insects"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical",
"text": "tropical"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels, like pigeons and other fauna, are synanthropes, in that they benefit and thrive from their interaction in human environments. This gradual process of successful interaction is called synurbanization, wherein squirrels lose their inherent fear of humans in an urban environment. When squirrels were almost completely eradicated during the Industrial Revolution in New York, they were later re-introduced to \"entertain and remind\" humans of nature. The squirrel blended into the urban environment so efficiently that when synanthropic behavior stops (i.e. people do not leave trash outside during particularly cold winters), they can become aggressive in their search for food.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigeons",
"text": "pigeons"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synanthropes",
"text": "synanthropes"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_area",
"text": "urban"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution",
"text": "Industrial Revolution"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City",
"text": "New York"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Aggression and predatory behavior has been observed in various species of ground squirrels, in particular the thirteen-lined ground squirrel . For example, Bernard Bailey, a scientist in the 1920s, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young chicken . Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly killed snake . There has also been at least one report of squirrels preying on atypical animals, such as an incident in 2005 where a pack of black squirrels killed and ate a large stray dog in Lazo, Russia . Squirrel attacks on humans are exceedingly rare, but do occur.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen-lined_ground_squirrel",
"text": "thirteen-lined ground squirrel"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicken",
"text": "chicken"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake",
"text": "snake"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog",
"text": "dog"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazo,_Russia",
"text": "Lazo, Russia"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Whitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed shrew in one; Bradley, examining the stomachs of white-tailed antelope squirrels, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate, mostly lizards and rodents. Morgart observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a silky pocket mouse .",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrew",
"text": "shrew"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-tailed_antelope_squirrel",
"text": "white-tailed antelope squirrels"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lizard",
"text": "lizards"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perognathus_flavus",
"text": "silky pocket mouse"
}
]
}
]
},
{
"has_parts": [
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Because squirrels cannot digest cellulose, they must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fats . In temperate regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels because the nuts they buried are beginning to sprout (and thus are no longer available to eat), while many of the usual food sources are not yet available. During these times, squirrels rely heavily on tree buds. Squirrels, being primarily herbivores, eat a wide variety of plants, as well as nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi, and green vegetation . Some squirrels, however, also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger. Squirrels have been known to eat small birds, young snakes, and smaller rodents, as well as bird eggs and insects . Some tropical squirrel species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulose",
"text": "cellulose"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein",
"text": "protein"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrates",
"text": "carbohydrates"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fat",
"text": "fats"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperate",
"text": "temperate"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoarding_(animal_behavior)",
"text": "buried"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbivores",
"text": "herbivores"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nut_(fruit)",
"text": "nuts"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed",
"text": "seeds"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conifer_cone",
"text": "conifer cones"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit",
"text": "fruits"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fungus",
"text": "fungi"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetation",
"text": "vegetation"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird",
"text": "birds"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snake",
"text": "snakes"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_egg",
"text": "bird eggs"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect",
"text": "insects"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical",
"text": "tropical"
}
]
},
{
"type": "paragraph",
"value": "Squirrels, like pigeons and other fauna, are synanthropes, in that they benefit and thrive from their interaction in human environments. This gradual process of successful interaction is called synurbanization, wherein squirrels lose their inherent fear of humans in an urban environment. When squirrels were almost completely eradicated during the Industrial Revolution in New York, they were later re-introduced to \"entertain and remind\" humans of nature. The squirrel blended into the urban environment so efficiently that when synanthropic behavior stops (i.e. people do not leave trash outside during particularly cold winters), they can become aggressive in their search for food.",
"links": [
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigeons",
"text": "pigeons"
},
{
"url": "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synanthropes",