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Last active October 23, 2019 22:47
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spacetime

A representation of the current time of year using the Sun, Earth, and Moon.

The position of the Earth in orbit around the Sun indicates the hour of year. The Earth itself is a pie chart indicating the second of day. The Moon's position in orbit around the Earth indicates the hour of month. The time is updated every second.

CodePen demo

Copyright 2014 Clay Walker
MIT License

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
body {
background: #222;
font-family: sans-serif;
font-style: italic;
}
</style>
<body>
<script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<script>
var now = d3.time.year.floor(new Date());
var spacetime = d3.select('body');
var width = 960,
height = 500,
radius = Math.min(width, height);
var radii = {
"sun": radius / 8,
"earthOrbit": radius / 2.5,
"earth": radius / 32,
"moonOrbit": radius / 16,
"moon": radius / 96
};
// Space
var svg = spacetime.append("svg")
.attr("width", width)
.attr("height", height)
.append("g")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + width / 2 + "," + height / 2 + ")");
// Sun
svg.append("circle")
.attr("class", "sun")
.attr("r", radii.sun)
.style("fill", "rgba(255, 204, 0, 1.0)");
// Earth's orbit
svg.append("circle")
.attr("class", "earthOrbit")
.attr("r", radii.earthOrbit)
.style("fill", "none")
.style("stroke", "rgba(255, 204, 0, 0.25)");
// Current position of Earth in its orbit
var earthOrbitPosition = d3.svg.arc()
.outerRadius(radii.earthOrbit + 1)
.innerRadius(radii.earthOrbit - 1)
.startAngle(0)
.endAngle(0);
svg.append("path")
.attr("class", "earthOrbitPosition")
.attr("d", earthOrbitPosition)
.style("fill", "rgba(255, 204, 0, 0.75)");
// Earth
svg.append("circle")
.attr("class", "earth")
.attr("r", radii.earth)
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + -radii.earthOrbit + ")")
.style("fill", "rgba(113, 170, 255, 1.0)");
// Time of day
var day = d3.svg.arc()
.outerRadius(radii.earth)
.innerRadius(0)
.startAngle(0)
.endAngle(0);
svg.append("path")
.attr("class", "day")
.attr("d", day)
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + -radii.earthOrbit + ")")
.style("fill", "rgba(53, 110, 195, 1.0)");
// Moon's orbit
svg.append("circle")
.attr("class", "moonOrbit")
.attr("r", radii.moonOrbit)
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + -radii.earthOrbit + ")")
.style("fill", "none")
.style("stroke", "rgba(113, 170, 255, 0.25)");
// Current position of the Moon in its orbit
var moonOrbitPosition = d3.svg.arc()
.outerRadius(radii.moonOrbit + 1)
.innerRadius(radii.moonOrbit - 1)
.startAngle(0)
.endAngle(0);
svg.append("path")
.attr("class", "moonOrbitPosition")
.attr("d", moonOrbitPosition)
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + -radii.earthOrbit + ")")
.style("fill", "rgba(113, 170, 255, 0.75)");
// Moon
svg.append("circle")
.attr("class", "moon")
.attr("r", radii.moon)
.attr("transform", "translate(0," + (-radii.earthOrbit + -radii.moonOrbit) + ")")
.style("fill", "rgba(150, 150, 150, 1.0)");
// Update the clock every second
setInterval(function () {
now = new Date();
var interpolateEarthOrbitPosition = d3.interpolate(earthOrbitPosition.endAngle()(), (2 * Math.PI * d3.time.hours(d3.time.year.floor(now), now).length / d3.time.hours(d3.time.year.floor(now), d3.time.year.ceil(now)).length));
var interpolateDay = d3.interpolate(day.endAngle()(), (2 * Math.PI * d3.time.seconds(d3.time.day.floor(now), now).length / d3.time.seconds(d3.time.day.floor(now), d3.time.day.ceil(now)).length));
var interpolateMoonOrbitPosition = d3.interpolate(moonOrbitPosition.endAngle()(), (2 * Math.PI * d3.time.hours(d3.time.month.floor(now), now).length / d3.time.hours(d3.time.month.floor(now), d3.time.month.ceil(now)).length));
d3.transition().tween("orbit", function () {
return function (t) {
// Animate Earth orbit position
d3.select(".earthOrbitPosition")
.attr("d", earthOrbitPosition.endAngle(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t)));
// Transition Earth
d3.select(".earth")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + radii.earthOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + "," + -radii.earthOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + ")");
// Animate day
// Transition day
d3.select(".day")
.attr("d", day.endAngle(interpolateDay(t)))
.attr("transform", "translate(" + radii.earthOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + "," + -radii.earthOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + ")");
// Transition Moon orbit
d3.select(".moonOrbit")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + radii.earthOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + "," + -radii.earthOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + ")");
// Animate Moon orbit position
// Transition Moon orbit position
d3.select(".moonOrbitPosition")
.attr("d", moonOrbitPosition.endAngle(interpolateMoonOrbitPosition(t)))
.attr("transform", "translate(" + radii.earthOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + "," + -radii.earthOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + ")");
// Transition Moon
d3.select(".moon")
.attr("transform", "translate(" + (radii.earthOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + radii.moonOrbit * Math.sin(interpolateMoonOrbitPosition(t) - moonOrbitPosition.startAngle()())) + "," + (-radii.earthOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateEarthOrbitPosition(t) - earthOrbitPosition.startAngle()()) + -radii.moonOrbit * Math.cos(interpolateMoonOrbitPosition(t) - moonOrbitPosition.startAngle()())) + ")");
};
});
}, 1000);
</script>
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