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Create Zenoss monitoring templates from YAML
#
# COMMAND Example
#
/ExampleDeviceClass/ExampleCommandTemplate:
datasources:
echo:
type: COMMAND
commandTemplate: 'echo "OK|val1=123 val2=987.6'
parser: Nagios
severity: info
cycletime: 10
datapoints:
val1:
rrdmin: 0
aliases:
value1: "100,/"
val2: DERIVE_MIN_0
thresholds:
high values:
type: MinMaxThreshold
dsnames: ["ds1_val1", "ds1_val2"]
maxval: "99"
graphs:
Values:
units: number
miny: 0
graphpoints:
Value 1:
dpName: "ds1_val1"
format: "%7.2lf%s"
Value 2:
dpName: "ds1_val2"
format: "%7.2lf%s"
#
# SNMP Example
#
/ExampleDeviceClass/ExampleSNMPTemplate:
datasources:
hrMemoryUsed:
type: SNMP
oid: "1.3.6.1.2.1.25.2.3.1.6"
datapoints:
hrMemoryUsed: GAUGE_MIN_0
hrProcessorLoad:
type: SNMP
oid: "1.3.6.1.2.1.25.3.3.1.2.1"
datapoints:
hrProcessorLoad: GAUGE_MIN_0
thresholds:
high load:
type: MinMaxThreshold
dsnames: ["hrProcessorLoad_hrProcessorLoad"]
maxval: "95"
graphs:
CPU Utilization:
units: "percent"
miny: 0
maxy: 100
graphpoints:
Used:
dpName: "hrProcessorLoad_hrProcessorLoad"
format: "%4.0lf%%"
Memory Utilization:
units: "percent"
miny: 0
maxy: 100
graphpoints:
Used:
dpName: "hrMemoryUsed_hrMemoryUsed"
format: "%7.2lf%%"
rpn: "1024,*,${here/hw/totalMemory},/,100,*"
#
# JMX Example
#
/ExampleDeviceClass/ExampleJMXTemplate:
datasources:
heapMemoryUsage:
type: JMX
jmxPort: "12345"
authenticate: True
objectName: "java.lang:type=Memory"
attributeName: "HeapMemoryUsage"
datapoints:
committed: GAUGE_MIN_0
used: GAUGE_MIN_0
nonHeapMemoryUsage:
type: JMX
jmxPort: "12345"
authenticate: True
objectName: "java.lang:type=Memory"
attributeName: "NonHeapMemoryUsage"
datapoints:
committed: GAUGE_MIN_0
used: GAUGE_MIN_0
graphs:
JVM Memory Usage:
units: bytes
base: true
miny: 0
graphpoints:
Heap Committed:
dpName: heapMemoryUsage_committed
Heap Used:
dpName: heapMemoryUsage_used
NonHeap Committed:
dpName: nonHeapMemoryUsage_committed
NonHeap Used:
dpName: nonHeapMemoryUsage_used
#!/usr/bin/env python
"""
Build monitoring templates from a YAML input file.
Look at monitoring_templates.yaml in the same directory for an example
of what the YAML schema should be.
WARNING: This will delete and recreate the named monitoring templates.
So it can potentially be very destructive.
"""
import logging
LOG = logging.getLogger()
import os
import re
import sys
import types
def die(msg, *args):
LOG.fatal(msg, *args)
sys.exit(1)
try:
import Globals
except ImportError:
die('Must be run as the zenoss user. Try "su - zenoss" first.')
from Products.ZenUtils.Utils import unused
unused(Globals)
from Products.ZenUtils.ZenScriptBase import ZenScriptBase
dmd = ZenScriptBase(connect=True).dmd
# ZenScriptBase breaks logging. We'll fix it.
LOG.removeHandler(LOG.handlers[0])
logging.basicConfig(
format='%(message)s',
level=logging.DEBUG if os.environ.get('DEBUG') else logging.INFO)
from transaction import commit
try:
import yaml
import yaml.constructor
except ImportError:
die('PyYAML must be installed. Try "easy_install PyYAML" first.')
try:
# included in standard lib from Python 2.7
from collections import OrderedDict
except ImportError:
# try importing the backported drop-in replacement
# it's available on PyPI
try:
from ordereddict import OrderedDict
except ImportError:
die('ordereddict must be installed. Try "easy_install ordereddict" first.')
from Products.ZenModel.ComplexGraphPoint import ComplexGraphPoint
from Products.ZenModel.DeviceClass import DeviceClass
from Products.ZenModel.GraphDefinition import GraphDefinition
from Products.ZenModel.GraphPoint import GraphPoint
from Products.ZenModel.DataPointGraphPoint import DataPointGraphPoint
from Products.ZenModel.RRDDataPoint import RRDDataPoint
from Products.ZenModel.RRDDataSource import RRDDataSource
from Products.ZenModel.RRDTemplate import RRDTemplate
from Products.ZenModel.ThresholdClass import ThresholdClass
class OrderedDictYAMLLoader(yaml.Loader):
"""
A YAML loader that loads mappings into ordered dictionaries.
This is used to allow graph definitions to be sequenced naturally
without having to specify a sequence attribute.
"""
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
yaml.Loader.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
self.add_constructor(u'tag:yaml.org,2002:map', type(self).construct_yaml_map)
self.add_constructor(u'tag:yaml.org,2002:omap', type(self).construct_yaml_map)
def construct_yaml_map(self, node):
data = OrderedDict()
yield data
value = self.construct_mapping(node)
data.update(value)
def construct_mapping(self, node, deep=False):
if isinstance(node, yaml.MappingNode):
self.flatten_mapping(node)
else:
raise yaml.constructor.ConstructorError(
None, None,
'expected a mapping node, but found %s' % node.id,
node.start_mark)
mapping = OrderedDict()
for key_node, value_node in node.value:
key = self.construct_object(key_node, deep=deep)
try:
hash(key)
except TypeError, exc:
raise yaml.constructor.ConstructorError(
'while constructing a mapping',
node.start_mark, 'found unacceptable key (%s)' % exc,
key_node.start_mark)
value = self.construct_object(value_node, deep=deep)
mapping[key] = value
return mapping
def main():
data = {}
if len(sys.argv) < 2:
LOG.info("STDIN: loading YAML")
data.update(yaml.load(sys.stdin.read(), OrderedDictYAMLLoader) or {})
else:
for filename in sys.argv[1:]:
LOG.info("{}: loading YAML".format(filename))
with open(filename, 'r') as yaml_file:
data.update(yaml.load(yaml_file, OrderedDictYAMLLoader) or {})
for template_path, template_cfg in data.items():
add_template(template_path, template_cfg)
commit()
def log_for(obj, msg, level=logging.DEBUG):
'''
Log msg for obj at level.
'''
parts = None
if isinstance(obj, DeviceClass):
parts = (
obj.getOrganizerName(),)
elif isinstance(obj, RRDTemplate):
parts = (
obj.deviceClass().getOrganizerName(),
obj.id)
elif isinstance(obj, (RRDDataSource, ThresholdClass, GraphDefinition)):
parts = (
obj.rrdTemplate().deviceClass().getOrganizerName(),
obj.rrdTemplate().id,
obj.id)
elif isinstance(obj, RRDDataPoint):
parts = (
obj.datasource().rrdTemplate().deviceClass().getOrganizerName(),
obj.datasource().rrdTemplate().id,
obj.datasource().id,
obj.id)
elif isinstance(obj, GraphPoint):
parts = (
obj.graphDef().rrdTemplate().deviceClass().getOrganizerName(),
obj.graphDef().rrdTemplate().id,
obj.graphDef().id,
obj.id)
else:
parts = ()
LOG.log(level, '%s: %s', ' - '.join(parts), msg)
def get_severity(value):
'''
Return numeric severity given a string representation of severity.
'''
try:
severity = int(value)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
severity = {
'crit': 5, 'critical': 5,
'err': 4, 'error': 4,
'warn': 3, 'warning': 3,
'info': 2, 'information': 2, 'informational': 2,
'debug': 1, 'debugging': 1,
'clear': 0,
}.get(value.lower())
if severity is None:
die("'%s' is not a valid value for severity.", value)
return severity
def apply_properties(obj, cfg, ignore=None):
if ignore:
for propname in ignore:
if propname in cfg:
del(cfg[propname])
given_properties = set(cfg)
valid_properties = set(x['id'] for x in obj._properties)
invalid_properties = given_properties - valid_properties
if len(invalid_properties) == 1:
die("%s is an invalid %s property. Valid properties: %s",
list(invalid_properties)[0],
obj.__class__.__name__,
', '.join(valid_properties))
elif len(invalid_properties) > 1:
die("%s are invalid %s properties. Valid properties: %s",
', '.join(invalid_properties),
obj.__class__.__name__,
', '.join(valid_properties))
# Map severity names to values.
if 'severity' in cfg:
cfg['severity'] = get_severity(cfg['severity'])
# TODO: Detect property type and do conversion.
# Apply cfg items directly to datasource attributes.
for k, v in cfg.items():
if k not in ('type', 'datapoints'):
log_for(obj, "{} = {}".format(k, v), level=logging.DEBUG)
setattr(obj, k, v)
def add_template(path, cfg):
if '/' not in path:
die("%s is not a path. Include device class and template name", path)
path_parts = path.split('/')
id_ = path_parts[-1]
cfg['deviceClass'] = '/'.join(path_parts[:-1])
device_class = dmd.Devices.createOrganizer(cfg['deviceClass'])
existing_template = device_class.rrdTemplates._getOb(id_, None)
if existing_template:
log_for(existing_template, "replacing template", level=logging.INFO)
device_class.rrdTemplates._delObject(id_)
device_class.manage_addRRDTemplate(id_)
template = device_class.rrdTemplates._getOb(id_)
if not existing_template:
log_for(template, "adding template", level=logging.INFO)
if 'targetPythonClass' in cfg:
log_for(
template,
"targetPythonClass = {}".format(cfg['targetPythonClass']))
template.targetPythonClass = cfg['targetPythonClass']
if 'description' in cfg:
log_for(
template,
"description = {}".format(cfg['description']))
template.description = cfg['description']
if 'thresholds' in cfg:
log_for(
template, "adding {} thresholds".format(len(cfg['thresholds'])))
for threshold_id, threshold_cfg in cfg['thresholds'].items():
add_threshold(template, threshold_id, threshold_cfg)
if 'datasources' in cfg:
log_for(template, "adding {} datasources".format(len(cfg['datasources'])))
for datasource_id, datasource_cfg in cfg['datasources'].items():
add_datasource(template, datasource_id, datasource_cfg)
if 'graphs' in cfg:
log_for(template, "adding {} graphs".format(len(cfg['graphs'])))
for graph_id, graph_cfg in cfg['graphs'].items():
add_graph(template, graph_id, graph_cfg)
def add_datasource(template, id_, cfg):
datasource_types = dict(template.getDataSourceOptions())
if 'type' not in cfg:
die('No type for %s/%s. Valid types: %s',
template.id, id_, ', '.join(datasource_types))
type_ = datasource_types.get(cfg['type'])
if not type_:
die("%s is an invalid datasource type. Valid types: %s",
cfg['type'], ', '.join(datasource_types))
# Map severity names to values.
if 'severity' in cfg:
cfg['severity'] = get_severity(cfg['severity'])
datasource = template.manage_addRRDDataSource(id_, type_)
log_for(datasource, "adding datasource")
if 'datapoints' in cfg:
log_for(template, "adding {} datapoints".format(len(cfg['datapoints'])))
for datapoint_id, datapoint_cfg in cfg['datapoints'].items():
add_datapoint(datasource, datapoint_id, datapoint_cfg)
apply_properties(datasource, cfg, ignore=['type', 'datapoints'])
def add_datapoint(datasource, id_, cfg):
datapoint = datasource.manage_addRRDDataPoint(id_)
log_for(datapoint, "adding datapoint")
# Handle cfg shortcuts like DERIVE_MIN_0 and GAUGE_MIN_0_MAX_100.
if isinstance(cfg, types.StringTypes):
log_for(datapoint, "using shortcut syntax")
if 'DERIVE' in cfg.upper():
log_for(datapoint, "rrdtype = {}".format('DERIVE'))
datapoint.rrdtype = 'DERIVE'
min_match = re.search(r'MIN_(\d+)', cfg, re.IGNORECASE)
if min_match:
rrdmin = min_match.group(1)
log_for(datapoint, "rrdmin = {}".format(rrdmin))
datapoint.rrdmin = rrdmin
max_match = re.search(r'MAX_(\d+)', cfg, re.IGNORECASE)
if max_match:
rrdmax = max_match.group(1)
log_for(datapoint, "rrdmax = {}".format(rrdmax))
datapoint.rrdmax = rrdmax
return
if 'aliases' in cfg:
log_for(datapoint, "adding {} aliases".format(len(cfg['aliases'])))
for alias_id, formula in cfg['aliases'].items():
datapoint.addAlias(alias_id, formula)
alias = datapoint.aliases._getOb(alias_id)
log_for(alias, "adding alias".format(alias_id))
log_for(alias, "formula = {}".format(formula))
apply_properties(datapoint, cfg, ignore=['aliases'])
def add_threshold(template, id_, cfg):
if 'type' not in cfg:
# Default to MinMaxThreshold since they're the most common.
cfg['type'] = 'MinMaxThreshold'
if 'dsnames' not in cfg and 'dsname' not in cfg:
die("'%s' threshold has no dsname or dsnames attribute", id_)
# Shorthand for thresholds that only have one datapoint.
if 'dsname' in cfg:
cfg['dsnames'] = cfg['dsname']
del(cfg['dsname'])
if isinstance(cfg['dsnames'], types.StringTypes):
cfg['dsnames'] = [cfg['dsnames']]
# Shorthand for datapoints that have the same name as their datasource.
for i, dsname in enumerate(cfg['dsnames']):
if '_' not in dsname:
cfg['dsnames'][i] = '_'.join((dsname, dsname))
threshold_types = dict((y, x) for x, y in template.getThresholdClasses())
type_ = threshold_types.get(cfg['type'])
if not type_:
die("'%s' is an invalid threshold type. Valid types: %s",
cfg['type'], ', '.join(threshold_types))
threshold = template.manage_addRRDThreshold(id_, cfg['type'])
log_for(threshold, "adding threshold")
apply_properties(threshold, cfg, ignore=['type'])
def add_graph(template, id_, cfg):
graph = template.manage_addGraphDefinition(id_)
log_for(graph, "adding graph")
if 'graphpoints' in cfg:
log_for(graph, "adding {} graphpoints".format(len(cfg['graphpoints'])))
for graphpoint_id, graphpoint_cfg in cfg['graphpoints'].items():
add_graphpoint(graph, graphpoint_id, graphpoint_cfg)
apply_properties(graph, cfg, ignore=['graphpoints'])
def add_graphpoint(graph, id_, cfg):
graphpoint = graph.createGraphPoint(DataPointGraphPoint, id_)
log_for(graphpoint, "adding graphpoint")
# Shorthand for datapoints that have the same name as their datasource.
if '_' not in cfg.get('dpName', '_'):
cfg['dpName'] = '_'.join((cfg['dpName'], cfg['dpName']))
# Validate lineType.
if 'lineType' in cfg:
valid_linetypes = [x[1] for x in ComplexGraphPoint.lineTypeOptions]
if cfg['lineType'].upper() in valid_linetypes:
cfg['lineType'] = cfg['lineType'].upper()
else:
die("'%s' is not a valid graphpoint lineType. Valid lineTypes: %s",
cfg['lineType'], ', '.join(valid_linetypes))
# Allow color to be specified by color_index instead of directly. This is
# useful when you want to keep the normal progression of colors, but need
# to add some DONTDRAW graphpoints for calculations.
if 'colorindex' in cfg:
try:
colorindex = int(cfg['colorindex']) % len(GraphPoint.colors)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
die("graphpoint colorindex must be numeric.")
cfg['color'] = GraphPoint.colors[colorindex].lstrip('#')
apply_properties(graphpoint, cfg, ignore=['colorindex', 'graphpoints'])
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
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