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OpenSSL Base64 Encoding: Binary Safe and Portable

Herewith is an example of encoding to and from base64 using OpenSSL's C library. Code presented here is both binary safe, and portable (i.e. it should work on any Posix compliant system e.g. FreeBSD and Linux).

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013 Barry Steyn

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

//Decodes Base64
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <assert.h>
size_t calcDecodeLength(const char* b64input) { //Calculates the length of a decoded string
size_t len = strlen(b64input),
padding = 0;
if (b64input[len-1] == '=' && b64input[len-2] == '=') //last two chars are =
padding = 2;
else if (b64input[len-1] == '=') //last char is =
padding = 1;
return (len*3)/4 - padding;
}
int Base64Decode(char* b64message, uint8_t** buffer, size_t* length) { //Decodes a base64 encoded string
BIO *bio, *b64;
int decodeLen = calcDecodeLength(b64message);
*buffer = (uint8_t*)malloc(decodeLen);
bio = BIO_new_mem_buf(b64message, -1);
b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
bio = BIO_push(b64, bio);
BIO_set_flags(bio, BIO_FLAGS_BASE64_NO_NL); //Do not use newlines to flush buffer
*length = BIO_read(bio, *buffer, strlen(b64message));
assert(*length == decodeLen); //length should equal decodeLen, else something went horribly wrong
BIO_free_all(bio);
return (0); //success
}
//Encodes Base64
#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/evp.h>
#include <openssl/buffer.h>
#include <stdint.h>
int Base64Encode(const uint8_t* buffer, size_t length, char** b64text) { //Encodes a binary safe base 64 string
BIO *bio, *b64;
BUF_MEM *bufferPtr;
b64 = BIO_new(BIO_f_base64());
bio = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
bio = BIO_push(b64, bio);
BIO_set_flags(bio, BIO_FLAGS_BASE64_NO_NL); //Ignore newlines - write everything in one line
BIO_write(bio, buffer, length);
BIO_flush(bio);
BIO_get_mem_ptr(bio, &bufferPtr);
BIO_set_close(bio, BIO_NOCLOSE);
BIO_free_all(bio);
*b64text=(*bufferPtr).data;
return (0); //success
}
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
//Encode To Base64
char* base64EncodeOutput, *text="Hello World";
Base64Encode(text, strlen(text), &base64EncodeOutput);
printf("Output (base64): %s\n", base64EncodeOutput);
//Decode From Base64
char* base64DecodeOutput;
size_t test;
Base64Decode("SGVsbG8gV29ybGQ=", &base64DecodeOutput, &test);
printf("Output: %s %d\n", base64DecodeOutput, test);
return(0);
}
all:
gcc -o base64 Main.c Base64Encode.c Base64Decode.c -lcrypto -lm -w
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