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ESP32 I2S C Code Example/Snippet
//Almost entirelly lifted directly from https://github.com/igrr/esp32-cam-demo
//Just clocked a little differently and has chained buffers.
//This totes works with the I2S bus on the ESP32 for READING 16 wires simultaneously.
//Can be clocked off of I2S's internal controller or an external clock.
#define I2S_D0 4
#define I2S_D1 5
#define I2S_D2 18
#define I2S_D3 19
#define I2S_D4 36
#define I2S_D5 39
#define I2S_D6 34
#define I2S_D7 35
#define I2S_D8 32
#define I2S_D9 33
#define I2S_D10 25
#define I2S_D11 26
#define I2S_D12 27
#define I2S_D13 14
#define I2S_D14 12
#define I2S_D15 13
#define I2S_CLK 22
//#define I2S_CLKO 13
//#define I2S_CLKOWS 2
#define I2S_HZ 10000000
//#define I2S_HZ 1000000
#include "esp_intr.h"
#include "i2s_stream.h"
#include "driver/gpio.h"
#include "soc/gpio_sig_map.h"
#include "soc/i2s_reg.h"
#include "soc/io_mux_reg.h"
#include "driver/gpio.h"
#include "driver/periph_ctrl.h"
#include "rom/lldesc.h"
#include "esp_log.h"
#include "driver/ledc.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#define ETS_I2S0_INUM 13
static void IRAM_ATTR i2s_isr(void* arg);
static esp_err_t dma_desc_init();
static void i2s_init();
static void i2s_run();
static void enable_out_clock();
#define BUFF_SIZE_BYTES 2048
uint32_t * i2sbuffer[4] __attribute__((aligned(128)));
static lldesc_t s_dma_desc[4];
static int i2s_running;
volatile unsigned isr_count;
void SetupI2S()
{
enable_out_clock();
i2s_init();
dma_desc_init();
i2s_run();
}
static esp_err_t dma_desc_init()
{
for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
i2sbuffer[i] = malloc( BUFF_SIZE_BYTES );
s_dma_desc[i].length = BUFF_SIZE_BYTES; // size of a single DMA buf
s_dma_desc[i].size = BUFF_SIZE_BYTES; // total size of the chain
s_dma_desc[i].owner = 1;
s_dma_desc[i].sosf = 1;
s_dma_desc[i].buf = (uint8_t*) i2sbuffer[i];
s_dma_desc[i].offset = i;
s_dma_desc[i].empty = 0;
s_dma_desc[i].eof = 1;
s_dma_desc[i].qe.stqe_next = &s_dma_desc[(i+1)&1];
}
return ESP_OK;
}
static void enable_out_clock() {
periph_module_enable(PERIPH_LEDC_MODULE);
ledc_timer_config_t timer_conf;
timer_conf.bit_num = 3;
timer_conf.freq_hz = I2S_HZ;
timer_conf.speed_mode = LEDC_HIGH_SPEED_MODE;
timer_conf.timer_num = LEDC_TIMER_0;
esp_err_t err = ledc_timer_config(&timer_conf);
if (err != ESP_OK) {
//ESP_LOGE(TAG, "ledc_timer_config failed, rc=%x", err);
}
ledc_channel_config_t ch_conf;
ch_conf.channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
ch_conf.timer_sel = LEDC_TIMER_0;
ch_conf.intr_type = LEDC_INTR_DISABLE;
ch_conf.duty = 4;
ch_conf.speed_mode = LEDC_HIGH_SPEED_MODE;
ch_conf.gpio_num = 17; //s_config.pin_xclk;
err = ledc_channel_config(&ch_conf);
if (err != ESP_OK) {
//ESP_LOGE(TAG, "ledc_channel_config failed, rc=%x", err);
}
}
static void i2s_init()
{
xt_set_interrupt_handler(ETS_I2S0_INUM, &i2s_isr, NULL);
intr_matrix_set(0, ETS_I2S0_INTR_SOURCE, ETS_I2S0_INUM);
gpio_num_t pins[] = {
I2S_D15,
I2S_D14,
I2S_D13,
I2S_D12,
I2S_D11,
I2S_D10,
I2S_D9,
I2S_D8,
I2S_D7,
I2S_D6,
I2S_D5,
I2S_D4,
I2S_D3,
I2S_D2,
I2S_D1,
I2S_D0,
I2S_CLK,
};
gpio_config_t conf = {
.mode = GPIO_MODE_INPUT,
.pull_up_en = GPIO_PULLUP_DISABLE,
.pull_down_en = GPIO_PULLDOWN_DISABLE,
.intr_type = GPIO_INTR_DISABLE
};
for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(pins)/sizeof(gpio_num_t); ++i) {
conf.pin_bit_mask = 1LL << pins[i];
gpio_config(&conf);
}
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D0, I2S0I_DATA_IN0_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D1, I2S0I_DATA_IN1_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D2, I2S0I_DATA_IN2_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D3, I2S0I_DATA_IN3_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D4, I2S0I_DATA_IN4_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D5, I2S0I_DATA_IN5_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D6, I2S0I_DATA_IN6_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D7, I2S0I_DATA_IN7_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D8, I2S0I_DATA_IN8_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D9, I2S0I_DATA_IN9_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D10, I2S0I_DATA_IN10_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D11, I2S0I_DATA_IN11_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D12, I2S0I_DATA_IN12_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D13, I2S0I_DATA_IN13_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D14, I2S0I_DATA_IN14_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_D15, I2S0I_DATA_IN15_IDX, false);
//This magic is needed to enable the bus!
gpio_matrix_in(0x38, I2S0I_V_SYNC_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(0x38, I2S0I_H_SYNC_IDX, false);
gpio_matrix_in(0x38, I2S0I_H_ENABLE_IDX, false);
//Whether the bus is self-clocking, or accepting an external clock.
#define SLAVE_MOD 0
#if SLAVE_MOD
gpio_matrix_in(I2S_CLK, I2S0I_WS_IN_IDX, false);
// gpio_matrix_in(I2S_CLKO, I2S0O_BCK_OUT_IDX, false);
// gpio_matrix_in(I2S_CLKOWS, I2S0O_WS_OUT_IDX, false);
#else
conf.mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT;
conf.pin_bit_mask = 1LL << I2S_CLK;
gpio_config(&conf);
gpio_matrix_out(I2S_CLK, I2S0I_BCK_OUT_IDX, false, 0 );
#endif
periph_module_enable(PERIPH_I2S0_MODULE);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_IN_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_IN_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_AHBM_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_AHBM_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_AHBM_FIFO_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_LC_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_AHBM_FIFO_RST_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_RESET_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_RESET_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_FIFO_RESET_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_FIFO_RESET_S);
#if SLAVE_MOD
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_SLAVE_MOD_S);
#else
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_SLAVE_MOD_S);
#endif
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF2_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_LCD_EN_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF2_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_CAMERA_EN_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CLKM_CONF_REG(0), I2S_CLKM_DIV_A, 0, I2S_CLKM_DIV_A_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CLKM_CONF_REG(0), I2S_CLKM_DIV_B, 0, I2S_CLKM_DIV_B_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CLKM_CONF_REG(0), I2S_CLKM_DIV_NUM, 1, I2S_CLKM_DIV_NUM_S); //Setting to 0 wrecks it up.
//This seems ignored in slave mode.
// WRITE_PERI_REG( I2S_TIMING_REG(0), 0xffffffff );
// WRITE_PERI_REG( I2S_CONF_SIGLE_DATA_REG(0), 0xffffffff );
// SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_SHORT_SYNC_S); //
// SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_SAMPLE_RATE_CONF_REG(0), I2S_RX_BCK_DIV_NUM, 1, I2S_RX_BCK_DIV_NUM_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_FIFO_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_DSCR_EN_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_RIGHT_FIRST_S); //Seem ignored in parallel mode
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_MSB_RIGHT_S);//Seem ignored in parallel mode
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_MSB_SHIFT_S);//Seem ignored in parallel mode
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_MONO_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_SHORT_SYNC_S); //Seem ignored in parallel mode
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_FIFO_CONF_REG(0), I2S_RX_FIFO_MOD, 1, I2S_RX_FIFO_MOD_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_FIFO_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_FIFO_MOD_FORCE_EN_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_CHAN_REG(0), I2S_RX_CHAN_MOD, 1, I2S_RX_CHAN_MOD_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_SAMPLE_RATE_CONF_REG(0), I2S_RX_BITS_MOD, 8, I2S_RX_BITS_MOD_S);
//If you don't do this, BCK will be limited to 13.3333 MHz.
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_SAMPLE_RATE_CONF_REG(0), I2S_RX_BCK_DIV_NUM, 1, I2S_RX_BCK_DIV_NUM_S);
//Once set, 1 = you can read all 8 bits at 40 MHz.
//Once set, 2 = you can read all 8 bits at 20 MHz.
// 3 = 13.33333 MHz
// 4 = 10.0MHz
//When self-clocked, seem to make BCK rate ~13.3333 MHz.
}
static void i2s_fill_buf() {
ESP_INTR_DISABLE(ETS_I2S0_INUM);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_RXEOF_NUM_REG(0), I2S_RX_EOF_NUM, (BUFF_SIZE_BYTES - 8) / 2, I2S_RX_EOF_NUM_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_IN_LINK_REG(0), I2S_INLINK_ADDR, ((uint32_t) &s_dma_desc), I2S_INLINK_ADDR_S);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_IN_LINK_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_INLINK_START_S);
REG_WRITE(I2S_INT_CLR_REG(0), (REG_READ(I2S_INT_RAW_REG(0)) & 0xffffffc0) | 0x3f);
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0);
(void) REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0));
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), (REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0) | 0xf);
(void) REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0));
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0);
while (GET_PERI_REG_BITS2(I2S_STATE_REG(0), 0x1, I2S_TX_FIFO_RESET_BACK_S));
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_INT_ENA_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_IN_DONE_INT_ENA_S);
ESP_INTR_ENABLE(ETS_I2S0_INUM);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 1, I2S_RX_START_S);
}
/*
static void i2s_stop() {
ESP_INTR_DISABLE(ETS_I2S0_INUM);
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0);
(void) REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0));
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), (REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0) | 0xf);
(void) REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0));
REG_WRITE(I2S_CONF_REG(0), REG_READ(I2S_CONF_REG(0)) & 0xfffffff0);
SET_PERI_REG_BITS(I2S_CONF_REG(0), 0x1, 0, I2S_RX_START_S);
i2s_running = false;
}
*/
void TickI2S()
{
i2s_run();
}
static void i2s_run()
{
// wait for vsync
//ESP_LOGD(TAG, "Waiting for VSYNC");
//while(gpio_get_level(s_config.pin_vsync) != 0);
//while(gpio_get_level(s_config.pin_vsync) == 0);
///ESP_LOGD(TAG, "Got VSYNC");
// wait a bit
//delay(2);
// start RX
// line_count = 0;
isr_count = 0;
i2s_running = true;
i2s_fill_buf(0);
}
static void IRAM_ATTR i2s_isr(void* arg) {
REG_WRITE(I2S_INT_CLR_REG(0), (REG_READ(I2S_INT_RAW_REG(0)) & 0xffffffc0) | 0x3f);
++isr_count;
}
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